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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
Selecting the target year
A study on body cathexis and clothing satisfaction of married women.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 1~9
The purpose of this study was to measure the body cathexis and clothing satisfaction sccording to the level of age, job, and total monthly income and to investigate the relationship between body cathexis and clothing satisfaction of married women. 43 items of body parts and body functions were selected to measure body cathexis from Secord and jourard body Cathexis scale. A nd 56 items of Mclean's Clothing Satisfac tion scale were used for clothing satisfaction. The questionnaires were administered to 384 mothers in Jeonbug province. 3-way ANOVA and Newman-Keuls test were used for group difference. Pearson's Correlation Coefficients, Partial Correlation Coefficients, Standard Deviation, and Mean were calculated. RESULTS : 1. Body cathexis of married women showed asignificant difference according to age. 2. Clothing satisfaction of married women showed a significant difference to the interaction of age, job, and total monthly income. The elder and higher income group without job had the highest clothing satisfaction scores than any other group. 3. Positive correlations were found among body cathexis, clothing satisfaction, and 6 subscales of clothing satisfaction.
Ergonomic studies on the height of pillow
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 11~18
The height of pillow was investigated from the ergonomics standpoint. The main concern of this research was to investigated the appropriate height of the pillow in lying on one's side. The infestigation in this study was administered to a sample of forty men who were similar to Korean standard body-build. The experiment was conducted under the awakening state. The experimental method was performed using ; 1) Sensuous test 2)Electromyogram survey 3) X-ray observation Sensuous test was performed using both a plain wood board and a slope wood board by jack to objectify. RESULTS : 1) By sensuous test, the height of pillow for the most comfortable state turned up 9.4±1.1cm in lying on one's side. 2) By electromyogram survey and X-ray observation, the numerical value was substantially confirmed well-grounded physiologically and anatomically. Ihope this research will be useful to establishing the suitable height of pillow for Korean.
A study on the responses of students to their teachers' clothing behaviours
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 19~29
Teenagers were apt to be influenced by their teachers in every respect and were greatly affected by the clothing behaviours of teachers to whom they paid their respect. From this point, this study was aimed at explaining of the mutual relations between the teachers' clothing behaviors and the students' responses, in view of the fact that the teachers' clothing behaviors had a great influence on the students' characters and their will to study. Clothing behaviors were assessed with 15 items, selected from the instruments of preceding studies and modified by the factors dealing with modesty, fashion and clothing satisfaction. The questionaires were composed of two major categories; the first was about teachers' clothing behaviors and attitudes, and the second the interests in learning and school life. The subjects of this study included students in primary schools, middle schools and high schools located in the Incheon and Kimpo area, totaling 1,269 boys and girls. The data were analyzed statistically by t-test, F-test, χ\sup 2\-test, Duncan test, and regression analysis. RESULTS 1. The students' responses to the teachers' clothing behaviors were different according to grade years, sex and area. a) As to the differences in responses between grade years, the lower grade years showed higher interest in modesty and clothing satisfaction, while the higher grade years in fashion. However, they don't like the teachers to take the lead in fashion. b) As to the differences in responses between boys and girls, girls took much higher interest in modesty and fashion. In respect to clothing satisfaction, girls showed a little more interest, though there were no remarkable differences. c) As to the differences in responses between areas, the students in rural area showed higher interests in modesty. As to fashion and clothing satisfaction, the showed higher interests in modesty. As to fashion and clothing satisfaction, the students in urban areas had more interests in fashion, while the students in rural areas in clothing satisfaction, though there wee not remarkable difference. 2. In students' responses to the teachers' clothing behaviors dependent variables-modesty, fashion and satisfaction-can explain clothing behaviors to such an extent that modesty can be explained by 4.7% in the order of the grade years, sex and area, fashion by 13% in the grade years and sex, and satisfaction by 3% in the grade years respectively. 3. The students who were more interested in learning and school life were more satisfied with the teachers' clothing behaviors, made more of their modesty and cared less about their fashion.
A comparative study of general values and clothing behavior of college female students in Korea and America.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 31~42
It is generallybelieved that the values of female students are different depending on the cultural enviromment of society. The purpose of this paper is to discern the value orientation of female students in Korea and America, and how they are related to the clothing behavior. 300 female students were selected as sample from the Univ. of Minnesota and 158 students filled out the questionnair. 420 female students were selected from five unversities in Jinju, Taegy and Pusan. RESULTS : 1) Korean students had highly evaluated theaethetic, political, religious and social values, and American students had higher evaluation on the economic and American students had higher evaluation on the economic and theoretical values. 2) Korean students tended to regard modesty, conformity and management as important factors when they chose new clothes, and for American students, appearance and tool were important. 3) The impact of values on clothing vehavior was as follows. a) Korean students who emphasized theoretical values did not use clothes as an instrument of status symbol and modesty. b) American students who emphasized the economic values tended to have an interest in purchase and wearing of clothes on purpose. c) Korean students who had positive attitudes on the aethetic values tended to be conservative, but they wanted to use the clothes as a demonstration of self exaggeraton. d) Korean students who regarded social values important tended to have a higher interest in the management of clothes. e) Korean students who had highly evaluated the religious values tended to be conservative when the selected new clothes. American students did not want to conform to the group norm when they chose new clothes. On the whole, American students did not put on clothes to achieve a specific goal. In short, it can be concluded that Korean students and American students have different values and they have a great impact on their clothing behavior.
