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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
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Finite Element Analysis for Rate-Independent Crystal Plasticity Model
Ha, Sang-Yul ; Kim, Ki-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 447~454
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.447
Rate-independent crystal plasticity model suffers from the non-uniqueness of activated slip systems and the determination of the shear slip rates on the active slip systems. In this paper, a time-integration algorithm which circumvents the problem of the multiplicity of the slip systems was developed and implemented into the user subroutine VUMAT of a commercial finite element program ABAQUS. The magnitude of the slip shears on the active slip systems in f.c.c Cu single crystal aligned with the specific crystallographic orientation was investigated to validate our solution procedure. Also, texture developments under various deformation modes such as simple compression, simple tension and plane strain compression were compared with the results of the rate-dependent model by using the rate-independent crystal plasticity model. The computation time employing the rate-independent model is much more reduced than the those of the rate-dependent model.
A Study on Development of a Reconfigurable Mobile Robot and Dead-Reckoning Using Extended Kalman Filter
Kang, Bong-Soo ; Yeo, Gee-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 455~462
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.455
This paper presents design concepts of a reconfigurable mobile robot for both of indoor and outdoor applications. A linkage mechanism and wheel-in-motors give the proposed mobile robot various driving modes in maneuver and good adaptability to irregular surface. Since the mobile robot receives multiple sensor signals from odometers and an orientation sensor, states related to the position and the orientation of the mobile robot are optimally estimated by an extended Kalman filter. Simulations and experimental results show that the performance of dead reckoning on estimating the pose of a mobile robot can be improved remarkably by the optimal state observer.
Suppression Control of the Drivetrain-Oscillations of an Electric Vehicle Using Taguchi Method
Kim, Ho-Gi ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 463~468
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.463
Torsional oscillations of the drivetrain in electric vehicles are generated under rapid driving conditions. These lead to an uncomfortable jerking of the vehicle and an increased stress of the mechanical components. To suppress torsional oscillations, the low pass and notch filters between the torque command from the acceleration pedal and electric motor input torque are suggested. The filter parameters are optimized based on Taguchi method with
orthogonal array. The signal to noise (S/N) ratio mainly depends on slew rate of motor input torque, damping ratio and natural frequency of notch filter. With the proposed suppression control scheme, the S/N ratio is shown to be increased by 4.7dB and the torque overshoot of the drive shaft is reduced to 30%.
High-Voltage Liquid-Electrolyte Microbatteries Inspired from Electric Eels
Kim, Mun-Chul ; Cho, Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 469~473
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.469
We present high-voltage liquid-electrolyte microbatteries, inspired from the high-voltage generation mechanism of electric eels using serially connected multiple-cell arrays. In the microbatteries, we purge air into the electrolyte filled in a channel layer to isolate serially connected multiple cell arrays using three surface-tension valves (cell-front, outlet, and cell-end valves). Compared to the previous multi-cell stack or interconnection, present microbatteries provide a reduced multi-cell charging time. We have designed and characterized four different prototypes C1, C10, C20, and C40 having 1, 10, 20, and 40 cells, respectively. In the experimental study, the threshold pressures of cell-front, outlet, and cell-end valves were measured as
Pa, respectively. The average charging time for C40 was measured as
seconds where the electrolyte and air flow-rates are 100 and
, respectively. Microbatteries showed the maximum voltage of 12 V (C40), the maximum power density of
(C40), and the maximum power capacity of
(C40). We also proposed a tapered-channel to remove the reaction gas from the cell chamber using a surface tension effect. The present microbatteries are applicable to high-voltage portable power devices.
Evaluation of Adhesive Properties Using Cohesive Zone Model : Mode I
Lee, Chan-Joo ; Lee, Sang-Kon ; Ko, Dae-Cheol ; Kim, Byung-Min ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 474~481
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.474
Fracture models and criteria of adhesive with two parameters, namely
, have been developed to describe the fracture process of adhesive joints. Cohesive zone model(CZM) is a representative two parameter failure criteria approach. In CZM,
is a critical, limiting maximum value of the stress in the damage zone ahead of the crack and is assumed to have some physical significance in adhesive failure. Based on CZM and finite element analysis method, the relationship between fracture load and adhesive properties, as
, was investigated in adhesively bonded joint tensile test and T-peel test. The two parameters in tensile mode loading were evaluated by using the relationship. The value of
evaluated by proposed method showed close agreement with analytical solution for tapered double cantilever beam(TDCB) test which proposed in an ASTM standard.
