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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 1982
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 1982
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 1982
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 1982
Selecting the target year
The Study on the Lower Limb Surface Changes Caused by the Limb Movements (Part 1)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 1~12
This study was to investigate the changes of shape of the lower limb surface, the rate of the measurement of expansion and contraction and correlation coefficient between variables caused by hip joint and knee joint movements. The results of the investigation are as follows; 1. According to the development figure of shell when the leg was raised
), total length of F.L shortened while B.L lengthened. This result is contarary to
raising the leg
backward. In both
movements, the rate of expansion and contraction to the course direction was insignificant. When hip joint was bent
with knee joint
) and hip joint was bent
with knee joint
), upper section of back hip expanded while the front hip section contracted slightly. In the Movement of sitting on the chair(
), abdomen, front hip section and upper thight section contracted to the wale direction remarkably while the back hip section expanded conspicuously. 2. According to the rate of expansion and contraction of skin (surface) by the somatometry. In
, C.F.L. upper and middle thight girth contracted and B.L, C.L, L.L expanded. This fact is contarary to M3. In M4, M5, C.F.L showed remarkable contraction and C.B.L expanded remarkably. In
, C.B.L contracted most of all the items measured and knee girth, F.L, L.L, C.B.L, hip girth expanded conspicuously. 3. According to the correlation coefficient between variables. In various movements, the correlation among girth items commonly showed a high or middle grade, the correlation among length items also commonly showed a low grade and that girth and length items showed a very low grade commonly. Waist girth, hip grith, F.L, B.L, L.L items showed that there were significant correlation.
A study on the Women's Veil of Yi Dynasty
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 13~22
While the women of the Korea Dynasty wore hat(笠子) and Mongsu(蒙首) on top of it when going out, the Yi Dynasty, due to more strict Contucian ethics and isolated way of life, had seen the development of the covering clothes, rather veil, for avoiding the opposite sex with diversity and both men and women began wearing PHO(coat), a Korean topcoat over the head and thurs called Changots, but originally PHO for men was named Changyi a men's outer coat. Neuwul(羅兀), like Mongsu(蒙首) of Korea Dynasty was a thin black hood worn on top of the Wowllip or a kind of skirt draped over the head and the latter was called Changots, very similar to Sgaechima, a kind of long hood formally worn by women. Meanwhile, local women wore a long veil with no arm sleeves dubbed Cheunyi(薦衣) But since western civilization and culture landed on Korea around the end of the 19th century, the women's social status has been raised to almost the same level with men and the way of life has changed towards openness, in which men and women have almost daily contact with one another, so these days we can hardly find such veil style covering clothes around us.
A Study on the Relationship between Needs and Clothing Interest
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 23~31
1. The Purpose of this study is (1) to analyze college women's clothing Interest. (2) to find out the relationship between Needs and Clothing Interest Field. 2. Results (1) Clothing Interest of Fashion and Shopping Field was highest in score. (2) The relationship between Needs and Clothing Interest field was as follows. (a) Clothing Interest of Construction correlated significantly with abasement, dominance, and sex atp＜.05, and with achievement, affiliation, and emotionality at p＜.01 level. (b) Clothing Interest of Design & Fashion correlated significantly with achievement, affiliation, aggression, dominance, emotionality, exhibitionism, sex, and autonomy at p＜.01 level. (c) Clothing Interest of Shopping correlated significantly with emotionality at p＜.05, and with affiliation, exhibitionism, sex, aggression, dominance, and achievement at p＜.01 level. (d) Clothing Interest of Management correlated significantly with affiliation, achievement, and emotionality at p＜.01, and with dominance at p＜.05 level. (e) Clothing Interest of Pscho. Aspect. correlated significantly with abasement at p＜.05, and with achievement, affiliation, aggression, dominance, emotionality, exhibitionism, and sex at p＜.01 level.
