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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 1980
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 1980
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 1980
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 1980
Selecting the target year
A Study on establishment the Nominal sizes for Women's Clothes -Considering Somatotype-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 1~13
The purpose of the study was to determine a somatotype of korean women which was needed to establish the nominal sizes for the women ready-to-wear garments. Body measurements were taken from 448 women living in the areas of seoul, Taejeon, and Jinjam. the ages of the subjects were between 20 to 59. Twenty-three items were measured from each subject for the analysis. the independent variables in the study were age and occupation. the results of the study were as follow : 1) Most of the body measurements were significantly different among the age groups. 2) Most of the measurements were significantly different among the sample groups when categorized by their jobs. 3) The ratio of depth to width measurements increased as the age increased, resulting changes I body contour. 4) The number of the "normal figure" decreased as the age increased.increased.
A Survey on the Status of Hospital Dititians and their Job Analysis
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 15~23
Since the first dietitian was produced in Korean about 15 years ago the Korena Dietetic Association has grown up to have its 8,500 members as of March, 1979. This study was undertaken to survey the status of hospital dietitians and their bob analysis. current practices were learned and the problems identified mainly in such aspects as : 1. Do the hospitals have enough dietitians? 2.What is the administrative position of the dietetics in the hospital? 3. What is the salary level of the dietitians? 4. How professional are the dietitian's daily tasks? How appropriately are the jobs distributed among the dietary employees? and 5. Do the hospital dietetics have their own diet manuals to go by? The findings are : 1. The severly lacking number of dietitians are employed by the hospitals where one dietitian is responsible for the feeding and nutrition education of 171 in-patients on the average. 2. The administrative position of hospital dietetics appears to be low showing administrative position of hospital dietetics appears to be low showing only 45.7% of the sample hospitals recognize their dietetics as the independent department or section. 3. The starting salary of the 4-year college graduate dietitians is 151,450 won which is 89.23-87.26% of the average starting salary for the 4-year college graduates I 1979. The starting salary for the 4-year college graduates in 1979. the starting salary of the 2-year college graduate dietitians is 148,000 won which is 113.9% of the average standard salary for the 2-year college graduates in 1979. 4. The hospital dietitians spend most of their time doing clerical jobs rather than the jobs utilizing higher priority professional skills they ought to perform. the most obvious cause of the problem can be found in the lack of man power for the general clerical jobs in the dietetics which can be proven from the small number of dietary clerks hired by the sample hospitals not even one person (0.45) per hospital on the average. 5. 68.6% of the sample dietetics have some form of compiled diet manuals or guidelines. 11.4% of the samples have diet guide lines ready for the important diets only. 14.3% of the samples do not have any form of diet guideline prepared. 5.7% of the samples use reference diet manuals from other hospitals when need.
Effect of Batter Ingredients on Changes I Frying Oil and Fried Products
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 25~33
Effect of various batter ingredients o acid value, peroxide value, darkening of oil, and changes in volume after frying at 180-
for 3 times were determined. Organoleptic evaluation was also performed on the fried products. Fried product wit egg yolk raised the acid value, absorbed volume and darkening of frying oil than the control but the peroxide value was the lowest. on the contrary, fried product without egg lowered the acid value, absorbed volume and darkening of frying oil than the control but the peroxide value was high, and the sensory evaluation scores were generally higher in fried product without egg than in the product with egg yolk. In genera, fired products with potato, or potato plus ascorbic acid or carrot lowered the acid value, peroxide value, absorbed volume, and the darkening of frying oil. fried potato 0products were also favorable to the taste panel.
Studies on the Mineral Content in Korean Foods -Ⅵ. Sodium and potassium content in meat, eggs, and fish-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 35~40
This study was designed to find out the mineral content in Korean foods. The data will be used as a fundamental guide in planning sodium and potassium restricted diet in Korea. The study is part 6 sodium and potassium content in meat, eggs and fish. The previous study is s follows: part1 and part 5 on vegetables and fruit, part 2 on cereals, part 3, on milk and soft drinks and part 4 on orange juice and nectars. part 6 includes 10 beef cuts, 5 retail items of pork, 4 parts of chicken, 2 kinds of eggs and 15 individual kinds of fish were collected from the market and analyzed for the content of sodium and potassium by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The following tables 1-5 show the result.
