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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of Focused Ion Beam Column Using Ga Source
Gim, Tzang-Jo ; Lee, Jae-Seung ; Choi, Yoon ; Choi, Eun-Ha ; Park, Chul-Woo ; Kim, Jong-Kuk ; Kim, Young-Gweon ; Um, Chang-Yong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 185~189
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.185
Focused ion beam system was designed, which includes LMIS, electrostatic lens and high voltage power supply. Control program is updated for high speed image processing. The details of vibration-free vacuum system and other important electrical parts were trouble-shooted for appropriately controlling high acceleration voltages.
A Study on the Ultrasonic Nano Crystal Surface Modification(UNSM) Technology and It's Application
Pyoun, Young-Sik ; Park, Jeong-Hyeon ; Cho, In-Ho ; Kim, Chang-Sik ; Suh, Chang-Min ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 190~195
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.190
All the failure in fatigue of torsion, bending and rolling contact, and in sliding wear begins mostly from surface. So much efforts have been invested to the surface technology which deal these problems during past decades, but the industrial demand keeps growing and more significant requirements are added to researchers and engineers. Nano crystal surface modification technology which makes the surface layers into nano crystalline, induces big and deep compressive residual stress, increases surface hardness, improves surface hardness, and make micro dimples structure on surface is an emerging technology which can break limits of current surface technology and relieve the burden of researchers and engineers. In this study, a nano crystal surface modification technology which is calling UNSM(Ultrasonic nano crystal surface modification) technology, is introduced and how it has been applied to industry to solve these failure problems is explained.
Study on Optical Properties of Lithium Niobate Using CMP
Jeong, Suk-Hoon ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Lee, Hyun-Seop ; Jeong, Hae-Do ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 196~200
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.196
Lithium niobate (
) is a compound of niobium, lithium and oxygen. The characteristics of LN are piezoelectricity, ferroelectricity and photoelectricity, and which is widely used in surface acoustic wave (SAW). To manufacture LN devices, the LN surface should be a smooth surface and defect-free because of optical property, but the LN material is processed difficult b traditional processes such as grinding and mechanical polishing (MP) because of its brittleness. To decrease defects, chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) was applied to the LN wafer. In this study, the suitable parameters such as down force and relative velocity, were investigated for the LN CMP process To improve roughness, the LN CMP was performed using the parameters that were the highest removal rate among process parameters. And, evaluation of optical property was performed by the optical reflectance.
Design of the Thermally Conductive Mould to Improve Cooling Characteristics of Injection Mould for a Mouse
Ahn, Dong-Gyu ; Kim, Hyun-Woo ; Lee, Ki-Yong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 201~209
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.201
The objective of present research work is to design the heat conductive mould to improve cooling characteristics of the injection mould for a mouse. In order to obtain the high cooling rate of the mould, a heat conductive mould with three different materials was designed. The materials of the base structure, the mid-layer and the molding part of the heat conductive mould were chosen as Cu-Ni alloy (Ampcoloy 940) to improve the heat conductivity of the mould, Ni-Cu alloy (Monel 400) to reduce a thermal stress, injection tool steel (P21), respectively. Through the three-dimensional transient heat transfer analysis and the thermal stress analysis, the effects of the geometrical arrangement of each material on the cooling characteristics and the thermal stress distribution were examined. From the results of the analyses, a proper design of the thermal conductive mould was obtained.
Analytical Prediction of Chatter Vibration in Milling Process
Jeong, Nak-Shin ; Yang, Min-Yang ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 210~217
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.210
This paper presents the analytical prediction of stability lobes in milling. The stability lobes are obtained by measuring the frequency response function (FRF) of a machining center at the cutting point of the end mill cutter, identifying cutting constants, and approximating cutting force coefficients. The stability lobes are experimentally verified through cutting tests.