A Study on the Relationship between Clothing Behavior and Occupations of Women in Dae Jeon
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 33~44
The purpose of this study was to investigate clothing behavior of women in Dae Jeon and to find out the relationship between clothing behavior and occupations. Measures selected for this study was‘Creekmore Scales of Eight Clothing Variables’, (Creekmore, 1966). The questionnaires were distributed to women in Dae Jeon including teachers, women working in a government office, women working in a company, nurses, women working in a bank, women working in a department store and the business center, technicians, women working in a merry making place, and house wives. For statistical analyses of the data from 400 respondents, F-test, and t-test were used. The results were as follows: 1. There were partially significant relationship between clothing behavior and occupations. The significant variables were modesty, comfort, approval, and dependence among the eight clothing variables. a) The group of highest interest in modesty and comfort was house wives and the group of lowest interest was women working in a merry making place. b) The group of highest interest in approval was women working in a merry making place and the group of lowest interest was women working in a bank. c) The group of highest interest in dependence was teachers and the group of lowest interest was nurses. 2. Partially significant differences were found in clothing behavior between a working women and house wives: The house wives were more interest in modesty, comfort, management. 3. Partially significant difference were found in clothing behavior between White-collar workers and Blue-collar workers were more interest in attention, approval, interest.
A Study on the Nominal Size for Children's Clothes Pattern Making - For 6~9 Year-old Girls -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 45~52
This research is aimed at establishing nominal sizes for the clothes manufacturers by using the results from a comprehensive study with 6~9 year-old girls. From the results of the data analysis, we found the following points: 1) The stature and the weight, which have strong correlations with each part of the body, are selected as the independent variables. 2) The frequency-distribution was calculated from the variable quantities(Table 1~5). 3) The nominal size for the jacket, blouse, skirt, and trousers was estimated by the frequency-distribution(Table 6~9). 4) A multiple linear regression model to estimate the 18 items was formulated.
An Analysis of Somatotype of Elderly Women with Implications for Clothing Construction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 53~67
Physical measurements of 181 Korean elderly women, aged 60 through 79, living in the Seoul area, were taken in 1981 in order to analyze their body types and to study clothing construction according to their body types. The study was composed of 117 items in all; 35 items in measurements, 1 items in Rohrer index, 68 items in physical index to stature and bust girth, and 14 items in proportion, Coefficients of correlation among body dimensions were used. The results from this analysis are as follows: 1) The most significant changes in body dimensions in advanced age were the decrease of bust height and the increase of both abdomen girth and waist girth. 2) Distinct physical changes did not appear until advanced senescence(70~79 years of age). 3) In the three somatotype groups(thin, average, and plump) categorized by their Rohrer index, the dimensions that remained unchanged in senescence were back waist length and front waist length ; the dimensions that varied most significantly in senescence were the waist measurements. 4) As a result of the analysis of coefficients of correlation among the body dimensions of the 3 figure groups categorized by the Rohrer index, the fundamental dimensions for establishing the size of ready-to-wear garments of elderly women were the stature, bust girth and center back length in upper garments. 5) The result of the analysis of physical index and proportion of the 3 figure groups showed that the more plump a figure might be, the ratio of depth to width measurements increased; the back waist height was higher and trunk enlarged. 6) The 9 figure categorized by their Rohrer index and stature showed that the percentage of women in the category of“normal figure”decreased more in advanced senescence than during early senescence. 7) An analysis of variation of the 9 figure groups, the stature and other items for a short and thin figure were the smallest, and for a tall and plump figure, the largest.
An Ergonomics Study of Clothing in an Environmental Aspect - Effects of the Sleeve and Pants Length to Skin Temperature, Thermal Sensation and Feeling of Restriction -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 69~81
Eight female subjects aged between 19 and 21 years old were used to compare 4 kinds of sleeves and pants length estimates of the effect of skin temperatures and thermal and restricted sensation. The subjects were exposed to climatic conditions between 23
, RH 65
5% while repose and exercise. Mean skin temperature became higher according to the sleeves and pants length. 4 kinds of shirts and pants always covered back and chest, but skin temperature of these parts are affected by the length of clothes. Thigh, uppar arm and shin which are covered or uncovered according to the lengh of the sleeve and pants, skin temperature of these parts became higher when convered with clothes than when uncovered. The subjects ballots warmer and more restricted sensation after exercise than after repose and when wear the long sleeved shirts and slacks that when wear the no sleeve shirts and short shorts. In conclusion, three quarter sleeved shirts and pedal pushers are recommended for the rest clothes and no sleeved shirts and shorts for the sports wear under the preceding conditions.
