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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
Selecting the target year
The effect of sleeve pattern on the ease of blouse -On sleeve cap height and sleeve length-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 1~11
The subject, in the blouses that sleeve caps and sleeve lengthes are different from, did sensory test by right arm movement and both arms movement. This sensory test which is used in fabric good, is Shef's. RESULTS : 1) The ease of bust size is very significant by cap height, at 5%, 1% level by sleeve length. 2) The front area of arm hole is affected by cap height, sleeve length movements more than the back and the under area of arm hole are 3) Sleeve width is affected by cap height, sleeve length both arms movement. That is, they should be designed according to the use because they affect the ease of blouse very much. Especially bust size should be considered with sleeve pattern because the ease bust becomes different with sleeve pattern.
A study on the historical evolution of Man's Necktie
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 13~23
We investigate several theories on how the cravate came into being and eventually evoved into the modern day necktie. Among the different possibilities, the most plausible case is the introduction of the neckwear by croatioan soldiers into France near the beginning of the seventeenth century. During seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the beautiful costumes and extravagant embroideries using the expensive laces, were common oractices among the high society of the royal court, and the cravate evolved into a favorite ornament. While it was emerging as a beautiful part of man's dress in France and the continent, Charles II brought the cravate to England where it became the central part of the dandy's dress. The cravate became not only a part of dress but a subject for a solemn ceremony. George brummell was the most famous English dandy associated with this ritual and he is also credited as the father of modern men's dress. In england, Brummell became famous for his clean cravate was used as the expressionis of political opinions. They were san cravate, muscadins and incroyables, for example. The classic style of male dress in the nineteenth century was due to Brummell and the severe unadorned silhouette he started has changed very little to became the present day male dress.
A study on the relationship between unisex clothing attitude and clothing behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 25~35
The purpose of the study is to research unisex clothing attitude and clothing behavior and to compare the former with the later according to the different sex, the other walks of life and their professional occupations. The factors that one sex clothing has changed to the other sex clothing are illustrated in its attitude and then there are five distinguished parts such as aesthetics, utility, status symbol, conformity and modesty. A common questionaire is introduced for the way to survey them and the sources to measure them are gathered from the former studies for them but some of them are corrected, collegians in the city of Seoul, Sum total ; 578 students including 291 male students and 287 female students are investigated for this research. The date is analyzed by correlation, percentage, mean, analysis of variance and t-test. RESULTS : 1. The affirmative response to the questionaire is reflected stronger by the part of female's cloths changing to male's clothing than by the part of male's cloths changing to female's clothing. 2. Unisex clothing is more affirmative in the group of the same sex persons' living than in the group of the different sex people. 3. A unisex clothing goes for the characteristics of a person but it goes against the modesty. 4. The opinions from the negative group about Unisex clothing show us conspicuous viewpoints compared with them from the affirmative group about it. 5. The number of the group to describe the agreed opinion about Unisex clothing and to point out the trait of any person are so many. 6. While the number of the male group to be right view about Unisex clothing in becoming more and more female style shows us high interesting in status symbol for persons, the female group to agree with female Unisex clothing show us their high concerns at the utility.
Nutrition survey of young children in a day care center in the low income area of seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 37~50
A nutrition survey of 128 perschool children, 4 to 6 years old, in the Saemaul Youlgok day care center, located in one uplane, overpolulated, poor area of the city of Seoul, sponsered by the Korean Red Cross Society, was undertaken between August 21 and 31, 1984, to investigate dietary and nutritional status. RESULTS: Mean values of height, weight, arm circumference, girth of chest, and head circumference ranged from 95 to 100% of KIST mean. However, 4.8~14.2% of the subjects were assessed as undernourished in terms of 'weight for height'. Mean hemoglobin vcalue was 12.1±0.7gm%, and mean hematocrit value was 38.5±2.2%; 4.1% of the subjects were proven to be anemic according to the criterion of hemoglobin established by the ICNND. Mean urinary urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio was 11.4±3.8. Regarding mean energy and nutrient intake, the following percentages had intakes below two-thirds of the 1985 RDAs: 28.8% of children, for protein; 48.8% of children, for iron; and 28.8% of children, for calcium. About 25% of children had vitamin A intake below one-third of the recommended allowance. Carbohydrate provided 71% of total energy intake; protein accounted for 13%; fat provided 16%. Energy intake was divided among breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks in a percentage ration of 19:26:21:34. The lunch, and snacks which were served at the day care center provided 36.5~79.1% of daily energy and nutrient intake. The survey clarified that the day care feding largely supplemented the inadequate dietary intakes of these young children at home. According to factor analysis of energy and nutrient intake, there were two factor groups : the first factor group, for energy, protein, carbohydrate, iron and niacin, mainly provided by grains; and the second factor group, for calcium, vitamin A, thamin, riboflavin and ascorbic acid, provided by vegetables, fruits, milk and milk products. The survey also revealed significant correlation coefficients between family factors such as family income, educational level of parents, and number of children; and dietary or nutritional status of the subjects.
