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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
Selecting the target year
Dress as Art -Impressionism and It's Image in Dress-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 1~19
Dress is an expressive art form which involves a human activity; utilizes techniques under sufficient technical control that results in the production of typical forms on the basis of aesthetic standards. This study was conducted to clarify a relationship of Impressionism and it's image in dress-Bustle style. Artists such as Manet, Renoir, Cezanne, Gogh, Gauguin, and Rodin were reviewed. Impressionism was a method of painting that consists in repoducing an impression exactly as it is experienced from contemplation nature. The Impressionists used a technique of separate, fragmented brush strokes and pure prismatic colore, aiming at rendering changing effects of light. Fashion designers such as Charles Worth, Givency, Cardin, Ungaro, and Lacroix were examined. Throughout their fashions, they focused on the naturalism of feminine and seductive image-the touch of Vegetable Venus depicted on the paintings of Manet and Renoir; expressed "unmitigated sexiness" in various forms of Bustle sytle creating a seductive beauty, revealing body contour, breast and legs, and using a fragmented motif and flowers with vivid color.
A Study on Policy and Movement to Strengthen the Competitiveness of U.S. Textile and Apparel Industries
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 21~30
The U.S. response to increased international competition was examined in the present study in order to have more comprehensive understanding of the U.S. textile and clothing market. The method employed to conduct the study was the analysis of the written materials, interview with professionals, and the survey of the actual situations of the U.S. textile and apparel industries. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Official U.S. textile and apparel trade policy has been quite has been quite protective since 1950's. The protective trend has been embodied in Japan Cotton Textile Export Control (reciprocal trade agreement signed by the U.S. and Japan in 1957), Short Term Arrangement Regarding International Trade in Cotton Textiles, Long Term Cotton Textile Arrangement (1962∼1973), and Multi-fiber Arrangement (1974∼). Other governmental programs designed to improve the competitiveness of the U.S. textile and apparel industries include Long-term Textile and Apparel Products Export-expansion Program, and 807 Trade to take labor cost advantage. 2. Along with the quite protective governmental trade policy, the corporate responses have been made such as new sourcing mixes, investment in technology, specialization in the textile and apparel industries, and recent strategies pursued by retailer's. The apparel industry was subject to pressure from imports that increased at moderate levels, and the U.S. textile and apparel industries have made extensive efforts to adjust to the increasing competition from abroad. The textile and apparel industries have taken steps to increase labor productivity through automation, to speed management to create and introduce new products and new methods, and have lowered indirect overhead costs. Several industrywide promotion campaigns have attempted to establish a greater public awareness of international competition and to develop a preference for apparel produced in the United States. 3. Regarding these response of the U.S. and other situations of world textile and apparel trade market, much of the sense of crisis that pervades Korean textile and apparel industries has to do with the problem of adjusting government and corporate policy. Textile and apparel industry of Korea faces on going pressure to reduce costs, improve quality, increase service, develop new markets, diversify, and differentiate itself from its foreign competitors. The strategies that have been adopted in the past have generally worked in the past, but the time has come to adopt strategies that reflect present conditions. If this is not done, then we stand to lose large segments of these industries, which once lost will not easily be regenerated.
A Study on the Automatic drafting of Onepiece Dress Pattern by Computer -Princess Line Onepiece Dress-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 31~42
The purpose of this study was to develop a computer program to draft princess line onepiece dress pattern. To this study, the Turbo Pascal Compiler and the Pascal language were used. The procedures of the study were as follows: 1. A basic onepiece dress pattern was drafted by the hand operation. 2. The co-ordinate points were instituted for indication of relative position of all necessary points in drafting. Total sixty-nine co-ordinte points (front: thirty-five, back: thirt-four) were instituted. 3. The two subprograms for main program were developed to solve geometric problems and to draft straight lines and curved lines of the onepiece dress pattern. 4. The program was accomplished by putting indivisual body measurement 5. Grading fo five size was given.
