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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Apr 1979
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Mar 1979
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Feb 1979
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 1979
Selecting the target year
An Ergonomic Study on the Function of the Basic Pattern of Clothing -On the Expansion and Contraction of the Skin Surface of the Upper Body-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 1~14
The functional problems of the basic pattern of clothing are a matter of the first importance to clothing construction. Therefore, the ergonomic analysis of the expansion and contraction of the upper body surface, due to motion, has become required. thus in order to obtain the measurements and rate of expansion and contraction of the upper body surface following from its motions, the development figure of " Shell" and somatometry were employed. The results obtained through the investigation can be summarized as follows : 1) According to the developmental figures of "Shell" the latitudes centering around the shoulder line present contractive tendencies by arm movement. The longitudes around the center back waist length are expansive tendencies when bent forward. In the case of a 15
lean backward posture, the longitudes around the center front waist length are expansive tendencies. 2) By somatometry, the region from the scapula to the axilla point the upper back with presents the greatest expansion (more than 30%). The region from scapla to arm presents the maximum rate of contraction. In considering the longitude , under the axilla waist length and the bust point waist length generally shows the greatest rate of expansion. 3) The bust point waist length and under the axilla waist length are of great importance to the basic pattern of clothing. and have expansive tendencies(6.3cm). Among the latitudes, the upper back width has the greatest tendency for expansion (7.83 cm). 4) The region which presents the greatest rate of the expansion and contraction is in the proximity of the arm. These results testify that the amount of room of the back width must be given consideration in constructing the basic pattern of clothing.pattern of clothing.
Change of Physical Properties of Lining Fabrics by Washing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 15~22
This paper was studied changes of physical properties of Lining fabrics by washing and difference between dry method. I experimented four kinds of Lining fabrics for the sample . The analysis was performed by correlation coefficient analysis and significance tested between correlation coefficients. The results are summarized as follows : 1) Increasing rate of shrinkage tends to call high density and weight. 2) Rayon fabrics is shown the most high rate of shrinkage and decreasing strength by increasing washing times. 3) Drip dry makes little change of physical properties. 4) Polyester fabrics is little by washing times and dry method.
Variation of some Properties on Contton Knitted Under Wears by Laundering
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 23~28
In order to measure the change of constructional and some properties of knitted under wears by laundry, constructional properties, such as fabric count , yarn count, loop length and cover, factor, and some properties , such as shrinkage, tearing, strength, air permeability, electrostatic charge of under wears sold in the market were tested. The results of the experiment can be summarized as follows.1. Interlock and rib were increased in wale direction after laundry and decreased in course direction , plain was decreased, in both direction after laundry. 2. Loop form of plain was changed more than those interlock and rib after laundry. 3. Tearing strength was decreased 51% in wale direction, and 70% in course direction after 20 times laundry. Air permeability was generally increased. 4. Electro static charge was increased 9 times after laundry.
The Effects of Various Defrosting Methods on the Amount of the Amino Acids in the Frozen Alaska Pollack
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 29~34
Three different defrosting methods were employed in order to investigated the change in the amount of the total proteins and the amino acids in the frozen Alaska Pollack. The sample were defrosted (1) in the air of 25
(2) in the air at the temperature of 4
(3) in the flowing water of 22
respectively. The samples were quick-freezed at
and stored for 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months keeping the temperature at
The Effects of Salt Treatment on Thermal Coagulation of Diluted Eggs in Cookery
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 35~42
The effects of salt concentration on the qualities of cooked egg preparations were evaluated. Diluted egg samples which contained different amounts of slat were prepared by diluting whole egg fluid with rice washing, anchovy stock , or distilled water. After heating them rapidly, hardness, gel strength, and amount of syneresis were determined along with the performance of sensory test. the pH of the diluted eggs also measured before heating. Results obtained from these experiments are summarized in the following. 1. The pH of whole egg, egg yolk, and egg white was 7.32, 6.31, and 8.41 , respectively. 2. The pH whole eggs after addition of diluting solutions and salt showed a little differences over the whole salt concentration as follows. distilled water dilution > anchovy stock dilution > rice washing dilution 3. The hardness and gel strength of cooked samples were increased with the increase of salt concentration in the range of low salt concentrations of all diluting solution. These physical properties marked maximal values at salt concentration of 3% and then decreased as salt concentration increased. 4. Amount of syneresis decreased as salt concentration increased regardless of all diluting solutions used. 5. In sensory test, 1% salt concentration were scored good by the panel members regardless of diluting solutions which showed no significant difference among three diluting solutions.
A Study of Taste Sensation by Aging
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 43~47
In order to get taste sensation 116 male and 82 female subjects were tested by dropping solution on tongue. Table I shows the number of subjects in each selected age group. none of the subjects complained gastrointestinal discomforts and drinking and smoking habits were moderate (Less than 5 cigarettes a day). Taste sensation was elicited by applying standard tap water solutions of sucrose(sweet), , sodium chloride(salty), citric acid (sour) and quinine (bitter) on tongue. The dour concentrations of each solution are given in Table 2. The test were done about 1 hour after meal . A drop of approximately 0.1 ml of the lowest concentration of solution was placed on tongue. The number of subjects who recognized the taste of concentrations were recorded in each age group. The obtained results were as follows ; 1. The sweet taste sensation of each age group was more sensitive in female than in male. 2. Decreased level of sensitivity to sweet. salty, sour and bitter taste was detected in the 40 year age group. 3. Females tent to be more sensitive to taste than males generally.
