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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
A Study on Moisture Related Properties and Human Sensations of Underwear (1) -A Study on Water and Water Vapor Transport characteristics of Underwear Fabrics-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study is to investigate water and after vapor transport characteristics of underwear fabrics. Experimental materials were cotton woven fabric and cotton knitted fabric, nylon tricot (untreated and hydrophilic finished) and cotton/polyester/cotton triple layer. Cotton knitted fabric have three types of knit structure (interlock, rib, plain stitch) and knit with either 38's or 60's combed yarn. And cotton woven fabric have plain weave with 60's combed yarn. As experimental methods, vapor cup test, dynamic method, vertical wicking test and transplanar uptake test were used. The results are as follows. 1) In cotton specimens, the order of water vapor transpiration (wvt) was plain > rib > interlock in the same yarn diameter. The knit fabric of thinner yarn showed the better wvt among the same knit structure. 2) In cotton specimens, the order of water absorbency was interlock > rib > plain in the same yarn diameter. the knit fabric of thicker yarn showed the better absorbency among the same knit structure. 3) When knit fabric (60's plain) is compared with woven fabric 960's plain), knit fabric showed faster rate of wvt, more amount of uptake and slower rate of water uptake than woven fabric did. 4) When compared untreated nylon with hydrophilic finished nylon, hydrophilic finished nylon showed much more water absorbency than untreated nylon did, but showed same rate of wvt. 5) The water transport characteristics of triple layer underwear fabric showed that the thinner and the lighter one, the better wvt and absorbency did.
A Study on the Food abits of Housewives Living in Urban area and Rural Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 15~30
The purpose of this study is to collect basic data which will be effective in performing nutrional education. This study was conducted at Taegu area and adjacentrural area from June to July in 1986. The completely answered questionnaires were analyzed for food habits, purchase of food, the sources of nutrition information and general characteristics of housewives of 20's to 50's. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; 1) The major food of breakfast was boiled rice (93.9%). With decreasing level of education and in rural area, the percent of boiled rice was higher. 2) The frequency of eating out with family is higher in urban area, younger age, and nuclear family. 3) The preference for eating between meals appeared in order of bread and cakes, cookies, and the others. 4) The preference for desserts appeared in order of fruits, coffee, the other, coarse tea, adlay tea, and gingseng tea. 5) The purchasing place for vegetables and fruits was market (53.5%) on the whole, but in rural area, the percent of self production was higher (63.6%). 6) With increasing age and decreasing level of education, the percent of accuracy of nutrition knowledge was lower. 7) Sources in the knowledge of nutrition appeared in order of Radio and T.V., relatives, cookbooks, newspapers and magazines, lectures in cooking school. In order to promote nutritional status of family, nutritional education for housewives must be accomplished in the first place.
The Study on Eating Behavior and Value Evaluation of food with Concern for weight Control in High School Girls
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 31~41
The purpose of the present study was to test the behavior of dietary life, the preception of body image and the attitude of body weight control of the subjects, and to imagine difference of value evaluation about thirteen foods. the subjects were 570 high school students who were living in Seoul. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. In selecting actual and ideal body sizes from a series of five outline drawings of female figures that ranged form 20% underweight to 20% overweight, 64% of the subjects selected overweight drawing s as their actual sizes, and 85.1% of the subjects selected underweight ones as the ideal sizes. 59.3% of the subjects had a desire to lose weight, 20.8% to gain weight. Those who think they are thinner than standard body weight were more satisfied with their body sizes than those who think they are fatter than that. Most subjects (79.8%) were concerned about their weight control, and the majority of them (36.1%) began to take concerns about it in their high school days, through the conversation with their friends about their body sizes. 2. In this study, thirteen foods were chosen as samples; rice, bread, salad, milk, cola, cider, juice, duck-bok-ki, chocolate, batterfriend foods, chinese noodles, cookies, fruits. Most of them evaluated foods on the basis of the taste. They valued fruits over any other foods as least fattened food, while they thought of such foods as rice, cola, cider, ice-cream, chocolate, batter-fried food, chinese noodles as fattened foods.
