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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 1979
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 1979
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 1979
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 1979
Selecting the target year
Attitude Toward Traditional Korean Clothing as Related to Selected Social Psychological Factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 1~11
The purposes of this study were ; (1) to investigate attitudes toward Korean clothing in relation to 3 aspects of clothing behavior , and in relation to attitudes toward women's role, age and education, and (2) to ascertain the extent to which Korean clothing was used and valued. Clothing measures consisted of statements dealing with positive and negative attitudes toward psychological and practical aspects of Korean clothing, frequency of use of Korean clothing, and modesty and confirmity -individuality measure. The measure of attitudes toward women's role consisted of items selected form the Inventory of Feminie Values and the Sex Role Ideology Scale. Product-moment correlation was used to analyze the data which consisted of the responses of 700 adult Korean women to questionnaires administered by the researcher. The results obtained are as follows : 1) Positive attitudes toward Korean clothing for both psychological and practical aspects were, (1) related negatively to nontraditional attitudes toward women's role and education, and (2) related positively to age, frequency of wearing Korean clothing and modesty in clothing. 2) Negative attitudes toward Korean clothing for practical aspect was related negatively to age and education , whereas, the psychological aspect was negatively related to attitudes toward women's role. 3) Conformity-individuality in clothing was related positively to attitudes toward women's role and education. 4) Modesty in clothing was related negatively to attitudes toward women's role and education, conformity individuality, and was related positively to age. 5) In 1945 most of the subjects over 51 -year-old wore Korean clothing always or most of time, whereas, about 1/3 of them wore the same in 1976 , Only 4% of the total participants regardless of their ages wore Korean clothing for everyday life in 1976. 6) In general , highly positive attitudes toward Korean clothing were found on psychological aspect, whereas, highly negative attitudes toward Korean clothing were found on practical aspect.
Women's Ready -to-Wear Dresses in Korea(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 13~21
The purpose of this study were : (1) to analyze the commercial sizes in Korea , (2) to investigate the designs and materials of one-piece dresses, and (3) to ascertain the prices and tendency to sale of dresses. A questionaire and the interviews with some producers were used for this study. The questionaire was made with many items after the pretest. For the statistical analysis, 99 dresses were used among 141 dresses which were examined. The observation of ten observers was made in markets(group A), department stores (group B), and commercial agents of manufacture (group C). The period of observation was from April 10 to May 4 , 1979. The results of this study indicated that : (1) According to makers , the commercial sizes in Korea were different. The sizes were based on only waist in group A , body measurements in group B, and either of them in group C. (2) In dress style, the box dresses were popular in three groups. (3) The type of sleeve in group A, B and C showed in following order : set in sleeve > dropped shoulder > raglan sleeve. (4) The most necklines were finished with collars. The shirtwaist collars were popular in group A and C and the flat collars in group C. (5) In dress material , cotton/polyester was popular in group A, wool in group B, and silk in group C. The use of natural fiber and color in three groups decreased in following order : C>B>A. (6) The prices of dresses were from 10,000 to 35,000 won in group A, form 23,8000 to 49, 800 won in group B, and from 12,500 to 90,000 won in group C. (7) In case of group C, the elements which had influence on sale were color, design, and price.
A Preliminaly Study on Nutritional Educatin for Preschool Children.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 23~34
Adequate intake of nutrients exert a profound influence on the physical and spiritual development of children. Thus, it is important to children and their mothers about nutrition and selection of nutritious foods. In order to underline the importance of nutrition for children, this study investigated and analyzed food habits of children expecially those in preschool ages, to obtain basic data to develop effective educational materials related to nutrition. dietary habits of 61 boys and 44 girls in the average age of six were surveyed through their mothers. Results therefrom are as follows : 1. Only 17 per cent of the mothers questioned replied that they considered the balance of diet in preparing meals, while 58.1% of the mothers gave precedence to the liking of their family . The lower the educational level of a mother , the higher her stress on the food preference of her family. 2. Seventy six of the mothers said they understand the basic food group , but only one mother displayed an accurate knowledge about it. 3. As for between meal eating , 82.9% took fruits, 68.6% milk, 35.2 bread, and 33.3% cookies. 4. Problems with food habits of children were : Unbalanced diet for 43.8% of children ,eating of snacks at irregular intervals for 26.7% and TV impact for 5.7%. 5. Children's food habits are greatly influenced by their parents, In the case of animal liver, 32.1 % of the children surveyed do not like to eat it, while 35.8% have never tasted it . 27.9% of children also do not like to eat cereals. Children's likes and dislikes with regarded to foods were influenced greatly by their parents. Thus, it is urgent to educate mothers about balanced diet and basic food group. Children will have to be taught to understand unfavorable effects of unbalanced diet so that they may correct their unsound food habits. This study also indicated the need for developing new cooking methods for those food items which are very liked by children to be a major cause of their unbalanced dietary habits.
