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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 12 - Dec 1997
Volume 21, Issue 11 - Nov 1997
Volume 21, Issue 10 - Oct 1997
Volume 21, Issue 9 - Sep 1997
Volume 21, Issue 8 - Aug 1997
Volume 21, Issue 7 - Jul 1997
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Jun 1997
Volume 21, Issue 5 - May 1997
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Apr 1997
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Mar 1997
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Feb 1997
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Jan 1997
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Aerodynamic Analysis of a Train Running in a Tunnel(I)-Aerodynamics of One-Train-
Kim, Hui-Dong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 963~972
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19188.8.131.523
As a high-speed train enters a tunnel, a compression wave is generated ahead of it due to the piston action of train. The compression waves propagate along the tunnel and reflect at the exit of tunnel. A complex wave phenomenon appears in the tunnel, because of the successive reflections of the pressure waves at the exit and entrance of tunnel. The pressure waves give rise to large pressure transients which impose the fluctuating loads on the running train. It is highly needed that the pressure transients should be predicted to design the train body and to improve the comfortableness of the passengers in the train. In the present study, the pressure transients were calculated numerically for a wide range of train speed and compared with the previous tunnel tests. The calculation results agreed with ones of the tunnel tests, and the mechanism of pressure transients was made clear.
A study on the cooling enhancement of electronic chips using vortex generator
Yu, Seong-Yeon ; Ju, Byeong-Su ; Lee, Sang-Yun ; Park, Jong-Hak ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 973~982
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19184.108.40.2063
Effect of vortex generator on the heat transfer enhancement of electronic chips is investigated using naphthalene sublimation technique. Experiments are performed for a single chip and chip arrays, and shape of vortex generator, position of vortex generator, stream wise chip spacing and air velocity are varied. Local and average heat transfer coefficients are measured on the top surface of simulated electronic chips, and compared with those obtained without vortex generator. In case of a single chip, heat transfer augmentation is seen only on the upstream portion of chip surface, while heat transfer enhancement is found on the whole surface for chip arrays. Rectangular wing type vortex generator is found to be more effective than delta wing.
Aerodynamic Analysis of a Train Running in a Tunnel(II)-Aerodynamics of Two-Trains-
Kim, Hui-Dong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 983~995
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19220.127.116.113
As a high-speed train enters a tunnel, a compression wave is generated ahead of it due to the piston action of train. The compression waves propagate along the tunnel and reflect backward at the exit of tunnel. A complex wave phenomenon appears in the tunnel, because of the successive reflections of the pressure waves at the exit and entrance of tunnel. The pressure waves can give rise to large pressure transients which impose the fluctuating loads on the running train. It is highly needed that the pressure transients should be predicted to design the train body and to improve the comfort for the passengers in the train. In the present study, the pressure transients and aerodynamic drag for two-trains running in a tunnel were calculated numerically for a wide range of train speed, and compared with the results of the previous tunnel tests and calculations for one train. The present calculation results agreed with ones of the tunnel tests, and the mechanism of pressure transients was made clear.
Analysis of a small steam injected gas turbine system with heat recovery
Kim, Dong-Seop ; Jo, Mun-Gi ; Go, Sang-Geun ; No, Seung-Tak ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 996~1008
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1918.104.22.1686
This paper describes a methodology and results for the analysis of a small steam injected gas turbine cogeneration system. A performance analysis program for the gas turbine engine is utilized with modifications required for the model of steam injection and the heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The object of simulation is a simple cycle gas turbine engine under development which adopts a centrifugal compressor. The analysis is based on the off-design operation of the gas turbine and the compressor performance map is utilized. Analyses are carried out with the injection ratio as the main parameter. The effect of steam injection on the power and efficiency of gas turbine and cogeneration capacity is investigated. Also presented is the variation in the main operating parameters inside the HRSG. Remarkable reduction in NOx generation by steam injection is confirmed. In addition, it is observed that for the 100% power operation the temperature of the cooled first nozzle blade decreases by 100.deg. C at full steam injection, which seems to have a favorable effect on the engine life time.
Breakup Characteristics in Plain Jet Air Blast Atomizer(I)-Jet Breakup and Internal Flow-
Kim, Hyeok-Ju ; Lee, Chung-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1009~1023
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1922.214.171.1249
The breakup length of a liquid jet with flowrate, formed by releasing through a nozzle of circular cross-section into the atmosphere, was experimented and studied for 3 liquid nozzles of varying diameters. The experimental result was analyzed using the existing theoretical equation for predicting the breakup length. It was found that the breakup length of liquid jet depends on the velocity, and the breakup length increases with increasing of the liquid nozzle diameter. Also, the variation range of the breakup length for the same flowrate of liquid increased rapidly as velocity was increased for laminar flow, but in the turbulent flow region, it leveled off in the range of approximately 0.55-0.7 of the mean breakup length. Furthermore, when the longest smooth liquid jet was applied to the co-axial flow air blast atomizer, the effect of air flow on the flow pattern and breakup length was studied for 6 glass nozzles of different lengths and diameters. It was found that depending on the diameter of the mixing tube and liquid jet, it was possible to observe a wide range of flow patterns, such as liquid jet through flow, partial annular flow and annular flow. The liquid jet breakup length was more sensitive to the change in the length rather than the diameter of the mixing tube. As the length of the mixing tube shortens, the breakup length also shortens rapidly.