Nutritional Survey on the School Children Box lunch -Based in K Elementary school children in Seoul-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 43~52
This study is intended to reveal the nutritional realities of school children due to their box lunch. The samples were chosen at random from the third grade to the sixth grade children in an elementary school in Seoul : 122 male and 111 female children, 233 children in all. among the subjects, 44.3% have a family of four, 34.3% have over 500,000 won of family income a month, and 44.3% of their mothers graduated from a high school. The average intake of calories is 573.6 Kcal, and the ratios of the calory intakes to the recommended amounts are 90.6% in the third grade children and from the fourth grade to the sixth grade, 79.5% in the male children and 82.9% in the female children. The average consumption of protein is 21.0g and the ratio of animal protein is 41.4%. the ratio of energy yield nutrients is 67.4% : 14.5 : 18.0 (carbohydrate : protein " fat). Considering the recommended amounts, the intake of protein is enough; the consumption of vit, A, thiamine, niacin are appropriate;and the intake of calories, Riboflabin and ascorbic acid, calcium, iron are deficient. Even though there is no significant difference between the socioeconomic factors (the standard of education of the subjects' mothers and family income0 and the intakes of calories and protein, there is a tendency that the consumption of protein intake si more abundant in the middle class than in any other class. The subjects' distribution of the physical growth index, is as follows; A (6.9%), B(19.3%), C(48.5%), D(13.7%) and E (11.6%). As the subjects' intake of calcium increases, the weight shows significant improvement (p<0.001). As the consumption of calories increases, the physical development shows significant improvement (p<0.05), and the weight shows significant increase (p<0.001).
Research for Changes in Food Consumption Patterns of Urban Resides and Future Perspective of Dietary Life
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 53~65
In the study, the dietary survey was conducted in Seoul, Dae-jeon, Gwangju, Pusan, from march to April in 1988. A Questionnaire was prepared and distributed to 1583 house wives in order to find out their attitude of meal management and their way of thinking in dietary life. The results were summarized as follows: 1) 34.4% of the subjects prepared daily menu. In planning menu, the major consideration shifted from husband to all family members and the most emphasizes meal changed from breakfast to supper. 2) Most of the subjects were making use of substitute food. They were satisfied with the convenience and taste of the convenience foods. Improvements in nutrition, sanitation and price of convenience food made increase of its consumption. 3) The survey has shown that the main purpose of eating is to satisfy nutrition. and in the choice of food, most subjects regarded its taste as the most important factor.
A Study on Subjective Residential Crowding of Three Generation Family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 67~85
This study focused o investigating the variables dauther-in-law and mother-in=-law's subjective household crowding. And which is the best index among space per person, persons per room, and the number of family members was the next issue. the results of this study were as follows. 1. Variables that effected on the dauther-in-law's subjective household crowding were expectation about the number of rooms, the educational level of the dauther-in-law, duration of marriage, educational level of mother-in-law, space per person. In the case of mother-in-law, these were duration of marriage, space per person, expectation about the number of rooms, educational level of mother-in-law. 2. The best objective household crowding index was the space per person. Finally we need to look at the suv-dimension that composed of subjective household crowding of the old.
A Casestudy on the Eating and the Cooking Spaces of Farmhouse in Suburban Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 87~100
The purpose of this study was to investigate the dweller's housing needs through the connection between dwellers' living pattern and space usage. The objectives were (1) to examine how to eat and cook in the eating and cooking spaces, (2) to examine how to alter the original housing, (3) to research the dwellers' housing needs for the eating and cooking spaces, and the changing process of dwellers' housing needs, and (4) to classify the type of eating and cooking spcaces. The results of this study were (1) there were changed in eating pattern of space usage according to the season. The eating activities were a Korean living pattern : sitting on the floor and eating at the BAB SANG. (2) There was a difference in the pattern of space usage and the activity for main cooking and KIM CHI. (3) AN BANG (eating space for winter) as well as MARU (eating space for summer) has changed to a larger space. (4) By the changing of living patterns, BU AUK (a main cooking space ) has showed a various alternations: function, dimension of space, facilities, floor materials and floor level. (5) The dwellers' housing needs for eating space were a multipurpose room, and a dining kitchen of western living pattern (using a dining table and chairs) with the present changing life styles. (6) The dwellers' housing needs for cooking space were a multipurpose room of working area, a seperation of heating area, a western living pattern, a plan of flat fllor level and a dining kitchen. (7) BU AUK of eating and cooking spaces was classified into 4 types: a traditional type, a mixing type, a modernized type, and a western type.
The Enactment Process Analysis of Consumer Protection Law
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 101~112
This article is the consumer protection policy-making process analysis through consumer protection law case study. Interest group theory has application to this analysis. Discussion is then focused on input and oupput of each interest group's demands through the enactment process of consumer protection law.
