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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
Selecting the target year
An experimental study on the burning velocity measurement of natural gas
Yu, Hyeon-Seok ; Han, Jeong-Ok ; Bang, Hyo-Seon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 195~201
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1922.214.171.124
Static and non-static flame methods were used to measure the laminar burning velocity of methane, ethane and natural gas. The flame slot angle and velocity of unburned gas mixture were determined by Schlieren method and LDV, respectively, for static flame. The diameter of nozzle was selected as 11 mm. The experimental results containing the stretch effect showed that the maximum burning velocities were 41.5 for natural gas, 40.8 for methane and 43.4 cm/sec for ethane on equivalence ratio of 1.1. Constant volume combustion chamber was also used for non-static flame. The propagation process of flame front was visualized by high speed camera during constant pressure. The maximum burning velocity of natural gas was determined as 42.1 cm/sec on equivalence ratio of 1.15.
Comparison of multi-stage explicit methods for numerical computation of the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 202~212
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19126.96.36.199
In this study, performance of the multi-stage explicit methods for numerical computation of the unsteady Navier-Stokes equations is investigated. Three methods under consideration are 1 st-, 2 nd-, and 4 th-order Runge-Kutta (R-K) methods. Compared in this estimation is stability, accuracy, and CPU time of each method. The computational codes developed are applied to the two-dimensional flow in a square cavity driven by an oscillating lid. It turned out that at Reynolds number 400, the 1 st-order R-K method is the best, while at 3200 the 2 nd-order R-K is recommended. At higher Reynolds numbers, it is conjectured that the 4 th-order R-K method will be the best algorithm among three due to its highest stability.
An experimental study on turbulence characteristics of mixture and combustion characteristics of doubled jet burner flames
Choe, Gyeong-Min ; Jang, In-Gap ; Choe, Byeong-Ryun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 213~223
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19188.8.131.52
Premixed flame is better than diffusion flame to accomplish a high loading combustion. Since the turbulent characteristics of unburned mixture has a great influence on the flame structure, it is general that many researchers realize a high loading combustion with strengthening turbulent intensity of unburned mixture. Because turbulent premixed flame reacts efficiently on the condition of distributed reaction region, we made high turbulent premixed flame in the doubled impingement field. We investigated turbulent characteristics of unburned mixture with increasing shear force and visualized flames with direct and Schlieren photographs. And the combustion characteristics of flame was elucidated by instantaneous temperature measurement with a thermocouple, by ion currents with a micro electrostatic probe, by radical luminescence intensity and local equivalence ratio. Extremely strong turbulent of small scale is generated by impingement of mixture, and turbulent intensity of unburned mixture increased with the mean velocity. As a result of direct photographs, visible region of flame became longer due to increasing central direction flux. But as strengthed turbulent intensity, visible region of flame turned to shorter and reaction occurred efficiently. As strengthened turbulent intensity of mixture with increasing flux of central direction, maximum fluctuating temperature region moved to radial direction and fluctuation of temperature became lower. The reason is influx of central direction which caused flame zone to move toward radial direction, to maintain flame zone stable and to make flame scale smaller.
The influence of fluid inertia and heat dissipation in fluid films
Kim, Eun-Pil ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 224~234
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19184.108.40.206
It was demonstrated earlier that for laminar, isothermal flow of the lubricant in long journal bearings, inertia has negligible effect on the load carrying capacity and influences only the stability characteristics of the bearing. The question in the present paper is: 'will these conclusions of the isothermal theory remain valid in the presence of significant dissipation, or will lubricant inertia and dissipation interact non-linearly to bring about qualitative changes in bearing performance\ulcorner' The results obtained here assert that the effect of lubricant inertia on load carrying capacity remains negligible, irrespective of the rate of dissipation. The stability of the bearing is, however, affected by lubricant inertia. These results, although obtained here for long bearings with Sommerfeld and Gumbel boundary conditions, are believed to be applicable to practical bearing operations and affirm that bearing load may be calculated from classical, i. e., non-inertial theory.
