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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 1981
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 1981
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 1981
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Jan 1981
Selecting the target year
A Review on the Sumptuary Laws of Western Costume
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 1~9
The object of this study lies in reviewing of the western costume history in the light of the negative regulations concerning costumes and adornments. Readings related with the subject lead to the following findings; 1. the principal purpose of the sumptuary laws has relationship with the social stratification of the feudalism and the frequency of their occurrence is related with the formation of feudal system, its decline, the appearance of imperial regimes and the start of civil revolutions. 2. Sumptuary regulations spread westward with the flow of civilization, eg., in the sequence of Italy, swiss, France, Britain and new world. 3. Sumptuary laws are also found in abundance in the english colonies of America, and their object seems to be rather of the moral concern than class distinction of economical restriction.4. The reviewed sumptuary regulations are concerned with : A. Material gold or silver clothes, silks, ermine, marten or miniver furs, velvets, laces and embroies. B. Colors-Purple, scarlet and red. Other colors do not show consistent pattern of color-status symbol; C. Form-Length and width of headdresses, shoes, collars, trains or hoops. E. numbers of dresses allowed to be worn.
The Study of Women's Rdady-made Wears in Korea -Mainly with Blouse-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 11~19
The purpose of this study were: (1) to ascertain the labels, (2) to investigate the designs and materials of blouses, and (3) to analyze the prices. The period of observation was from April 1st to May 10th, 1981. The interviews with related producers and saleswomen and a questionnaire were used for this study. The questionaire was made with items after finishing the pretest. The observation of six observers was made in markets(group D). B), commercial agents manufactures (group C), and bontiques group D). For the statistical analysis, 120 blouses were used among 154 blouses which were examined. The results of this study indicated that: (1) Blouses with labels were 56.7% by group A and 100.0% by group BC and D. (2) In the styles of blouses, box style was popular I four groups. (3) Among various types of sleeves, set-in sleeve was popular in four groups. The most sleeves were finished with cuffs. (4) The shirtwaist collars were popular in group AQ and B, rippled collars and chinese collars I group C, and rippled collars I group D.(5) In thee materials of blouses, polyester was poplar I group A and B, polyester/cotton in group C, and cotton in group d. (6) The prices of blouses were from 4,500 to 15,000 won in group A, from 5,000 to 37,300 won in group B, from 12,500 to 52,000 won in group C, and from 30,000 to 90,000 won in group D.
An Ergonomic Study of the Sleeve Pattern According to Arm Movement -on Expansion and Contraction of the Skin Surface of the Arm-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 21~32
Clothing must have the individual beauty and the function that one can do one's body movement freely. therefore, from the human engineering view point, the exact measurement of the human body and the analysis of it's results must be applied to clothing because the arm works most. In this study, the skin surface of arm was investigated by shell made of Alginate of each movement. And by sometic method the rate of expansion and contraction of each section, inter-relation among the bust girth, axillary arm girth and scye girth and between the shoulder length right and the under axilla waist length were calculate4d. With these results, cap height, breadth of a sleeve and arm hole girth of existing sleeve pattern have been compared and analysed. The results are as follows; 1) According to the developmental figures of shell, the whole area change was small but that of shape was remarkable in M 4, 9, 13. The change of the Block 1 was particular. 2) Over arm length was contracted in all movements except M6 and under arm length expanded. The changes of sections a, b, c are large, while those of sections d, e are small. 3) In terms of latitudes, change of fore-arm region was small. The rate of scye girth varied from 14.3% of M13 to-5.6% of M2. The breadth of a sleeve expanded in all movements, and especially the front region expanded more than the back. 4) The relation between the shoulder length right and under axilla waist length, in all occasions, was contracted mutually, and one contracted, the other expanded. Therefore, in clothing construction when we consider the function of the arm it is better to widen the arm hole and the breadth of a sleeve at the same time than no widen the shoulder length by lowering the upper part of the upper side seam line.
