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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 1982
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 1982
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 1982
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 1982
Selecting the target year
Development of Model Curricular for Departments of Specialized Home Economics Areas at Higher Education
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 1~35
A Study on the Colors and Dyes of Clothes in Yi-Dynasty
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 37~43
The white color is the main characteristics of the traditional color of clothes. From the historical point of view, the Korean's pattern of wearing Baik-Eui can be found its origin from many people of North-East Asia in ancient time. The beginning of wearing Baik-Eui in Korea was at the age of tribes, and it was delivered to middle age, later on, to modern age near the end of Yi Dynasty. The other charactics of the traditional colors. are summarized as follows: 1. Prefered light color to dark color and light blue was noble and worthy. 2. The kinds of color were not various. 3. Color was native and pure not including grey or other colors. From the economical point of vie, the first thing is that Baik Eui was primitive in ti's color Though some say that wearing Baik-Eui is considered as a kind of worship of the Sun, yet we can also find that the every reason of it is that we had little dyes at that time. Especially the reddish dyeing materials were in short supply, so that had been imported mainly from Japan.
State of Stain Particle's ADhesion and Its Influence on Visual Consequence of Soil-Removal
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 45~51
Degree of separation and adhesion of dye and stain particles has been measured usually by the rate of reflection of light. However, it could be proved that the relation between the quantity of stain and the rate of reflection greatly varied with kinds of stain and states of adhesion. For this study, several pieces of cotton and polyester having different states of stain adhesion were prepared by staining them with two kinds of artificial stain different in color: Ferric Oxide and Ferric Oxynate. Every piece went through soilremoval test which employed two surfactants: Anionic LAS and Cationic M2-100. After the operation, relations between quantity of pre-soilremoval stain and rate of reflection were measured, as well as those between quantity of post-soilremoval stain and rate of reflection. Rate of reflection and quantity of stain were not proportional in measurement to the pieces stained with Ferric Oxide and Ferric Oxynate. The consequence was also the same with cotton and polyester. That held true of the fat-stained textile. With the same quantity of stain, rate of reflection varied according to the magnitude of stain particles, and the state of adhesion influenced the magnitude of stain particles a great deal.
A Study of General Values and Satisfaction, Exhibitionism, Fashion of Clothing and Korean Clothing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 53~63
The purpose of this study were; (1) to investigate the relationship between the general values and 3 aspects of clothing behaviors. (2) to investigate attitudes toward Korean clothing between students and their mothers. General values were measured by the Allport-Vernon-Lindzey Study of Values(Part 1 only), which determines relative prominence of six basic values. Three aspects of clothing behaviors were assessed by statements dealing with satisfaction, exhibitionism, and fashion. Korean clothing measures consisted of statements dealing with positive and negative attituded toward psychological and practical aspects. The samples consisted of 200 students(student group) and 100 mothers (mother group) in Daejon. The data were analyzed by correlation and t-values. The results obtained through this study were as follows: 1) Positive relationship were found between: (1) Aesthetic value and the exhibitionism of clothing, (2) Aesthetic value and the fashion of clothing. Negative relationships existed between (1) Theoretical value and the exhibitionism of clothing, (2) Economic value and the fashion of clothing, (3) Social value and the fashion of clothing. 2) Significant differences were found between two groups(students and their mothers) : Economic, aesthetic, and political values as well as exhibitionism and fashion in clothing behaviors. 3) In general, highly positive attitude toward Korean clothing was found on psychological aspect, while highly negative attitude was found on practical aspect. Significant differences were found between two groups; (1)‘Graceful’of psychological aspect and‘economic’,‘inexpensive’of practical aspect in positive attitudes toward Korean clothing, (2)‘Unsuitable to current life style’,‘not modern’and‘not beautiful’of psychological aspect in negative attitudes toward Korean clothing.