Anthropometry for Clothing Construction and the Factorial Structure Analysis (II)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 83~89
The purpose of this study was to analyze the 45 measuring items for the clothing construction in order to observe the factorial structure of items and to extract the common factor and the special unique factor from data. The sample for the study was drawn randomly out of senior high schoolgirls in Seoul urban area. The size of sample was 301 girls between age 16 and 18. The method of analysis was applied by the principal component analysis with orthogonal rotation after extraction of 9 major factors. All of the above data was analyzed by the computer installed at Seoul National University. From these analyses, the major findings can be summerized as follows: 1. The results of factor analysis generally indicated that the first factor was clustered with 15 items, length measures and height measures. The eigenvalue of the first factor was 16.5 and the cumulative percentage of variables 36.6%. 2. The second factor was clustered with width measures, girth measures and weight of 19 items. The eigenvalue of the second factor was 6.5 and the cumulative percentage of variables 51.0%.
A Study of Elucidation of Protein Quality of Raw and Heated Legumes Fed by Three Different Dietary Levels on Rats
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 91~98
Various kinds of legumes have included as essential foods in Korean diet. However, a little attention have been paid on variety of those beans other than soybean. Main purposes of this study is to evaluate the protein quality of raw and cooked, red mung bean. Eighty male, sprague-Dawely rats weighing 50 gram were devided into 16 groups, five rats each. Casein protein from red and mung bean were used was included to after true digestibility of the protein of legemes. After 4 weeks feeding period animals were sacrificed and following data: all determined food intake, body weight gain, F.E.R., pp.E.R. and weights of liver, kidney heart, spleen, testis, pancreas, skeletal muscles. Food intake, body weight gain, F.E.R., pp.E.R. of casein group were higher than those of experimental groups (red bean, mung bean) body weight gain was increased with protein increment in the diet in all groups. The weight of liver showed significant difference between standard group and experimental group. (red bean, mung bean) The nitro gen content of liver and muscles were increased with level of protein in the diets.
The Taste Conpounds of the Fermented Cod-roe, Gadus Macrocephlus - Changes of Free Amino Acids during the Fermentation of Cod-roe -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 99~105
Changes of free amino acids as taste compunds during the fermentation of cod-roe, Gadus marcrocephlus, were analyzed by a amino acid autoanalyzer. Leucine, lysine, valine, isoleucine and arginine were dominent amino acids in fresh cod-roe extracts, and the amounts of leucine (797.3mg%, on moisture and salt free base), lysine (577.7mg%) and valine(487.4mg%0 were 54.9% of total free amino acids. The contents of methionine, histidine, tyrosine and phenylanine were lower, and aspartic acid, glycine, threonine, glutamic acid and serine were detected trace amount. The free amino acids analyzed in this experiment were not changed in composition but changed in the amounts during 80 days of the fermentation. Total free amino acids were increased until 59 days of fermentation and than decreased gradually.
A Survey on the One-Sided Dietary Habit of Primary School Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 106~112
In this study was made a survey of the dietary habit with too many likes and dislikes (one-sided dietary habit) of first grade primary school children on 1098 primary school children, in an attempt to provide data for an efficient nutrition management for children. The results of the survey were interpreted in term of the standard of education and the state of employment of the children's mothers, the standard of living, sex, the number of sibling, the order of birth, whether or not living together with grandmother, and the breast feeding period. From the results of this study it seems that the overprotection by mothers leads the children to one-sided dietary habit. The mothers listed the lack of nutrition knowledge and the lack of efforts for meal management as major reasons for that they failed to help their children form a good dietary habits.
Studies on the Energy Expenditure of the Use of the Electric Vacuum Cleaners
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 113~124
We have investited on the efficiency of the electric vacuum cleaners for household use. On this experiment, we have used the Expired Gas Analyer IHO6(SAN-EI, K.K) to get energy expenditure of house cleaning. The testing items are, (1) The difference of energy expenditure of cleaning for the each types of the test floors: Which are P-tile, Tatami, and 4 kinds of carpets. (2) The energy expenditure of cleaning for the room with a given quantity of furnitures: The volumes of furnitures are 0, 3, 10, 20% of the room with 2 kinds of chair. The results of the experiments are as follows. 1. The energy expenditure of cleaning for the types of test floors: Setting the energy expenditure on the basis of P-tile, Tatami needs 20~24% energy expenditure than P-tile, and carpet needs 60~64% energy expenditure than P-tile. 2. Cleaning time: The more the room has many furnitures, the more it takes longer. The types of vacuum cleaners, the Shoulder-type cleaner needs 1.19 times of the Upright-type, and the Cylender-type needs 1.08 times of the Upright-type. 3. The energy expenditure of cleaning for a given quantity of furnitures: The more the rooms has many furnitures, the more the energy expenditure increase. A 10% (20%) increases in the volume of the furniture causes a 100% (200%) increases in the energy expenditure of vacuum cleaners.
