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Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 12 - Dec 2001
Volume 25, Issue 11 - Nov 2001
Volume 25, Issue 10 - Oct 2001
Volume 25, Issue 9 - Sep 2001
Volume 25, Issue 8 - Aug 2001
Volume 25, Issue 7 - Jul 2001
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Jun 2001
Volume 25, Issue 5 - May 2001
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Apr 2001
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Mar 2001
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Feb 2001
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
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Assessment of Slip Factor Models for Centrifugal Compressor at Off-Design Condition
Yun, Seong-Ho ; Baek, Je-Hyeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1459~1466
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1459
A slip factor is defined as an empirical factor, which should be multiplied to theoretical energy transfer to estimate real work input of a centrifugal compressor. During the last century, researchers have tried to develop simple empirical models to predict the slip factor. However most of these models have been developed based only on design point data. Furthermore flow is assumed inviscid. As a result, these models often fail to predict the correct slip factor at off-design condition. In this study, various models for the slip factor were analysed and compared with experimental and numerical data at off-design conditions. As a result of this study, Wiesner's and Paeng and Chung's models are shown to be applicable for radial impeller, but all the models are found to be inappropriate for backswept impellers.
Approximate Coordinate Transformations for Simulation of Turbulent Flows with Active Wall Motions
Gang, Sang-Mo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1467~1475
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1467
In the present paper, approximate coordinate transformations for simulation of turbulent flows with active wall motions, leading to a significant reduction in the computational cost while maintaining the numerical accuracy, are presented: the Navier-Stokes equations are coordinate-transformed with an approximation of Taylor-series truncation and neglect of some less-significant terms. The performance of the proposed transformations is evaluated in simulation of the channel flow at Re
/=140 with wall deformations of │η
+/ 5. The approximate transformations provide flow structures as wall as turbulence statistics in good agreement with those from a complete coordinate transformation [Phys. Fluids 12, 3301 (2000)] and allow 25-30% savings in the CPU time as compared to the complete one.
A Turbulent Boundary Layer Disturbed by an Elliptic Cylinder
Choe, Jae-Ho ; Jo, Jeong-Won ; Lee, Sang-Jun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1476~1482
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1476
Turbulent boundary layer over a flat plate was disturbed by installing an elliptic cylinder with an axis ratio of AR=2. For comparison, the same experiment was carried out for a circular cylinder having the same vertical height. The surface pressure and the heat transfer coefficient on the flat plate were measured with varying the gap distance between the elliptic cylinder and the flat plate. The mean velocity and the turbulent intensity profile of the streamwise velocity component were measured using a hot-wire anemometry. As a result, the flow structure and the local heat transfer rate were modified by the interaction between the cylinder wake and the turbulent boundary layer as a function of the critical gap ratio where the regular vortices start to shed. For the elliptic cylinder, the critical gap ratio is increased and the surface pressure on the flat plate is recovered rapidly at downstream location, compared with the equivalent circular cylinder. The maximum heat transfer rate occurs at the gap ratio of G/B = 0.5, where the flow interaction between the lower shear layer of the cylinder wake and the turbulent boundary layer is strong.
Enhancement of Pulsed-Laser Ablation by Phase Explosion of Liquid
Kim, Dong-Sik ; Lee, Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1483~1491
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1483
Enhancement of pulsed-laser ablation by an artificially deposited liquid film is presented. Measurements of ablation rate, ablation threshold, and surface topography arc performed. Correlation between material ablation and photoacoustic effect is examined by the optical beam deflection method. The dependence of ablation rate on liquid-film thickness and chemical composition is also examined. The results indicate that photomechanical effect in the phase explosion of liquid is responsible for the enhanced ablation. The low critical temperature of liquid induces explosive vaporization with localized photoacoustic excitation in the superheat limit and increases the ablation efficiency. Experiments were carried out utilizing a Q-swiched Nd:YAG laser at near-threshold laser fluences with negligible plasma effect (up to ∼100 MW/cm
A Study on the Helically Coiled Heat Exchanger of Small Diameter Tubes
Kim, Ju-Won ; Kim, Jeong-Hun ; Kim, Jong-Su ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1492~1499
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1492
In order to develop the compact and flexible heat exchangers, we made the helically coiled heat exchangers. They can be manufactured with small diameter copper tubes without the need for fins; inner diameter=1.0 mm, straight tube length=1.5 m. The experiments were carried out with the following conditions; evaporation pressure=0.6 MPa, air velocity=0.7 ∼ 1.7 m/s, and working fluid=R-22. Pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient of heat exchangers were experimented according to the air velocity. The results of heat transfer coefficient show a 35% beneficial increase fur these heat exchangers over the other covered fin-tube heat exchangers. A cooling capacity of about 3 kW was obtained with an air velocity of 1.5 m/s. The distribution header has also been designed fur efficient distribution of refrigerant flow.