Effects of nutritional supplementation of cereal-vegetable diet on the growth of rats (III)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 51~62
This study was designed to observe the effects of nutritional supplementation of general Korean diet on protein metabolism in growing rats. Seventy weanling Sprague-Dawely male rats weighing 76.8
1.45g were blocked into ten groups and fed ten different experimental diets for eight weeks. The rats in cereal-vegetable group were fed ad libitum for all the experimental period and those in other experimental groups were pairfed following the feed intake of rats in C-V gp. Control group was given 72% cornstarch-29% casein diet : C-V gp was fed cerealvegetable diet composed of rice, barley, soybean and Chinese cabbage : the other eight groups were fed C-V diets supplemented with casein, vitamin B\sub 2\ calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B\sub 2\ and vitamin A, vitamin A and calcium, vitamin B\sub 2\ and calcium, vitamin A and vitamin B\sub 2\ and calcium, respectively, on the basis of each nutrients content of standard diet.
Food preferences of foreigners residing in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 63~73
The purpose of this study was to investigate foreigners' preferences in Korean foods as served in Korean restaurants. A questionnaire was constructed for this study and sent to foreigners residing in the Seoul area. The study showed that when they have a chance to choose a restaurant for eating out, the decision to choose a Korean-Style restaurant is made on the basis of the special flavor of Korean food as well as the desire to experience Korean traditional food culture. Korean style barbecue, mixed vegetables, and dumplings are preferred by most foreigners. Beef rib stew and pibimbab were also selected frequently. Muk, maeuntang, rice cakes, cold noodles and sea weeds were not preferred.
A study on the radiant heat exchange in living space
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 75~82
This study was measured experimentally the Configuration factor of the adult female with the purpose of explaning quantitatively the human body's radiant heat exchange in a small scale of a house. And it is a investigatio about human clothed body's heat resistance which have great influence on radiant heat exchange. The result of this study was diagrammatized the [Shape×Area Factor] for the sake of making it easy to calculate the quantity of the actual human body's radiant heat exchange, and designed a diagram to make it easy to find the value of the human clothed body's heat resistance and clothing surface temperature. Thus, this research can be used as a basic resource for not only calculating wuantitatively radiant heat exchange of human clothed body and unclothed body in the radiant heating system of low temperature but also designing the thermal environment in a room.
The relationships between sex and age of children and the characteristics of wall motifs
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 83~91
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships of children's sex and age to the characteristics of wall motifs. A pilot study was conducted to pool motifs which can be used on the walls of children's rooms. 69 motifs were found and classified into 12 categories. The data consisted of the responses to a structured questionnaire to determine preference and actual use of motifs. The subjects were middle school children from middle income classes living in Seoul, Data were analysed by computer using frequency, percentage, χ\sup 2\, and C\sup 2\. Children's sex and age differences were somewhat distinctively found in preferred motifs.
A study on purchase and use management of small electric appliances in the urban household. -Mainly Automatic Rice Cooker, Electric Frypan, Toaster and Blender-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 93~112
The purpose of this study is to clarify which some factors among the socio-demographic factors have effect on the housewives behavior on how to buy small electric appliances and how to use them. The questionnaires were distributed in July 1985 to 491 housewives in Seoul. Satistical methods as percentage, frequency, arithmetic mean, chi-square test, t-test and F-test were used for data analysis. RESULTS : 1) The average rate of possessing the automatic rice cooker is 87.8%, the electric frypan is 81.0%, the toaster is 36.9% and the blender is 86.9%. 2. Generally the frequency of use were low. 3) Generally their knowledge on small electric appliances is low. 4) The ability of management in blender was influenced by age, education and in automatic rice cooker was influenced by only education.
Personality and color preference of preschool children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 113~122
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality and color preference, thereby to suggest a personality profile on the basis of colors selected for children's preference. Materias used to determine the degree of color preference were 24 color papers which were developed and described in a previous research by Lee & Lee. The Instrument used ot determine children's personality was Burks' Behavior Rating Scales-Preschool and Kindergarten Edition. Subjects wee 70 3-, 4- and 5- year old children attending the Y Child Development research institute. Data were analyzed with SPSS using mainly F-test and Duncan's Multiple Range Test. Results showed that among 24 colors used, white, violet, sapphire, sky blue, blue, green yellow, pink, green, red, gold, purple, van dyke brown, blue, green, silver were found to be significantly related to persionality. Judging from this results, white and violet seemed to be most predictive colors to personality. Personality aspects significantly related to specific colors were discussed and a profile of personality based on color preference were developed.
Sex role identity and self esteem among Korean and American college students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 2, 1986, Pages 123~137
The present study was designed to answer the following questions : The first overall question had to do with the relationship between sex-role identity and self-esteem-more specifically, is androgyny or masculinity more importamt in explaining the variation in self-esteem? The second overall question had to do with the degree to which the relationship between sex-role identity and self-esteem is a universal or a culturally specific phenomeon-more specifically, is the relationship between sex-role identity and self-esteem the same in Korean and American cultures? The Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory were administered to 208 American college students and 207 Korean college students, respectively, in introductory sociology classes. The BSRI and SEI are standardized for American subjects and written in English. Prior to administering these instruments to Korean subjects, they were translated ito the Korean Language. In order to fully explore the data, qualitative as well as quantitative measurement of the BSRI were used, and both factorial and regression analyses were performed in this study. The most important cross-cultural differences found in the present study are directly related to the two research questions. In the U.S. sample, masculine attributes were found to be more important in explaining self-esteem. On the other hand, androgynous attributes were positively related to self-esteem in the Korean sample. These findings also provide the answer to the second question. That is, different cross-cultural patterns of relationship were found between sexrole identity and self-esteem, providing some support for a culture-bound relationship. These cross-cultural differences were discussed in terms of both confucian values held by Koreans and Bakan's suggestion of a positive relationship between agentic characteristics and modernization.