A Human Engineering Study of Clothing in an Environmental Aspect (I) - Based on the Skin Temperature after Physical Exercise of Human Body -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 65~71
Comfort concept of heating and cooling between body and environment is modified by the clothing. So were can say the clothing is one of the environment. To maintain“pleasantness”, clothing must have the elements of comfort and function. This study carried out for the 1st step to describe the relation between clothing and the human body I aspect to the emvironmental elements of temperature and working part of the body. Observations of skin temperature were taken on young adults female subjects in training wear and the skin temperature was measured onto 9 points of the body while taking part in two physical exercise, with Rawing machine and Bicycle ergometer. The results obtained are as follows; 1. The skin temperature after physical exercise is lower than that after repose. 2. After physical exercise of the lower part of the body, the skin temperature is less than that after physical exercise of the upper part of the body. 3. After physical exercise of the upper part of the body, skin temperature of the lower part of the body rises a little, and vice versa.
A Study on the Basic Bodice Pattern, Sizing and Grading Method for Misses
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 73~84
The purpose of this study was to develop a basic bodice pattern and establish standards regrading to the size and grading of Korean misses' measurements in order to provide modern data for the ready-to-wear garment industry. 222 girls, aged from 18 to 27, were measured on 19 items of their structure. Mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variance, maximum, minimum, range and correlation coefficient between each items were analized. The analysis revealed the following significant results. The fundamental difference data of the bodice pattern and grading measurements between the year of 1975 and 1981 were as follow. (1) The measurements of bust and center back were used as a foundation to establish a standard size and grading. (2) Ranges of the bust circumference measurements were increased. Thus the sizes ere classfied into 5 groups. (3) The ease of bust circumference was increased due to the increasement of shoulder width. (4) The increase of the upper arm resulted to lower the bust line. (5) The shoulder slopes were higher than 1975. Therefore, the basic measurements of the shoulder slopes were reduced. (6) In spite of the front neck measurements were not changed, the back measurements were requied to increase. (7) the center front length became much shorter in the contrast with the increase of the center back length.
Changes of Lipid and Free Fatty Acid in Mung-bean Sprouts during Growth
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 85~89
The changes of various lipid content and fatty acids composition of mung-bean sprout during 6 days. The results are summarized as follows 1) The total lipid contents of mung-bean sprouts are generally decreased during growing. 2) On T.L.C. gram, triglyceride contents are decreased and free fatty acids and sterol are increased with time. 3) The ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids U/S are increased by six times after 4 days of mung-bean germination. 4) The contents of palmitic acid as main fatty acid in the mangbean but oleid, linoleic acid were increased after 2 days, 4 days, 6 days. 5) Total lipids from mung-bean sprouts contained fatty acid in order of linoleic acid, oleic acid. 6) The content of essential fatty acid are rich in 4 days.
Effects of Nutritional Supplementation of Cereal-Vegetable Diet on the Growth of Rats (I) - Especially on Protein Metabolism -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 91~102
This study was designed to find out the nutritional defect of general Korean diet and the effective way of nutritional supplementation. Seventy weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 51.8
0.9g were blocked into ten groups and fed ten different diets ad libitum for eight weeks: Standard groups(st gp) was given 72% sugar-20% casein diet: Cereal-vegetable group(c-v gp) was fed cereal-vegetable diet(c-v diet) composed of rice, barley, soybean, spinach and cabbage: the other eight groups were fed c-v diets supplemented with casein, vitamin
, calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B2 and A, vitamin A and calcium, vitamin
and calcium, vitamin A and
and calcium, respectively, on the basis of each nutrients content of standard diet. The results were as follows: 1. Food intakes and body weight gains in all the experimental groups were significantly lower than st gp. Among experimental groups, casein gp and vit B2 gp tended to gain more body weights than c-v gp. 2. Through all the experimental period, F.E.R., pp.E.R., and NDPcal% did nod show significant differences among all the experimental groups and st gp. 3. The weights of liver, kidney, and gastrocnemius were significantly lower in all the experimental groups as compared with st gp. But brain and sex organ weights did not show differences among all the groups. 4. Nitrogen contents of total carcass, liver, and gastrocnemius in all the experimental groups tended to be increased as compared with st gp, and among experimental groups, they tended to be increased by casein supplementation and decreased by ca supplementation. 5. Apparent nitrogen digestibility, urinary and fecal nitrogen excretion, the amount of nitrogen retained, and N.P.U. did not show any significant differences among all the groups. 6. Serum total protein concentrations did not show any significant differences among all the groups.
