Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 38, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 38, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 38, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 38, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 38, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 38, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 38, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Design of Individual Pitch Control and Fatigue Analysis of Wind Turbine
Jeon, Gyeong Eon ; No, Tae Soo ; Kim, Guk Sun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.001
Structural loading on a wind turbine is due to cyclic loads acting on the blades under turbulence and periodic wind field. The structural loading generates fatigue damage and fatigue failure of the wind turbine. The individual pitch control(IPC) is an efficient control method for reducing structural loading. In this paper, we present an IPC design method using Decentralized LQR(DLQR) and Disturbance accommodating control(DAC). DLQR is used for regulating rotor speed and DAC is used for canceling out disturbances. The performance of the proposed IPC is compared with CPC, which was designed with a gain-scheduled PI controller. We confirm the effect of fatigue load reduction with the use of damage equivalent load(DEL).
Environmental Fatigue Behaviors of CF8M Stainless Steel in 310℃ Deoxygenated Water - Effects of Hydrogen and Microstructure
Jang, Hun ; Cho, Pyungyeon ; Jang, Changheui ; Kim, Tae Soon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 11~16
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.011
The effects of environment and microstructure on low cycle fatigue (LCF) behaviors of CF8M stainless steels containing 11% of ferrites were investigated in a
deoxygenated water environment. The reduction of LCF life of CF8M in a
deoxygenated water was smaller than 316LN stainless steels. Based on the microstructure and fatigue surface analyses, it was confirmed that the hydrogen induced cracking contributed to the reduction in LCF life for CF8M as well as for 316LN. However, many secondary cracks were found on the boundaries of ferrite phases in CF8M, which effectively reduced the stress concentration at the crack tip. Because of the reduced stress concentration, the accelerated fatigue crack growth by hydrogen induced cracking was less significant, which resulted in the smaller environmental effects for CF8M than 316LN in a
Multi-Scale Contact Analysis Between Net and Numerous Particles
Jun, Chul Woong ; Sohn, Jeong Hyun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~23
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.017
Graphics processing units (GPUs) are ideal for solving problems involving parallel data computations. In this study, the GPU is used for effectively carrying out a multi-body dynamic simulation with particle dynamics. The Hilber-Hushes-Taylor (HHT) implicit integration algorithm is used to solve the integral equations. For detecting collisions among particles, the spatial subdivision algorithm and discrete-element methods (DEM) are employed. The developed program is verified by comparing its results with those of ADAMS. The numerical efficiencies of the serial program using the CPU and the parallel program using the GPU are compared in terms of the number of particles, and it is observed that when the number of particles is greater, more computing time is saved by using the GPU. In the present example, when the number of particles is 1,300, the computational speed of the parallel analysis program is about 5 times faster than that of the serial analysis program.
Optimum Latch Contour Design for Improving Gas Circuit Breaker Performance
Choi, Gyu Seok ; Cha, Hyun Kyung ; Sohn, Jeong Hyun ; Yoo, Wan Suk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 25~30
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.025
The dynamic characteristics of a gas circuit breaker depend on the underlying high-speed operating mechanism with a spring-actuated latch system. Many studies have been carried out to reduce the breaking time of circuit breakers. In this study, the optimum latch contour design is determined for reducing the breaking time of a circuit breaker. A multi-body dynamic model of the latch is established for analyzing the dynamic behaviors of the circuit breaker by using the MSC/ADAMS program. Simulation results are matched against experimental data. VisualDoc is employed for determining the optimal latch contour. From the optimum design, the breaking time of a gas circuit breaker is improved by about 8.6%.
Analytical and Experimental Study for Development of Composite Coil Springs
Oh, Sung Ha ; Choi, Bok Lok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 31~36
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.031
This paper shows the feasibility of using carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite materials for manufacturing automotive coil springs. For achieving weight reduction by replacing steel with composite materials, it is essential to optimize the material parameters and design variables of the coil spring. First, the shear modulus of a CFRP beam model, which has
ply angles for maximum torsional stiffness, was calculated and compared with the test results. The diameter of the composite spring was predicted to be 17.5 mm for ensuring a spring rate equal to that when using steel material. Finally, a finite element model of the composite coil spring with
ply angles and 17.5 mm wire diameter was constructed and analyzed for obtaining the static spring rate, which was then compared with experimental results.
Per-Charge Range-Testing Method for Two-Wheeled Electric Vehicles
Kil, Bum Soo ; Kim, Gang Chul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 37~44
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.037
For testing a two-wheeled vehicle's per-charge range, this study conducted road and chassis dynamometer driving tests. Three typical road routes within Daejeon Metropolitan City were selected for the road-driving test. In the case of CVS-40 mode driving tests using a chassis dynamometer, various road-loading conditions were set. In this study, two-wheeled electric vehicles' per charge range on the road was confirmed through testing, and the range and energy consumption efficiency depending on various chassis dynamometer road load settings were measured. Then, the results of the actual road driving tests were compared with those of the chassis dynamometer driving tests, and road load settings that yielded per-charge range testing results similar to those under actual road driving conditions in the chassis dynamometer experiments were studied.
