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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
Selecting the target year
A study on the Effect of Girdle Pressure
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study is to examine quantitatively the relations between the girdle pressures operated on the abdomen and buttock of body according to the increase of time and the displacement or the deformation of thorax, diaphragm, heart and stomark caused. In an erect position, the roentgen photographs of thorax and abdomen were taken on three female subjects (20~21 years old) with eutonic stomach under four different time sequence (0, 3, 6, 9 hours) of the girdle pressure. The displacement and deformation of each viscera were examined by X-ray films thus obtained. The results are as follows: 1. Thorax was not statistically significant according to the increase of time in the girdle pressure. 2. Diaphrame greatly ascended under the increase of time in the girdle pressure after 9 hours, put pressure upon the lung and heart. 3. Heart increased in the height of maximum transverse-diameter, of the left side because of ascending of diaphragm.
A study on Clothing Design for Elementary School Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 13~26
The purpose of this study was to design a set of functional and creative clothing for elementary school children emphasizing the physical, psychological and athletic developments in children. At the same time plans were made to protect the child from an environment which presents obstacles or dangers to children's activities. The followings are criteria for clothing design of this study. 1) Ease for comfort 2) Protection from abraision 3) Protection from snagging 4) Protection from soiling 5) Repose Functional and ply valant styles and materials were chosen so that a child can easily change his clothes in different styles, and efforts in clothing are being made to meet the various demands of children's activities.
Study on the military uniform
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 27~50
The military uniform is worn to defend against enemy. Its function has an important effect on its changing. As once the means of combat was the collective formation, soldiers fought with swords and bows, or on horses. After the invention of gun powder, however, it became changed to the scattering formation. Therefore, it became impossible to fight on great armors any more. the armors and helmets made of iron, used light, materials, became those of Doosuingab (豆錫鱗甲), Soejagab(鎖子甲), Pigab(皮甲), Jigab(紙甲). The Doojunggab(頭釘甲) which presented a grand appearance came into existence. At last the Chullic and GooGoonbok made of clothing were worn. Korean military uniform were influenced by Chines military uniform. Korean armors had an influence on Japanese. As follows, I will study on Chinese and Korean armors with the changes of the times.
Amino Acid Composition of Human and Cow's Milk
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 51~55
The composition of human milk was compared with that of cow's milk. The contents of amino acids were analyzed by amino acid autoanalyzer. The content of glutamic acid in cow's milk was three times as much as that in human milk. The content of essential amino acid in human colostrum was twice as much as that in mature milk.
Correlations among Blood Pressures, Dietary Intakes and Other Environmental Factors in Korean Adult Males
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 57~68
The present survey was designed to investigate correlations among blood pressure, nutritional intakes, and various environmental factors in Korean adult males, and to observe the difference in dietary intakes between hypertensive patients and normotensive subjects. Two hundred forty-three adult men from Seoul and rural areas were interviewed about their food intakes, dietary patterns, food habits, and general environmental factors from December 20, 1982 to February 15, 1983. Their dietary intakes were surveyed by means of 24-hour recall diet method. Dietary score card was used in order to evaluate the quality of routine diet of the subject. Variables of environmental factors and factors related to hypertension were expressed as percentage, and the differences in nutrient intake and food score of each sub-group were examined by means of t-test. Correlation of all the variables were analyzed by Pearsons Correlation Coefficient. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. 38% of the subjects were between the ages of 40~49, and about one-half of the subjects were middle or high school graduates. 28% of the subjects earned 210, 000~350, 000 Won per month, and income distribution was almost identical to that of the urban population of Korea. 2. There was more overweight or obese found in the hypertensive patients than in the normotensive subjects. About 40% of the hypertensive patients reported a family history of hypertension, and their knowledge about hypertension was rather poor, but slightly better than the normotensive subjects. The patient group had less adherence to smoking and alcohol compared with the normotensive subjects, but no difference was observed in coffee drinking. The mean value of the blood pressure for the normotensive subjects was 127/86mmHg and 175/109mmHg for the hypertensive group. 3. Nutrient intake for the hypertensive group was lower for most of nutrients than in the healthy group. Hypertensive patients on diet therapy consumed less calories and carbohydrates compared with those who do not follow diet therapy. 4. There was no difference intake of these food groups between patients and the healthy group. Food score was strongly related to consumption of animal protein, saturated fats, Calcium, Iron, Vitamin A, Riboflavin, and Vitamin C, which are prone to be deficient in the typical Korean diet. 5. Blood pressure had a strong positive correlation with age, body weight, and socioeconomic level. In addition, monthly income was positively related with age and education level. 6. Three was a positive relationship between blood pressure and consumption of vegetable protein, and a negative relationship with consumption of Calories, Carbohydrates, Calcium, Iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Niacin, and Vitamin C. Animal protein intake increased as income and education levels increased, but this tendency was opposite for carbohydrates. In summary, nutritional intakes are strongly correlated with various environmental factors and the level of blood pressure. There was no difference between normotensive and hypertensive subjects with respect to the quality of food consumed except restricting energy and carbohydrate in the patient group.
