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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 33, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 33, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 33, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 33, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 33, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 33, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
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A Small Robot Based on Hybrid Wheel-Track Mechanism
Lee, Jang-Woon ; Kim, Byeong-Sang ; Song, Jae-Bok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 545~551
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.545
A small guard robot working indoors or outdoors can be used to report various information on its environment to an operator. The guard robot should be small-sized and lightweight to increase its portability. In addition, it should be able to overcome a relatively high obstacle to cope with various situations. To satisfy these requirements, this paper presents a small robot equipped with a novel hybrid wheel and track mechanism that can select wheels or tracks depending on the situation. The robot folds the tracks into the body in the wheel mode and only wheels are active with the tracks immobilized, which results in the fast moving speed. In the track mode, the tracks are extended to keep in contact with the ground. Furthermore, this research proposes the belt length maintenance mechanism by which the belt length is kept constant in either the wheel or track mode. Various experiments demonstrate that the proposed robot can move fast by using wheels on the smooth terrain and overcome obstacles by using tracks on the rough terrain.
Analysis for Fracture Characteristics of Porous Materials by using Cohesive Zone Models
Choi, Seung-Hyun ; Ha, Sang-Yul ; Kim, Ki-Tae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 552~559
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.552
The effect of porosity on the crack propagation is studied by using the cohesive zone model. Standard mode I fracture test were done by using compact tension specimens with various porosities. Load-load line displacement curves and
-crack resistance curves for various porosities were obtained from experiments. The cohesive zone model proposed by Xu and Needleman was employed to describe the crack propagation in porous media, and the Gurson model is used for constitutive relation of porous materials. These models were implemented into user subroutines of a finite element program ABAQUS. The fracture mode changes from ductile fracture to brittle fracture as the porosity increases. Numerical calculations agree well with experimental results.
Estimations of the Adhesion Strength of Galvannealed Coatings on Coated Sheet Using Single Lap-Shear Test
Lee, Jung-Min ; Lee, Chan-Joo ; Ko, Dae-Cheol ; Lee, Seon-Bong ; Kim, Byung-Min ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 560~567
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.560
This paper was designed to estimate the adhesion strength of galvannealed coatings on steel sheets. The adhesion strength were evaluated using single lap - shear tests where the lap joint was bonded by structural adhesive. Tests were performed for overlap length of 5mm, 10mm and 15 mm and three directions (0, 45, 90) of steel sheets used as the adherend of the overlap joint. After the tests, FE simulations of the single lap-shear test were also carried out to observe the stress distribution in the interface between the adhesive and the coated sheet. The results showed that the joint failure loads obtained from the tensile tests of bonded single lap-joints were the same, regardless of overlap lengths and directions of steel sheets. Also, the failure of galvannealed coatings greatly depended on shear stress distribution in the interface and the value was about 30MPa.
A Ternary Microfluidic Multiplexer using Control Lines with Digital Valves of Different Threshold Pressures
Lee, Dong-Woo ; Cho, Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 568~572
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.568
We present a ternary microfluidic multiplexer unit, capable to address three flow channels using a pair of control lines with two different threshold pressure valves. The previous binary multiplexer unit addresses only two flow channels using a pair of control line with identical threshold pressure valves, thus addressing
flow channels using n control lines. The present ternary multiplexer addressing three flow channels using a pair of control lines, however, is capable to address
flow channels using n control lines with two different threshold pressure valves. In the experimental study, we characterized the threshold pressure and the response time of the valves used in the ternary multiplexer. From the experimental observation, we also verified that the present ternary multiplexer unit could be operated by two equivalent valve operating conditions: the different static pressures and dynamic pressures at different duty ratio. And then,
well array stacking ternary multiplexers in serial is addressed in cross and plus patterns, thus demonstrating the individual flow channel addressing capability of the ternary multiplexer. Thus, the present ternary multiplexer reduces the number of control lines for addressing flow channels, achieving the high well control efficiency required for simple and compact microfluidic systems.
A Passive Flow-rate Regulator Using Pressure-dependent Autonomous Deflection of Parallel Membrane Valves
Doh, Il ; Cho, Young-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 573~576
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.573
We present a passive flow-rate regulator, capable to compensate inlet pressure variation and to maintain a constant flow-rate for precise liquid control. Deflection of the parallel membrane valves in the passive flowrate regulator adjusts fluidic resistance according to inlet fluid pressure without any external energy. Compared to previous passive flow-rate regulators, the present device achieves precision flow regulation functions at the lower threshold compensation pressure of 20kPa with the simpler structure. In the experimental study, the fabricated device achieves the constant flow-rate of
over the inlet pressure range of
kPa. The present flow-rate regulator having simple structure and lower compensation pressure level demonstrates potentials for use in integrated micropump systems.
Optimal Design of Dummy Patterns for Minimizing PCB Warpage
Lee, Sang-Hyuk ; Kim, Sun-Kyoung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 577~583
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.577
In this work, a design method that minimizes PCB warpage is proposed. This work suggests that narrow dummy patterns are placed on the discetized location along the periphery of the PCB to control the warpage. The warpage is numerically simulated base on direct modeling of PCB patterns. The optimal pattern that minimizes warpage is determined using the human-based genetic algorithm.