A study on foot measurement and adult women's shoe standard size.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 43~50
This study is toidentify what makes people uncomfortable when people wear new shoes and to gain fundamental data for establishing shoe sizes. Data materal from the 16 measurement investigation conducted on 796 college girl students shows the following. 1) More than 96% of the subjects have experienced footache when they wore new shoes. It is significant that 45.76% of the subjects answered shoe width, especially pump-lining part cause them to feel more pain in their feet than any other measurement elements. 2) According to multiple correlation analysis to know which parts of feet determine shoe size, both multiple correlation coefficient of feet length to other parts of foot and joint girth to other parts of foot show the highest of R=0.93. 3) According to the ANOVA-tested result of estimated function when both foot-length-joint girth and foot length-joint girth-foot width are independent variables in each case, the level of α〈0.001 is very significant. 4) The comparision between KS G3116 adult women's shoe size establishment table and my table in this study reveals that the cases of more increased joint girth measurements than standard joint girth measurements in KS G 3116 table are easy to find.
A study on the function of sleeve for the construction of cuffs
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 51~58
This study is to investigate the Function of sleeve for the construction of cuffs. Three measuremental items of sleeve cap high, length of sleeve and puff quantity of upper sleeve cap are compared between when the experimental man raises righthand static pose. The wearing test is done in sewing cuffs of either fixing up cuffs or not-fixing up cuffs, and in no cuffs. Three measuremental items are pulled length from sleeve end, pulled length from side waist line, and pulled dimensions from waist line. 1. The result according to the length and dimensions variation caused by a change of sleeve cap high. 2. The results according to the length and dimensions variation caused by a sort of sleeve length. 3. The results according to the length and dimension variation caused by the puff quantity of sleeve cap.
Effects of Sewing Conditions for Knitted Fabric on the Heat Generation of Sewing Needle
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 59~67
The heat of sewing needle is generated through the friction during the needle penetration into and withdrawal from fabrics. Therefore, effects of sewing condition for knitted fabric on the heat generation of needle was examined. The needle size was not the large influence factor of heat generation of needle but the needle point shape significantly affects needle temperature. And the super needle coated with fluoro resin had more effect on reducing the heat of needle. The decrease of sewing speed and the increase of stitch rate had more effect on the reduction in needle temperature. Also the Influence of a sewing thread on the needle temperature was very large compared with bare needle. As expected, an increase in the number of fabric layers result in higher needle temperature.
A Study on Nutritional Evaluation of Foods in School Cafeteria for Teachers and Its Relation to Daily Energy Expenditure of Teachers (In Junior and Senior High School in Incheon)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 69~78
Meals served in school cafeteria for teachers were evaluated in terms of calorie and nutrient level and food composition. Daily energy expenditure of teachers was compared with caloric content of the meal. The followings are results of the study. 1) Twelve different foodstuffs were used in each meal of school cafeteria for teachers. The average amount of food served meal was 396.0g. The ratio of animal food to total food served was 13.2%. The meal was consisted of 44.8% of basic food group 4, 34.7% of basic food group 3, 19.3% of basic food group 1, 0.4% of basic food group 2 and 0.9% of basic food group 5. 2) The average caloric content of the meal was 629.9Kcal. The caloric ratio of carbohydrate, protein and fat to total calorie was 72.4% : 15.3% : 12.3% respectively. The ratio of animal protein to total protein was 43.2%. In meals of school cafeteria, the level o fall nutrients except iron and niacin was lower than RDA for male, whereas the level of all nutrients except protein and niacin was lower than RDA for female. 3) The average daily energy expenditures of teachers were 2,017.2Kcal for male and 1,735.3Kcal for female. The meal in school cafeteria supplied 93.7% of daily energy expenditure of male teachers and 110.0% of daily energy expenditure of female teachers. When planning meals in school cafeteria, recommended allowance, actual energy expenditure and food preference of teachers should be considered to improve the quality of meals. Also it seems desirable to give teachers the nutritional education for taking balanced diet.
Mineral and Saponin Component in white Sesame, black Sesame and Perilla Seed
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 79~84
the purpose of this paper is to study on the proximate composition, mineral and saponin content in white sesame, black sesame, and perilla seed. For this purpose, we have compared six different materials: white-raw-sesame, white-roast-sesame, black-raw-sesame, black-roast-sesame, raw-perilla seed and roast perilla seed, and have come to the following results. The crude fat content was the highest in white-raw-sesame(55.3%). In all the six samples, the crude fat content in raw seeds was all higher than that in roast seeds. The crude protein content was the highest in the roast perilla seed(24.6%), and in the six samples, the crude protein content in roast seeds all higher than that in roast seeds. The total sugar content was found to be the highest in the roast perilla seed(8.29%). The reducing sugar content was higher in raw perilla seed(1.57%) than in other sample materials. The ash content was the highest in black raw-sesame(5.93%), and that percentage rates was the same as that of FAO and of Japan. Minerals like Cd. Mn. Cu. Na. Mg. Pb. and Ca. were found to be contained more in black sesame than in other sample materials. The minerals contained most in white sesame were Zn.(61.6ppm) and Fe(49.4ppm), and K was contained a little more in perilla seed than in the others. The sample materials which contain saponin most were white-roast-sesame(0.34%) and black-roast-sesame(029%).