A Study on the Standardization of Anthropometric Terms (I) -Terms of measurement points and lines-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 43~52
This study deals with the standardization of anthropometric terms related to body measurement points and lines that are to be the basis in body measurement. It investigates the state-of-the art of anthropometric terms used among middle and high schools, universities, dressmaking schools, and experts and set up the directions of standardization. According to the directions, 39 body measurement points and 9 body measurement lines were studied and a draft standards on anthropometric terms was suggested.
Nutrition Survey of Young Children of Day Care Centers in the Rural Area of Hongcheon-gun, Kangwon Province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 53~63
A untrition survey of early childhood was undertaken among 102 rural young children, aged 3 to 6, attending three day care centers of Hongcheon-gun, Kangwon province, in July of 1987, to investigate dietary and nutritional status. The results were obtained as follows: Mean values of height and arm circumference ranged from 96 to 97% of the KSRI's standards. However, mean value of weight met 91% of that standard. Mean value of hematocrit was 37.3±3.5%. According to the criterion established by the WHO, 3% of the subjects were proven to be anemic. Mean value of urinary urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio was 13.8±7.6; the higher the age lower the ratio was shown. Intake of energy and nutrients ranged from 63 to 88% of the RDAs. Carbohydrate provided 68% of total energy intake; protein accounted for 14%; fat provided 18%. Energy intake was divided among breakfast, lunch supper and snacks in a percentage ratio of 21:35:26:18. The survey clarified that the day care feeding largely supplemented the inadequate dietary intakes of these young children at home. Family factors, anthropometric measurements, biochemical results were positively correlated with nutrient intakes. Authors with this study can be contributed, as a reference, to develop the community nutrition programs as well as improving the quality of day care feeding.
A Study on the Survey of Eating out Food Preference of College Students in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 65~74
The purpose of this study was to investigate the state of eating out and the food preference of college students in Seoul. This survey was carried out through questionaires, and the subjects were 158 male and 159 female students. The result obtained were summarized as follows; 1) Female students had more regular breakfast than male students, and male students had more regular dinner than female students. 2) Male and higher grade students brought home-made lunches more frequently than female students, and others ate out in campus dinning room and off campus dinning room. 3) Most of subjects (77.3%) ate out more than once a day, they ate out in lunch time more frequently than other times. 4) Male and female students used different type of restaurant. 5) The most favorite food of male students in eating out was a Dongas, and that of female students was Nangmyun.
Changes of Phytic acid and Minerals by Heat Treatment in Korean Soybeans
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 75~83
In this study, effect of heat treatment on phytic acid, phosphorus compounds, and minerals in Korean soybean varieties was investigated. Results were summarized as follwo: 1. In the soybeans tested, protein content ranged from 34.6 to 44.6%, lipid content from 15.4 to 20.2%, fiber content from 4.8 to 6.1% and ash content from 4.5 to 5.9%. 2. Content range for phytic acid in soybean varieties was 1,300 to 1,542mg/100g and its mean was measured 1,392mg/100g. With increasing of the temperature, the phytic acid tends to be destroyed, especially at 6
the loss was averaged about 20%. 3. Total phosphorus content in soybean ranged from 607 to 681mg/100g and the decending order of phosphors content in soybean varieties was Millyang > Hwangkeum > Kwangkyo > Danyoup > Hill > Jangyoup. It was also destroyed with increasing temperature. 4. Phytate phosphorus content range in soybean was from 315.6 to 318.0mg/100g and decreased with increasing temperature. 5. Inorganic phosphorus content ranged from 95.5 to 110.0mg/100g and it was increased by temperature rising among soybean varieties. 6. Phytate phosphorus to total phosphorus ratio ranged from 5.2 to 5.7 and decreased by temperature rising. 7. The content of nonphytate phosphorus varied widely between soybean varieties and decreased with temperature increase. 8. The content of calcium, iron and magnesium ranged from 15.7 to 25.7mg/100g from 8.8 to 16.8mg/100g and from 121.9 to 143.6mg/100g respectively. The content of Mg showed small difference among soybean varieties. The change of mineral content with heat treatment in soybean did not give any meaningful change mineral content.