Modeling and Analysis of a Pendulum Dancer in Industrial Converting Machines
Kang, Hyun-Kyoo ; Shin, Kee-Hyun ; Kim, Sang-Chul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 482~488
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.482
Dancer system is typically used equipment for attenuation of tension disturbances. In industrial converting machines, a composite type of dancer system is applied which is mixture of active and passive dancer. It includes feedback position control loop of roll with pendulum dancer and its characteristics is different from passive and active one. In this paper, a mathematical model of the pendulum dancer was derived including PI position feedback controller and it was analyzed by using a pole-zero map and bode plot under various conditions. It was found out that velocity, length of span and inertia were associated with the performance of regulation. It was suggested that the length of upstream span should be greater than that of the downstream and the inertia should be smaller for improvement of the performance. The results can be used for design guidelines of the industrial dancer system.
Measurement Method of Complex Dynamic Viscoelastic Material Properties
Lee, In-Won ; An, Nam-Hyun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 489~495
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.489
A novel technique to measuret of viscoelastic properties of polymers is proposed to investigate complex Poisson's ratio as a function of frequency. The forced vibration responses for the samples under the normal and the shear deformation are to be measured with varying load masses. The measured data were used to obtain the viscoelastic properties of the material based on an accurate 2D numerical deformation model of the sample. The 2D model enabled us to exclude data correction by the empirical form factor used in 1D model. Comprehensive measurements of viscoelastic properties of two slightly varied silicone RTV rubber (
S2) compositions were performed. Standard composition (90% PDMS polymer + 10% catalyst) and modified composition (92.5% polymer + 7.5% catalyst) were tested in temperature range from
. Shear modulus, modulus of elasticity, loss factor, and both the real and the imaginary parts of the Poisson's ratio were determined for frequencies from 50 to 400Hz in the linear deformation regime (at relative deformations
Micro Electrochemical Machining Using a Multi-Function Electrode
Shin, Hong-Shik ; Kim, Bo-Hyun ; Kim, Gyu-Man ; Chung, Do-Kwan ; Chu, Chong-Nam ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 496~501
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.496
In micro electrochemical machining(micro-ECM), it is important to measure and control the potential of a tool electrode and a workpiece electrode because electrochemical reaction rate depends on the potential of the electrodes. When the electrode potential was measured against a reference electrode, the error of measured electrode potential could be minimized by proper tool electrode design. In this paper, multi-function electrodes consisting of a tool electrode and a reference electrode was fabricated by micro fabrication techniques. The machining conditions in micro-ECM using multi-function electrodes, such as pulse voltage parameters and electrode potential, were investigated.
Development of Al Bumper Back Beam by Using Curvature Extrusion Process
Lee, Sang-Kon ; Jo, Young-June ; Kim, Byung-Min ; Park, Sang-Woo ; Oh, Kae-Hee ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 502~507
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.502
Curvature extrusion process has several advantages in comparison to the conventional extrusion and bending process. In the curvature extrusion, the extruded part is directly bent during extrusion. Therefore, it does not need additional bending process after extrusion. In the curvature extrusion process, it is possible to produce curved extruded products that have a constant or various curvatures. It is essential that we predict the curvatures of the extruded product to meet the required curvatures. This paper proposed a theoretical model that can predict the curvature of extruded product produced by the curvature extrusion process. Using the proposed model the movement of guide tool that causes the bending of extruded product was controlled to produce the required curved automotive Al bumper back beam. The effectiveness of the proposed prediction model and the movement of guide tool were verified by the FE analysis and curved extrusion experiment.
