Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Mechanical Properties of Wool Fabrics -The effect of the structural conditions of the fabrics-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 1~8
In order to investigate the mechanical properties such as tensile, bending, shearing, thickness and weight of the wool fabrics were measured by KES-F system. Samples were classified into blend ratio, weave type, fabric count. Blend ratio was classified into two groups, which are P/W blended fabric (p=63~65%, w=35~37%) and all wool fabric. Weave type was classified into four groups, which are plain, 3 harness twill, 4harness twill, satin. Cloth count was classified into three groups, which are loose, medium, tight. Statistical analysis was performed using T-test, F-test. The results were as follows; 1. There was significant difference in the thickness, tensile, bending, shearing according to the blend ratio. 2. According the weave, there was significant difference in the bending, weight and thickness in the P/W blended fabrics. There was significant difference in the tensile, weight, thickness, bending, shearing, shearing hysterisis (2HG) in the all wool fabrics. 3. There was significant difference in the shearing properties according to the fabric count.
A study on the use of Information Source and the Consumer Dissatisfaction in the Purchase and Use of Clothing of Young men
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 9~17
The purpose of this study is to explore the use of fashion information source and the consumer dissatisfaction factors in the purchase and use of clothing, and to explain the relationships between the use of fashion information source and the consumer dissatisfaction factors of young man. For the study, data were collected from 254 freshman, 258 male seniors, and 229 unmarried male workers using the questionaire method. The data from 741 respondents were analyzed by Pearson's Product-moment coefficient corrleation, ANOVA, T-TEST, and Scheff Test. The results of the study are as follows : 1. There were significant differences in the use of information source such as. 1) according to the group, the impersonal advocate source, and the impersonal independent source. 2) according to the job, the impersonal advocate source. 2. There were significant differences in the consumer dissstisfaction factor such as. 1) according to the group, the "product assortment" related factor. 2) According to the job, the "quality" related factor. 3. There were partly significant relationships between the use of information source and consumer dissatisfaction factor. 1) In the young men, the use of the impersonal advocate source, impersonal independent source, personal independent source, and observation had correlated with the dissatisfaction factor related to "purchase-decision making".
A Study on the Korean Pillows
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 19~27
The purpose of this study is to find at the basic data for the appropriate conditions of the pillows for the Koreans. In this study, the origins, materials, the forms and the sizes of Korean pillows have been investigated by means of existing remains and the existing documentary records. The results are as follows : 1) We can infer that ordinary pillows have already been used in a period of the three kingdoms, because the pillows for the dead bodies been unearthed from the tombs of this period. 2) Round pillows which are used nowadays to rest our heads have also been utilized as early as in Koryo Dynasty or even in the previous period. It is because the pillows described in Koryo dakeyung are similar to the present round ones. Most of the existing Koryo pillows have been made fo ceramics. Their average length is 20.0
5.4cm, the average low height is 9.7
0.9cm, and their average high height is 11.8
1.2cm. 3) The material which has been used to make pillows in Choson Dynasty is various : textile, wood, rush, bamboo, ceramics, etc. Most of them have been made in a round form or in a form of lying square. The average low height of lying squares is 8.1
2.5cm. The average high height is 11.9
1.9cm, and the average lenght is 19.0
5.6cm. The average diameter of embroidered pads attached to both sides of round pillows or the average length of one side of regular squares is 12.5
Clothin Behavior Related to Child-Rearing Attitudes and Selected Psychological Variables of Elementary School Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 29~38
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of clothing behavior with such psychological variables as self-esteem and impulsiveness, to disclose the relationship between children's clothing behavior and their mother's child-rearing attitueds, to investigate the levels of clothing behavior according to children's sex and their mothers having job. Questionaires for clothing behavior and child-rearing attitudes were chosen from ones which were used in privious studies, and the items were selected on the Cronbach's Alpha Reliability Coefficient. For mearsurement of impulsiveness, a portion of "personality Inventory" by Beommo Chung was used, while Robinson and Shaver's self-esteem scale was adopted for mearsutement of self-esteem. Clothing behavior was composed of 6 variables: clothing interest, clothing satisfation, clothing management, clothing sex-role, clothing comfort, and clothing independence. Samples were 380 boys and girls (4th, 5th, 6th grade) of three elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. The data were analyzed by correlation coefficient, t-test, F-test, and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows : 1. Self-esteem had positive relations with clothing satisfaction, clothing management, and clothing sex-role. Girls who had higher self-esteem were less interested in traditional sex-role attitudes in clothing. Boys who had higher self-esteem were higher in clothing independence. 2. Those who had higher impulsiveness were higher in clothing interest, but lowere in clothing satisfaction, clothing management, and clothing independence. 3. Loving and receptive child-rearing attitude had positive relations with clothing satisfaction and clothing management, but a negative relation with clothing sex-role. When mothers had higher loving and receptive child-rearing attitude, their sons had higher traditional attitude in clothing sex-role. Democratic and self-regulating child-rearing attitude had no relation with clothing behavior. 4. To lpredict clothing satisfaction, 4 independent variables (selfesteem, impulsiveness, mother's loving and receptive child-rearing attitude, and mother's democratic and self-regulating child-rearing attitude) were selected. The explanatory power of the four variables was 15%. Clothing satisfaction was most influenced by self-esteem, and not significantly influenced by mother's child-rearing attitudes. 5. Clothing interest and clothing management were higher with the girls than with the boys, while clothing comfort was higher with the bodys. 6. When children's mothers had a job, the children tended to have higher liberal attitudes in clothing sex-role.