A Study on the Choice of Dependent Variables of Momentum Equations in the General Curvilinear Coordinate
Kim, Tak-Su ; Kim, Won-Gap ; Kim, Cheol-Su ; Choe, Yeong-Don ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1500~1508
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1500
This paper represents the importance of dependent variables in non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinates just as the importance of those variables of convective scheme and turbulence model in computational fluid dynamics. Each of Cartesian, physical covariant and physical contravariant velocity components was tested as the dependent variables of momentum equations in the staggered grid system. In the flow past a circular cylinder, the results were computed to use each of three variables and compared to experimental data. In the skewed driven cavity flow, the results were computed to check the grid dependency of the variables. The results used in Cartesian and physical contravariant components of velocity in cylinder flow show the nearly same accuracy. In the case of Cartesian and contravariant component, the same number of vortex was predicted in the skewed driven cavity flow. Vortex strength of Cartesian component case has about 30% lower value than that of the other two cases.
Microgravity Combustion Characteristics of Polystyrene Spheres with Various Ambient Gases
Choe, Byeong-Cheol ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1509~1517
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1509
An experimental and numerical analysis were conducted to investigate the transient temperature distribution and flame propagation characteristics over an inline polystyrene spheres under microgravity. From the experimental, a self-ignition temperature of polystyrene bead was 872 K under gravity. Flame spread rates were 4.7-5.1 mm/s with ambient gas N
and 2.3-2.5 mm/s with ambient gas CO
, respectively. Flame radius diameters were 17 mm with ambient gas N
and 9.6 mm with ambient gas CO
, respectively. These results suggest that the flame propagation speed could be affected in the Diesel engine and the boiler combustor by EGR. In terms of the flame spread rate and the transient temperature profile, numerical results have the qualitative agreement with the experiment.
Two-Dimensional Analysis of Unsteady Flow Through One Stage of Axial Turbine (II)
Park, Jun-Young ; Um, In-Sik ; Baek, Je-Hyun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1518~1526
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1518
In this paper, the mechanism of unsteady potential interaction and wake interaction in one stage axial turbine is numerically investigated at design point in two-dimensional viewpoint. The numerical technique used is the upwind scheme of Van-Leer's Flux Vector Splitting (FVS) and Cubic spline interpolation is applied on zonal interface between stator and rotor. The inviscid analysis is used to embody the influence of potential interaction only and viscous analysis is used to embody the influences of both potential interaction and wake interaction at the same time. The potential-flow disturbance from the stator into a rotor passage and the periodic blockage effect of rotor produce the unsteady pressure on the blade surface in inviscid analysis. After the wake is cut by rotor, two counterrotating votical patterns flanking the wake centerline in the passage are generated. So, these phenomena magnify the unsteady pressure in viscous analysis than that in inviscid analysis. The resulting unsteady forces on the rotor, generated by the combined interaction of the two effects by potential and wake interaction, are discussed.