The Analysis of Family Environmental Variables Affecting the Household Preferences
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 125~132
The purpose of this study was to see that how about the variables of homemaker's age, marital periods, children numbers, homemaker's employment, family types, house types, family income, homemaker's education level, and the convenience of kitchen and laundry influence on homemaker's household preferences. On this study, the household tasks were classified into the tasks on Care of clothes, Mal preparation and clean-up, Care of the house, Care of the family members, and Marketing and record keeping. Questionaires were given to randomly selected homemakers in Busan in July, 1982. Data from the 736 respones were analyzed according to Multi regression and T-test. The results were as follows: 1. The variables affecting the homemaker's household preferences were marital periods, family income and the convenience of kitchen and laundry. Longer the marital periods, higher the family income and more feeling the convence were taken higher preferences on household tasks. 2. The variable of age was less significantly related to the homemaker's household preferences than the marital periods. 3. The variable of house types was less significantly related to the homemaker's household preferences than the convenience of kitchen and laundry.
A Basic Study on the Establishment of the Consumer Education
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 133~142
The Consumer Education is one of the rapidly raised problems in the process of recent Economic Growth. As the Society and its economy changes into Oligopoly, the nature and the scope of the Consumer Education also changes. However, We don't have an institutional, systematic education of consumers. Even the basic concepts of Consumer Education has not yet been established, because it is in an infant state. Thus, the aim of this paper is to establish the fundermental concepts of Consumer Education and to help settlement of the direction of Consumer Education. The conclusions are as following: First, Consumers as the objects of Consumer Education are limited to the Ultimate-Consumer; and they can divided into three groups-Individual Consumer, Consumer-Group, the Consuming Masses. Now were have to deal with not only the concept of Ultimate Consumer which limited to the Consumer, but deal with the realistic problems involving Citizens and Livers. Second, Consumer Education is systematic educational activity in order that Consumers can assume an subjective behavior for the purpose of improvement and support of their own rights in society. Third, Consumer Education which enforced Consumers' Cooperative Society and Goods Test is the movements of systematic resistance of consumers. The former aims at Economic Equilibrium, while the latter Informative Equilibrium. so, the two movements should channel the direction of Consumer Education in order to realize the Equilibrium.
Physically Disabled Homemaker's Organizational Activities and Family Participation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 143~153
The objectives of this study were as follows: 1) To describe the group of selected disabled homemakers in terms of demographic and medical variables related to organizational activities in the home and family participation in household activities. 2) To identify those demograhpic and medical variables that were related to organizational activities in the home and family participation in household activities. 3) To identify relationship between organizational activities in the home and family participation in household activities. Questionnaires were given to the selected disabled homemakers living in Seoul. The sample was small(N=35) and it was not random; therefore generalizations could not be made to the population as a whole. Data were analyzed by mean, Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance by ranks, and Spearman rank correlation coefficients. Homemaker's organizational activities were measured by 16 items about physical and mental activities from Mumaw's Organizational Activities Index. Family participation in household activities was measured by 8 items about how often family members participated in two areas of household activities: house chores and extra-activities. The results were as follows: 1) The homemaker's higher organizational activities scores were associated with younger homemaker, higher the level of education, small households, and higher the economic status. The homemaker without children performed better organizational household activities. The homemaker with shorter the duration of disability performed better organizational activities. The homemaker who needed crutches for mobility performed better organizational household activities. 2) The homemaker who was younger, higher the level of education, with smaller households, and lower the economic level was helped by husband. Husband helped better the homemaker with shorter the duration of disability in household activities. 3) Factors affecting children's participation in disabled homemaker's house chores and extra-activities were the age of homemaker and the marital status. The homemaker was single and older, the children were more helpful. 4) Task standardization score was the highest among the factors of homemaker's organizational activities and families with a disabled homemaker participated more extensively than families with abled homemaker. 5) Significant intercorrelation was found between the dependent variables.