An Analysis of Discretionary Consumption Expenditure
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 113~127
This paper attempts to investigate and analyze the change of the proportion of discretionary consumption expenditure (DCE) of main consumer goods among total household expenditure from 1964 to 1986 in Korea by reorganizing various data, particularly "Annual Report of Citizen's Household Experditure in Sooul".The result of the author's analysis can be summarized as follows. 1. The analysis shows that while the proportion of DCE in food has been increased during this period as the Korean economy developed, the value of income elasticity for beverages, liguor, out-door eating and processed food products which consist of major part of food, has been successively decreased. And also, though the absolute value of income elasticity for grain products has been increased, its proportion among total expenditure has been successively decreased. From these trends, we can conclude that general consumption pattern has a tendency to change from dependence on main grain products to the more utilization of out-door eating or processed food products. 2. The ratio of DEC of furnitures to housing expenditure has played a role of indicator of business cycle, reflecting the consumers' psychological expectation fro general economic trend. 3. In case of the proportion of DCE of clothes, there has been no great change. 4. As for as DCE of sundry expenditure is concerned, there has been no-great change in The proportion itself/ However. as the ratio of sundry expenditure to total household expenditure has been greatly increased, expenditure for leisure disproportionately increased. 5. The proportion of total DCE in total consumption expenditure, as in the case of housing, has been increased, which coincided exactly with business cyele appeared during this period. In fact, when Korea economy experienced a severe recession in 193 and 1980, that proportion deeply went down respectively, and again went up after those years. Accordingly, we can generalize that the size of DCE deperds on the formation of consumer's psychological expectation toward economy, which confirms George Katona's early proposition.
A Study of Conflict between Monther-in-law and daughter-in-law in the Changing Korean society with Special reference to Pusan Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 129~160
The purpose of the present study is to understand the change in the relation between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law according to the social change in comparison with the survey effects in 1974 (ko Jung-Ja) and 1985 to find out the cause of conflict in both side of power structure and affection structure, indicating behavior, the influences on the relationships among family, possible meditators. this thesis was made by an experimental research. Data were collected from 146 mothers-in-law and 141 daughters-in-law in Pusan. The collected data were analysed by statistical methods such is as follows, 1. cause of conflict In power structure the cause of conflict is, in the case of mother-in-law opinion opposion and shaughty attitude by daughter in-low and, in the case of daughter-in-law, domestic dominance. It is thought that there is a difference of viw\ew between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law about the possesion of economic dominance and many conflicts rises because of economic dominance. but the study in 1985 than 1974 suggests the possibility of conflict meditator because mother-in-law and daughter-in-law do homework dependently in the practice of power. In affection structure, the chief dissatisfaction toward daughter-in-law showes the change in time. In 1974, there was no affection and respect. In 1985, the rate of doing without consultation was high. Also, the lack of communication of mother-in-law and daughter-in-law is the cause of conflict. 2. Indicating behavior the rate of thinking alone if high in both sides. But in the survey of 1985, the covert verbal aggressive action with which mother-in-law appeals to her daughter and daughter-in-law to husband is rising. 3. Influence on the relationship among family by the conflict between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. the conflict between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law play negative effects on the intimacy and relation between husband and wife. 4. Conflict mediation behavior As compremiser, it is suggested that in the case of daughter-in-law the position and role of husband is important and, in the case of mother-in-law respects mother-in-law, daughter-in-law and gives her the role.
A Study of Marital Satisfaction gby Sex and Sex Role Identity
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 161~172
The purpose of present study was to investigate the effect of sex and sex role identity on marital satisfaction. The short-from Bem Sex Role Inventory(BSRI) and Marital satisfaction Scale (MSS) were administered to the married men (n=90) and women (n=130) in Pohaing City. The data were analysed by two-way ANOVA and the Scheff method of multiple comparison. Major findings were as follows: 1. Marital satisfaction was significantly related to sex role identity rather than to sex: The androgynous group reported the highest marital satisfaction scores, whereas the undifferentiated group did the lowest scores. 2. There was no significant sex difference in marital satisfaction socres among the masculine, androgynous, and undifferentiated groups except the feminine one. Only in the feminie group, males who had high feminity scores reported high marital satisfaction scores, whereas females who had high femininity scores reported low marital
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 26, issue 4, 1988, Pages 177~180