Development of Programs for Menu Planning by Using Personal Computer
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 69~74
The present study investigated the use of a computerized program for construction of menu. The Computer used for this study was the personal computer type IBM-PC OA-16 XT. The program itself used the computer's“DBASE Ⅲ”. Preparation for computer programming: 1) Assigned special code number of menu and input data 2) Assigned special code number of recipe and input data 3) Menu construction The computerized program for the planning of menu according to user's condition was developed.
A Study on the process of the rancidity of frying oil
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 75~84
The followings are the results of the study on decomposition of oil during the process of frying hot-dogs with soybean oil. First, the oil was heated repeatedly for six days, four hours two session per day. Then the oil was observed when heated under identical condition except for the exclusion of the frying ingredients. And the oil itself was heated constantly for a period of 48 hours. 1. The AV and Carbonyl Value of all frying oils increased with each use (but the oil in which frying ingredients with all other oils) 2. All frying oils showed a tendency to increase initially, then decrease their POV and TBA Number during their heating process. 3. The IV of all oils showed a slight decrease except for oil with frying ingredients added, with showed a substantial decrease. 4. Oil with frying ingredients showed a substantial increase in its oxidized fatty acid level, and others showed a tendency to increase according to the frying time. Decomposition of soybe an oil during the process of frying hot-dogs was studied. Three treatment was performed first, the oil was heated (with hot-dogs) repeatedly four hours in each session, two sessions per day for six days. Second, the oil was heated without hot-dogs under identical condition, Third, the oil was heated constantly for 48 hours.
Studies on Antoxidative Action of Garlic Components Isolated from Garlic(Allium Stivum, L) Part III : Effects of water soluble fractions from steamed garlic on inhibition of lipoperoxide formation.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 87~92
In Order to study antioxidative action of water soluble fractions which had been steamed according to time as 15, 30, 60 and 120 minutes, they were compared through the inhibitory effect of lipoperoxide formation by TBA, peroxide value and induction time for the first period of lipoperoxide formation. Results are obtained as follows: 1. In vivo experiment with TBA value, water soluble fractions showed aninhibitory effect of lipoperoxide formation. 2. Comparing with the inhibitory effect of lipoperoxide formation with TBA value in vivo, water soluble fractions which had been steamed for 30 and 60 minutes and those from fresh garlic proved effective in the blood by intraperitoneal administration. But in the liver all of water soluble fractions showed distinctive effect as in the case of fresh garlic. 3. Effect of water soluble fractions which had been steamed for 15, 30 and 60 minutes showed a distinctive effect, water soluble fraction which had been steamed for 120 minutes and that from fresh garlic also showed effective in the blood as compared with control. 4. In oral administration, water soluble fraction of fresh garlic was the most effective in the liver. 5. In vitro experiment with peroxide value, water soluble fractions which had been steamed for 60 and 120 minutes were effective, all of water soluble fractions from steamed garlic were more effective than fresh garlic. 6. In Examining the induction time for the first period of lipoperoxide formation in vitro, water soluble fractions steamed for 30, 60 and 120 minutes were effective. Other fractions were also more effective than control.
The Analysis of the Related Variables Affecting the Use of the Microwave oven
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 93~104
The purpose of this study was to see that how about the related variables influence on the use of the microwave oven and how about the use of the microwave oven influence on the time spent in meal preparation and meal management. Questionaires were give to randomly selected homaker's, in kwangju in August, 1986. Data from the 149 response were analyzed according to multiple regression. The results were as follows; 1. The variables affecting the use of the microwave oven were family income, homaker's employed hours, homakers' education level, a period of use a microwave oven, congnition of a special character in a microwave oven, family style of participation in meal preparation, frequency in use of instant food. 2. The variables of the use the microwave oven was significantly influence on the time spent in meal preparation. 3. The variables of the use the microwave oven was not significantly influence on meal management.