A Consideration on the General Stages of Different Kinds of Play and Adult Guidance for Preschool Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 49~73
The Effects of Father Absence on the Child Development
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 75~93
1. Partly because of Freud's greatemphaiss on the important of the child's successful weathering of the oedipal crisis and on the need to home both parents present if that period is to be successfully resolved, there has been a good deal of research on the effects of the absent father on the child's development. 2. Compared with boys whose fathers remained at home, boys were more immature and less secure in identification with their fathers. Some evidence suggests that father-absent children, particullarly boys suffer unusual difficulties in social relations wit their peers. 3. Emphasis on family quality , harmony, or climate as more important than father's absence, person is another recurrent finding among studies that attempt to analzed family factors in relation to juvenile deliquency. 4. The fatherless boys were more often judged to be anxious about sex and to be more effminated. 5. The sex-role problems of the boy without a father probably refect a number of factors, obviously they relate in part to the simple fact that he has not had a man around to provide a model of maliness. 6. Father is important to a girl's sex-role development not only because he is particularly interested in sex typing but also because he provides her with an opportunity to relate intimately to a man and to learn what it is like to invest emotionally in a male. 7. It is conceivable that children of broken marriages are more sensitive to martial problems and more ready than others to end an unhealthy relationship ; it is also conceivable that they are less likely to enter into a healthy one. 8. In some cultures it simply reflects the extreme amount of intimacy mother has with her son as compared with the amount of time compared with the amount of time father has available to spend with him.
A Comparative Study on Development of Personality of Child-A center of christian family and non-christian family of child-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 95~106
About a centry passed since christianity had been transmitted to our country. Now that christians outnumbers 5 millions. Christian home education are supposed to have exerted great influenced on the personality nature of children. Therefore, this study is aimed at determing the difference between the christian family and non-christian family in view of the personality development of children. Do it explain in detail : 1. To analize the development of children's personality nature. 2. To know the difference of development of the children's personality nature between christian and non-christian family. 3. To find out an educational means to programs the desirable personality nature of children. This research worker established bypothesis for getting above purpose as follows. Hypothesis A. Is there any difference in the personality development between the children of christian and non-christian family. hypothesis B. Development of personality nature will have a gab according to sex. To this end research worker carried out personality test around 200 persons on 4th grades of primary school. The result is as follows ; Hypothesis A-there will be difference in the personality development between the children of christian family and non christian family. The children of christian family showed higher development of reflectiveness as A, 1 emotional stability and reflectiveness as A , 2, emotional stability as A, 3 then the children of non christian family, and mostly is showed a little of fifference, so this hypothesis was denied. Hypothesis B-there will be difference in the personality development between man's and women's group. In this hypothesis boys chowd higher development of general activity and domonance as B, 1, general activity and dominance and impulsiveness as B, 2, activity and dominance and emotional activity and impulsi veness as B, 3, then girls so this hypothesis was accepted.
A Study on Correlations between Socioeconomical Environments of the College Girls and their Marriage Life Plannings
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 107~115
A statistical study was carried out in order to find out the correlation between various factors affecting the attitude of young college girls to their marriages, such as their environment and the degree of their parent's satisfaction in their marriage life. For the study, 264 college girls were sampled at random from the population of college girls in Daejeon area. The instruments used in the research are questioning paper , which the investigators made. Following correlations were found as a result. (1) a significant correlation between the birth order of girls and those of male mate and earlier marriage in the bigger residential district. (2) Preferrence in larger family planning tendency in the group of girls from large family and vice versa in the group of girls little educated mothers. (3) More traditional attitude to future marriage planning in the group of girls of lower birth order and with better economical background. (4)There were no significant correlations between the degree of their parent's satisfaction and their marriage life planning.
A Study on the Child Welfare Activities in the Korean Women's Organizations
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 17, issue 4, 1979, Pages 117~127
This study attempts to shed additional light on the national diffusion process and interaction of welfare services for children and mothers. The central hypothesis examined is the following : In general, the implant of social welfare system is first considered on the characteristics of their own socio-economics , and diffusion prodess of welfare services tends to occur faster in countries with open sicieties than in countries where entry barriers are high and society ranking rigid. The scope of the study is limited in several ways. Attention is concentrated on the agency of woman in the belief that an in-depth case study of one field can yield more insight than a less detailed investigation embracing a number of social welfare systems. The angency of woman is selected for several reasons. a) It is important the agency of woman alone produce more effective than services affecting both the child welfare and women's libertion bradually. Moreover, these services will form the heart of mother's welfare. b) The services of women's agency is gradually wide spread, since a role of government is still negligible before a full realization of economic income. c) The services of women agency is a prime example of a social welfare. d) statistical data and other information are more readily available. One of major findings of our study is the existence of the barriers inhibiting child welfare form " motherhood cult". Despite all the distinct advantages for mother and child , social attitudes appear to be some resistant on child welfare system among men and women even the agenices of women. What is surprised is the extent of the awareness that strategies of women's agency to liberate woman and to increate activities of women involve the strategies to liberate child. The conviction that solving application problems for child welfare in line with the activities of agency by women offer greater freedom and more advantage to mother are not apparent on the data collected from 18 of multi-functional agencies in our country. there are little sign that such agencies cooperate toward attainment of common goals. The intensive early focus of the movement on consciousness raising is a necessary beginning and such efforts by women's organizations would help both in the continuous evolution of women and child. Some of the agencies offer a variety of services to women and children, others are specialized in that they offer fewer services or even only one. Social welfare agenices giving service to children and their families are identified by various names usually women service and child welfare from govern , mental agency and voluntary public agency to foreign aided. What is totally missing , however, is an integrated synthesis of child welfare program Through women's agency. Social changes to occur, but delineation of appropriate and comprehensive social policy is also necessary at this point at this point since efforts, social changes and polices must be well coordianted and focused, as well as mutually supprotive and reinforcing.