Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Self-Actualization On the Clothing Selection Behaviors among adult Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of self-actulization and demographic variables upon the selection of clothes among adult women. The Results of this research can be sumerized as follows; 1. Marital status has direct effect on the self-actualizing values, Marital status and houshold type have direct effect on the inner directed and self-regard traits. Marital status and monthly income have direct effect on a capacity for intimate contact. 2. Self-actualizing values and inner directed traits are directly related with individuality of clothing. Frequency of contact with massmedia, household type and employment have direct effect on the individuality of clothing. 3. Self-regard, self-actualizing values, school career and houshold type have direct effect on the conformity of clothing. 4. Self-actualizing values, capacity for intimate contact and frequency of contact with massmedia have direct effect on the fashionability of clothing.
Comparative Analysis of Curriculum and Research Trends Related to Clothing for Persons with Special Needs between Korea and America
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 13~28
With the purpose of identifying clothing for persons with special needs one of new directions in Clothing and Textiles, this pater comparatively analyzed current curriculum and research trends related to this field between Korea and America. Questionaire was distributed to 25 Korean colleges with Clothing and Textiles department and 4 American colleges known for special clothing study. Questions regarded the name of course, level (grade), number of credit houre, prerequisits and supporting courses, subjects of lecture and projects, way of managing lecture and projects, evaluation system, other special characteristics. Resources for analyzing research trends are Thesis and Dissertations in Clothing and Textiles, Research Journal of Clothing & Textiles/Home Economics Association, College Professors' research reports collection, of both Korea and America. Years of publications are 1972∼1986 (America), 1978∼1988 (Korea). Findings are as follows; 1. Clothing for special needs can be classified into various groups; Clothing for physically handicapped, mentally retarded, elderly, unusual-sized, pregnant/nursing mothers, institutionalized, protective clothing, uniform/career apparel. 2. Management of coursework related to special clothing has several common characteristics specially in America; Building-up coursework, problem-solving orientation, cooperative team-preject, interdisciplinary approach, client-versus-designer preference, community involvement. In Korea, a few school only has special clothing coursework and its scope of study was very limited. 3. Majority of research reports done with the subjects of special clothing had made for physically handicapped people and the elderly. Protective clothing and uniform have recently been paid much interests. 4. Researchers had mainly concerned on Design and Construction Aspects and nextly on social-psychological aspects. However, in America, selection and care aspects and marketing aspects of special clothing have been very procuctive issues recently. 5. Study on clothing for special needs has several opportunities to be stressed and improvements to be strengthened. Opportunities included active participation to the welfare of community society, strong publicity of accurate professional image, share with business and industry, interdisciplinary approach and new job market. Improvements were discussed in terms of strengthening supporting courses/prerequistes, intensifying interdisciplinary cooperation, provoking strong community involvement and securing financial support and research funds.
A Study on Moisture Related Properties and Human Sensations of under wear (II) -The Physiological Responses and Subjective Wearing Sensations of Underwear-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 29~38
The purpose of this study is to investigate the physiological respones and subjective wearing sensations of the body of different materials of underwears. Experimental underwears were round neck-line shirts made of 100% cotton (60's plain stitch), 100% untreated nylon and hydrophillic finished 100% nylon (140 D. tricot). Four healthy female served as subjects. The experimental chamber was controlled at a constant temperature (23±1℃), constant relative humidity (53±3%) and air velocity of 0.25m/sec. The skin temperature, rectal temperature, pulse rate, clothing climate of temperature and humidity, and subjective wearing sensations were measured every five minutes during 75min. The results showed the level of the fiber hygroscopic properties was most relevant in the sensations of wearing: thus, cotton and treated nylon were felt by the subjects as more confortable fabrics, than untreated nylon.