A framework for parallel processing in multiblock flow computations
Park, Sang-Geun ; Lee, Geon-U ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1024~1033
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19126.96.36.1994
The past several years have witnessed an ever-increasing acceptance and adoption of parallel processing, both for high performance scientific computing as well as for more general purpose applications. Furthermore with increasing needs to perform the complex flow calculations in an efficient manner, the use of the message passing model on distributed networks has emerged as an important alternative to the expensive supercomputers. This work attempts to provide a generic framework to enable the parallelization of all CFD-related works using the master-slave model. This framework consists of (1) input geometry, (2) domain decomposition, (3) grid generation, (4) flow computations, (5) flow visualization, and (6) output display as the sequential components, but performs computations for (2) to (5) in parallel on the workstation clustering. The flow computations are parallized by having multiple copies of the flow-code to solve a PDE on different spatial regions on different processors, while their flow data are exchanged across the region boundaries, and the solution is time-stepped. The Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) is used for distributed communication in this work.
Influence of the impeller inlet angles on flow pattern and characteristics of mixed-flow pump
Lee, Seon-Gi ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1034~1045
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19188.8.131.524
For the improvement of the pump characteristics in the partial capacity range, it must be verified that the influence of the impeller design factor on the internal flows and the influence of the impeller internal flows on the pump characteristics. In this paper, in order to understand the influence of inlet angles on flow conditions and characteristics of a mixed flow pump, experiments were carried out for three kinds of impeller, which have the same outlet angle distributions and meridional section shapes. Results show that separation and stall in the partial capacity range can be controlled by the inlet angles. The relationship between the separation - stall at the impeller leading edge and the discharge flow conditions is clarified.
Numerical Analysis of Rotating Channel Flow with an Anisotropic
Myeong, Hyeon-Guk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1046~1055
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19184.108.40.2066
An anisotropic k-.epsilon. turbulence model for predicting the rotating flows is proposed with the simple inclusion of a new parameter dealing with the extra straining effects in the .epsilon.-equation. This model is employed to compute the effects of Coriolis forces on fully-developed flow in a rotating channel. The predicted results indicate that the present model captures fairly well the striking rotational-induced effects on the Reynolds stresses and the mean flow distributions, including the argumentation of turbulent transport on the unstable side (pressure surface) of the channel and its damping on the stable side (suction surface).
Flow visualization and spray characteristics of twin-fluid atomization with converging-diverging nozzles
Park, Byeong-Gyu ; Lee, Jun-Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1056~1067
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19220.127.116.116
Present study visualized flow pattern and investigated spray characteristics of twin-fluid atomization with converging-diverging nozzles. Particle sizes were measured by using the Malvern particle analyzer, and the radial size distributions were evaluated by using the tomographic transform technique. The results show that the SMD generally increases in the radial direction at a prescribed liquid flow rate and the increasing rate in the SMD becomes gradual as atomizing gas pressure increases. The SMD decreases as the liquid flow rate increases at a fixed GLR (gas/liquid mass ratio). The atomization performance of the protrusion-type nozzle turned out to be superior to that of the flush-type. However, in the case of the protrusion-type, flow separation occurs outside the liquid delivery tube when the pressure at the gas nozzle chamber is high enough, which may deteriorate the atomization performance.
An application of the electrostatic spray technology to increase scrubbing efficiency of SO
emitted from thermal systems
Jeong, Jae-Yun ; Byeon, Yeong-Cheol ; Hwang, Jeong-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1068~1076
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1918.104.22.1688
Emission control of acid exhaust gases from coal-fired power plants and waste incinerators has become an increasing concern of both industries and regulators. Among those gaseous emissions, SO
has been eliminated by a Spray Drying Absorber (SDA) system, where the exhaust gas is mixed with atomized limestone-water slurry droplets and then the chemical reaction of SO
with alkaline components of the liquid feed forms sulfates. Liquid atomization is necessary because it maximizes the reaction efficiency by increasing the total surface area of the alkaline components. An experimental study was performed with a laboratory scale SDA to investigate whether the scrubbing efficiency for SO
reduction increased or not with the application of a DC electric field to the limestone-water slurry. For a selected experimental condition SO
concentrations exited from the reactor were measured with various applied voltages and liquid flow rates. The applied voltage varied from -10 to 10 kV by 1 kV, and the volume flow rate of slurry was set to 15, 25, 35 ml/min which were within the range of emission mode. Consequently, the SO
scrubbing efficiency increased with increasing the applied voltage but was independent of the polarity of the applied voltage. For the electrical and flow conditions considered a theoretical study of estimating average size and charge of the atomized droplets was carried out based on the measured current-voltage characteristics. The droplet charge to mass ratio increased and the droplet diameter decreased as the strength of the applied voltage increased.
Prediction of the internal flow in a pintle nozzle for LPG engine
Jeong, Hong-Cheol ; Kim, Byeong-Cheol ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1077~1085
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.1922.214.171.1247
The use of "clean fuels" such as butane, propane, and mixtures of these (LPG) is an attractive way to reduce exhaust emissions. In this study internal flow of the pintle type injector for LPG engine is studied. The breakup of liquid jet is the result of competing, unstable hydrodynamic forces acting on the liquid jet as it exits the nozzle. The nozzle geometry and up-stream injection conditions affect the characteristics of flow inside the nozzle, such as turbulence and cavitation bubbles. A set of calculations of the internal flow in a pintle type nozzle were performed using a two dimensional flow simulation under different nozzle geometry and upstream flow conditions. The calculation showed that the turbulent intensity and discharge coefficient are related to needle leading angle(.alpha.) and needle lift.edle lift.
Conceptual system design of multistage centrifugal air-compressor
Gang, Sin-Hyeong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 21, issue 8, 1997, Pages 1086~1093
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.19126.96.36.1996
Conceptual system design of a multistage centrifugal air-compressor is the first loop of design procedure. The properly designed system is important for compactness, low manufacturing cost, easy controllability, fast extension for the new specification of the compressor. A simple procedure of conceptual system design is proposed in the present study using simple analysis. A few examples of the procedure for a real system are shown and several design aspects are discussed.