Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 12 - Dec 2003
Volume 27, Issue 11 - Nov 2003
Volume 27, Issue 10 - Oct 2003
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Sep 2003
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Aug 2003
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Jul 2003
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Jun 2003
Volume 27, Issue 5 - May 2003
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2003
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Mar 2003
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2003
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2003
Selecting the target year
Jet Impingement Heat Transfer on a Cylindrical Pedestal Encountered in Chip Cooling
Lee, Dae-Hee ; Lee, Joon-Sik ; Chung, Young-Suk ; Chung, Seung-Hoon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.001
The heat transfer and flow measurements on a cylindrical pedestal mounted on a flat surface with a turbulent impinging jet were made. The experiments were made for the jet Reynolds number of Re
Spray Characteristics for Specified Regions of High Pressure Swirl Injcetor in Gasoline Direct Injection Engine
Song, Bhum-Keun ; Kim, Won-Tae ; Kang, Shin-Jae ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.009
According as the industry was developed, the pollution of the environment and atmosphere rose up to the surface. So, the focus is now concentrated on the engines of affinity for nature. And the investigators make more effort to the improvement in the performance of engines, depending to the prices of oil and the anxiety about the exhaustion of the fossil fuel go up. So the GDI engines head up for these necessities. In this experimental study, the spray flow characteristics for a commercial injector equipped in the present GDI engine were investigated, which had a strong influence on the engine performance and emissions. The experiment was performed at the injection pressures of 1, 3, 5 and 7MPa under the atmospheric condition. A PDPA system was used to specify the flow characteristics of the spray. Also, the global spray behavior classified into three regions as leading, main spray and vortex cloud region, was analyzed by using a visualization system. And the regions were compared with each other.
Evaporative Modeling in n Thin Film Region of Micro-Channel
Park, Kyoung-Woo ; Noh, Kwan-Joong ; Lee, Kwan-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.017
A mathematical model of the hydrodynamic and heat transfer performances of two-phase flow (gas-liquid) in thin film region of micro channel is proposed. For the formulation of modeling, the flow of the vapor phase and the shear stress at the liquid-vapor interface are considered. In this work, disjoining pressure and capillary force which drive the liquid flow at the liquid-vapor interface in thin film region are adopted also. Using the model, the effects of the variations of channel height and heat flux on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are investigated. Results show that the influence of variation of vapor pressure on the liquid film flow is not negligible. The heat flux in thin-film region is the most important operation factor of micro cooler system.
Control of Particle Contamination and Heat Build-Up for Noble Design of an Optical Disk Drive
Oh, Seo-Young ; Hwang, Jung-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 25~31
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.025
Airborne contaminant particles are intruded into optical disk drives(ODD) due to the flow caused by disk rotation and can be adhered to lens or disk surfaces, which causes decrease of laser power and increase of read/write errors. Such a phenomenon can be more serious as the space between the disk and the lens is reduced fur high-density storage devices. The purpose of this paper is to understand design parameters to reduce the particle intrusion into an ODD. Suggestions are made to prevent the particle intrusion that can decrease the stability of an ODD and also prevent the potential heat build-up problem. The sealing effect of drive and the forced injection of clean air (using HEPA filter) into the drive minimizes intrusion of the outside air and dusts in an ODD remarkably. Moreover it is proved by experiments that the installation of a heatproof pad to isolate heat generation part (PCB) from information read/write sections and the forced injection of dust-free air reduce the gas temperature inside the drive as well as the amount of particles intruded.
An Experiment on Low NOx Combustion Characteristics in a Multi-Staged Burner
Cho, Eun-Seong ; Sung, Yong-Jin ; Chung, Suk-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 32~38
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.032
Staged combustion, such as air- and fuel-staging, is a relatively well-known technique fur reduction of NOx emission and used in combination with other techniques nowadays. However, the design variables are still selected depending upon operating conditions. There are many variables tested to investigate the NOx emission characteristics fur changing of fuel or air velocity, swirl intensity, and staging ratio of air and fuel in multi-staged burner. In air-staging case, the fuel-rich condition of the primary combustion zone is very helpful to reduce NOx emission and its range is known to be restricted by the increase of carbon monoxide. However, in many cases carbon monoxide level is not too high to be restricted operating condition. So we tried to expand the equivalence ratio range to the richer condition in the primary combustion zone and certificate the function of each burner component and its contribution to the overall NOx production.
