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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
A Study on Clothing evaluative Criteria of Various Clothing Items (II)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 1~12
The objectives of the study were two folds. The first objective was to determine the dimensions of the evaluative criteria of various clothing items (underwear, pajamas, jeans, blouse, two-piece, coat). The second objective was to compare the importance of the dimensions according to the clothing items and the socioeconomic status of the subjects. The questionnaires were administered to college female students living in Seoul. Principal component factor analysis with varimax rotation and ANOVA were used for the analysis. The results were as follows; 1) The evaluative criteria dimensions were found to be different according to clothing items. (1) In underwear, pajamas, jeans, evaluative criteria were classified into Aesthetic dimension, economic dimension and Functional dimension. (2) In blouse, two-piece, coat, evaluative criteria were classified into Aesthetic dimension and practical dimension. 2) there were partially significant differences in placing importance on each evaluative criteria dimension between socio-economic groups. (1) In jeans, there was a significant difference in placing importance on Aesthetic dimension between socioeconomic status groups. (2) In blouse and two-piece there was a significant difference in placing importance on Practical dimension between socioeconomic status groups.
Die Modek nstler des 19. Jahrhunderts in Europa
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 13~31
The Relation between the Value Orientations of family, the Psychological Process of Family and Clothing Atitudes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 33~42
The study was to investigate the relationship between clothing variables (Conformity, Modesty, Importance) and environmental variables of Family (the Value Orientations of Family, the Psychological Process of Family), according to sex and region. the subjects were university students in Kyoung nam and Pusan (Male; 397-Pusan 183 and Kyoung nam 214, Female; 401-Pusan 224 and Kyoung Nam 177). Survey method was questionnaires. The data was analyzed with frequency, Pearson's Parson's Correlation, T-test, Multiple Regression using the SPSS. The results were as follows; 1. There was significant difference between clothing Variables in Young nam, but partially significant difference in Pusan. 2. There was partially significant difference between clothing Variables and Environmental Variables of family in each male & female Kyoung nam & Pusan). 3. In the T-test, between clothing Variables and Environmental Variables of family, difference between male and female was shown that female student was higher than male student all of Clothing Variables and male student was higher than female student t in the case of Environmental Variables of family, In the difference between Pusan and Kyoung Nam, male student was shown significant difference in the case of Conformity, materialism and love-Rejection, female student in the case of Modesty, Importance, materialism and Social rising. 4. In the multiple Regression analysis between clothing variables and Environmental Variables of family, clothing voriables partially were effected on the Environmental Variables of family in the cases of male and female in Pusan & Kyoung Nam.
A Study on the Food Habit & The Health Responses of College Students to the Todai Health Index
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 43~51
This study is intended to investigate the demographic characteristics and socio-economic status of students, and to reveal the correlations between food habit and health condition by Todai health Index. The results of this study were summerized as followes: 1) the sex ratio of the subjects was 309 males: 129 females. Mean score of the food habit was 7,56 in males and 8.88 in females. The subjects were included in Fair and Poor group generally. Food habit score of students living their own home were significantly higher generally. Food habit score of students living their own home were significantly higher than those of the others (Lodging & Relatives, Self-Boarding, Dormitory, and so forth). 2) In males and females, mean of height and weight were 171.6cm, 62.1kg and 159.9cm, 50.9kg, respectively. Though there was insignificant difference in the physical index according to food habit score in general, there was a special trend in case of male that the higher food habit score they have, the higher physical index they get. The subjects with low food habit score showed the higher THI point in Life-irregularity, Straight-forwardness, depression and Sufferings than those with high food habit score. The female subjects with high food habit score showed the lower THI point in depression, on the contrary, showed higher in vanity. There was significant correlation between instant food, drinking and smoking and THI point.