A Study on the Near Wake of a Square Cylinder Using Particle Image Velocimetry (III) - Phase Average -
Lee, Man-Bok ; Kim, Gyeong-Cheon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1527~1534
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1527
Phase averaged velocity fields in the near wake region behind a square cylinder have been (successfully) obtained using randomly sampled PIV data sets. The Reynolds number based on the flow velocity and the vertex height was 3,900. To identify the phase information, we examined the magnitude of circulation and the center of peak vorticity. The center of vorticity was estimated from lowpass filtered vorticity contours (LES decomposition) adopting a sub-pixel searching algirithm. Due to the sinusoidal nature of firculation which is closely related to the instantaneous vorticity, the location of peak voticity fits well with a sine curve of the circulation magnitude. Conditionally-averaged velocity fields represent the barman vortex shedding phenomenon very well within 5 degrees phase uncertainty. The oscillating nature of the separated shear layer and the separation bubble at the top surface are clearly observed. With the hot-wire measurements of Strouhal frequency, we found thats the convection velocity changes its magnitude very rapidly from 25 to 75 percent of the free stream velocity along the streamwise direction when the flow passes by the recirculation region.
Development of a High Resolution Digital Cinematic Particle Image Velocimetry
Park, Gyeong-Hyeon ; Kim, Gyeong-Cheon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1535~1542
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1535
A high resolution digital cinematic Particle Image Velocimetry(PIV) has been developed. The system consists of a high speed CCD camera, a continuous Ar-ion laser and a computer with camera controller. To improve the spatial resolution, we adopt a Recursive Technique for velocity interrogation. At first, we obtain a velocity vector fur a larger interrogation window size based on the conventional two-frame cross-correlation PIV analysis using the FFT algorithm. Based on the knowing velocity information, more spatially resolved velocity vectors are obtained in the next iteration step with smaller interrogation windows. When the correct velocity vector at the first step is found to be critical, a Multiple Correlation Validation(MCV) technique is applied to decrease the spurious vectors. The MCV technique turns out to improve SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio) of the correlation table. The developed cinematic PIV method has been applied to the measurement of the unsteady flow characteristics of a Rushton turbine mixer. A total of 3,245 instantaneous velocity vectors were successfully obtained with 4 ms time resolution. The acquired spatial resolution corresponds to the conventional high resolution digital PIV system using a 1K
1K CCD camera.
Characteristics of the Starting Flow of a Rushton Turbine Mixer
Park, Gyeong-Hyeon ; Kim, Gyeong-Cheon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1543~1551
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1543
The characteristics of starting flow of a six-blade Rushton turbine mixer were investigated by using a cinematic Particle Image Velocimetry technique. The flows were quantified by measurements of velocity fields with a 4 ms time interval for a blade rotational speed of 100 r.p.m, so that the turbine Reynolds number(ND
/ ν) was fixed to 6,960. The radial shedding of the trailing vortices starts from passing four blades after the beginning of rotation. It clearly shows that the vortex pairing phenomena caused by the interactions between trailing cortices firm consequtive blades. The average convection velocity of the radial flow is found to be 28 % of the tip velocity. The starting flow seems to arrive at a steady state after 8 revolutions in this study, which corresponds nearly one circulation through the bulk flow trajectory with the average radial convection velocity.
Liquid Atomization and Spray Characteristics in Electrostatic Spray of Twin Fluids
Kim, Jeong-Heon ; Bae, Choong-Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1552~1560
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1552
This paper presents the experimental results of a study undertaken to develop an electrostatic spray system for a combustion application. The characteristics of the liquid atomization and the droplet dispersion in the electrostatic spray of twin fluids were investigated by the optical measurement techniques. The processes associated with the break-up of charged jets were also observed using the laser sheet visualization. The diameter and velocity of droplets were simultaneously measured using the phase Doppler measurement technique. The electrostatic atomization of the liquid fuel depended primarily on the charging voltage and the flow rate, but the dispersion of droplets depended significantly on the aerodynamic flow. Aerodynamic influences on the liquid atomization decreased with an increase of the charging voltage. Consequently, the liquid atomization and the droplet dispersion could be independently controlled using the electrostatic and aerodynamic mechanisms.