Effect of Metal Ions on the Rancidity of Soybean Oil
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 41~46
In order to verify to what extent the rancidity of the soybean oil is occurred and how the various metal ions effect on the rancidity-as a result of applying heat to the soybean oil-the followings are obtained through experiments : 1. From analyzing the refractive index of soybean oil, The results are: the specific gravity-0.925 refractive index-1.475, saponification value-190, acetyl value-5.0, iodine value-120, peroxide value-5.0. 2. The degree of expediting rancidity take the following order :
. 3. The degree of expediting rancidity of
is showed the abrubt increase of peroxide value in accordance with the increase of densidity. The most abrubt increase of peroxide show when the duration of heating reaches to the range between 20 minutes and 30 minutes. After heating for 60 minutes no definite variation is showed. 4. The degree of rancidity in heating the soybean oil added
, Fe and BHA shows the decrease of peroxide value by 2, 3 after adding
0.5 ppm. and heating for 30 minutes. As the result of measuring the value of peroxide after adding
by 1.0 ppm and BHA by 0.01% and heating, peroxide shows the decrease by 7.8 when adding anti-oxidant.
as well as
shows that BHA prevents the metal ions from the expedition of rancidity.
Dietary Survey of the College Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 47~52
In view of the nationel health, the health of women during their childbearing age is important. In Korean, several studies reported that incidence of anemic case was high among these group. The present study was conducted to investigate the dietetic life and dietetic problems among college women during their child-earing age. One hundred thirty seven college women (Age ranges 18.5 to 21.8) who lived in Gwangju area were randomly selected and were practiced dietary survey by three day records in November 1979. Also, hemoglobin level was determined. The result are summarized as follows; their diets were found to be lacking I total amounts of food it takes (878.6
266.9 gm) and in such foods as cereals, potatoes, beans, green and yellow vegetables, oils and fats and small fishes. but animal food intakes were sufficient in such foods as fishes, meats and eggs. The average calorie intake (1729.3
437.0kcal) was insufficient against R.D.A (2000kcal) and the daily energy expenditure (2024.7kcal). Lacking nutrients were Fe and Vitamin A these percentages of R.D.A. were 75.61% and 80.14% The mean body height (16.1
8.1cm) was higher tendency compared to other studies, but the mean body weight (49.8
4.1kg) was lighter. The average Hb level was 12.75
2.94gm%, and 13.64% of the subjects was anemic (12gm% below) The differences of each nutrient intake between the anemic and the healthy group not noted statistically significant.
A Study on the Survey of the Meal Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 53~66
One of the most pressing problems of the day in our household economy is the scientific improvement of meal management, which has direct bearings on the efficiency of housewives, domestic economy, and health care for the whole family. The concern of this paper is to investigate the current meal management situation in which more than three hundred housewives in Seoul find themselves, and to propose a tentative plan for its improvement. The result of the investigation is summarized as follows : 1) The number of families with old-fashioned kitchens forms a percentage of 30.3 ; only 4.3 percent of them have waterworks and drainage system. 2) The number of families equipped with cooking machines and utensils constitutes 51.2 percent ; that of those without cooking machines reaches the high percentage of 92.8. 3) The expense for daily meals amounts to 37.9 percent of the whole domestic expenses. the number of those who prepare daily meals without any planning comprises 78 percent. It is from habit that 60.5 percent of them make no workable plan for their meals. 4) The frequency of housewives doing daily marketing is comparatively high. 5) The time spent in preparing and clearing the table is 280.4 minutes a day on the average. 6) In preparing daily meals the low income bracket tends to keep expense as low as possible, while the high income bracket is chiefly concerned with taste. 7) The frequency of home cooking is on the increase as the housewives grow older, especially in the large families with housemaids. 8) In most cases housewives do the cooking for themselves; the high income brackets have housemaids do the cooking. The number of husbands who help their wives do kitchen work a small percentage of 10-14. 9) The simplification of kitchen work presupposes the simplification of the daily cooking, the improvement of the structure and equipment of the kitchen, and a good help of the whole family.