A numerical study on the combined natural convection and radiation in a partially open complex enclosure with a heater and partitions
Kim, Tae-Guk ; Min, Dong-Ho ; Han, Gyu-Ik ; Son, Bong-Se ; Seo, Seok-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 235~251
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19220.127.116.11
A numerical simulation on the combined natural convection and radiation is carried out in a partially open rectangular enclosure with a heater by using the finite volume and the S-8 discrete ordinate methods. The fluid inside the enclosure is considered as an absorbing, emitting and anisotropic scattering media. The heater causes a natural circulation of the fluid (10
) which results in significant in-flow of the ambient cold fluid through the partially open wall. Comparing the results of pure convection with those of the combined convection- radiation, the combined heat transfer results with small Planck numbers (P
<1.0) show much stronger circulation than those of the pure convection, and the fluid circulation is more evident for larger Rayleigh numbers. When one of three radiative properties - the medium absorption coefficient, the wall reflectivity, and the scattering albedo - increases, the fluid circulation and the heat transfer in the enclosure are reduced. The location of the heater and the open ratio of the right wall are also shown to affect the fluid circulation and heat transfer significantly. However, the anisotropy of the scattering phase function is shown to be unimportant for the fluid circulation and heat transfer within the enclosure considered in this study.
Numerical investigation on the bifurcation of natural convection in a horizontal concentric annulus
Jeong, Jae-Dong ; Kim, Chan-Jung ; Lee, Jun-Sik ; Yu, Ho-Seon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 252~263
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1918.104.22.168
Steady-state two-dimensional natural convective heat transfer in horizontal cylindrical annuli was studied by solving the governing equations based on the primitive variables. Emphasis was put on the occurrence of the multiple solutions at a given set of parameter values, and on the determination of the bifurcation points at which those multiple solutions begin to branch out. The multicellular flow pattern from the results of melting process in an isothermally heated horizontal cylinder for high Rayleigh numbers, was used as initial guesses for the field variables. This was succeeded in new bifurcation point to tetracellular solutions for an identical set of parameter variables of previous works. The close examination of flow pattern transition around bifurcation point was also conducted. It was found that the mechanisms of flow transition are different depending on the critical Rayleigh number of bifurcation point.
Condensation and coagulation of metallic species with fly ash particles in a waste incinerator
Yu, Ju-Hyeon ; Hwang, Jeong-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 264~274
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1922.214.171.1244
A numerical analysis on condensation and coagulation of the metallic species with fly ash particles pre-existing in an incinerator was performed. Waste was simplified as a mixture of methane, chlorine, and small amounts of Pb and Sn. Vapor-phase amounts of Pb- and Sn -compounds were first calculated assuming a thermodynamic equilibrium state. Then theories on vapor-to-particle conversion, vapor condensation onto the fly ash particles, and particle-particle interaction were examined and incorporated into equations of aerosol dynamics and vapor continuity. It was assumed that the particles followed a log-normal size distribution and thus a moment model was developed in order to predict the particle concentration and the particle size distribution simultaneously. Distributions of metallic vapor concentration (or vapor pressure) were also obtained. Temperature drop rate of combustion gas, fly ash concentration and its size were selected as parameters influencing the discharged amount of metallic species. In general, the coagulation between the newly formed metal particles and the fly ash particles was much greater than that between the metal particles themselves or between the fly ash particles themselves. It was also found that the amount of metallic species discharged into the atmosphere was increased due to coagulation. While most of PbO vapors produced from the combustion were eliminated due to combined effect of condensation and coagulation, the highly volatile species, PbCl
vapors tended to discharge into the atmosphere without experiencing either the condensation or the coagulation. For Sn vapors the tendency was between that of PbO vapors and that of PbCl
. To restrain the discharged amount of hazardous metallic species, the coagulation should be restrained, the number concentration and the size of pre-existing fly ash particles should be increased, and the temperature drop rate of combustion gas should be kept low.
Thermodynamics of a composite system composed of two simple thermal systems
Jeong, Pyeong-Seok ; Kim, Su-Yeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 275~284
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19126.96.36.1995
Thermodynamic behavior of a composite system which is composed of two simple thermal subsystems with constant heat capacities is analyzed, and several thermodynamic phenomena are investigated. The changes of the states and the potential work of the composite system are shown as the interaction between the subsystems in the composite system. The potential work is defined as the possible maximum available work from the composite system, and it is a thermodynamic property of the composite system. The decrease of the potential work is the same as the available work output from the composite system in reversible processes. The dissipation of available work is directly connected to the generation of entropy. The concepts of exergy and internal energy can be explained as a special case of the potential work.
