Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 1980
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 1980
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 1980
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 1980
Selecting the target year
Experiment on the Variety of Movements of the Set-in sleeve -in the Sleeve's Cap height-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 1~13
When we design a dress, we should not only consider the esthetic sense and the relationship between movements of the body and the type of dress, but also the combination between the qualities and proper uses of textiles. recently the sale of ready-made clothes has been booming but I wonder whether they have been made in accordance with research concerning body movements and dresses. I would like to make the following observations on dresses, because I have personally suffered the inconvenience of restricted arm movements when wearing ready-made clothes. I have made four types types of foundations with muslin and Jersey, with these foundations I measured the degree of tension or how much the waist-line was drawn up then the arm was moved in increments of 45 degree angles and there by covering the entire span of vertical and horizontal movements. I have intended to experiment with sleeves of differing height in several ways. Concerning the movement factor, I have determined that with excessive activity vertical movements are twice as uncomfortable as horizontal movements. Concerning the faburic, I have found that because jersey has more elastic qualities than muslin, it has proven to be more responsive to body movements. concerning dresses, I have fund that the higher the height of the sleeves, the more uncomfortable it is to move the arms and the greater the degree to which the waist-line is drawn up. As a result this experiment I have made the following observations. Firstly, the vertical movement of the arms to a 180 degree angle has the most extreme influence on the breadth of movement of the waist-line. Secondly, because jersey permits freer body movements than muslin, it should be the preferred material for use in making sportswear. Thirdly, the formula A·H/4+3 of the sleev's cap height is suitable for making street dresses and formal wear. The formula A·H/5 and A·H/6 are properly used when making working clothes and sportswear, and the formula A·H/8 is proper for a sleeping garment and clothes for patients. Fourthly when deciding to any garments, it is important to consider the amount of arm movement anticipated and the relationship between the material and the degree to which the waistline is drawn up. In nder-blouse, when we raise our arms to the most extreme position, we should at that point still have 20∼25 ㎝ of material remaining under the waist-line which includes the maximum of 14.1㎝ plus part of the blouse and breath of skirt's belt. In the case of the over blouse it is proper for us to have the length of 17∼20 ㎝ remaining below the waist-line
A Study on Soybean Curds Prepared with Various Coagulants -Mineral Contents in Various Stages of Soaking Time-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 15~21
Three kinds of soybean curd were prepared with three coagulants such as calcium chloride, magnesium chloride and glucono delta lactone. The mineral contents of the three soybean curds were analyzed before soaking and after various lengths of soaking(1/2 hour, 1 hour, 2 hours, and 2 hours(water changed after 1/2 hour)). Results therefrom were as follows: 1. Before the three soybean cured were soaked, their moisture contents were 79-83g/%. The ash contents were 5.04g% in the soybean curd made with
4.42g/% in the soybean curd prepared with
and 3.86g/% in the soybean curd coagulated by glucono delta lactone. an analysis of calcium, magnesium and phosphorous contents showed that each element had a greater concentration in the soybean curds made with divalent mineral salts than in the soybean curd made with acid. 2. Changes taking place in the mineral contents of the soybean curds according to different soaking times were examined. The mineral contents tended to decease in process of soaking time. The soybean curds showed the highest rate of mineral dissolution after one hour of soaking, and then they tended to reabsorb minerals. When the soybean curds were soaked I freshly changed water for one hour and 30 minutes, their mineral contents indicated a greater diminishing trend but no significant difference was noticed among the different kinds of soybean curd. In case coagulant has been used excessively, it is necessary to soak the bean curds for about one hour to get the coagulant dissolved.
A Study on the Factors Affecting Father's Child-Rearing Attitudes -Focussed on the Sex and Birth-Order of Childen-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 23~39
The purpose of this study is to investigate various factors which affect father's child-rearing attitudes through the examination of father-child relationships. In other words, the study aims at finding out how the variables possessed by father side operate on his child-rearing attitudes according to the sex and birth-order of children. Hence, the study is carried out on the hypothesis that father's variables such as age, education, occupation, religion, etc. show different aspects on child-rearing attitudes by way of a child's sex and birth-order. The results of the study show that the factors that affect father's child-rearing attitudes are child's variables such as sex and birth-order as well as father's variables such as education, occupation and religion. describing these factors I detail, the study shows that father has higher concern on daughter rather than on son; the higher education he has, the higher his concern is; and when father has a white-collar job or is a Christian, he shows higher concern on his children. The above mentioned factors are analyzed and classified as follows by the child-rearing contents: A. The factors which affect father's concern one his children are: 1) sex, 2) father's education and 3) occupation related to the sex and birth-order of children. B. The factors which affect father's participation in child-care are; 1) sex, 2) birth-order, 3) father's education, 4) occupation and 5) religion related to the sex and birth-order. C. The factors which affect father's disciplinary attitudes (Praise or scolding) are ; 1) sex, 2) father's education and 3) religion related to the sex and birth-order. C. The factors which affect father's disciplinary attitudes (praise or scolding) are; 1) sex, 2) father's education related to sex, and 3) sex in terms of negative attitudes. E. Finally, father's age is proved to be a factor that does not give any significance in his child-rearing attitudes.