An Exploratory Study of Energy Consumption and Management in the Home
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 67~82
The objectives of the study were to determine 1) energy uses for residential requirements, 2) if energy consumption and adoption of energy conservation attitudes and practices vary with independent variables family size, stage of family life cycle, homemaker's level of education, income, heating system, and number of electrical household items, and 3) if there is a correlation between energy conservation attitudes and practices. Questionnaires were given to the randomly selected homemakers I Seoul in the summer (September, 1979) and the winter (February, 1980). Analysis of variance and correlation were used to analyzed the data which consisted of 537 usable responses of 895 returned in the summer and 554 responses of 794 returned in the winter. The results are as follows: 1) The order of consumption rate of the direct energy uses for residential requirements was found to be heating and air conditioning, cooking, refrigeration, T.V., lighting, and miscellaneous. 2) Energy consumption and adoption of energy conservation attitudes and practices were significantly related to family size, homemaker's level of education, and the stage of family life cycle. (1) Families of five members revealed higher scores in attitudes and practices than families less than five or more than six. (2) The higher the homemaker's level of education, the more energy consumption and the higher scores I attitudes and practices were found. (3) Families in the middle stage of family life cycle tend to use more energy than younger or older families, but their scores in attitudes and practices were high. 3) There was a significant correlation between energy conservation attitudes and practices. However, the scores of the conservation practices were not as good as the attitudes. It may be attributed to either a lack of knowledge and/or financial difficulties, or a dissonance between the concept and implementation of energy conservation. 4) Recommendations for the energy-saving and energy-related public policies are: (1) to use such human resources as attitudes, values, feelings of agreement, and cooperation, as well as nonhuman resources for the energy conservation, (2) to develop a educational program and a creative system I order to implement energy conservation programs, and (3) to consider direct as well as indirect energy uses I selecting goods and services.
A Study on the Reasons and the Meaning of Object Attachment Occurrence in Infancy and Early Childhood
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 83~95
The purpose of this study is to investigate the reasons of Object Attachment Occurrence in infant and the meanings of it in his early development. For this purpose, the following hypotheses were supposed. 1. Infant's object Attachment will be a substitutional for mother attachment when he has opportunities to his mother during his first years. 2. Infant's Object Attachment will not impede the infant's normal development. In order to test this hypotheses 28 mothers whose infants show or have shown this phenomenon and 28 mothers whose infants show or have shown this phenomenon and 28 mothers whose infants do not show this one were interviewed about their child rearing practice and attitude. They were selected by the random sampling method from 310 household wives living at a delux Apt. in Seoul. The results obtained in this study are as follow ; 1. The less opportunities infant has for 1) his mother's breast feeding 2) having physical contact with his mother 3) spending time with his mother 4) receiving prompt response from his mother to his crying, the more he is apt to show this phenomenon. And infant whose first main attachment figure is not his mother also shows the same apt. 2. There was no difference between two groups in intelligence and personality. So it can be concluded that infant's Object Attachment is a substitutional phenomenon for mother attachment in the mother during his first years, and it does not impede infant's normal development.
A Study on the Life of Aged in Cheju Island
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 97~109
In Korea, the collapse of traditional Patriarchal family system has caused the weakening the patriarchal authority which represents the decrease of traditional attitude of respect for old age, influenced by the strong tendency of Materialism in ethics. The urgent problem is how to solve the conflicts of the alienation almost every old people has felt from the society and family which they belong to and how to harmonize the respect for old age who used to have had in the past. From 21st to 30th of July 1979, I explored the small village in Cheju Island with eight students which I selected on purpose that village had preserved the traditionalism. I collected the interview data form a sample of 221 persons of the village in Cheju Island. I studied this small village in Cheju Island for the intention of suggesting the ideal model of regional society which both traditional and non-formal, although the phenomena of nuclear family system and materialism and industrialism are overwhelming in ur present society. Generally people in Cheju Island are economically poor and major occupation is farming, since the industrialization proceeds very slowly and there still strongly remains the traditionalism. Alienation and dissatisfaction of old people from their family and society in Cheju island are less common in comparison to the main land. Old people in Cheju Island usually value the importance of labour. Divison of labour has been well observed in farming, and men and women in Cheju island are equally regarded in comparison to the main land. Old people are independent economically and spiritually from their offsprings and they organize the nuclear family system firmly. Also the old generation is ready to compromise with the new generation and they defy the authoritariansim.
A Study on the Influence of Interest on Academic Records and Emotion : Primacy School Boys and Girls
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 111~119
To identify interest of primary school children and find the correlations between their interest and school achievement and emotion. Cluster-sampled 410 primary school children in Seoul were interviewed by the standardized questionnaire and data were analyzed statistically by computer system. 1) High SES has positive influence on school achievement. 2) children in higher SES tend to like more in-door-play or instrumental play. 30 More spending their times with in-door-play or instrumental play, children make better school achievement. 4) There is no significant relationships between the TV watching time and emotional stability. 5) More interest I social, natural science and arithmetic, children make higher achievement in all subjects above average. 6) Children's emotion has no association with school achievement, playing types and TV watching time but has positive association with SES.
A Comparitive Study of the Aging process among Elderly Citizens of Daegu in terms of Marital Status and Degree of Social Activity
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 1, 1980, Pages 121~139