The Study on the Relationship Between the Unbalanced diets of Protein-rich Food and General Circumstances, Growth, School Performance & Character among Elementary School Children of Masan
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 39~51
In this study, 419 students of the 6th grade in three schools in Masan were surveyed. The students having less than 24 items among 48 protein-rich foods easily obtained were considered as unbalanced-diet students. Their general circumstances, character, status of growth and development and school performance were compared with those of balanced-diet students. The results were following. 1. The actual condition of unbalanced diets of protein-rich food 1) Female showed high degree of unbalanced diet in meat food while male in shell-food. Both sexes liked processed food stuffs such as ham, sausage and boiled fish paste but not salted. Both of them disliked beans. 2) The reason for unbalanced diet, they answered, was bad taste and smell of some foods. The reason, their mothers amswered, was they fed their children some particualr foods. 3) The attitudes of the mothers against unbalanced diets were coaxing their children to eat some foods for they are good for health or forcing their children to eat some foods. The most effective method on the children was coaxing and the next was changing cuisines. 2. The general circumstances of the students. 1) 168 students (male: 85, female:83) among 419 students who were studied were unbalanced-diet students and the extent of unbalanced diet was similar in both sexes. 2) The rate of unbalanced-diet students was higher among the students who were the first child in the family, had a small family or were fed milk or mixed milk. 3) The school career of unbalanced-diet student's mothers was higher and the rate of unbalanced-diet students was higher among the students who have rich families or career mothers. 3. The status of physical condition 1) The height and weight of unbalanced-diet students were lower than those of the standard of Korean children. The status of balanced-diet students were better than that of the standard. 4. Degree of school performance 1) The school records of unbalanced-diet students was 81.4 points in average, which was 1.3 points lower than the average of city students and that of balanced-diet students was 2.8 points higher than average. There was a significant gap between the two groups. 5. The relation between unbalanced diet and character 1) Compared balanced-diet students, unbalanced-diet students showed high degree of nervousness and coldheartedness and low degree of self-reliance and self-possession. There was a significant gap between the two groups and it showed that unbalanced diets affected the formation of character.
The Development of a Computer Counseling System for Weight Control of Athletes Part 1 : A Basic Study for Investigating Dietary Guideline of Athletes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 53~60
This study was carried out in order to investigate a suitable dietary guideline for athlets who need weight control. This dietary guideline will be a basic information to furnish further development of the computer program. The weight of Boxing and Judo players were diverse ranging from 49.5Kg to 95Kg whose overage age was 21. Also the quantity of energy expenditure during a day's activity depended on the indiviual's weight and physical conditions that will contribute to many factors among those surveyed, and the overall contribute to many factors among those surveyed, and the overall consumption of calorie per day was ranged from 3682Kcal to 7226Kcal. For those athlets, they suggested necessary nutritional intake of protein per 1Kg weight was 1.18㎎ and the recommended intake of vitamin B1, vitamin B2 and niacin was 0.5㎎, 0.6㎎, and 6.6㎎ each per 1,000Kcal of calorie needed. Taste perference of athletes showed that there was no extreme dislike toward and food items. However, this study showed that strongly flavored food was not prefered. On the other hand, there was a high preference toward protein foods, fruits and beverages.
The Development of a Computer Counseling System for Weight Control of Athletes Part 2 : A Study in developing Software for Menu Planning of Athletes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 61~69
This study was carried out to develop a computerized menu planning for athletes who need weight control. The outine of the computer lprogram for menu planing that was developed in this study are as follows: First of all, the athlete's weight to be lost/controlled, age, sex and quantity of daily activity were put into the computer. When an individual file was formed, an ordered menu formulated to control the necessary quantity of nutrients were sufficient. The software is planned according to the sturcture of the menu which can be chosen at random. Also, it was made possible to change the menu according to one's preference. Therefore, this was similar to the manmachine system which is desirable form in using the computer. The developed software could be used not only for athletes but also for a nutrition councelling program for those who need weight control.