Nutritional Survey on Gyeong Nam Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 35~43
The survey on food intake in Masan and Ulsan city in Gyeong -Sang nam -Do was done by college students of nutrition major under the direction of nutrition professors on August 2nd, 3rd and 4th, 1976. The number of subjects were 260 family members from 54 households. The results are as follow : 1. Daily caloric intake for adults was 1670 kal which was 61.8% of R.D.A.2. The intake of protein appears to be adequate (80g per adult per day ) but fat intake was about 23g which was 5.8% of total calory intake. 3. The level of calcium and iron intake was close to that of R.D.A. However the level of vitamin A & vitamin
was below R.D.A.
Studies on the Cooking of Sesame Oil (Part 2)-Fravor and Cooking of Korean Home-Made Sesame Oil
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 45~52
The study was an attempt to compare the Korean home-made sesame oil (sample A) with the market goods in Korean (sample B) and in Japan (sample C) for their flavor and cooking after an hour heating. And there were 5 spices used green onion , garlic, ginger, black pepper and red pepper in heating process of the sesame oil. The results obtained were as follows : 1) On the chemical changes of AV, IV, SV, TBAV, and the appearence of color and viscosity , it was supposed that the changes were showed merely more by the heating than the heating of the spices addition. Among the spices garlic was noticed to change greatly in comparison with the other spices. And A was showed to change a little respectively at color , SV, which B, C changed more. 2) Through the sensory examination there was not of significant effect in the strength and acceptability after an hours heating between sample A, B and C. 3) Basic aroma component of the fresh sesame oil and the heating in the carbonyl fraction were analyzed and indentified by G L C. N-hexanal, n -heptanal , n-octanal etc were increased by means of the heating , sample b remarkably more than A.
A Study on Changes in the Carotene Content of Korean Laver according to different Cooking method
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 53~59
Vitamin contents of three grades of Korean laver high, medium and low were measured. They were cooked by different methods to examine changes in their vitamin content. Results of this experiment are as follows ; 1. Vitamin contained in loogr of laver amount to 13,200 I.U, for high grade, 16,100 for mediium grade, and 16,400 for low grade . The low -grade laver, which is interwoven with green laver, showed the highest vitamin content. 2. When laver was broiled sheet by sheet, its vitamin loss rate was 11% for high grade, 19% for medium grade, and 20% for low grade. Thus , the one with a higher vitamin content showed a higher vitamin loss rate. When two sheets of laver, which were put upon each other, were broiled, their vitamin loss rates were 2.3% for high grade, 1.73 % for medium grade, and 2.64% for low grade. Thus broiling laver at the unitof two to three sheets together is a way of decreasing the vitamin loss rate. 3. When laver was broiled with salt applied on its surface , its vitamin loss rate was 8.3% for high grade, 13% for medium grade, and 10.9% for low grade. When laver was broied at the unit of two sheets together after salt and sesame oil were added, its vitamin loss rate was 2.2% for high grade, 5.2% for medium grade, and 8.2% for low grade . The one with a higher vitamin content showed a higher vitamin loss rate. 4. When laver was mixed seasoned soysauce, its vitamin loss rate increased in process of time. In 48 hours after laver was mixed with seasoned soysauce , its vitamin loss rate read 24.2%, 27.1% and 35% respectively, for the three grades of laver. Thus the laver mixed with seasoned soysauce has to be used right after so cooked so as to obtained the highest possible vitamin content.
A Structural -Functional Approach of the Theory of the Korean Family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 61~69
Children's Social Behavior in a Korean Preschool
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 3, 1979, Pages 71~83