The Study on the Women's Costume around chung Cheung Nam-Do
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 33~40
The purpose of this research was to see through the special qualities and prospects I different localities as to compare the actual conditions of clothes for everyday wear of the city with the town. The results investigated the style of dress in Deajeon city and youseong town throughout Winter, Spring, and Summer were as follows: 1) In hair style, commonly throughout Winter, Spring, summer, permanent style was superior in number as compared with the chignon In youseong, throughout Winter and Spring, chignon far out-numbered permanent one. 2) In winter, while citizens wore more half coats than long ones, the townsfolk had long coats on as many as that. In Spring and Summer, people dressed in blouse were shown aplenty both Deajeon and youseong and it was the latter that became more and more conspicuous I Summer. The degrees of wearing korean clothing were shown at a high rate in youseong I Spring. In both regions, throughout the year, adjusting themselves forward was of frequent occurrence. 3) In Winter and Spring, both of them put long skirts on and in Summer put normal skirts to frequent use respectively. jean pants were shown in Daejeon remarkable in spring, while the townsfolk wore Mon-pae and korean clothing. 4) throughout Spring and Summer, slippers were frequent use commonly in both regions. And in Spring, people put on more Ko Mu, sin than shoes, especially in youseong. The downward-phase shoestype has been shown markedly in both regions but Daejeon has shown a sharp contrast to youseong.
Studies on the Changes of Vitamin C content in the Hot Green Pepper Fruits during the Circulation Periods
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 41~45
This study was carried out to observe the changes of Vitamin C content and to preserve the quality for the circulation periods of hot green pepper fruits wrapped with polyethylene film under the indoor temperature, as well as to find the proper time for harvest of hot green pepper fruits as a hot taste food and vegetable. the results obstained were as follows: 1. The consignment rate of hot green pepper fruits was highest, 60.2% on the 25th day after flowering, the nest 25.4% on the 20 th day, 10.3% on the 30th day and 4.1% on the 35th day. 2. the content of Vitamin C I each pepper fruits was highest o the 30th day, considerably high on the 25th day and 20th day. 3. The total content of Vitamin C in each part of hot green pepper fruits; the content in pericarp was much higher than in placenta and seed, and that of hydro type Vitamin C was almost the same. 4. The reduction rate of vitamin C during circulation periods was highest on the 3rd day; 42% in pericarp, 50% in placenta, 65% in seed. But in the package wrapped up with polyethylene film, the reduction rate in the same period was 5% in pericarp, which was very low in reduction, and those in placenta and seed were almost the same as in the unwrapped
A Study on the Book "Siuejunsuh"
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 47~61
The Siuejunsuh is a book of Korean woman's life in the Yi-dynasty which published late in 18 century by unknown author. I have studied the food habits of the Yi-dynasty that wrote in siuejunsuh as following. The staple foods ae Bab (boiled cooked rice) 2, Juk(gruel) 6, Mieum(thin rice gruel) 3, Uee (liquid) 1, D'ockguk 2, Mandu3 Kinds I this book. the side dishes are Guk(soup) 24, Jochi 7, jungol 2, J'im 16, Sinsollo 1, Bockuem 5, Sun 6, Gui 16, Jock 10, jon 12, jorim 7, Namul 14, Sangchae 4, Hyae 17, Joban 2, Nooruemi 1, Sooranpoached egg) 2, Sondae 2, jockpyun 1, Choe 1, Muchim 11, Pyunuk 2, Jockgall 6, Po 9, Ssam 4, Jup 1, Jangaji 27, Kimchi 20, and other 27 Kinds. the desserts are D'ock 41, jabgwa 52, Beverages 17 kinds. the alcohol and frutie liquor are 18 kinds. The seasonings are soybean sauce, Jinjang, red peper bean paste, Zupjang, Dampukjang, Chunggukjang, honey, vinegar, mustard, Yunzup etc. Storage foods are vegetables,fruits and beans etc. There are 62 kinds of table ware and cooking kitchen utensiles, but many of them came to usefulness. 16 kinds of measuring unit are very non-scientific because that is not by weight but by bulk or volume. Thee are many food making terms which are 179 kinds of prepared cooking term, 22 kinds of cutting term and 16 kinds of boiling term. And 20 kinds of expression of taste can be seen in this book. Food serving methods are D'ockiserving method, fruits and dried food serving methode in chanhap (food packed in a nest of boxes) Guksoo serving method, Jock serving method, fruits serving method, Seup serving method etc. Table setting methods ae 9 sets of dinner, 7 sets of dinner, 5 sets of dinner, side table setting, liquor table setting, Sinsollo table setting, food's dab table setting etc.