Location-dependent Reliability of Solder Interconnection on Printed Circuit Board in Random Vibration Environment
Han, Changwoon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 45~50
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.045
A vibration test coupon is prepared with nine plastic ball grid array packages on a printed circuit board using SnPb solders, and a random vibration test is conducted on the coupon. Life data from the test are analyzed, and it is shown that over the board, life data is location-dependent. For investigating this location dependency, a finite element model is developed and the equivalent stresses, which are defined based on the stress response functions at each node, are investigated. It is shown that one of the corner solder balls has the maximum equivalent stress at a package during the test. Finally, it is demonstrated that the maximum equivalent stress and durability life are inversely proportional.
Replication Characteristics of Micropatterns According to Mold Temperature in Ultrasonic Imprinting
Min, Kyeong Bin ; Park, Jong Han ; Park, Chang Yong ; Park, Keun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 51~57
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.051
Ultrasonic imprinting is a novel process for replicating micropatterns on thermoplastic polymer substrates with low energy consumption and short cycle time. The polymer substrate is softened by the frictional heat and repetitive deformation energy under ultrasonic excitation; thus, a number of micropatterns are replicated on the softened polymer substrate. In the present work, the effect of mold temperature on the replication characteristics of ultrasonic imprinting is investigated. The temperature change in the patterned region is measured by varying the mold temperature. Numerical simulation is then performed for investigating pattern replication characteristics under various mold temperatures. In addition, pattern replication ratio and uniformity are compared through various experimental measurements. Through the results of these comparisons, it is found that the mold temperature has a significant positive effect on the replication characteristics of ultrasonic imprinting.
A Study on the Elliptical Gear Inspection System Using Machine Vision
Park, Jin Joo ; Kim, Gi Hwan ; Lee, Eung Seok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 59~63
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.059
Elliptical gears are used in the oval flowmeter and oval flow meter inspects volume of water thanks to space by the elliptical shape. The purpose of this study is to judge accuracy of processing of the elliptical gear and develop inspection system using machine vision. Demand of machine vision is increasing while the factory automation is spreading and principle factor in-process inspection. But, gear inspection using the machine vision rarely used because of complex shape of gear. In this study, it seems possible that elliptical gear is inspected by inspection software using machine vision and inspection program can judge accuracy of processing of the elliptical gear designed this study.
Preform design of large sized profile ring rolling using main roll
Kim, H.J. ; Kang, J.H. ; Kang, S.S. ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 65~70
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.065
This paper introduces a preform design method for a ring rolling process with an outer step. Underfilling is one of the general defects of the profile ring rolling process. It occurs when the deformation amount is small or step depth of the profiled region is large. To prevent underfilling, increasing the deformation amount or using a preform of size similar to that of the final product are required. Furthermore, the filling limit equation is suggested based on the shape factor and deformation ratio for preventing defects in the products. The filling limit equation has been derived through finite element analyses and production tests for four different cases. For verifying the suggested method, realsized profile rolling tests were performed, and test results were compared with the predictions of the equation.
Optimization of Door Hinges of a Large Refrigerator
Youn, Seong-Jun ; Noh, Yoo-Jeong ; Kim, Seok-Ro ; Kim, Ji-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.071
Door hinges of large refrigerators are required to ensure that the doors open and close smoothly in addition to supporting door weights and enduring the impact loads due to door opening and closing. However, door hinge design is difficult because of complex hinge mechanisms and sensitive structural safety. In this study, the mechanism satisfying the required spring response, space constraints, and structural strength is optimized, and the volume of the outer frame covering the hinge mechanism is minimized for reducing production costs. The entire design process is automated using the PIDO(Progress Integration and Design Optimization) technique, which achieves an efficient design process. Therefore, the frame mass is reduced to 24%, and the mechanism performance and structural stability are improved.
Dynamic-Elastic Deformation Analysis for Precise Design of High Speed Press Machine
Kim, Heung-Kyu ; Jung, Chul Jae ; Cho, Chongdu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.079
Enhancing the working speed and positional accuracy of high-speed press machines is essential for improving the parts accuracy and productivity. However it is known that the positional accuracy decreases and the risk of parts failure increases as the working speed of press machine increases. Therefore predicting such problems during the stage of press structure design is necessary for precise design of high-speed press machines. In the present investigation, the dynamic-elastic deformation of press drive module parts with eccentric masses was examined by finite element analysis and experiment. Then the positional accuracy and parts failure of high-speed press machines was evaluated.
Torque Disturbance Analysis of Missile Hatch System by Spline Backlash
Byun, Young Chul ; Kang, E Sok ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A, volume 38, issue 1, 2014, Pages 89~99
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-A.2014.38.1.089
This paper presents the experimental torque disturbance analysis of a missile hatch system by spline backlash. The missile hatch system uses a spline and gear train for vertical elevation of the heavy hatch. The spline used for the rotation shaft of the hatch is generally used for automotive driving parts that transmit high amounts of power. It has an angular backlash, which results in jerks. Backlash of the hatch spline influences hatch swinging. The spline backlash and hatch swing are experimentally analyzed by measuring the hatch's rotation angle and acceleration. Hatch swing is visually observable for a short period, and it is measured by measuring the rotation angle variation and hatch acceleration. The shape of fluctuation and duration time of hatch angle variation are similar to those of torque. This shows that the hatch swing due to spline backlash generates torque disturbances.