Relationships between the Nutritional Status for Lunch-Box, the Taste of Food and the Environmental Factors of Middle School Girls in Kwangju City
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 53~68
This article concerned with the nutritional status and the taste of the lunch box of 311 middle school girls in Kwangju City from May 18 to June 12 in 1987. The purpose of this research was making materials to show direction of the education about nutrition by checking relationships among the nutritional status for the lunch box, the taste of food and the environmental factors. The results observed in the study were as follows: 1. The intake of nutrition from the lunch box and the ratio between the recommended dietary allowance and the contained nutrients in the lunch box as follows. Calorie(603 Kcal, 78.6%), protein (21.7g, 93.1%) Animal protein (10.3g, 132.1%) calcium (151.7 g, 56.9%) Ferrum 93.1 mg, 51.7%), Vitamin a (129.3 RE, 55.4%) Vitamin B1 (0.29 mg, 72.5%), Vitamin B (0.26 mg, 55.3%) Niacin (4.7 mg, 94.0%), Vitamin C 913.2 mg, 79.0%). Except animal protein, all the recommended dietary allowance. 2. According to the intake of calorie, the ratio of taken carbohydrate, protein and fat was 77.7 : 15.5 : 6.8. The intake of protein was desirable but most of calorie depended on carbohydrate. Among the total intake of protein, the ratio of animal protein was 47.5%, which was a high rate. 3. Most of calorie (75%), was taken from staples, protein (41.5%), vitamin B1 (48.3%) were taken at the same rate from staples and side dishes. Most of fat, calcium, ferrum, vitamin A, vitamin B, and vitamin C, was taken from side dishes. 4. In taking among the five basic food groups, proportion of the grain fourth food group was the highest, light color vegetable the third food groups, proportion of the grain fourth food group was the highest, light color vegetable the third food group was second, and Calcium food the second food group was the lowest. 5. As the staples, students liked tchajangmyon, mandu and ttokkuk as written order. They disliked Kongbap and Patpap. As the side dishes for the lunch box, they liked kimchi, ham, sausage, cuttlefish, dried slices of filefish, eggs and green seaweed as written order. As a side dishes they liked Laver, Cucumber, Squid, lettuce, Potatoes. They disliked pork fat, cow's intestines, cow's liver, Crussian carp, pickled fish. The favorite snack was fruits, ice cream, hamburger, Chocolate and milk. 6. In taking condition of the principal food, rice rate (65.6%) was the most, and mixed food was 5 or 10%. 7. Favorite cooking was frying, roasting and kimch. But disagreeable cooking was pickling. 8. Favorite food was what was pungent but disagreeable food was what was salty. 9. the higher parents educational background was, the higher their income was. Also the more various the information about the nutrition was, the better the intake of nutrition was. 10. The preference tendency influenced in choosing the side dish of the Lunch box. The higher the preference tendency of the girl students became, the better their nutrition condition became.
A Study on Image and Consumption about Instant Food of Urban Homemaker
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 69~78
A Study on the Utilization Status of Korean Traditional Cookies and the Evaluation of their Commercial Products' Quality
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 79~91
The present survey was designed to find out the utilization status of korean traditional cookies and the evaluation degrees of their commercial products' quality subjects. The subjects were housewives randomly selected who lived in Seoul, Deajeon, Youngju city (Kyoung Buk Province area), and Sechon khun (Chung Nam province area). We performed this survey from November 16 to 28, 1987 by questionnaire method. The results obtained can be summarized as follows; 1) In the subjects' home, 25 kinds of Korean traditional cookies were used. All of them Youmilkwa and Kangjeong type were used more frequently than the other types and Jeonkwa, Dasik, and Suksilkwa were used scarcely. 2) Korean traditional cookies which were showed more than 20% of utilization ratio were follows; Yackwa (74.4%), Sanja (26.8%), Taraekwa (22.6%), Seban-kangjeong (21.7%). 3) On New Year's day, Korean traditional cookies were used more frequently than harvest festival day but their utilization ratio of western cookies was follows; New Year's day was 10%, and harvest festival day was 6.2%. 5) On ceremonial day, Youmilkwa and kangjeong type were used more frequently than jeonkwa, Dasik, and Suksilkwa type. 6) All of ceremonial days, korean traditional cookies were used most frequently on the 60th birth day and their utilization ratio was extremely low on the 100th day after birth, 1st birth day, and funeral day. 7) Generally western cookies were used more frequently than Korean traditional cookies on the birth day of children and adults. 8) Convinience (64.8%) was the most favored cause purchasing the commercial products but many subjects (37.0%) wanted to make the Korean traditional cookies at home. 9) All the quality properties of commercial products, taste, package, and storage property were favored but price and hygienic property were poorly evaluated by subjects. The evaluation about taste and package property of commercial products was affected by academic career (p<0.05), and shelf life was affected by age (P<0.01) significantly. And hygienic property was significantly affected by age and academic career respectively. (P<0.01).