Experimental Study of Gangjung and Sanja(I) -The Study of Texture of Gangjung and Sanja Prepaed with Soaking Time-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 63~68
This study was to determine optimal conditions for preparing Gangjung and Sanja. Texturometer and panel test were employed to evaluated products which were prepared under varying soaking time of glutinous rice. The results are found as follows; Examination of acceptibilities of products by the panel test showed that 48 hours of soaking was the most optimal. In acceptability ratings. the second went to 2 hours, the third 24 hours, the forth 120 hours, the fifth, 72 hours, and the sixth, 96 hours. However, there was no significant difference in acceptability among various products(P>0.05). The cohesiveness and the brittleness of the highest-grade products soaking in 48 hours showed 0.09
, 1.25cm, respectively by texturometer. In therms of acceptability, the cohesiveness of high-grade products read between 0.06~0.7
. The brittleness of products examined was in the range of between 0.36 and 1.41cm. No significant difference was found among products prepared under varying soaking time n cohesiveness and brittleness.
A Comparative Study on the Family Role Performance between Employed Wives and Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 69~81
This study is designed to find out the role performance problems, especially concerning the difference between the employed wives and housewives. The data were obtained from the questionnaire with 25 items collected form 541 wives-266 employed wives and 275 housewives. The t-test and F-test were applied and the results are as follows: 1. There is no significant difference in their role perception between the employed wives and the housewives. respondents think mother role is the most important and social role the least. 2. Employed wives' self evaluation of role performance level is significantly lower than housewives'. Generally, self evaluation level is very low on every role area, especially mother role. 3. Role performance fulfillment level of employe wives is significantly lower than that of housewives. All the areas of their role are less fulfilled, especially employed wives' mother role.
A Study of the Attitude of/and Problems Encountered by Senjor Home Economist Toward the Integration of Family Planning Education in the Korean Formal School System
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 19, issue 3, 1981, Pages 83~101
Under the full consideration of the growing need and importance of population education in the field of home economics in Korea, the study was carried out to verify and assess the following facts on the current issues of population education of home economists who are presently engaging in teaching professions as the teachers of middle and high school and professors of college and universities by setting its primary objectives of the study as followings; 1) to assess the degree of general knowledge and attitudes of home economists toward population education in the field of home economics, 2) to verify the problems encountered in implementing population education by home economists in its field, 3) to find an existing status of previous trainings received and other activities of population education of home economists aimed at utilizing these findings as a part of reference materials when the population education is conducted in the field of home economics. In order to attain these objectives described above, the questionnaire was carefully designed to house a total of 40 questions with good combination of multiple-choice and the simple answer questions. The mail questionnaire survey was conducted by establishing teachers of home economics at middle/high schools and college/universities as Senior Home Economists(SHE) who are from public, private liberal arts and vocational schools. The rate of response observed during the survey was 45.6 percent and the findings of the survey research are as follows: 1) Examining the status of the respondents by residence and religion, it was found that 45 percent of middle & high school teachers ar.d 59. 1 percent of college professors are residing in Seoul city area and that the largest percent of them are christian in their religion. Analyzing respondents by their ages, 56 percent of middle/high school teachers are in their 30s, 45 percent of college professors are in their 40s, and 37 percent of college teachers are in their 30s. In addition, 13 percent of the total respondents are found to be unmarried. The study also revealed that 71 percent of the college professors finished Master Degree course and 82 percent of middle/high school teachers are graduated from college level lasting 4 years. Looking over the status cf major fields of respondents, 68.4 percent of middle/high school teachers are specialized in home economic education and the college professors, on the other hand, show relatively even prortion by specializing in the order of food & nutrition science, clothes & textile science and home managerial science. As far as the length of teaching experience is concerned, a relatively longer period of teaching experience is observed in the college professors in comparison with that of middle/high school teachers. In other words, 33.3 percent of middle/high school teachers are experienced in teaching from 6 to 10 years on average while 43.9 percent of college professors show more than 16 years of experience. 2) Examining the status of existing number of children cf the respondents, one boy and one daughter pattern is predominant, showing 28.5 percent in middle/high school teachers and 21.1 percent in college professors. As for the desired number of children of unmarried respondents, it is observed that 43.8 percent of middle/high school teachers desire to have one boy and one girl, and 31.3 percent of college professors want to have one child regardless of the sex. By assessing the degree of awareness of the population education through their students, it is observed that 53 percent of middle/high school teachers and 50 percent of college professors are aware of population education in some extent and that a majority of respondents took the positive attitudes toward an inclusion of family planning components into the formal school education. Another noteworthy to observe is that a total of 84.8 percent out of middle/high school teachers pointed that the population education currently conducted at schools as a part of home economics are less sufficient than it should be. 3) Analyzing the tendency as to whether the respondents were experienced in receiving population education during the time when they were students, 75 percent of college professors and 59 percent of middle/high school teachers responded negative answers in the survey. In the mean time, a total of 50 percent of the respondents replied that they began to acknowledge the importance of population education mainly through the participation of some sort of population-education orientend seminars, experienced by 40 percent of college professors and 80 percent of middle/high school teachers. 