Effects of Nutritional Supplementation of Cereal-Vegetable Diet on the Growth of Rats (II) - Especially on Calcium Metabolism -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 103~111
This study was designed to observe the effects of nutritional supplementation of general Korean diet on calcium metabolism and bone growth in rats. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The bone weight and the concentration of ash and calcium in femurs tended to be increased by calcium supplementation. It seemed that supplemental calcium feeding promoted bone calcification through increasing the amount of calcium retained in the body. 2. There were no differences in calcium absorption rates, retention rates in the body, urinary excretion, and serum calcium concentration, between calcium supplemented groups and the other cereal-vegetable groups. 3. The casein, vitamin B2, or vitamin A supplementation of cereal-vegetable diets did not have any significant effects on calcium metabolism and bone growth.
A Report on Diet Counselling for Diabetic Patients 1. Patient Education and Dietary Consultation by Hospital Dietitions
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 113~118
The current scope of diabetic patient education and dietary consultation by hospital dietitians were studied. A questionnare was sent to 54 dietitians in 32 hospitals throughout Korea. The major results are as follows: 1. The frequency of dietary consultation for diabetic patients is of low level: only 14 patients were seen such services at average per month. 2. Only one hospital establishes independent office for dietary consultation for in-and-out patients and in 3 hospitals among 32 hospital dietitians practice regular rounds to visits patients. 3. Consistant patterns and methods to counsel patients were established in 53% of hospitals. In remaining hospitals, teaching methods depend entirely on the individual dietitians. 4. A few hospitals have teaching aids and follow-up systems. 5. Most dietitians want strongly the establishment of independent office for dietary consultation, but its establishment was hindered by the poor system in the hospital administration and lack of preparation in the dietetics.
Experimental Study on Gangjung and Sanja (II) - Textural Change in Gangjung and Sanja by Drying and frying Method -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 119~125
Based on the selected controlled receipe, drying and frying processes were varied inculding time and temperature. According to the panel test and measurement with a texturometer on the products of different drying and frying conditions, the highly acceptable best product was the one prepared as follows. It was placed in the oven at
for 5 minutes and then at
for 15 minutes. After turning upside down, this drying step was repeatedly continued for 5 hours. It was also dipped into oil at
for 1 minute, soaked in oil at
for 2 minutes and then fried in oil at
for 2 minutes. The studies using a texturometer showed the products with high acceptability in the panel test had brittleness of 1.3-2cm and number of peaks 4-6. The optimum drying times is considered as 3 hours since there was no significant difference among the products of 3 to 5 hours drying time.
Housing Humanics - Existentialistic Approach in Housing Humanics -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 127~133
A review is made on the basic concept of Housing Humanics based on the Existentialism of Otto F. Bollnow. For the identification of the relationship between housing and human being as well as for the application of psycho-social approach to the housing research, following items are analyzed: 1. Bollnow's view on the human being 2. Man-world (=environment) relationship 3. Existential space 4. Architectural space 5. What housing means in terms of Humanics
Analysis of Test-retest Reliability of Individual Items in a Preliminary From of Child-rearing Attitude Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 2, 1982, Pages 135~140
As a step preliminary to the factor-analysis of a child-rearing attitude scale under construction, its preliminary form containing a total of 368 self-answered questions was administerd to 88 married women with one or more children in the grade school age. all graduates of colleges and in possession of a home telephone and a house, twice from one week apart. The test-retest correlation coefficients, calculated for each test item based on the subject's choice among the three response alternatives on two test ocasions, ranged from .80 to .10. The cut-off point of r=.41 or lower led to the elimination of 48 items. As a point of incidental interest, the rate of response concordance. The namber of subjects giving the same categroy response on two occasions was calculated for each item and it was correlated with its test. retest correlation coefficient. The two different indices of item test-retest reliability were found not related to each other. Empirical evidence, as well as rational justifications, was presented to show that the correlation coefficient is the better of the tow indices of item test-retest reliability.