Development of Model for Heat Loss from a Micro Combustor Using Pressure Simulation
Choi, Kwon-Hyoung ; Kwon, Se-Jin ; Lee, Dad-Hoon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~45
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.039
As the size of a combustor decreases to a MEMS scale, heat loss increases and becomes a dominant effect on the performance of the devices. Existing models, however, are not adequate to predict the heat transfer and combustion processes in such small scales. In the present study, a semi-empirical model to calculate heat loss from a micro combustor is described. The model derives heat transfer coefficients that best fits the heat loss characteristics of a micro combustor that is represented by transient pressure record after combustion is completed. From conservation of energy equation applied to the burned gas inside the combustor, a relationship between pressure and heat transfer is reduced. Two models for heat transfer coefficients were tested; a constant and first order polynomial of temperature with its coefficients determined from fitting with measurements. The model was tested on a problem of cooling process of burnt gas in a micro combustor and comparison with measurements showed good agreements. The heat transfer coefficients were used for combustion calculation in a micro vessel. The results showed the dependence of flame speed on the scale of the chamber through enhanced heat loss.
Aggregation of Nanoparticles Using a Unipolar Charging Technique
Park, Hyung-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Soo ; Chang, Hyunk-Sang ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 46~53
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.046
Effects of electric force on the morphology and growth of aggregates were studied experimentally. Nano-sized NaCl particles were supplied to a flame to perform the unipolar charging state. This electric precursor did not modify a temperature profile of the flame. The morphology of aggregates was measured by TEM image processing technique and the light scattering technique. In the unipolar charged state, the fractal dimension of aggregates was smaller than that of` the electrically neutral state. This result was in good agreement with our previous numerical simulations.
A Study of the Compound Choking Phenomenon in Gas Flows
Lee, Jun-Hee ; Baek, Seung-Cheol ; Choi, Bo-Gyu ; Kim, Heuy-Dong ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 54~60
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.054
Compound choking frequently occurs at a minimum area of the flow passage, where two or more streams which have different stagnation properties are merged. This phenomenon is especially important in that the flow choking may not be given by Mach number, M
A Study on the Estimation of One-dimensional Beat Fluxes on the Slab in Reheating Furnace by Using Inverse Analysis
Kang, Deok-Hong ; Kwag, Dong-Seong ; Kim, Woo-Seung ; Lee, Yong-Kuk ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.061
This study deals with the use of the conjugate gradient method for the simultaneous estimation of two unknown boundary heat fluxes on the slab in reheating furnace. Temperature measurements by the experiment are used in the inverse analysis. The heat flux estimations for three different cases of measurement locations in the slab are performed: non-skid, skid, and shift-skid zones. The estimated heat fluxes for three cases indicated the three regions having local peak values of heat fluxes. The estimated temperatures at measurement locations were in good agreements with the measured temperatures within 5% relative error.
A Study on the Macro-Scopic Spray Characteristic of Homogeneous Degree for the GDI Injector According to Mixture(Gasoline-Diesel) Ratio Using Mie-Scattering Method and the Entropy Analysis
Lee, Chang-Hee ; Lee, Ki-Hyung ; Lee, Chang-Sik ; ; Bae, Jae-Il ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 69~75
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.069
In this study, his technique was applied to a GDI spray in order to investigate the mixture distribution. In addition, the homogeneity degree and diffusion effect according to ambient temperature in the high pressure chamber were analyzed by using an entropy analysis method. From this experiment, we could find that entropy analysis is very effective method for the analysis of mixture formation, and the entropy values increase with the progress of uniformity in diffusion Process. we tried to provide the fundamental data for parameter which effects on the spray macroscopic characteristics with mixture ratio of diesel and gasoline. In addition, the mixture formation was analyzed by using entropy analysis. The entropy analysis is based on the concept of statistical entropy, and it identifies the degree of homogeneity in the fuel concentration. From the entropy analysis results we could find that the direct diffusion phenomena is a dominant factor in the formation of a homogeneous mixture at downstream of GDI spray especially in vaporizing conditions. As to increasing ambient temperature and increasing gasoline rate, the entropy intensity using the statistic thermodynamics method is increased because evaporation rate is higher gasoline than diesel.
Exergetic and Thermoeconomic Analysis of Steam Power Plant
Kim, Duck-Jin ; Jung, Jung-Yeul ; Kwak, Ho-Young ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 76~83
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.076
Exergetic and thermoeconomic analyses were performed fer a 137-MW steam power plant. In these analyses, mass and energy conservation laws were applied to each component of the system. Quantitative balance of the exergy and exergetic cost for each component, and for the whole system was carefully considered. The exergo-economic model, which represented the productive structure of the system was used to visualize the cost formation process and the productive interaction between components. The computer program developed in this study can determine production costs of power plants, such as gas-and steam-turbines plants and gas-turbine cogeneration plants. The program can also be used to study plant characteristics, namely, thermodynamic performance and sensitivity to changes in process and/or component design variables.