Studies on the chemical and amino acid components of commercial and homemade soy sauce
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 105~116
This paper provides the analysis and the comparisons of three kinds of soy sauces based on the manufacturing sources. The main factors of this study are concentrated on general and amino acids components. Three samples represented as domestic market soy sauces, imported Japanese soy sauces and homemade soy sauce are analyzed and compared by Kjeldahl and AOAC method and amino acid autoanlyzer method which have the results as follows; 1. For total nitrogen and pure extract and sodium chloride known as general components, the domestic market soy sauces show the ranges of 0.85~1.51%, 11.37~17.4% and 16.03~17.43% and the imported soy sauce shows the ranges of 1.65~1.83%, 19.54~19.80%, 17.20~18.46% and the homemade soy sauce indicates 0.73%, 30.96% for each components. The results implicates that the homemade soy sauce contains less total nitrogen and pure extract while it contains more sodium chloride than the domestic market soy sauces. 2. The amount of total amino acids contained in each soy indicated the range of 3.864~6.883% for the domestic market soy sauce and the range of 7.705~7.839% for the imported soy sauce and 2.035% for the homemade soy sauce. Especially, 20~50% glutamic acids are contained in total amino acids of each soy sauces.
The Perceptual factors and the Planning principle in a Dwelling Space
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 117~130
This paper tries to find out the principle of the rational dwelling space planning based on the conception of the Lewin's‘life space’, and to find out the dwelling space factors from the form perceptual element appeared in phenomenological space.
Household, House, Rental Characteristics and Housing Behavior in Relation to Rental Cost
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 131~138
The present study was designed to explore housing phenomena in relation to rental cost. More specially it attempted 1) to investigate the household, house, rental characteristics, rental cost, renter's subjective evaluation about rental cost and residential behavior, 2) to determine the household, house and rental characteristics which may be used to predict the renter's subjective evaluation about the present rental cost, 3) to determine the relationship between rental cost and residential behavior. Cluster random sampling methods was used, 119 housewives in songdong-gu, were interviewed using a structured questionaire. The major findings were described in detail. In general, results showed that renter's living in house with more serious conditions felt their rental costs a heavy burdenn even when the cost was inexpensive, seemed not able to plan their housing in case of rising of rental costs.
Aesthetic Characteristic of‘Sarangbang’Furniture of The Yi-dynasty Period
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 139~146
The purpose of this study was to identify aesthetic concepts of‘Sarangbang’furniture during the Yi-dynasty period and aesthetic descriptions indicating each concept expressed by experts in traditional furniture. The furniture selected for the study includes desks, table bookcases, document and stationary boxes (mungab), letter holders (Kobi) and inkstone boxes (younsang) with lacquer and oil finish on. The respondents were 72 traditional furniture experts; researchers collectors, sellers and artists related to period furniture. The important points of aesthetic descriptors were collected 123 from related literature. From experts' answers, 47 representative descriptors were selected. Data were analyzed with the SPSS using frequency, Percentage mean, factor analysis, t-test and C2. The results were as follows; 1. The aesthetic concept of sarangbang furniture during the Yi-dynasty can be categorized into 9 aspects; appearance of beauty, stability the interior space, naturalness, nobleness/harmony of lines, detail/refinement, simplicity, diversity solidity and surface division. 2. The characteristics of the Korean traditional furniture can be described using 47 descriptors explaining 9 concepts mentioned above.
Visions for Children's Furniture as an Industrial Design Product - A Descriptive Research Based on the Survey Results of Children' Room and Furniture Conditions, and Perceptual Attitute toward the Furniture -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 147~162
This research has dual purposes. First, it was designed to determine the level of children's spatial environment in the residences, thereby, to make a vision for children's furniture as an industrial design product. Second, it was intened to find out the children's perceptual pattern toward the furniture, thereby to give some implications for future design development. For the second purpose, descriptors were screened with construct validity and their factor structure was identified. The subjects were 1,197 children from 1st grade of elemantary school through 3rd grade of middle school, and their 1,197 parents for the first purpose, and 560 children from 6th grades of elemantary school and 3rd grade of middle school for the second purpose. The first parts of findings were 1) present interests of parents of household above middle income level in Seoul in making their children's spatial environment desirable is quite high. 2) Space segregation stage in terms of physical and conceptual aspects showed very fast development, that is, there will have been very good changes for children's room to be a very well furnished and independent space for them. 3) Children's opinions were quite well reflected when purchasing the present furniture, and this tendency seemed to be more likely happend in future. These findings mentioned above gave and confirmed the visions for future children's furnished environment. The second parts of findings were such that the perceptual pattern for furniture by children showed aesthetic design appearance, functionality and durability, and the characteristic of line. This result impliated especially that designers should be every careful to manipulate or use the line of the furniture products. The 22 representative descriptors selected can be used as an evaluation instrument for furniture products.