Design Optimization for the Magnetic Engine Valve Actuator
Soh, Hyun-Jun ; Park, Soon-Ok ; Yoo, Jeong-Hoon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 584~589
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.584
As the automobile energy efficiency stands out an important matter of interest, the magnetic engine valve system receives attention. It has an advantage of no engine power leakage in opening and closing the valve. Moreover, it generates much bigger force than the piezo actuator system, so it can be a good alternative system of the cam and camshaft system. However, since the valve system is not light enough, it is necessary to make its weight reduce. In this study, topology optimization is applied to find the optimal shape of the armature in a magnetic valve system combined with the finite element analysis for the magnetic field analysis. The result is used to obtain a concept design. The adjoint variable method is employed in order to calculate the design sensitivity of the magnetic driving force in the armature component mostly to reduce the computational time during the repeated sensitivity calculation. The sequential linear programming is employed for the optimization algorithm.
A Study on the Injury Assessment of Helicopter's Crew with Multi Point Restraint System under Drop Impact
Lee, Jung-Hyun ; Lee, Young-Shin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 590~599
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.590
In this paper, a method of modeling seat belts on crew seat during dynamic seat testing was studied. The body segments of the occupant were modeled with joints. The joints consisted with various stiffnesses, dampings, and frictions. Three types of seat belt restraint systems were investigated. The analysis for on the injury assessment of helicopter's crew under drop impact was conducted. The effectiveness of the seat belt system for crashworthiness and safety was evaluated. As the results of impact analysis, head, neck and spine of the crew can be easily damaged in the vertical direction more than the longitudinal direction. Based on the verified model, behavior of human body was studied with three-point restraint systems. The displacement and injury level of the 12-point restraint system was the smallest.
Coupled Analysis of Hydrogen Transport Within ABAQUS
Oh, Chang-Sik ; Kim, Yun-Jae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 600~606
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.600
In this paper, the coupled model with hydrogen transport and elasto-plasticity behavior is introduced. This model is implemented to the general-purpose FE code, ABAQUS, via the user-defined subroutine UMAT and UMATHT. In UMAT, the spatial gradients of hydrostatic stress and hydrogen induced deformation are calculated, and then are passed into UMATHT. Heat transfer equation within UMATHT is substituted by hydrogen transport equation including the effects of stress states and strain hardening. To validate this model, the finite element analyses coupled with hydrogen transport and mechanical loading are performed for the boundary layer specimens with low and high strength steel properties. The FE results are compared with the previous studies by Taha and Sofronis (2001).
Gain Parameter Determination for the Feeding Speed and Skew Controller of Media Transport System using Optimization Technique
Cha, Ho-Young ; Bum, Sun-Ho ; Kim, Min-Soo ; Lee, Soon-Geul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 607~613
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.607
In this paper, we made a simple paper feeding system which is one of MTS (media transport system) and controllers. The plant has a flexible paper and two driving rollers and two driven rollers. The control system has two conventional PID controllers. Skew angle and feeding speed of MTS deteriorate the quality of feeding system. In order to control a feeding speed and skew of feeding paper, we control rotational velocity of two driving rollers. Therefore, this controller has two inputs and two outputs as MIMO (multi-input and multi-output) system. The control inputs were the feeding speed and the skew displacement of the paper. The control outputs were the rotational velocity to each driving roller. To find appropriate PID gains of two controllers, we proposed an optimization technique. We assume the system variables and performance of a whole system as follows. PID gains of two controllers for skew and feeding speed are system variables. System performance is both skew and feeding speed. We simulates to making mathematical correlation using global Kriging interpolation. To find appropriate value of system variables, optimization method is simulation in sequence as following method. First, the optimization solver simulates with DOE (design of experiment) tables to find correlation equation of both system variable and performances. Then, the solver guesses the appropriate values and simulates if the system variables are appropriate or not. If the result of validation doesn't satisfy the convergence and iteration tolerance, the solver makes a new Kriging models and iterates this sequence until satisfy the tolerances.
Development of a Grinding Robot System for the Engine Cylinder Liner's Oil Groove
Noh, Tae-Yang ; Lee, Yun-Sik ; Jung, Chang-Wook ; Oh, Yong-Chul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 33, issue 6, 2009, Pages 614~619
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2009.33.6.614
An engine for marine propulsion and power generation consists of several cylinder liner-piston sets. And the oil groove is on the cylinder liner inside wall for the lubrication between a piston and cylinder. The machining process of oil groove has been carried by manual work so far, because of the diversity of the shape. Recently, we developed an automatic grinding robot system for oil groove machining of engine cylinder liners. It can covers various types of oil grooves and adjust its position by itself. The grinding robot system consists of a robot, a machining tool head, sensors and a control system. The robot automatically recognizes the cylinder liner's inside configuration by using a laser displacement sensor and a vision sensor after the cylinder liner is placed on a set-up equipment.