Position Control of Servo Systems Using Feed-Forward Friction Compensation
Park, Min-Gyu ; Kim, Han-Me ; Shin, Jong-Min ; Kim, Jong-Shik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 508~513
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.508
Friction is an important factor for precise position tracking control of servo systems. Servo systems with highly nonlinear friction are sensitive to the variation of operating condition. To overcome this problem, we use the LuGre friction model which can consider dynamic characteristics of friction. The LuGre friction model is used as a feed-forward compensator to improve tracking performance of servo systems. The parameters of the LuGre friction model are identified through experiments. The experimental result shows that the tracking performance of servo systems with higherly nonlinear friction can be improved by using feed-forward friction compensation.
Characterization of Magnetic Abrasive Finishing Using Sensor Fusion
Kim, Seol-Bim ; Ahn, Byoung-Woon ; Lee, Seoung-Hwan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 514~520
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.514
In configuring an automated polishing system, a monitoring scheme to estimate the surface roughness is necessary. In this study, a precision polishing process, magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF), along with an in-process monitoring setup was investigated. A magnetic tooling is connected to a CNC machining to polish the surface of stavax(S136) die steel workpieces. During finishing experiments, both AE signals and force signals were sampled and analysed. The finishing results show that MAF has nano scale finishing capability (upto 8nm in surface roughness) and the sensor signals have strong correlations with the parameters such as gap between the tool and workpiece, feed rate and abrasive size. In addition, the signals were utilized as the input parameters of artificial neural networks to predict generated surface roughness. Among the three networks constructed -AE rms input, force input, AE+force input- the ANN with sensor fusion (AE+force) produced most stable results. From above, it has been shown that the proposed sensor fusion scheme is appropriate for the monitoring and prediction of the nano scale precision finishing process.
A Study on Mission Profile and Determination of Durability Test Parameters in the Hydraulic Clutch System
Lee, Sang-Cheon ; Hur, Man-Dae ; Lee, Chun-Gon ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Kang, Ji-Woo ; Lee, Hong-Bum ; So, Yoon-Sub ; Lee, Jong-Hyung ; Min, Byung-Gil ; Lee, Jae-Yul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 521~528
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.521
One of reliability measurements of vehicle is estimated by driving mileage but the reliability of component, such as an hydraulic clutch system, is defined from the number of successful operational cycle. Relationship between these reliability measurement variables(mileage and cycle) should be examined first of all in the reliability estimation of components. Relationship between mileage and cycles is commonly known as linear function. However, the gradient depends on the operational environmental condition. Therefore, estimation of mission profile variable should be done with correlation analysis at the same time. In this paper, we derive mission profile variable of an hydraulic clutch system by field vehicle test and suggest the determination process of durability test parameters of CMC(Clutch Master Cylinder) with mission profile variable.
Developement of a System for Glass Thickness Measurement
Park, Jae-Beom ; Lee, Eung-Suk ; Lee, Min-Ki ; Lee, Jong-Gun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 529~535
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.529
This paper describes a measuring device of glass thickness using machine vision and image processing techniques on real-time. Today, the machine vision enable to inspect fast and exactly than human's eyes. The presented system has advantages of continuous measurement, flexibility and good accuracy. The system consists of a laser diode, a CCD camera with PC. The camera located on the opposite side of the incident beam measures the distance between two reflected laser beams from the glass top and bottom surface. We apply a binary algorithm to convert and analyze the image from camera to PC. Laser point coordination by border tracing algorithm is used to find the center of beam circle. The measured result was compared with micrometer and showed 0.002mm accuracy. Finally, the errors were discussed how to minimize the influence of glass wedge angle and angular error of moving stage.
Drop-Impact Analysis and Design of a Package of a Microwave Oven
Kim, Won-Jin ; Lee, Boo-Youn ; Son, Byung-Sam ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 5, 2009, Pages 536~543
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.5.536
Dynamic behaviour of a package of a microwave oven under the drop-impact conditions is evaluated by the finite element analysis and tests. PAM-CRASH software is used for the finite element analysis and the tests are performed according to the ISTA(International Safe Transit Association) specification. Results of the analyses are compared with those of the tests and accuracy is shown to be favourable. Under the drop-impact condition of the original design, severe deformation occurs and an improved design is proposed to reduce it. The approach presented in this research can be successfully applied to reduce costs and time required to develop new models of the microwave oven.