A Study on the Decision-Making of the Families of Working Women in the Low-Income Group
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 163~177
The purpose of this study is to present basic data of clarifying the differences between employed and unemployed wives' family and comparing low classes with other classes for the more reasonable and successful home administration through investigating and analyzing decision-making patterns of the families of working women in the low income group. The questionnaires were distributed in September 1984 to 300 working women in the city of Seoul and Sung-Nam. Statistical methods such as frequency, percentage and the mean value were used for grasping general characteristics of the families and F-test, Pearson's Correlations were used for investigating the interrelation of the related variables. The results of this study were as follows; 1) Wife's participation indecision-making was increased while joint decision-making was decreased compared with those of unemployed wives' family and other classes. 2) Both of the degree of conjugal participation in decision-making and joint decision-making were influenced by wife's educational level, disparity in educations of couple, husbands' occupation, family income, wife's age. But duration of marriage affected only the degree of joint decision-making. Especially family income and husbands; occupations turned to be important variables in low income families. 3) In case of wife's satisfaction with her occupation, joint decision-making was well achieved or not according to certain decision items. Though wife and husband satisfied with their marriage, joint decision-making was not well performed in working wives' family with low income.
Relations between Resources and Conjugal Power
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 179~188
The purpose of this research was to investigate the relations between resources and conjugal power in Korea, with the specific purpose of testing Rodman's theory that norms and resources operate in a cultural context. The subjects of this study were 268 couples with children who lived in nuclear families and resided in Seoul. Relative conjugal power, norms about role and socioeconomic resources of spouses were measured with questionnaires based on Burr's research. The data were collected from one spouse of each couple. The data were analyzed using the Pearson's Correlation and one-way ANOVA. Results of this study generally supported Rodman's theory but were not consistent with Rodman's speculation that resources are more strongly related to power when norms are more equalitarian than patriarchal.
Value of Children - Relationships between Mothers & Daughters -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 189~197
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the nature and relationship of attitudes of mothers and their daughters concerning the value of children. the secondary interest was to compare this study with the American studies done by Bormann & Stockdale(1979), and Leavy & Hough(1983). Subjects for the study were college-age daughters their married sisters, and their mothers. The“Fawcett Opinions about Children Questionnair”was used to measure beliefs about children. Pearson Product Moment Correlations were computed for mother-daughter(married), mother-daughter(unmarried), and daughter(married)-daughter (unmarried) on each of nine subscales on value of children. To study the generation differences and marriage differences, matched sample t-test were carried. Several significant relationships were found for mother-daughter (married), daughter(married)-daughter (unmarried) pairs. Only one significant relationship was found for mother-daughter(unmarried) pairs. Significant differences were found between mother's group and daughters' groups on most subscales except one or two (generation effect). Significant differences were found between married daughters and unmarried daughters on 4 subscales(marriage effect). The results did not corroborate the findings of American studies which revealed the lack of congruence between mother and daughter attitudes. It was noted that as daughters had children themselves, their attitudes toward children had become more congruent with their mothers. There was also evidence to support the generation differences between mothers and daughters values. It was concluded that both value similarity and generation differences vary as a function of the particular events as well as age-itself.
Effects of Child-rearing Attitudes on Korean Elementary School Children's Sex-role Traits
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 199~207
The purpose of this study is two fold: 1) To find out if perceived parental child-rearing attitudes have any relationship with sex of children and education of the parents. 2) To investigate how and what extent perceived parental child-rearing attitudes affect the sex-role traits of children. In order to pursue the above purposes, the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and perceived parental child-rearing attitudes questionnaire were administerd to 127 6th elementary school children in Gwang Ju. For data analysis, such techniques as multiple regression and pearson correlation were applied. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1) Both boys and girls perceived more positive attitudes by mothers than by fathers 2) Some effects of sex differences and education of parents were found in the perceived parental child-rearing attitudes and sex-role traits of children. 3) Perceived parental attitudes had significant effects on children's sex-role traits.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 24, issue 4, 1986, Pages 211~216