Development of Micro Pattern Cutting Simulation Software
Lee, Jong-Min ; Le, Duy ; Kim, Su-Jin ; Lee, Seok-Woo ; Je, Tae-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 218~223
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.218
The micro pattern machining on the surface of wide mold is not easy to be simulated by conventional software. In this paper, a software is developed for micro pattern cutting simulation. The 3d geometry of v-groove, rectangular groove, pyramid and pillar patterns are visualized by C++ and OpenGL library. The micro cutting force is also simulated for each pattern.
A Study on the Machining Characteristic of DLC Coated Mold Material Using FIB
Hong, W.P. ; Choi, B.Y. ; Kang, E.G. ; Lee, S.W. ; Choi, H.Z. ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 224~230
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.224
FIB has been commonly used as a very powerful tool in the semiconductor industry. It is mainly used for mask repair, device correction, failure analysis and IC error correction, etc. Currently, FIB is not being applied to the fabrication of the micro and nano-structured mold, because of low productivity. And also sputtering rate has been required to fabricate 3D shape. In the paper, we studied the FIB-Sputtering rate according to mold materials. And surface roughness characteristics had been analysed for micro or nano mold fabrication. Si wafer, Glassy Carbon, STAVAX and DLC that have been normally considered as good micro or nano mold materials were used in the study.
A Study on Rigid Front Axle Shape Optimization of a Commercial Vehicle by Hydforming Process
Jang, Jong-Min ; Kim, Yun-Gyu ; Hur, Joo-Haeng ; Na, Sang-Mook ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 231~236
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.231
Recently, The Hydroforming technology has recognized general technique in manufacture industry. Especially automotive industry, It has applied to increase strength, and decrease weight, cost and part number. The rigid axle suspension type is widely used for truck and bus in commercial vehicles due to simplicity. To develop the hydroforming rigid axle, it is necessary to estimate of the characteristics of front suspension from the design process. In this study, the characteristics estimation of the hydroforming rigid axle is preformed using Finite Element Analysis and apply to shape optimization.
Fabrication and Performance Test of MEMS Catalytic Combustors Using Photosensitive Glass Wafer
Jin, Jung-Kun ; Kwon, Se-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 237~242
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.237
MEMS catalytic combustors were fabricated to use in micro-power sources as a heat source. The combustor was fabricated by photolithography and anisotropic wet etching of photosensitive glass wafers. Two different catalyst loading methods were used to complete the fabrication of the combustors. For thin film type, the
was washcoated on the surface of the combustion chamber as a catalyst support, and for packed-bed type, ceramic foam was inserted after Pt was coated. The volume of the combustors was 1.8
and 16W of heat was generated using the fabricated combustors with hydrogen. The energy density of combustor was about 8.9 W/
Adjoint Variable Method Combined with Complex Variable for Structural Design Sensitivity
Kim, Hyun-Gi ; Cho, Maeng-Hyo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 243~250
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.243
The adjoint variable method can reduce computation time and save computer resources because it can selectively provide the sensitivity information for the positions that designers wish to measure. However, the adjoint variable method commonly employs exact analytical differentiation with respect to the design variables. It can be cumbersome to precisely differentiate every given type of finite element. This trouble can be overcome only if the numerical differentiation scheme can replace this exact manner of differentiation. But, the numerical differentiation scheme causes of severe inaccuracy due to the perturbation size dilemma. For assuring the accurate sensitivity without any dependency of perturbation size, this paper employs a complex variable that has been mainly used for computational fluid dynamics problems. The adjoint variable method combined with complex variables is applied to obtain the shape and size sensitivity for structural optimization. Numerical examples demonstrate that the proposed method can predict stable sensitivity results and that its accuracy is remarkably superior to traditional sensitivity evaluation methods.
Configuration Planning of an Actively Articulated Suspension to Vehicle Orientation Control on Unstructured Terrain
Lim, Kyeong-Bin ; Park, Suk-Hoon ; Yoon, Yong-San ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kang, Shin-Cheon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 251~260
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.251
Hybrid locomotive UGV with actively articulated legs along with wheeled ends has high traversability to travel over rough terrain. The behavior control method was usually adapted for the controlling of the suspension configuration which determines the traversability of the UGV. In this study, we are proposing a method of configuration planning of the legs without any detail geometric data about the terrain. The terrain was estimated by the traces of each wheel and the leg configurations for the desired posture of the vehicle were set up against the constraints of the terrain. Also, an optimal leg configuration was calculated based on the quasi-static stability and power consumption, and plans for the leg behavior were made. Validity of the proposed method was checked by simulations using some off-the-shelf programs, and showed that the orientation control without geometric features of terrains and simplification of the behavior planning for obstacle negotiation were possible.