An Experimental Study for the Design of Household-Storage Facilities
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 155~168
What is attempted here is to find out an optimum method for the design of physical environments that could save human energy expenditures and safely perform household duties. There are, if any, very little amount of research done in this area. This is particulary so when the work relates to the designing of household storage facilities in the light of the energy metabolism of human body. The first step to this study, therefore, is to find out the ways by which we can determine the energy metabolism of human body accurately. To measure the volume and the concentration of human respiration continuously and automatically, a new apparatus is selected here. This includes the recording system with the Wright Respirometer and the Expired Gas Analyzer as well as the computer system to multiply volume by concentration of human respiration and to integrate them for a given time. Then, the author experimented on the reliability of this apparatus and came to the conclusion that this apparatus satisfied our need to research the energy metabolism of human body. Next, the general plan and procedures to experiment with this apparatus have been determined as follows: 1) subjects are three young and sound females. Their physical characteristics are shown in Table 1 and most approximates the standard characteristics of Japanese females, 2) height of open shelves is selected in such away as to correspond to the respective height of each subject(see Table 2), 3) utensils to be stored are box shaped object, which weight is 0.5kg, 1.0kg, 2.0kg or 3.0kg, 4) working motions are given while one or two hands as to place utensil on each shelf from the standard working board, 85 cm in height and then to place back it on the board from the shelf and repeated in constant velocity as 10 times per a minute, 5) each posture of motion is chosen by each subject in free, 6) procedures of measurement of human energy metabolism ard shown at(6), 1, Section 3 as specific methods for using this apparatus. Findings of this study are as follows: 1. Human energy expenditures for storing utensils on shelves by each subject are shown in quantity more accurately than in any other studies, under varying conditions about height of shelves, load of utensils and working motion with one hand and two hands (see Fig. 8~13 and Table 3). 2. Experimental formulae of human energy expenditure for that work are shown as formula (8), (9) and (10), to generalize results of 1. and to apply those for working motion under given conditions. 3. As results of analysis on gained data, we are able to show the standard model of human energy expenditures for storing untensils on shelves by the standard Japanese female (see Table 7 and Fig. 14).
Rural Consumers' Prepurchase Search Behavior - With Special Reference to Home Managers in Rural Korea -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 169~176
This study attempts to explore and explain major socieconomic factors which determine the extent of rural consumers' external search behavior in cases of two product categories: electric appliances and clothing. For the purpose of this study, interviews were conducted with 201 home managers in four rural towns(Hwasun, Haenam, Naju, and Bulkyo) of South Cholla Province. On the whole, the hypotheses that socioeconomic status, age and the characteristics of region of rural consumers make significant differences in their shopping motivation and the extent of external search are generally supported in case of clothing. No substantial differences are found in case of electric appliances. This study suggests that the effective purchasing system and the providing of informative consumer information would be needed to rural consumers for their extensive search. It also suggests that psychological aspects and situational variables in addition to socioeconomic aspects presumably contribute to our understanding of search behavior.
Wert und Bewertung der Arbeit in Houshalt
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 177~184
Die Arbeit im Haushalt, der unmittelbaren Versorgung des Menschen gilt, D rfte der lteste Begriffsinhalt von Arbeit berhaupt sein. Diese Arbeit im Haushalt zur unmittelbaren Daseinsvorge steht heute aber in unserer Gesellschaft in zunehmendem Make zur Disposition. Solange in einer Gesellschaft Arbeiten oder Arbeits bereiche der Daseinsvorsorge ganz selbstverst nd lich bernommen werohen, weil sie nicht delegierbar erscheinen und gen gend menschen f r diese Aufgaben verf gbar sind, werden ihr Wert und ihre Bedeutung dem einzelnen und der gesellschaft haum bewupt. Wir be handeln die leistung der Familien hansfrauen wie die gute Luft. Die Leirtung wird selbstuerst ndlich erwartet, und erst eine nicht erbrachte Leistung erregt pers nlichesoder gesellschaftliches Aufsehen. Die Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechung ist auch ohne produktions-und Kapitalkonto der privatin Haushalte konzipiert worden. Eine Diskussion um wert und Bewertung der Hausarbeit ist nicht nur eine Frage der volkswirt schaftlichen Rechnungs fuhrung. Sie rept dar ber hinaus an, den Bestimmungs faktoren an suchen, die dazu f hrten, da
die Hausarbeit heute so wertlos erscheint, da
ann hernd niemand sie erlernen und nur noch wenige sie machen mochtan.