Study on the Sensory Quality Characterization of Strawberry Jam by Cooking Method
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 71~78
As the level of life improves, the eating habit is changing from rice meal to bread meal and at the time, eat more strawberry jam than before. We tried to study to select the good cooking method and the proper strawberry variety for the jam through the sensory evaluation We made four kinds jam of Bogyo-Joseoung and Ai-berry by different cooking methods, the result6s of the sensory evaluation are as follow: The jam of Ai-berry is better than that of Bogyo-Joseoung by the paired comparison test but the difference between those, if we add some lemon to the jam of Bogyo-Joseoung and Ai-berry, is very little. The multiple comparison test proves the sourness, if added some lemon and citric acid, become better and the color and viscosity, if added pectin, became better. The overall preference about jam, if pectin and citric acid were added together, was best. In addition, we evaluated the quality of jammed bread by multiple comparison test. The result is like this: The jam with lemon is very good in color, flavor, sourness and texture, but the jam with pectin and citric acid was the best in overall preference.
Study on the Status of Beverage Consumption of Middle and High School Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 79~87
As the level of life improves, the pattern of beverage comsumption are being changed. We came to drink more beverage than ever before, and I think, the remarkable increase of beverage consumption will have a great effect on our health. We examined the drinking pattern of 447 middle school and high school students in Taejeon City from 24 to 29, May, 1989. We studied about the amount of drinking beverage and the correlation between the amount and the various factors to have effects on the amount. They usually drink total 604.6ml/day, water 292.8ml, soft drink 131.8ml, milk 109.2ml, fruit juice 26.1ml, vegetable juice 9.6ml, coffee & tea 21.7ml, korean tea 15.4ml. Beside, middle school students drink 654.4ml and high school students drink 560.7ml. The male drink 620.1ml and the female drink 589.2ml. The average amount of beverage consumption per a unit weight is total 13.3ml and middle school students (654.3ml) drink more than high school students (560.7ml) but the average amount is same between the male and the female. They usually drink 343.5ml of beverage at their homes, and they drink more at their homes than away from homes. In addition, at the correlation between the amount of drinking beverage and the various factor to have effects on the amount, the students who have snacks very often drink more than those who don't. And the students who like meat-diet drink much more than meat & vagetabe-diet persons and vegetorians. And the students who eat pread often drink more than those who have rice at every mealtime.
A Research on the Actual Condition of Living in the Three Generation Sharing Apartment Houses -A Case of Sang-Gye Area-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 89~102
The purpose of this survey was to find out the actual conditions of living and housing needs of three generation family in the sharing apartment houses in Sang-Gye area. 1. General family type was one which is living with single parent (female), middle-aged couple and their children togeter. 2. Their main mobility to move in this houses was because of the special design of sharing apartment houses. 3. Most of actual dwelling activities of old parents and middle aged couple were performed in condition of space-integration except a few activities. 4. The "Space-compromise type" was proved as the most ideal type of three generation sharing house in our country. In which, private spaces (such as bed rooms and bath rooms) are planned to be used seperately, public spaces (such as living room and dining room) together. 5. It would be better if massionette type was taken in the case of more than 30 pyung (net area).net area).
Changes in Rural Kitchens: Factors Affecting Variations of Kitchen Spaces
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 103~115
This study has been a study on changes seen in rural kitchens and factors affecting the modernization of agrarian kitchen space. The major findings were as follows: 1) The physical changes in kitchen design were carried out rapidly after 1977. This period coincided directly with the period in which kitchen improvement projects were fostered by the Sae Ma-Eul UNDONG 2) The study showed the macro factors contributing to changes in kitchen space to be government policy and industrialization. The study showed the micro factors influening kitchen space changes to be classified along socio-demographic lines and family lifestyle. 3) The factors affecting the degree of satisfaction with kitchens have been divided into socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics. The level of education achieved by the husband was the most significant among socio-demographic characteristics. Most important among lifestyle characteristics were the cooking fuel used during the slack farm season, eating habits, heating fuel and eating space respectively. The results of this study have some implications in terms of government housing policy. Policymakers should be aware of suitable kitchen spaces to rural households in order to meet their housing needs and expectations.