An Experimental Study on Flow Characteristics of Turbulent Pulsating Flow in a Curved Duct by Using LDV
Lee, Hong-Gu ; Son, Hyeon-Cheol ; Lee, Haeng-Nam ; Park, Gil-Mun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1561~1568
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1561
In the present study, flow characteristics of turbulent pulsating flow in a square-sectional 180
curved duct were experimentally investigated. The experimental study for air flows in a curved duct are carried out to measure axial velocity profiles, wall shear stress distributions and entrance length in a square-sectional 180
curved duct by using the Laser Doppler Velocimeter(LDV) system and the data acquisition. Velocity profiles are obtained using the Rotating Machinery Resolver(RMR)and PHASE software in case of turbulent pulsating flow. Finally, it was plotted by the ORIGIN software. The experiment was conducted in seven sections from the inlet (ø = 0
) to the outlet (ø=l80
) at 3 0
intervals of the duct.
Development of a Nonlinear Near-Wall Model for Turbulent Flow and Heat Transfer
Park, Tae-Seon ; Seong, Hyeong-Jin ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1569~1580
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1569
A new nonlinear near-wall turbulence model is developed to predict turbulent flow and heat transfer in strongly nonequilibrium flows. The k-
/, model of Park and Sung
(1)/ is extended to a nonlinear formulation. The stress-strain relationship is the thrid-order in the mean velocity gradients. The strain dependent coefficients are obatined from the realizability constraints and the singular behavior at large strains. An improved explicit heat flux model is proposed with the aid of Cayley-Hamilton theorem. This new model includes the quadratic effects of flow deformations. The near-wall asymptotic behavior is incorporated by modifying the f
λ/ function. The model performance is shown to be satisfactory.
Study on Preconditioning of the clavier-Stokes Equations Using 3-Dimensional Unstructured Meshes
Nam, Young-Sok ; Choi, Hyoung-Gwon ; Yoo, Jung-Yul ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1581~1593
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1581
An efficient variable-reordering method for finite element meshes is used and the effect of variable-reordering is investigated. For the element renumbering of unstructured meshes, Cuthill-McKee ordering is adopted. The newsy reordered global matrix has a much narrower bandwidth than the original one, making the ILU preconditioner perform bolter. The effect of variable reordering on the convergence behaviour of saddle point type matrix it studied, which results from P2/P1 element discretization of the Navier-Stokes equations. We also propose and test 'level(0) preconditioner'and 'level(2) ILU preconditioner', which are another versions of the existing 'level(1) ILU preconditioner', for the global matrix generated by P2/P1 finite element method of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. We show that 'level(2) ILU preconditioner'performs much better than the others only with a little extra computations.
Investigation of NO Formation Characteristics in Multi Staged Air Combustor
Kim, Han-Seok ; An, Guk-Yeong ; Baek, Seung-Uk ; Yu, Myeong-Jong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1594~1605
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1594
In this study, a numerical simulation was developed which was capable of predicting the characteristics of NO formation in pilot scale combustor adopting the air-staged burner flame. The numerical calculation was constructed by means of establishing the mathematical models fur turbulence, turbulent combustion, radiation and turbulent nitric oxide chemistry. Turbulence was solved with standard k-
model and the turbulent combustion model was incorporated using a two step reaction scheme together with an eddy dissipation model. The radiative transfer equation was calculated by means of the discrete ordinates method with the weighted sum of gray gases model for CO
O. In the NO chemistry model, the chemical reaction rates for thermal and prompt NO were statistically averaged using the
probability density function. The results were validated by comparison with measurements. For the experiment, a 0.2 MW pilot multi-air staged burner has been designed and fabricated. Only when the radiation was taken into account, the predicted gas temperature was in good agreement with the experimental one, which meant that the inclusion of radiation was indispensable for modeling multi-air staged gas flame. This was also true of the prediction of the NO formation, since it heavily depended on temperature. Subsequently, it was found that the multi-air staged combustion technique might be used as a practical tool in reducing the NO formation by controlling the peak flame temperature.