A survey of consciousness of the order menu system of restaurant managers and customers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 85~95
This study was to form a desirable dietary life plan for Koreans, to obtain basic materials for understanding the concept of sanitary life and to prevent waste of food resources. In order to execute these purposes we made up questionnaires and distributed them to 200 restaurant managers and 1955 customers in Seoul. As a result, the restaurant managers and customers all had proper knowledge of the purposes of the order menu system which is conducted to improve public sanitation and to save food. Nevertheless the habit of the Korean people's dietary life has not fixed yet. Therefore, according to the survey it was shown that there should be more new work in recognizing the importance of this field by active public relations.
A comparative study on general components and minerals in human and cows milk
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 97~101
The content of sugar in human milk was almost twice as much as that in cow's milk. The content of ash in cow's milk was twice as much as that in human milk. Cow's milk had a greater proportion of sodium than human milk. the ratio of P/Ca in human milk was as much lower than that in cow's milk. Cow's milk had more Cu than human milk.
A Study of Ecology in Food Focused on Breakfast of Students and Adults with Professional Occupations in the Urban Areas
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 103~118
A survey of ecological aspects of food, focused on breakfast of 1,526 adults with various professional occupations such as professors, teachers, employees of government, bank and company, and 1,928 students of various levels in the urban areas, was conducted from March, 1984 to February, 1985. The results were shown as follows: Significancy was found between appetite at breakfast, and bed time, status of sleep, eating outside the home on the previous evening, meal or snack of the previous late evening, and exercise before breakfast. The study showed that only 15.2% of the subjects had a good appetite at breakfast; 28.1% had a poor appetite; others had indifferences. About 45% of the subjects had their evening meal between 7pm. and 8pm.; bank employees had breakfast further later than 9pm.. Surprisingly, 31.3% of the subjects had snacks later than 10pm..Nearly one-fourth of subjects, in general, and 34.4% of the subjects in Seoul, had breakfast by themselves due to different schedules of family members. Breakfast patterns of the subjects during a period of 7 days were distributed as follows: 5.5 times for rice-oriented Korean meal; 0.6 times for bread type meal; 0.9 times for the omission of meal. The study described that the subjects who had bread type breakfast consumed only 3.7 items of food, whereas the subjects who had Korean breakfast consumed 7.1 items, on the average. Better breakfast eating habits for an adequate daily diet should be emphasized through nutrition education for adolescents and at the worksite.
Comparative studies on the fatty acids in the green and roasted coffee beans
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 119~127
To investigate differences in fatty acid composition in green coffee beans and roasted coffee beans, the extracts of two beans were subjected to analysis of fatty acid composition by GC and HPLC. The results showed that palmitic and liolneic acid were the main fatty acids of coffee oil and their contents were about 40%. Minor components, such as capric acid, lauric acid and myristic acid were detected in both samples by GC, but nut HPLC.
A Study on Consumers Design Evaluation Affected by Demographic and Psychological Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 129~141
The purpose of this study was to test both psychological and demographic variables and their relationship to the consumers design evaluation with reference to television sets and refrigerators. The survey questionnaire consisted of three distinct areas: 1) demographic information about the subjects, 2) their interest in design and need for design, 3) their evaluation of‘ideal’designs the subjects were 900 adults selected from middle and high economic level in Seoul. The major findings were the‘ideal’design of the subjects was affected by interest in design and the need for design. The need for design was related to either self-esteem or to esteem of others. Interest in design and need for self-esteem were affected by demographic variables but the need for esteem of others was not.
A Study on the Measure of Familism : Familism Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 3, 1986, Pages 143~153
This study is intended to develop a scale to measure familism. Construction of this scale is based on a sample of 448 married males and females living in Seoul. This scale to measure familism is developed by employing a type of item analysis method called correlation analysis. 13 items are selected by correlation analysis, and these are found statistically significant even by analysis based on the criterion of internal consistency. Validity of this scale is evidenced by logical validation, jury opinion and independent criteria. Reliability estimate assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficients is .759. This scale comprises the following 4 aspects of familism: 1) Support for filial piety and ancestor worship. 2) Integration of individual activities into family ones for achievement of family objectives. 3) Obligation to support individual family members and give them financial assistance when needed, on the assumption that properties such as land, money, etc. belong to family. 4) Mutual aid in psychological and social aspects between parents and married children, and married children and their married siblings. It is concluded that this familism scale represents an improvement on other measure of familism, but that a number of methodological issues remain to be further studied.