A Study on the Relationship between Food Habits, Food Preferences and Personality Traits of Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 85~95
To examine closely the relations between food habits, food preferences and personality traits, 141 boys and 146 girls in the 5th and the 6th grade of primary school in Incheon were studied by questionaires. The results of this study were as follows: 1. In food habit scores, girls got 2.28/3.00 and boys got 2.24/3.00 which meant boys and girls had the similar food habits. 2. The higher were their activity, sociability, responsibility, reflectiveness, and superiority, the higher score they showed in food habits. 3. Meats, fats and processed foods had much to do with emotional stability, and those who belonged to high group in emotional stability high preference for them. But girls who had high preference for meats were low in emotional stability. 4. Fishes of which bones we can eat, and potatoes had relation to activity, and those who belonged to high group in activity showed high preference for them. 5. Vegetables and processed foods had relation to sociability. Those who belonged to high group in sociability showed high preference for vegetables, but those who belonged to middle group in sociability showed highest preference for processed foods. 6. Meats and potatoes had much to do with responsibility. Those who belonged to low group in responsibility showed high preference for them. 7. Those who belonged to the high group in emotional stability, and superiority showed the high preferene for foods respectively, and superiority showed the high preference for foods respectively.
Change of Furniture for Rural House in the Vicinity of Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 97~114
The purpose of this study is to analyze style and usage of furniture for rural house and to organize the changing process of the furniture. The data were collected from 32 residences in Samga 3-ri village in Youngin Kyungkido by field survey measuring and sketching the furniture were also performed as a supplement of investigation. Qualitative analysis were done by discriptive method. 1) It was found that the major furniture for rural household were storing furniture such as wardrobes, blanket chests, drawer chests, cupboards until 1976. The time when the supportive furniture such as sofa sets and dining sets were purchased on the rural area was after late 1970's. 2) The style of the furniture was investigated through the analysis of the size, material, structure, finishing and ornamentation. The changing process of style was from luxurious look to natural look. Therefore the storing furniture of the rural household showed a state of transition between traditional and modern style. 3) As a result of analyzing the place where the furniture were used, the cupboards showed to move from Marus (the living room area) to Buauks (the kitchens). The wardrobes were mainly used in An-Bangs(the master bedrooms) and Kuhnnun-Bangs(the room opposite the master bedrooms), but the style of those wardrobes were different each other.
A Study on the Consumer Behavior in the Industrial Society -Commodity Substitution and Buying Behavior for Food, Clothing and Shelter of Households in Seoul-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 115~132
The household behavior of food, clothing, and shelter in Seoul area was analyzed to determine characteristics of consumer behavior in the industrial society. Questionaires were administered to 1095 housewives to find out the degrees and types of household labor substituted by the commodities and their buying behavior. Attitudes and values concerning clothing and housing were also measured. The results of the study indicated that the degree of labor substitution by commodities in clothing related area were high, while traditional food items were relatively low. Household labors related to clothing and housing maintenance also showed increased tendency to be substituted by the commercial services. The age and educational level of housewife, and household income were found to be the influencing factors to accelerated labor substitution, which is expected to increase as the industrialization progresses. Buying behavior varied in store selection and information sources according to commodities. Marketer dominated information sources according to commodities. Marketer dominated information sources were used for foods and clothing commodities, while interpersonal information sources were used for services. Shortened clothing life cycles, and rental housing were also found indicating consumer's change in housing concept from possession to use. Suggestion were made to consumers, industries, and government based on the results from the study.