Flow and Heat/Mass Transfer Characteristics of Arrays of Impingement Jets with Effusion Holes
Lee, Dong-Ho ; Yun, Pil-Hyeon ; Jo, Hyeong-Hui ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1606~1615
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1606
The present study has been conducted to investigate heat/mass transfer characteristics on a target plate fur arrays of circular impingement jets with and without effusion holes. A naphthalene sublimation method is employed to determine local heat/mass transfer coefficients on the target plate. The effusion holes are located at the center of four injection holes in the injection plate where the spent air is discharged through the effusion hole after impingement on the target plate. For the array jet impingement without effusion holes, the array jets are injected into the crossflow formed by upstream spent air because the impinged jets must flow to the open exit. For small gap distances, heat/mass transfer coefficients without effusion holes are very non-uniform due to crossflow effects and re-entrainments of spent air. However, uniform distributions and enhanced values of heat/mass transfer coefficients are obtained by installing the effusion holes. For large gap distances, the crossflow has little influence on heat/mass transfer characteristics on the target palate due to the large cross-sectional open area between the injection and target plates. Therefore, the distributions and levels of heat/mass transfer coefficients are almost the same for both cases.
A Basic Study of Fuel 2-staging Y-jet Atomizer to Reduce NOx in Liquid Fuel Burner
Song, Si-Hong ; Lee, Gi-Pung ; Kim, Hyeok-Je ; Park, Seok-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1616~1623
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1616
A basic experimental study has been carried out to find out the design parameters of fuel 2-staging atomizers in order to reduce nitrogen oxides(NOx) rate emitted from the steam boilers used the liquid fuel. The heavy fuel oil(B-Coil) and fuel 2-staging Y-jet twin-fluid atomizers were adopted in this study. The results of this paper were obtained from the real as well as the model scale atomizers. In the case of model atomizers test, NOx reduction rate was strongly dependent on the staged fuel rate, but it was weakly dependent on the injection hole arrangement and air swirl conditions. The real scale atomizers was designed and manufactured on the base of these test results, and those was mounted and operated in the real boiler generates 185 ton steam per an hour. The reduction rate of the model and real plant was reached 10∼30% of base NOx by atomizers. but dust was sharply increased in the low O
combustion region of the real plant.
Temperature Field Measurements of Hele-Shaw Convection Cell Using a Holographic Interferometry
Kim, Seok ; Lee, Sang-Jun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1624~1631
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1624
Variations of temperature field in a Hele-Shaw convection cell (HSC) were measured using a holographic interferometry with varying Rayleigh number. Experimental results show a steady flow pattern at low Rayleigh numbers and a time-dependent periodic flow at high Rayleigh numbers. Especially, the period of oscillation at Ra = 6.35
was 62 seconds. Two different measurement methods of holographic interferometry, double-exposure method and real-time method, were employed to measure the temperature field variations of HSC convective flow. In the double-exposure method, unwanted waves can be eliminated and reconstruction images are clear, but transient flow structure cannot be observed clearly. On the other hand, transient flow can be observed and reconstructed well using the real-time method. However, the fringe patterns reconstructed by the real-time method contain more noise, compared with the double-exposure method. The two holographic interferometer techniques employed complementary in this study were proved to be useful fur analyzing the temperature field variations of unsteady thermal fluid flows.
Drag Reduction on n Circular Cylinder using a Detached Splitter Plate
Seon, Seung-Han ; Hwang, Jong-Yeon ; Yang, Gyeong-Su ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1632~1639
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1632
Control of drag farce on a circular cylinder using a detached splitter plate is numerically studied for laminar flow. A splitter plate with the same length as the cylinder diameter(d) is placed horizontally in the wake region. Its position is described by the gap ratio(G/d), where G represents the gap between the cylinder base point and the leading edge of the plate. The drag varies with the gap ratio; it has the minimum value at a certain gap ratio for each Reynolds number. The drag sharply increases past the optimum gap ratio; this seems to be related to the sudden change in bubble size in the wake region. This trend is consistent with the experimental observation currently available in case of turbulent flow. It is also found that the net drag coefficient significantly depends on the variation of base suction coefficient.