Comparison of Physicochemical Prolperties of Cowpea and Mung Bean Starches
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 39~46
Mung bean starch gel (Mook) and gel made from starch of cowpea are similar properties in texture. In order to elucidate the similarity between these two starch gels, some physicochemical properties of cowpea starch were compared with those of mung bean starch. Water bildings capacity of cowpea starch (183.6%) was a little low than that of mung bean starch (184.2%). The solobility, swelling power and optical transmitance of the cowpea starch showed a smiliar pattern to mung bean starch, but cowpea starch had a little lower solubility than mung bean starch. Amylogram of mung bean strach (4, 5, 6, 7%) shoved no peak viscosity but cowpea starch (4, 5, 6%) showed peak viscosity and both starches showed high viscosities when cooling. Cowpea and mung bean starches had the blue value of 0.41 and 0.47, the alkali number of 8.4 and 8.0, the amylose content of 30.5 and 32.1%, the molecular weight of amylose of 30,000 adn 29,258 and glucose unit per segment of amylopectin of 27.6 and 26.8 respectively. The shape of cowpea and mung bean strach granules were round and elliptical, and the mean vlalue of major axis, minor axis and the ratio of these were 20.7 and 21.8
, 14.6 and 14.4
and 1.42 and 1.51, respectively. The extent of retrogradation determined by the glucoamylase digestion method and syneresis showed that cowpea starch gel was larger than that syneresis showed than cowpea starch gel was larger than that of mung bean starch gel. The redults of X-ray diffraction studies showed A pattern for two starches, Diffraction peak of gels disappeared with gelatinization of starches but that of two starch gels storaged for 2 days at 5
showed a similar patterm.
Study on Degree of Fatigue and Nutritional Status of Industrial female shift workers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 47~58
This study was undertaken to investigate whether the stress caused by day/night shifts on industrial workers can be affected through nutritional status. A sample of 573 female industrial workers, aged 17 through 23 years, from 4 different industries (2 in normal, 2 in 3 shift work pattern) were surveyed by questionaire examining their nutritional status, food intake, dietary habit, sleep complaint, performance of digestive organs, and degree of fatigue. Shift workers were surveyed during night work. The results are summarized as follows: 1. Sleep complaints and degree of fatigue in shift workers were higher than normal workers, whereas the performance of digestive organs were as lower than normal workers. These results showed that shift workers were more stressed than normal workers. 2. The workers who were surveyed were all poor in nutritional status. The intakes of calorie, protein, Ca, riboflavin, and ascorbic acid were lower than Korean Recommanded Dietary Allowences (RDA). Dietary habit of the shift workers was irregular. 3. There was a negative correlation between nutritional status and degrss of fatigue. The intakes of energy nutrients, ascorbic acid, and niain were significantly related to the degree of fatigue in which protein intake was found to be most influential. Among workers with the same level of protein intake, shift workers showed higher degree of fatigue. When the protein intake of shift workers was 100-125% of R.D.A., they showed the same degree of fatigue to the average normal workers.