Three-dimensional flow characteristics and heat transfer to a circular cylinder with a hot circular impinging air jet
Hong, Gi-Hyeok ; Gang, Sin-Hyeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 285~293
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19188.8.131.525
Numerical calculations has been performed for the flow and heat transfer to a circular cylinder from a hot circular impinging air jet. The characteristics of the flow and heat transfer are investigated and compared with the two-dimensional flow. The present study lays emphasis on the investigation on the flow and heat transfer of the three-dimensionality. The effects of the buoyancy force and the size of jet are also studied. The noticeable difference between the three and the two-dimensional cases is that there is axial flow of low temperature into the center-plane of the cylinder from the outside in the recirculation region. Local Nusselt number over the cylinder surface has higher value for the large jet as compared with that of the small jet since the energy loss of hot jet to the ambient air decreases with increase of the jet size. As buoyancy force increases the flow accelerates so that the period of cooling by the ambient air is reduced, which results in higher local Nusselt number over the surface.
The characteristics of heat transfer coefficient for falling-film evaporation on a horizontal tube with aqueous LiBr solution
Ji, Yong-Hae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 294~302
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19184.108.40.2064
Falling-film evaporation experiments for aqueous solution of lithium bromide (LiBr) were performed on a horizontal smooth 19.05-mm-dia copper tube. Average heat transfer coefficients were obtained with varied film Reynolds numbers, system pressures, LiBr concentrations and degrees of wall superheat. Heat transfer coefficients increase with increasing system pressure and decreasing concentration. For degrees of wall superheat, the heat transfer coefficient did not't show the distinct trend. For this experimental ranges, heat transfer coefficients showed maximum values at an optimal film Reynolds number. The results of this work were compared with pool boiling data reported previously, and it was shown that the heat transfer performance is superior to the pool boiling.
The simultaneous measurement for thermal properties of liquids using transient probe method
Bae, Sin-Cheol ; Kim, Myeong-Yun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 303~315
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19220.127.116.113
The theoretical model for the transient probe method is the modified Jaeger model which is used perfect line source theory. The transient probe technique has been developed for the simultaneous determination of thermal conductivity, diffusivity and volumetric heat capacity of liquids. The Levenberg-Marquardt iteration method is adapted to obtain thermal property within nonlinear range. Experimental results of liquids were found to agree well with recommended thermal property data.
A Passive Control of Interaction of Condensation Shock Wave anc Boundary Layer(I)
Choe, Yeong-Sang ; Jeong, Yeong-Jun ; Gwon, Sun-Beom ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 316~328
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1918.104.22.1686
There were appreciable progresses on the study of shock wave / boundary layer interaction control in the transonic flow without nonequilibrium condensation. But in general, the actual flows associated with those of the airfoil of high speed flight body, the cascade of steam turbine and so on accompany the nonequilibrium condensation, and under a certain circumstance condensation shock wave occurs. Condensation shock wave / boundary layer interaction control is quite different from that of case without condensation, because the droplets generated by the result of nonequilibrium condensation may clog the holes of the porous wall for passive control and the flow interaction mechanism between the droplets and the porous system is concerned in the flow with nonequilibrium condensation. In these connections, it is necessary to study the condensation shock wave / boundary layer interaction control by passive cavity in the flow accompanying nonequilibrium condensation with condensation shock wave. In the present study, experiments were made on a roof mounted half circular arc in an indraft type supersonic wind tunnel to evaluate the effects of the porosity, the porous wall area and the depth of cavity on the pressure distribution around condensation shock wave. It was found that the porosity of 12% which was larger than the case of without nonequilibrium condensation produced the largest reduction of pressure fluctuations in the vicinity of condensation shock wave. The results also showed that wider porous area, deeper cavity for the same porosity of 12% are more favourable "passive" effect than the cases of its opposite. opposite.
A Passive Control of Interaction of Condensation Shock Wave anc Boundary Layer(II)
Choe, Yeong-Sang ; Gwon, Sun-Beom ; Kim, Byeong-Ji ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 2, 1997, Pages 329~340
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1922.214.171.1249
A passive control of interaction of condensation shock wave / boundary layer for reducing the strength of condensation shock was conducted experimentally in a 2.5 * 8 cm
indraft type supersonic wind tunnel. The effects of following factors on passive control were investigated: 1) the thickness of porous wall, 2) the diameter of porous hole, and 3) the orientation of porous hole. On the other hand, the location of nonequilibrium condensation region and condensation shock wave was controlled by regulation of the stagnation conditions. Surface static pressure measurements as well as Schlieren observations of the flow field were obtained, and their effects were compared with the results the cases of without passive control. It was found that thinner porous wall, smaller porous hole and FFH orientation for the same cavity size and porosity of 12% are more favourable than the cases of its opposite.