A study on the adjustment problems of the aged
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 133~148
This study attempts of analyze empirically the living status of the elderly in Korea by finding out the problems of it in the family and by clarifying the influences of the family environmental variables and the values on the adjustment of the aged. To carryout the aim of this study, the causes and the patterns of the problems for the aged had been found out through the review of literature. Based on them the questionnaire was prepared including the questions of the values, family environmental vriables as well as the degree of satisfaction of thier liver and the extent of life interchange. The former variables were taken as independent and the latter were taken as dependent variables, so that the relationship between the two variables could be exemplified. The 400 aged over 60 living in Seoul and the other cities were selected through the purposive sampling and interviewed. The answers of the 376 respondents, 94% of the sample, were analyzed for this study. The following results have been found out through the various statistical analysis such as frequency distribution, chi-square test, pearson's correlation, analysis of variance and cluster analysis. At first, the results from the examination of the frequency distribution regarding the living status of the aged are; I) sixteen percent of the respondents living with their married offspring were receiving economical support, though they pointed out the problems of the extended family are the inconveniences with their children (60%) and simpleness (20%) of their livers. It seems that the aged in Korea are poor and have negative opinion on the relationship with their offspring even if they live in the same house. Secondly, it has been found out that the family environmental variables, especially such as sex, occupation, residence, education, level, living ability and the family type, play and important role not only on the degree of satisfaction of their liver but also on the extent of interchange of their lives. However, the variables such as religion and whether the spouse is alive or not do not play and important role. Thirdly, the reported main reasons of their delightness were healthy life (1.87%), the well-being of their offspring (2.08%), the spouse's long life (3.38%), religious activity (5.05%), the hobby activity (4.31%) and the participation in the social activity (5.05%). While, they mainly concern about the illness (1.98%), offspring (2.00%), econmic difficulties (3.39%), inharmonious home (3.81%) and the despicable treatment (3.81%). The respondents wer classified into two groups, they are dependent and independent, using cluster analysis. Health, social activity, offspiring, religion, couple's long life among the factors which lead them to be delighted were turned out to be statistically signhificant at 0.01 significance level between the two groups. As far as their worrisome matters are concerned, health and economic difficulties were significantly different between the two groups. Fourthly, regarding the life interchange, it has been proved that there is a statistically significant differences betwwen the two groups in the economic and the emotional satisfaction, help for ordinary life, status in the family, subjective and objective relationship with offspring, but not in economic dependency and the activity status. Fifthly, it has been noted that there is a high correlation between the degree of life's satisfaction and the extent of life interchange. On the basis of the results mentioned above, it could be concluded taht; i) The majority of the aged in Korea are not economically active, and thus they live with their married offspring even of they have a negative opinion on the subjective relationship with them. This can be pointed out as the main problem of the aged and thus it needs to be studied further. ii) the environmental variables such as age, sex education level, family type and occuption (which can not be changed by their effrot) turned out to give an important effect on the extent of the life interchange among the aged. iii) The respondents who are identified as independent group have a higher degree of life satisfaction and family status than the group identified as defendent. Thus, it can be inferred that it is possible for them to adjust their life by making an effort to modify themselves. iv) The high correlation between the extent of life interchange and the degree of life satisfaction indicates that the elderly themselves can adjust in order to obtain the higher degree of life satisfaction. Therefore, the following suggestions are derived from this study. First of all, the aged should try to be psychologically independent. Second, they need to control themselves in order to achieve self-assurance. Third, the community have to prepare a program of self-development for the aged. Fourth, the social welfare policy that can solve the problem of illness and poverty of the elderly should be introduced, so that their minimum requirements can be satisfied.
The Attachment Between Mother and Married Son and Mother's Marital Relationship to Son's Marital Satisfaction: A Path Model
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 149~162
Based on attachment theory and family system theory, this study was attempted to construct a path model in which showed how adult son-mother relationship and mother's marital relationship influence son's marital satifaction. Predictor variables examined were the attachment between mother and married son, mother's dependency, mother's marital relationship, son's filial obligation, son's marriage years. Data were analyzed from survey and structured interviews conducted with 111 families including married son, his wife and his mother. Results indicated that the attachment between mother and married son influenced directly to son's marital satisfaction while the other variables had an indirect influence via the attachment between mother and son. The importance of the relationship between mother and married son to son's marital satisfaction received string support.