A Three-Dimensional Particle Focusing Channel Using the Positive Dielectrophoresis (pDEP) Guided by a Dielectric Structure Between Two Planar Electrodes
Chu, Hyun-Jung ; Doh, Il ; Cho, Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 261~264
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.261
We present a three-dimensional (3D) particle focusing channel using the positive dielectrophoresis (pDEP) guided by a dielectric structure between two planar electrodes. The dielectric structure between two planar electrodes induces the maximum electric field at the center of the microchannel, and particles are focused to the center of the microchannel by pDEP as they flow from the single sample injection port. Compared to the previous 3D particle focusing methods, the present device achieves the simple and effective particle focusing function without any additional fluidic ports and top electrodes. In the experimental study, approximately 90 % focusing efficiency were achieved within the focusing length of 2mm, on both x-z plane (top-view) and y-z plane (side-view) for
-diameter polystyrene (PS) bead at the applied voltage over 15 Vp-p (square wave) and at the flow rate below 0.01
/min. The present 3D particle focusing channel results in a simple particle focusing method suitable for use in integrated microbiochemical analysis system.
DNA Separation Chips Using Asymmetrically-Switched Nonuniform Electric Fields
Yi, So-Yeon ; Cho, Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 265~268
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.265
We present the experimental study to realize a DNA separation chip using asymmetrically-switched nonuniform electric fields. The DNA separation chip redistributes DNA molecules within a specific area based on the size- and field-dependent nonlinearity of DNA drift velocity. The present chip is composed of a width variable channel to distribute nonuniform electric field, a DNA loading slit and a pair of electrodes to apply electric field. We focus on the design of DNA separation chips with identifying the nonlinearity of DNA drift velocity using three different DNA molecules (11.1kbp, 15.6kbp, and 48.5kbp) in the chips. It is demonstrated that different size of DNA shows different net migration in different direction under the asymmetrically-switched nonuniform electric field.
A Conceptual Design of New Automatic Bicycle Transmission by TRIZ and Design Axiom
Lee, Kun-Sang ; Choi, Jun-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 269~275
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.269
This paper represents a study on the conceptual design of new automatic bicycle transmission. The gear change in a commercial bicycle is carried out by moving the chain between sprockets. By the use of a multiple sprocket for speed change the power loss and transmission shock may occur. To solve the problem of bicycle transmission, the improved solution was derived by the technical contradiction matrix of TRIZ. The conceptual solution is one sprocket which replaces the function of multiple sprockets and adapts actively to the pitch of chain. And it was confirmed to be an adequate design through the Independence Axiom of design axiom.
A Study on the Behavior of Wrinkling in the Square Cup Deep Drawing of Al Alloy
Ko, Dae-Lim ; Jung, Dong-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 3, 2009, Pages 276~282
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.3.276
Wrinkling in the flange and wall of a deep-drawn part is one of the major defects in sheet metal processes. Wrinkling is influenced by many factors, such as material properties, shape of the body, forming conditions, stress state and thickness, etc. It is difficult to analyze the wrinkling initiation and growth according to the factors because the effects of the factors are very complex and the wrinkling behavior may show wide variation even though small deviation of factors. In this study, the influence of wrinkling parameters, such as material properties (Al1050, Al5052), the blank holding force and the drawing depth on the wrinkling initiation and growth is investigated by using the experimental method and the dynamic explicit finite element analysis. From the results, it is shown that the dynamic explicit finite element method can be used effectively to prevent the wrinkling problems advancely in the deep drawing process. Also, there is a good agreement between the experimental result and the dynamic explicit finite element analysis.