A Study on the Territoriality .Privacy in Housing and Self-Identity
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 59~69
The sutdy is to investigate the variables that influenced on territoriality
privacy and to find the relation between territoriality
privacy and self-identity. Data were collected from 342 homemakers in Pusan. Data were analysed by SPSS programs. To test hypotheses frequency, correlation and Multiple Regression (Path Analysis) were applied. The results were as follows: 1. The significant variales that influenced on territoriality were space occupancy level, SES and neighborhood relationship. 2. The significant variables that influenced on privacy were space occupancy level, SES and neighborhood relationship. 3. The significant variables that influenced on self-identity were territoriality, privacy, neighborhood relationship, housing ownership, space occupancy level and SES.
A Study on the Summer Thermal Environment in Korean Urban Residences
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 71~83
This is a basic study designed to discover the most comfortable thermal environment for Korean residences. The purpose of the research is to observe and measure the summer thermal environment in Korean urban detached single family houses and apartments by utilising proposed evaluation standards and methods. The technique used involves the measurement of environmental elements, such as indoor temperature, relative humidity and radiant temperature both in detached single family houses and apartments. Also, in order to understand the resident's thermal comfort response. ASHRAE' thermal sensation 9th level, indoor temperature 5th level, and thermal discomfort 4th level in the psycho-physical voting scale (1972) was used. In conclusion, among Korean urban residences, detached single family houses provided a more stable thermal environment than apartments, as shown by physical psychological evaluations. The possible reason for such stability in detached single family houses may be the usage of reinforced concrete structures which maintain consistent temperatures.
A Study on the Residents' Attitudes and Adaptation Behavior of Indoor Noise in Apartment Houses
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 85~96
The purpose of study was to survey the indoor noise of apartment houses, residents, attitudes and their adaptation behavior in order to offer the information helpful to apartment designers and residents, in their housing policy. Documentary research and questionnaire survey methods were used in this research. The sample was taken from 187 housewives living in apartments in Seoul. Data were analyzed with the SPSS program. The results were as follow : 1. It was found that apartment residents pointed out washing machine noise inside the home, piano and other musical instruments noise outside the home. 2. Piano and other musical instrument noise were heard at 3 to 6 pp.m. when residents heard the noise, and water supply and drainage noise in bathrooms were found most noisy. 3. Apartment residents were discontent with noise outside the home, and they displayed positive adaptation behavior at a reduced noise level. 4. Attitudes arising from indoor noise in apartment houses and human noise, water supply and drainage noise, doorway opening and closing noise were found to be significant in sampled apartment groups. 5. The youngest child's age was a significant variable on the residents' attitudes and adaptation behavior of indoor noise in apartment houses. 6. Between the resident' attitudes and adaptation behavior involving indoor noise in apartment houses. 6. Between the resident' attitueds and adaptation behavior involving indoor noise apartment houses, the more they became discontented, the more quickly they adapted in a postive manner.
A Study on Change of the Apartment Storage Space
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 97~109
The purpose of this study was to find out change of the apartments stouge space in Seoul area from 1971 to 1988. It also attempts to compare the storage space in the apartment with the optimum storage space which is suggested by precedent studies on the storage space. Content analysis methods were used to analyze 961 apartment floor plan from the booklet of 'Apartment Information'. The major findings were as follows : 1) According to the precedent studies, optimum storage spaces are 3.86∼7.72㎡ for 66.07∼115.61㎡ house, and 14.23∼20.31㎡ for 115.62∼165.15㎡ house. 2) It was found out that the storage spaces of the apartments were increased until 1977∼80 and decreased after 1980. 3) Comparing the storge space with the optimum standard, most of the apartments have not enough storage space. It offers only 50% of optimum storage space. 4) The percentage of installation of storage space in bedrooms were quite low in general. Specially, bedrooms in small apartment under 66.6㎡ and most master bedrooms didn't storage spaces. 5) The sige of the apartment storage space were variant according to the builder. Only one builder from 8 offered the spaces close to the optimum standrd, and others didn't seem much care for the storage space.