Heat/Mass Transfer and Friction Characteristic in a Square Duct with Various Discrete Ribs -In-Lined Gap Arrangement Ribs-
Lee, Se-Yeong ; Choe, Cheong ; Lee, Dong-Ho ; Jo, Hyeong-Hui ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1640~1649
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1640
The present study investigates the effects of various rib arrangements on heat/mass transfer in the cooling passage of gas turbine blades. A complex flow structure occurs in the cooling passage with rib turbulators which promote heat transfer on the wall. It is important to increase not only the heat transfer rates but also the uniformity of heat transfer in the cooling passage. A numerical computation is performed using a commercial code to calculate the flow structures and experiments are conducted to measure heat/mass transfer coefficients using a naphthalene sublimation technique. A square channel (50 mm
50 mm) with rectangular ribs (4 mm
5 mm) is used fur the stationary duct test. The experiments focus on the effects of rib arrangements and gap positions in the discrete ribs on the heat/mass transfer on the duct wall. The rib angle of attack is 60°and the rib-to-rib pitch is 32 mm, that is 8 times of the rib height. With the inclined rib angle of attack (60°), the parallel rib arrangements make a pair of counter rotating secondary flows in the cross section, but the cross rib arrangements make a single large secondary flow including a small secondary vortex. These secondary flow patterns affect significantly the heat/mass transfer on the ribbed wall. The heat/mass transfer in the parallel arrangements is 1.5 ∼2 times higher than that in the cross arrangements. However, the shifted rib arrangements change little the heat/mass transfer from the inline rib arrangements. The gap position in the discrete rib affects significantly the heat/mass transfer because a strong flow acceleration occurs locally through the gap.
Collection Performance of an Electret Cabin Air Filter for Fine Particles
Ji, Jun-Ho ; Gang, Seok-Hun ; Kim, Dong-Cheol ; Hwang, Jeong-Ho ; Yun, Ung-Seop ; Bae, Gwi-Nam ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1650~1658
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1650
An electret filter is composed of permanently charged electret fibers and is widely used in applications requiring high collection efficiency and low-pressure drop. In this work, the fractional collection efficiency of the filter media used in manufacturing cabin air filters was investigated by using highly monodisperse particles ranging from 0.02 to 0.6
in diameter at three different charging states: singly charged, uncharged, and equilibrium charged. The face velocity was varied from 2.4 to 20.4 crus. It was fecund that the fractional efficiency curve fur singly charged particles shows a typical trend that the collection efficiency is minimum at about 0.3
in diameter. The fractional efficiency of equilibrium charged particles were not severely varied with the particle diameter. The collection efficiency curve fur uncharged particles has a minimum near 0.1
in diameter. Another experiment was conducted for a cartridge filter to examine the effect of charge depletion on the collection efficiency in a cabin air filter. The result shows that the charge depletion of the cartridge filter can significantly lower the collection efficiency.
A Study on the Heat Transfer Enhancement by Trapezoid Rod Arrays in 2-Dimensional Impinging Jet System
Lim, Tae-Soo ; Kum, Sung-Min ; Lee, Chang-Eon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 25, issue 11, 2001, Pages 1659~1666
DOI : 10.22634/KSME-B.2001.25.11.1659
The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics of air flow and heat transfer caused by trapezoid rods array in impinging air jet system. Trapezoid rods have been set up on front of flat plate to act as a turbulence promoter. Local Nusselt numbers were determined as a function of three parameters : (a) the space from re(Is to heating surface(C=1, 2, 4mm), (b) the pitch between each rods(P=30, 40, 50mm), (c) the distance from nozzle exit to flat plate(H/B=2, 6, 10). The measurements were compared with those of the experiment without trapezoid rods. As a result, when rods are installed in front of the impinging palate, the acceleration of the flow and the eddies due to the rods seem to contribute to the heat transfer enhancement. Heat transfer performance was best under the condition of C=1mm and as the pitch is 30mm. The maximum rate of heat transfer augmentation is about 1.9 times greater compared to that without trapezoid rods.