Tip Leakage Flow on the Transonic Compressor Rotor
Park, Jun-Young ; Chung, Hee-Taeg ; Baek, Je-Hyun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 84~94
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.084
It is known that tip clearance flows reduce the pressure rise, flow range and efficiency of the turbomachinery. So, the clear understanding about flow fields in the tip region is needed to efficiently design the turbomachinery. The Navier-Stokes code with the proper treatment of the boundary conditions has been developed to analyze the three-dimensional steady viscous flow fields in the transonic rotating blades and a numerical study has been conducted to investigate the detail flow physics in the tip region of transonic rotor, NASA Rotor 67. The computational results in the tip region of transonic rotors show the leakage vortices, leakage flow from pressure side to suction side and their interaction with a shock. Depen ding on the operating conditions, toad distributions and the position of shock-wave on the blade surface are very different close to the blade tip of the transonic compressor rotor. The load distribution and the shock-wave position close to the blade tip had the close relationship with the starting position of leakage vortex and the direction of leakage flow.
Prediction of Combustion Characteristics in a 3D Model Combustor with Swirling Flow
Kim, Man-Young ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.095
The objective of this work is to investigate the turbulent reacting flow in a three dimensional combustor with emphasis on thermal NO emission through a numerical simulation. Flow field is analyzed using the SIMPLE method which is known as stable as well as accurate in the combustion modeling, and the finite volume method is adopted in solving the radiative transfer equation. In this work, the thermal characteristics and NO emission in a three dimensional combustor by changing parameters such as equivalence ratio and inlet swirl angle have investigated. As the equivalence ratio increases, which means that more fuel is supplied due to a larger inlet fuel velocity, the flame temperature increases and the location of maximum temperature and thermal NO has moved towards downstream. In the mean while, the existence of inlet swirl velocity makes the fuel and combustion air more completely mixed and burnt in short distance. Therefore, the locations of the maximum reaction rate, temperature and thermal NO were shifted to forward direction compared with the case of no swirl.
Effect of Free End Shape on Wake Structure Around a Finite Cylinder Located in an Atmospheric Boundary Layer
Park, Cheol-Woo ; Lee, Sang-Joon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 105~116
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.105
The flow structure around the free end of a finite circular cylinder (FC) embedded in an atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) over open terrain was investigated experimentally with varying the free end shape. The experiments were carried out in a closed-return type subsonic wind tunnel. A finite cylinder with an aspect ratio (L/D) of 6 was mounted vertically on a long flat plate. The Reynolds number based on the cylinder diameter is about Re
Thermal Design for Satellite Propulsion System by Thermal Analysis
Han, Cho-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Soo ; Rhee, Seung-Wu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 117~124
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.117
Thermal design fur satellite propulsion system has been performed. Overall design requirements and the constitution for propulsion system is described. To meet the thermal design requirements, both a primary and a redundant heater circuit, each with two thermostats placed in series, will protect each hydrazine-wetted components, even if one heater circuit fails to operate. Heater power is turned off if any one of these thermostats is opened at its higher setpoint. Thus, even if one thermostat is failed closed, the second thermostat will turn off the heater. All such components shall be insulated with MLI. Propulsion heater sizing based on the constant worst cold case condition is conducted through thermal analysis. All heaters selected fur propulsion components operate to prevent propellant freezing satisfying the thermal requirements for the propulsion subsystem over the worst case average voltage, i.e. 25 volts.
A Study on the Thermal Analysis of Spray Cooling for the Membrane Type LNGC During the Cool-Down Period
Lee, Jung-Hye ; Kim, Kyung-Kue ; Ro, Sung-Tack ; Chung, Han-Shik ; Kim, Seong-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 125~134
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.125
The present paper is concerned to the thermal analysis during the cool-down period of 138,000 m
class GTT MARK-III membrane type LNG carrier servicing with LNG from the Middle East to Korea. It is the cool-down period that cools the insulation wall and the gas in LNG tank to avoid the thermal shock as the start of loading of -162
LNG. For six hours of the standard cool-down period, the temperature of NG falls down from -4
and especially the mean temperature of the 1st barrier in the top side insulation wall falls down from -38.38
in case of IMO design condition. By the 3-D numerical calculation about the cargo tank and the cofferdam, the temperature variation in hulls and insulations is precisely predicted in this paper. And the mean temperature variation of gas is calculated as the function of the spraying rate by the heat balance model during the cool-down period.
A Study of n Multigrid Finite-Volume Method for Radiation
Kim, Man-Young ; Do, Young-Byun ; Baek, Seung-Wook ;
Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B, volume 27, issue 1, 2003, Pages 135~140
DOI : 10.3795/KSME-B.2003.27.1.135
The convergence of finite volume method (FVM) or discrete ordinate method (DOM) is known to degrade for optical thickness greater than unity and large scattering albedo. The present article presents a convergence acceleration procedure for the FVM based on a full approximation storage (FAS) multigrid method. Among a variety of multigrid cycles, the V-cycle is used and the full multigrid algorithm (FMG) is applied to an analysis of radiation in irregular two-dimensional geometry. Solution convergence is discussed for the several cases of various optical thickness and scattering albedo. At small scattering albedo and optical thickness, there is no advantage to using the multigrid method for calculation CPU time. For large scattering albedo greater than 0.5 and optical thickness greater than unity, however, the multigrid method improves the convergence and the solution is rapidly obtained.