Rheological Properties of Cowpea and Mung Bean starch Gels and Pastes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 93~102
Rheological properties of cowpea and mung bean starch gels and pastes were investigated and compared with Instron Universal Testing machine and Brabender Viscometer. As the result of puncture test of gels, yield point force of mung bean starch gel was higher than that of cowpea starch gel. Compression coefficient of cowpea starch gel calculated by Bourne's equation was lower than that of mung bean starch gel. the stress relaxation test showed that viscoelastic properties of cowpea and mung bean starch gels may be represented by six element Maxwell model consisting of three Maxwell element in parallel. Cowpea and mung bean starch pastes showed bingham pseudoplastic behavior in 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8%. The consistency index in 7∼8% of cowpea starch paste were lower than those of mung bean starch paste. concentration dependence on consistency index and yield stress in mung bean starch were higher than those of cowpea starch. The yield stress of starch pastes was significantly correlated with yield point force by puncture test (r=0.996).
Effect of Degree of Compression on Texture Profile Parameters of Starch gels
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 103~108
Texture Profile Analysis (TPA) on cowpea and mung bean starch gels was performed with the Instron and the effect of the degree of compression on TPA parameters measured. Fracturability was almost independent of the degree of compression. hardness usually increased with increasing compression. Cohesiveness and chewiness decreased for mung bean starch gel as compression increases. Springiness in two starch gels increased a little from 55% to 65% compression and then decreased from 75% to 95% compression. Gumminess for mung bean starch gels decreased steeply from 55% to 75% compression, then it increased moderately up to 95% compression. Since the TPA parameters vary so widely with degree of compression, all TPA measurements should standardize the degree of compression.
A Study on Housing Education in elementary School
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 109~124
The purpose of the present study was to set up the basic outline to define and to develop "housing education" in the field of home economics education. The main focus included in the present study was to suggest the basic data on the current status of housing education in Korea by examining the content of the textbooks and the secondary data o teacher's educational background. The methods used in the study were the contentanalysis of the elementary school curriculum and the secondary data analysis of the data on teachers and their education. The results of this study ere on follows, 1. The elementary school curriculum defined as the related fields of housing education were classified into 4 domains: housing planning, housing maintenance, housing environment, housing decoration. 2. The subject areas related to housing education was found to be moral education, social education, physical education, art, practical education. The total hours studying on housing education were the average of 1.1 hours per week. 3. Among the above 4 domains, the total hours used for housing decoration amounted to the highest rate through all the subject areas. 4. According to the secondary dta analysis, 49.5% of the teacher were the national teacher's college graduates, but there are no courses on housing education as such in the curriculum of the national teacher's college. it was concluded that more consideration should be given to the teacher training courses.
A Study on Classification of the Management Works in the Apartment House
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 125~134
This study is for classification of the management works in the Apartment House. The approach of this study depends on the consultation of concerned references and direct interview by structured questionnaire. The management works are classified and compared, analysized with foreign cases. 1) It is 13 hour a day to carring out the management works in the Board. 2) Compared the management works in the Apartment House with England and the united states, the leaders, they are the first I performing all of management. The secondaries are the Japan and Korea. Specially Japan is collecting data in the maintenance. In case of Korea, they are performing all of management but little. We expect a more thoroughgoing preinvestigation, control of planning and management of community life for the inhabitants in time to come. 3) the management works of the Apartment House are classified three types. \circled1management of administration \circled2 management of maintenance \circled3 management of community life control.