A Study on Home Economist Education with Refrence to the Business Activities in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 163~185
Korean home economics education has around 100 years history. The main aims of home economics education up 1950 had not been changed, they were mainly for the improvement of household-skill to raise both standard of living and life quality as well as womanhood. After 1960's the standard of living drastically improved and the industrialization of Korean society was quite rapidly proceeded from simple to complex one. Because of these changes, I considered that the aims and the contents of home economics education should be reexamined and reshaped. This study motivated me that especially home economics major should be trained to be competent enough to work in industrialized society as much as the input to her college education. As industialization was made progress, family member's diverse role differentiation also occurred from past simple role such as house wife or girl's high school teacher among by home economics major. In this current societal change, most of the home economics major have wish to have opportunities obtaining new kinds of employment rather than obtaining merely teaching work. With this in mind I made a study on college level home economics education of the new adjustment to current and future industrialized Korean society. (1) The full number of officially admissible home economics major in 169 Korean colleges, 70 junior colleges, and one open university were as follows, 7139, 6080, and 230 respectively. The percentages of employed of employed numbers of them for the college and junior college graduates were 26.5 and 39.0 respectively. (2) The certificate qualifications issued to college home economics major are nutritionist (1st grade and 2nd grade), clothes and textilist, home economics teacher (2nd grade for high school) and kindergartener (2nd grade), The qualifications are certified after majoring each field from major departments of college of home economics by Ministrys of Labour and Education of the Korean government. The percentages of their employment are low as mentioned earlier. (3) To find out new employment opportunity for home economics graduates in home economist in business (henceforce/HEIB) status quo of consumer division for mational enterprise was surveyed. According to govermment decree of general law of consumer protection (1980), enterprise should organize bureau (offics, subdivision) on liability to consumer's complaint. Of 89.6% of the enterprise established th subdivision in which 96.2% of employee was male (3.8% was female). Of the employee college graduate and high school graduate were 93.2% and 6.8% respectively. On the employee's major acadmic backgroud (%), economics and business administration, engineering and low-political science were 39.5, 26.2 and 11.2 respectively. (4) To study on the relation between home economics and home economist in business, the aspect of historical development of HEIB, group of HEIB employing enterprise and their nature of business were tried to find out as well as perception and evaluation by enterprise on HEIB. (a) In the united States of America employed home economics major to enterprise was organized autonomously HEIB subdivision within American Home Economics Association since 1920's and the membership of HEIB was 3,000 of the AHEA membership 50,000. (b) In Japan the Japanese founder HEIB had three times the bilateral congress with the U.S.HEIB and had 10th anniversary celebration in 1988. Japanese HEIB member are not necessary to be home economics graduates but should have certificate as consumer adviser effected by the Minister of Trade and Industry. Japanese subdivision of consumer affaire within Japanese enterprise employ the consumer adviser with the certificate. Because of this different system from the United Sates, Japanese HEIB call their title "HEEB" instead of HEIB. The Japanese consumer adviser certificate system had initiated since 1980 and it belongs to 2nd level national qualification certificate. Currently active membership of Japanese "HEEB" association had increased from 115 (in 1979) to 319 in 1988. (5) For the opening of the future new employment of home economics graduates to enterprise and qualification required for the HEIB by national enterprise in Korea, I studied on the courses which seem to be important and required by employee in the field of HEEB in the United States of America and preliminary curriculum for home economics related major student aimning to be the future "HEEB" by Japanese HEEB study group of Japanese Association of Home Economics. It is suggested that it is very important and urgent to realize as home economics educator to have common deep concern and endeavors on opening new employment for our home economics major student1), we should try to publicize strongly and let enterprise and consumer protection board realize that employee in the subdivision of consumer protection should be the one who well experienced home economics major graduates2), we, home economics educator, should try to develop actively new curriculum in line of the suggestion made earlier for our future home economics major student of open broadly their future employment opportunities3), we, home economics educators, should try to have consensus on whether we should have support from government in terms of receiving national qualification certificate on consumer pretection or not4), and I would appreciate if the Korean Home Economics Association and Korean Home Management Society paydeep and positive concern on this matter.
Pioneers in Asian Home Economics: The Oregon State University connection
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 187~195
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 2, 1989, Pages 201~207