A Study on Preschool Child's Imaginative Play and Play Materials
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 185~192
The purpose of this study was to examine preschool children's participation tendency and use of play materials in imaginative play. The subjects for the study included 22 boys and girls in nursery school. These children were observed for 110-3-minutes of play behavior during free play at nursery school, especially in block area and housekeeping area. The results obtained from the study were as follows. 1. There was a significant association between paricipation tendency in imaginative play and age or sex, Boys engaged in more social imaginative play than girls, and four-year-olds engaged in more social imaginative play than three-year-olds. 2. There was sex difference in the content of imaginative play and use of play materials. That is, boys usually chose masculine kinds of toys such as block, cars, trucks, and manipulative materials. And the boys' common fantasies were about car, robert and fighting. Girls usually chose play dough, kitchen sets, and blocks and there were maines stories of family life and cooking. 3. Children preferred to use more realistic toys in imaginative plays and there were few cases of imaginative plays with no materials.
A Study on the Relationship between Mother's Child-rearing Practices and Children's Critical Thinking Abilities
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 193~204
This study attempts to clarify the relationship between mother;s child-rearing practices and children's critical thinking abilities. More specifically this study wants to answer the questions: (a) Is there any relationship between mother's child-rearing practices and children's critical thinking abilities? (b) What dimensions of child-rearing practices are more important for children's critical thinking abilities? (c) Does the developmental process of children's critical thinking abilities show any difference according to the mother's child-rearing practices? This study is based on the conceptual model of child-rearing practices from the cognitive disciplinary viewpoint proposed by Lee et al.(1973). They polarized the child-rearing practices into the“mediated”types. These types were specified along seven dimensions of child-rearing. In general terms, the two types refer to the degree to which mother resorts to the description of concrete and immediate phenomena and immediate expression of momentary impulses, and positively reinforces such behaviors of her children. Two kinds of data were collected from 60 primary school boys and girls, and their mothers. A child-rearing practices questionnaire with 28 items was sent to the mothers. And the children were administered a critical thinking abilities test containing measures of 4 dimensions from the Ahn's Critical Thinking Measurement Technique. The major findings are those (a) the children of mothers who reported to have used more“mediated”types of child-rearing show relatively higher level of critical thinking abilities than their counterparts; (b) of the seven dimensions of child-rearing practices, the most significant are“mode of description”,“rationality-orientation”and“reward and punishment”; and (c) the“mediated”type of child-rearing practices tends to facilitate critical thinking abilities development. In conclusion, it is believed that a further refinement of this study will contribute to the development of child-rearing training program for mothers.
A Study of the juveniles' Psychological Distance to Their Parents and Related Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 20, issue 4, 1982, Pages 205~223
This study was devised to investigate the juveniles' psychological distance to their parents and related variables. 456 respondents, consisted of 116 middle school boys, 101 high school boys, 114 middle school girls and 125 high school girls, were sampled. The psychological distance was measured by the semantic differential method, and the statistical data were verified by the analysis of variance through computer system. The main results are found as follows. 1. The average mark of the juveniles' psychological distance to their parents was 54.73(78.19%)/70(100%) and the mark of high school girls was highest and high school boys lowest. 2. The variables influencing on the juveniles' psychological distance to their parents were varied buy the groups. 1) Middle school boys; home atmosphere(p＜.001), social and economical status of home (S.E.S; p＜.01), number of intimate friends(p＜.05), rearing attitudes of parents(p＜.05). 2) High school boys; home atmosphere(p＜.001), age of father(p＜.05), protection of mother(p＜.05) 3) Middle school girls; home atmosphere(p＜.001), rearing attitudes of parents (p＜.001), S.E.S of home(p＜.001).