Housing Variables of Apartment Residents and Their Improvement Activities
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 135~152
The purpose of this study was to survey the improvement activities for the apartment house ; and to examine the relationship between apartment residents and their housing improvement activities in order to present some informations for the further studies and plans of apartment design and housing policy. Library and questionnaire survey methods were used in this research. the sample was taken from 102 housewives living in the apartments over 45 pyong (1602 sq. ft.), in Seoul, Data were analyzed with the SPSS using frequency, percentage, chi-square test, F-test, Duncan's multiple range test, η2, and C2. The results were as follows: 1. It was found that residents had experienced with 3.6 kinds of housing improvement activities. Living rooms, dining rooms, and kitchens in family living areas ; balconies and utility rooms in utility areas were improved for the physical convenience and quality of living. 2. This survey indicated that apartment residents evaluated thier housing condition as high, except storage spaces and outdoor noises. 3. About 80% of respondents were expected to live continuously in the current apartments because they were satisfied with the size of thier residences, However, they wanted to improve the inside of the entire apartment, especially bathrooms. 4. Variables which had a significant relationship in housing improvement activities in the past were the length of residence, the expected length of residence, and the characteristic of residence. 5. The expected length of residence, and the characteristic of residence were found to be effective variable for evaluating the current residence. 6. Finally, the expected length of residence, and the characteristic of residence were significant variables of the housing plan in the future. Housing improvement activities were prevalent recently and expected to be continued in the future. It can be said, therefore, that apartment residents have a long -term plan to live in one place rather than moving out ever two-three years.
The Study on the Socialization of Household Work to the difference of Life Style pattern
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 153~169
This study aimed at investigating the socialization of householdwork to the difference of life style pattern of housewives. For the purpose, questionnaires were administrated to the housewives in Seoul and to analyse of the date, factor analysis F-test, t-test and path analysis were used. The results can be summarized as follows ; 1. By utilizing factor analysis, the life style patterns of housewives were classified into 7 types, they were named, self-improvement type, social activity type, modernistic type, sound and thrifty type, variety-seeking type, passive stability-seeking type, the traditional and conservative type. And the patterns of life style differed significantly according to all of the demographic variables except family type. 2. The level of socialization of householdwork was not reaching the medium, and the mean was 19.45. 3. The socialization of householdwork were influenced indirectly by the age, educational level, income level, family type and social activity type, variety seeking type, traditional and conservative type of the life style pattern. And directly, the age and educational level influenced the socialization of householdwork.
Time-use Study : A Analytic Review
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 171~182
The purpose of this study is to analyze time-use studies of korea and to discuss them. For the analysis of Korean studies, the articles which were published on the Journal of Korean Home Economics Association, the Journal of Korean Home Management Association, and other journals and theses for a degree from 1962 to 1987 were investigated by theme and research method. Time-use studies in home management began with the experiment for work simplification and the survey of time use by housewives. In recent years all family members are subject to sample, varied themes are studies, and more defined research methods are used. For the future study, it was suggested that genernal theories should be developed and appropriate research method should be applied.
A Study on the Consumer satisfaction.Dissatisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 189~208
Consumer satisfaction.dissatisfaction is a important concept which composes the quality of life. By minimizing consumer dissatisfaction and maximizing consumer satisfaction, the standard of living can increase. Considering consumer satisfaction.dissatisfaction as an outcome of decision-making process, consumer satisfaction.dissatisfaction is measured and the forces of determinant are analysed. Major results are; 1. The housewives are dissaisfied with their clothes particularily with ordinary clothes. 2. There is significant difference in consumer dissatisfaction according to the situational variables such as demographics and value types. 3. There is significant difference in consumer dissatisfaction according to the process variable such as disconfirmation. 4. Consumer dissatisfaction is influenced by demographics, vale types, and disconfirmation.