4) What it calls attention in this study was to find that 96.5 percent of middle/high school teachers and 72 percent of college professors conduct population education to some extent during their lecture hours and that more than 80 percent of them are never experienced in teaching population and family planning contents in their regular classes. It is, on the other hand, found that no more than once was the response of those who believe themselves that they are experienced in teaching these relevant components to their students. Analyzing the contents of the subjects being taught in the class, a large percent of them are found to be consisted of population and family planning contents. According to this study, the current population education through the formal school is quite inactive. Analyzing the facts, 44.9 percent of the college professors responded that the population and family planning components are quite apart from their specialization which eventually generates lack of interest in the field. 5) It is also noticed through the study that the degree of frequency of commenting on population and family planning contents during the classes was depending significantly on their specializations which means that the degree of frequency varies from a major to another. Those who majored in home managerial science was the first one, as compared to others who majored in different specializations. Glancing over the status of correlations between ages of the respondents and numbers of seminar paticipation, it is quite clear that the aged group participated more than the younger group did, and that the most highest number of participations made by college professors were those who are in 50s. In addition, it is also found that those who are aged 20s and 60s of the respondents were the group who comments least on the contents of population and family planning at their classes. The suggestions and recommendation made through this survey research are as follows. 1) No one denies that the rapid increase of population, as compared to the limited size of land and resources, will certainly affect adversly to an enhancement of individual life quality which will, eventually, bring forth the poverty of the nation. This is the reasson why we are insisting that the world population be controlled up to an optimum level with a matter of global concerns. It is our understading that the primary aim for reducing number of population is believed to be attained only by conducting the systematic and comprehensive population education through the formal schools. Therefore, the role of home economists in the field of population/family planning education is considered very importment due to the fact that an ultimate goal of population education is placed in elevating the quality of family life by having optimum number of children through family planning program. 2) It is quite clear that home economists as teachers of formal school in all level are invited to pay their attention on redefining the ultimate goal of education and that of population education. We also understant that the primary objective of population education is to change the norm and value of the clients by replenishing the students with pertinent knowledge and attitudes on population and its related problems through a sort of education in order to attain the ultimate goal for enhancing the quality of life. There is no exception in the theory of home economics. An altimate goal of home economics is to elevate the general quality of life through an establishment of value existed in daily life. Considering the relations between population education and home economics, it is quite indespensable to bandle population components as an integral part in the field of home economics. We believe, therefore, that the senior home economists positive participation in the effort population control is more needed than it has been. 3) It is also strongly urged that population education should be a part of instructor training course for home economics. In other words, the teacher of home economics should be well aware of population and its problems by teaching interrelationship between population education and home economics, needs, contents and methods of population education during the instructor training courese for home economics. In addition, the senior home economists should be encouraged through positive participation on the short term training by types of domestic and international seminar, workshop, etc. 4) We certainly believe that the population education can not sustain itself without any backing-up of information and findings' of various and comprehensive researches of natural and social sciences. Accordingly, every senior home economist is invited to exert their maximum effort to conduct systematic study with an aim to utilize these findings and information at best in population education in the field of home economics. Therefore, we consider that the development of training material is imminent in order to provide effective and efficient population education through the for training of home economies. It should be noted that these training materials must be carefully designed, tailored and developed to meet the different classes of trainees under the considerations as to whether it is easily adaptable and infusable into the curricula of every field of home economics, and it is acceptable in the degree of difficulty and quality in its contents. 5) It is true that there are many domestic and international research rapers, reports and findings in the field of population education and family planning. However, there is a tendency that the most of research papers are heavily relying on the authors intension and preferences in its expression and publication. Under these circumstances, it is urged that the home economists should aware of the growing need of the technical training in order to keep these available information and research findings reprocessed and redesigned to insure the practical application into the population education in the field of home economics in Korea.