Research on the Achievements in the Fidel of Gerontology in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 41~48
It has been more than ten years that the studies in the field of social gerontology I Korean had begun. But there had been no empirical study on this field about the published articles. This study intend to analyze and evaluate those achievements synthetically focusing on the past articles on the aged in Korea which had been published till March, 1980. And also intend to prepare a movement for the purpose of utilizing and fixing those past articles in order to contribute to the social gerontology I Korean. Used raw materials are as follows; 1) research papers of every college 2) thesis of annex research institute of every college 3) reports of academic institutes and organizations annex research institute of every college 30 reports of academic institutes and organizations 4) 42 copies of raw materials of seminars and doctoral dissertations and 3 independent volumes. In order to describe what kind of researches has been done in the field of social gerontology, categorized in six items focusing on the selected studies. 1) Process of unfolding and definitions of social gerontology 2) Economic life of old people 3) Works, Retirement, loneliness and alienation of the old people 4) Domestic management of old people 5) Medical and health aspects of old people 6) Welfare of old people These problems has been exposed through this research. Firstly almost every studies are descriptive and diagnostic rather than scientific for the theoretic development of gerontology. secondly it is difficult to generalize for the purpose of utilizing the outcome of researches I the broader and deeper sense those researches has been done in regional level. Thirdly there hadn't been any researches over the entire country in the governmental level. Thus it is impossible to deduce and analyze comparatively on the ground of governmental data.
A Study on the Money Management Behavior of Adolescents with Reference to the Self-Concepts
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 49~55
As the society has been capitalized, the importance of money has appeared widely. And there are many problems caused from the lack of money is supposed rather a qualitative problem happened by mismanagement of money than a quantitative. The purposes of this study are to suggest the desirable direction in money management education to adolescents and to provide some basic data to resolve the juvenile delin-quency caused from lack of money. With this purposes this study dealt with the money management behavior of adolescents with reference to self-concept, which was considered one of the influential factors to the money management behavior. Questionnaires composed with the Self-concept test (developed by Dr. chung) and the Money management test (developed by Dr. Troelstrup) were distributed to 300 high school students. 180 of them was taken as data. mean score and F-ratio were applied as statistical methods. As result, significant difference in money management behavior between the groups divided by self-concept scores were found. The higher the self-concept score is, the more desirable the money management behavior is. Here we cannclude as follow; As the money management behavior of adolescents differs with reference to the self-concept, it is possible to help the adolescents 세 develop the money management by inspiring the self-concept. And money management training as a consumer education is needed by all means at home, because it has an important effect upon the identity establishment, the major developmental task in adolescence.
The Future Direction of Home Economics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 57~62
This paper is a review of articles selected from Journal of Home economics (1973~1979) with the purpose of studying new direction of home economics in america. Regarding the future of home economics in America. Regarding the future of home economics, the following points were important : 1) Top priorities for future directions in home economics were developed at the 11th Lake Placid Conference and published in "Home Economics New Directions 11" (May 1975). 2) A new definition of home economics by University of Arizona students described the uniqueness of home economics clearly, and in easily understandable terms. 3) A human ecosystem model which depicts human beings existing I interaction with the total environment was found to be a new approch to the concept of home economics. 4) A proposal was made for offering home economics courses to students in professional human service fields. Some of the problems of home economics which need to be solved: 1) The emphasis on specialization in a major field has made home economics just a collection of specialities. 2) The change of the designation "home economics" to other lables by some institutions has brought confusion. 3) Inadequate supply of competent faculty is the cause of inactive home economics research. 4) Teaching sex defined roles is outdated. The above findings give insights to Korean home economics which is faced with a variety of problems in a rapidly changing society.
Home Economics: Potentials for Professionalism
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 18, issue 2, 1980, Pages 63~68
In a rapidly changing Korean society, the role of home economics in ideological education and practical professionalism is faced to be reset. In this article the author reviews home economics and career opportunities. the following issues were discussed in detail : 1. Home Economics and Occupation ; a) As professionals in the field of home economics, job applicants must carry their message in person to potential employers. Employers must be taught that persons with home economics degrees have the capabilities and qualifications to fill a variety of positions. b) In may of 1977, Vocational Education Coalition was established by American Home economics association (AHEA), American Vocational Association, and Home Economics Education association This coalition defined the vocational education as occupation of homemaking and paid employment in home economics occupations for women and men. 2. Home Economics in business: Twelve percent of the total membership of the AHEA is affiliated with the home economics in business section. A professional management consultant, Dr. strain's viewpoint and corning Glass Work's case about business value in the home economics were summarized; a) Why a business employs a home economist. b) Why a business does not employ a home economist. c) Enhancing the home economist's value. d) Home economist's roles in corning Glass works. 3. Creating a Career: a) Mrs. Maineri's story. b) Family financial counselors. c) Home economist and displaced homemaker. d) Job opportunities in international services. Since the role of home economics in Korea has had little perception in professionalism, the following issues require immediate and serious attention to enhance career opportunities for home economists: Employers and government's recognition of home economist's value, Home economist's attitude to enhance their value, Fair employment and sex discrimination, Curricula adjustment, and Support from women's organization for employment opportunities, fair treatment, top jobs, etc.