A Study on the Relationship between Self-Disclosure and Marital Adjustment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 209~224
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relations between spouse's self-disclosure and marital adjustment. A measurement tools used for this study are self-disclosure scale, which was adapted and reproducted from Jourard's Self-Disclosure! Questionnaire(JSDQ), and marital adjustment scale, which was modified and supplemented form Dyadic Adjustment Scale (D.A.S). developed by Spanier. The subjects were 154 married couples dwelling in Seoul and questionnaires are recorded separately by both spouses. Statistical methods such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA and pearson correlation were used for data analysis. The results of this study are as follows; 1) For husband, self-disclosure degree was significant difference according to level of education. That is, the more husband was higher level of education, the more husband tended to disclose to wife. 2) Among the variables to have influence on the marital adjustment, level of education and marriage pattern had influence on wive's martial adjustment and family income and marriage pattern had influence on husbands' marital adjustment. 3) Wives were higher disclosed than husbands and wives were more disclosed than perceived husbands' disclosure. 4) There were positive correlation between the self-disclosure of husbands and the marital adjustment of wives. (r+.3872, p<.005) And there were positive correlation between the self-disclosure of wives and the marital adjustment of husbands. (r=.4997, p<.005) 5) For wives, the perception of husbands' disclosure correlates with wives' marital adjustment. (r=.4592, p<.005) For husbands, the perception of wives' disclosure correlates with husbands' marital adjustment.(r=.5610, p<.005) From this results, full and honest self-disclosure is needed for high marital adjustment of a married couple. In the future, a study on the relationship between self-disclosure and marital adjustment is need to various measure of many subject.
A Study on the Disciplinary Method in Korean Family: Comparing the cases of two generations between parents and children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 225~241
The purpose of this study is to find the difference between the parents generation and that of the children in the disciplinary methods by means of parental social population variation. With these purpose in mind, the problems have been suggested like following: 1) what are the general differences of between the two generations of parents and children in disciplinary method? 2)What are the general differences of the views between those two generations according to sex? 3) What are the general differences between the parents generation and the child generation according to age? 4) What are the general differences between the parents generation and the child generation according to education level? 5) What are the general differences between the parents generation and the child generation according to income level? In order to solve these problems, questionnaries were distributed on this appendix 374parents (father: 177, mother: 197) who have the children. Questionnaires were compose on "Parents Inventory" of Radke were employs, classfied five measures. To test and verifying the above hypothes, the following five measures. were used. 1) Philosophy of authority (authoritarian vs. democratic) 2) Parental restrition (strict and stubbon vs. democratic) 3) Severity of punishment (severity vs. mildness) 4) Parent-child rapport 9desirable vs. undesirable) 5) Relative responsibility of father and mothehr towards child disciplinary (equal vs. differ) The result of this study is like follows: 1) In general comparison of two generations, tends to be more democratic in the philosophy of authority, more relaxed and easygoing in the parental restroction, more severe in the severity of punishment, and good rapport in the parent-child rapport than grandparents generation and the responsibility of father don't change but that of mother tends to augment in child disciplinary 2) In comparison of two generation according to sex, the mother showed more democratic in the philosophy of authority and closely perceive her parents in the parent-child rapport as compared with the father. 3) In comparison of two generation according to age, the younger parents showed more relaxed attitudes towards the child disciplinary, the perception better relations of their parents in the parent-child rapport. 4) In the comparison of two generations according to education level the more educated parents showed the more relaxed and easygoing attitude towards in the parental restriction. 5) In comparison of two generation according to income, as the parents of large income generally (not always) showed easygoing than their previous generation in the parental restriction, and they perceive that they have a good one in parent-child rapport. This study caused by the some difficult problem required futher investigation on the result of two generations the problems happened in the inner unitary of items. And, it proposed some problems which constitutes the problems of the proper interpretation of the results between two generations brought about discordance of items between tow generations
A Study on Home Environmental & Social Cognitive Factors Affecting Children's Prosocial Behavior Development
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 3, 1988, Pages 243~253
This study is mainly concerned with providing a basis for children's prosocial behavior development. The objective of this study is to investigate the factors affecting children's prosocial behavior. The Main two factors affecting children's prosocial behavior development are home environmental and social cognitive ability, and concrete variables in these factors are as follows : 1) Home environmental factor; parental warmth, parental restrictiveness and inductive reasoning and prosocial modeling. 2) Social cognitive factor ; children's role taking ability and empathic ability and with these, several situational variables are also concerned with prosocial behavior.