Family Life Satisfaction of the Expanding Family, Husbands and Wives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 117~132
The purpose of present study was to investigate the overall tendency of family life satisfaction in the period of expanding family and to identify the variables affecting family life satisfaction. Also, to provide some basic directions for the expanding period and to improve its family life satisfaction. The major findings of the study can be summarized as folllows; 1. In the family life areas of relations with spouses, self-evaluating scored highest, reflecting the greatest degree of family life satisfaction of both husbands and wives. 2. There is significant differences between husbands and wives in family life satisfaction scores. Generally, husbands were more satisfied with their family wives. 3. In satisfaction with areas specific to the family life, husbands were highly satisfied with instrumental areas which were related to role performences, as the head of family. And wives higly satisfied with areas refer to relations with spouses and communication with their family members. 4. Family life satisfaction scores were relatively high when the educational level and income of the couple were high. So the variables which related to socio-economics status affected seriousiy on family life satis-faction of that period. 5. Family life satisfaction degree of the expanding family was getting lower by degree. But it showed that the higher both spouses were satisfied with finance situation and communication, the higher the genaral familly life satisfaction degree of both spouses would be.
Relations between Conjugal Power and Violence according to Social Class
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 133~146
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of conjugal power type and conjugal violence level according to social class. This study was also intended to examine the relations between conjugal power type and conjugal violence level. The subjects of this study were 492 high school students in Seoul. Conjugal power was measured with used to measure the conjugal violence level. For the statistical analysis of data, x2-test, Pearson's r, F-test, Duncan's Multiple Range Test and Cronbach's α for reliability were performed. The major results of this study were summarized as follows; 1. There were significant differences according to social class in conjugal power type: The higher social class of the family, the more Syncratic Type were found. And the lower social class of the family, the more Wife Dominant Type were found. 2. There were significant differences according to social class in conjugla violence level: Couples of the lowest class appeared to be more verbal aggression and physical violence. 3. The most severe Husband-to-Wife verbal aggression and physical violence were appeared when the conjugal power type is either Husband Dominant Type or Wife Dominant Type.
A Study on the Communication Styles and satisfaction between Adolescents and Mothers, Perceived by Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 147~159
The purpose of this study is to find out significant factors which have effects on the communition styles and adolescents' satisfaction in communication through the investigation of the communication styles between adolescents and mothers and the degree of adolescents' satisfaction in communication. The subjects of this study were 44 high school students in Seoul Statistical methods emploid to analyze the data were percentage, frequency, mean, X2-test, F-test and multiple regression. The results were as follows; 1) The communication styles between adolescents and mothers were divided into 4 grpups, and the proportion of these 4 groups were mutual open style 40.3% mutual closed style 34.5%, adolescent closed-mother open style 13.1% and adolescent open-mother closed style 12.2%. 2) Factors influencing the communication styles were sex (p<.001), communication time (p<.001) and atomosphere of families(p<.001). 3) The degree of adolescents' satisfaction in communication were significantly different depending on the communication style (p<.001), sex (p<.001), communication time (p<.001) educational level of father (p<.05), employment status of mother (p<.05), atomosphere of famlies (p<.001) and economic condition of families (p<.001). 4) The most significant variables influencing the degree of adolescents' satisfaction were communication styles and the atomosphere of families. The groups using open communication styles were more satisfied with their communication that the groups using closed communication styles. The female adolescents were more sensitively influenced than male adolescents with these two variables.
A Preliminary Study on the Emotional Child Abuse Reported by the Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 161~171
The purposes of this study are to find out the recent trends of child abuse which is reported by children, and to investigate the relations between emotional and verbal child abuse and socio-psycological variables. The subjects were 196 children in a public elementary school in Seoul (5th grade). They completed an anonymous questionnaire. The major findings are as follows: 1. Most of the children in the survey reported that their parents didn't abuse them. But there were significant differences in the frequency of child abuse with their mother and father. 2. Emotional and verbal child abuse differed significantly by the level of socioeconomic status, child's personality, parent's personality, marital dispute. But child abuse was not related to the sex of children.
Individual and Family Background Predictors of Nontraditional Career Orientation among U.S. College Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 27, issue 3, 1989, Pages 173~182