A Study on the Household Work Time's Change and Its Structure in Urban Home Makers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 111~126
The aim of the present study is to research into the household work time change and its structure in urban home makers by the choosen eleven studies and KBS's Data 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987. This study were proceeded under some limitations, it is choosen eleven studies that is different region: large city, medium and small town, and the household work's categories of original auther were changed. And KBS's Data was composed of general formation without personal character of home maker: FLC, number of childeren, family type, education, region. Although this study have a certain meaning of implementation, research into the household work time change and its's structure. The major findings of this study can be autlined as follows: (1) Total household work time did'nt so much changed through the choosen eleven studies compared with the last twenty years ago. In the change of each province household work time, time connected with meals and dwelling did not showed consistancy of change. But cloth laundering and mending time of 80's were declined compared with 70's. Family care time of 80's was increased, home management and buying time was declined untill '85, but again increasing trend '87. In choosen eleven studies, the household work time structure of urban home makers can be outlined: time connected with Meals>Family care>Cloth laundering and mending>Dwelling>Home management and Buying. (2) KBS's time-series data were analized as follows: a) Total household work time of '87 was declining gradually in weekday (34 minutes), sat. (41 minutes), sun (1 house and 2 minutes) compared with '81. b) The change of each province household work time: the time of cooking and sewing home management were declining gradually in its Mean time and its ratio of acters. The acter ratio of household worker in '81, '83, '85 was composed Cooking > Cleaning > Laundering > Home management > Buying > Child care > Sewing. In '87 was composed Cooking > Cleaning > Laundering > Buying > Home management > Child care > Sewing. c) The structure of household work time revealed some differences in each year and a day of the week.
Comparative Analysis of Financial Well-Being and Management Practice between Korean and Chinese Families in the U.S.A.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 127~139
A Study on the Relationship Between the Urban Homemaker's View of Homemanagement and the Domestic Courtesy and Ritual.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 141~164
The Purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the urban home-maker's view of homemanagement and the domestic courtesy and ritual (wedding ceremany, ancestral service, funeral rites). The data for this study was obtained from the 661 homemakers who live in Seoul, Busan, Inchon etc. The data were analyzed by the method described below with SPSS Computer programs. Such methods as frequence, percentile, analysis of variance (t-test, one-way ANOVA), Pearson's correlation and Factor analysis, Multiple regression were used. The major results the study can be summaried as follows; 1) As the result of factor analysis about view of homemanagement, 10 factors (which Eigen Value was above 1.0) out of 28 guestions were extracted. 2) In general, it can be said that the urban Homemaker's View of homemanagement varies by age, level of education, religion. 3) The domestic courtesy and ritual (wedding ceremony, ancestral servic, funeral rites) varies by age, level of education, religion. 4) There is a positive relation in analyzing the correlation between the urban homemaker's view of homemanagement and domestic courtesy and ritual (wedding ceremony, ancestral service, funeral rites)(p<.001).
A Study on the Difference Between Wife and Husband in the Level of Stress Recognition and Distress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 165~179
The purpose of this study is to examine the difference between wife and husband in the level of stress recognition and distress subsequent to the life events, and thus 5 kinds of study questions have been established for the achievement of this purpose. Data were obtained from 371 couples who resided in Seoul through Likert-Type questionaire, and Frequency, Percentage, Mean, T-Test, One Way ANOVA, Pearson
Correlation, Multiple Regression, Cronbach
Coefficient were calculated. As the result of this studay, the experiences subsequent to life events, the level stress recognition and distress was different from wife and husband, and it was generally shown that those are higher for wife rather than husband.
Analysis of the Relationship of HOME, Socio-demographic Variables and Children's Intellectual and Social Abilities I - at Age Four -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 1, 1989, Pages 181~194
This study examined the characteristics of the relationship of HOME, socio-demographic variables and children's intellectual and social abilities. The subjects of this study were 80 children at age four and their mothers. Instruments included inventory of home stimulation (HOME) and the inventory of socio-demographic variables and K-Binet scale, social naturation scale, and the social-emotional developmental rating scale. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. HOME, socio-demographic variables had a significant positive correlation (.37∼..66) with children's intellectual ability. 2. HOME, Socio-demographic variables had a significant positive correlation(.26∼..67) with children's social ability. 3. The variables that significantly predicted children's intellectual ability were play materials, breadth of experience and quality of langage environment. 4. The variables that significantly predicted children's social ability were play materials, economic status of the home and parent education. 5. The results of the causal model showed that the kind of variables that affected children's intellectual ability directly were direct stimulation, parent's education, indirect stimulation, and the emotional climate of the home. 6. The results of the analysis of the causal model showed that the kind of variables that affected children's social ability directly were direct stimulation, parent's education, economic status of the home.