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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 1990
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
Selecting the target year
Surrealist Art and Elsa Schiaparelli's Fashion Design
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this paper was to examine the relationship between Surrealism and Schiaparelli's fashion design in the 1930s. Surrealism, derived from Dadaism, was based on Freud's analysis of dream imagery and human sexual behavior. Its style was characterized by the partial figure and the dislocation of body part, and the placement of the figure and its part in unanticipated settings. The objective of Surrealism was to exploit the unconsciousness and the interpretation of the body became an abiding. Surrealists were interested in the nature of clothing and in the specific characteristic of fashion, so, they moved into the world of fashion; fashion advertising window display and fashion photograph. The fantasy of Surrealism stimulated Schiaparelli to use wit and shock tactics, bold and unusual combination of colors, striking embroideries with crazy themes like circus and astrology. The character of her clothes was boldness and chic. She created humorous trompe-l'oel sweater, leg of mutton sleeve, tweed evening suit, shocking pink, peculiar accessories such as hats and buttons. She collaborated with many artists like Dali, Cocteau and Berard, and drew on all the latest artistic trends into the fashion arena from Cubism and African Art to Surrealism. Her Surrelist dress provided a play of illusions and affected today;s avant-grade style.
A Survey of Fast Food Ding out Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 15~29
A survey was conducted of 1,454 customers to investigate dining out behaviors at fast food restaurants of Youido department compound, Myung-dong and Gang-nam district in Seoul, in April, 1988. The results are summarized as follows; The majority, 85% of customers, were aged 14 to 30, consisting of junior and senior high school children, college students and company employees. The reasons given by customers for patronizing fast food restaurants were the following, from most to least frequent; "convenient to dining," "the adequate place for the companionship", "the surroundings and dining equipment are pleasant and hygienic", "to be able to stay as long as I want". The fast foods purchased by the customers were mostly for a between meal snack or ice cream or drink rather than a full meal. The majority of the customers ate the purchased foods at the fast food restaurnats. However, a limited number of female customers preferred to take the packed fast foods to their homes. Tast Preference was a major factor in food selection from available food items. Ice cream, juice, French fried potatoes, salad, fried chicken, rolled rice with laver, and coke were high on the list of liked foods; in constrast, lower preference was for porridge, fish burger, doughnut, chicken burger and rice cake. Preference by food nationality was highest for Korean food, then Western food, Chinese food, Italian food and Japanse food, in that order. Customers offered suggestions for better fast food service, such as lowering the price, greater variety in the menu, increasing the propotion of vegetables and fruits on the fast food menu adn developing fast foods from traditional Korean foods. The customers, in particular, emphasized a need for the development of Korean traditional beverage of malted drink and persimmon punch, as well as mungbean pan cakes and sweet-spicy rice noodles(docbokki), as fast foods.y rice noodles(docbokki), as fast foods.
Studies on the Lipid Components of Red Pepper Seed oil
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 31~36
This studies were conducted to find out the possibility of utilizing red pepper seed as resources of food fats, the research method was designed to make a comparison between crude and refined oil, and the results of the studies are as follows : The red pepper seed contained 28% of crude fat and 21% of crude protein. The main fatty acids of red pepper seed oil were linoleic acid(72.10~72.31%), palmitic acid(12.81~13.28%) and oleic acid(9.47~10.48%). The linolenic acid content was so small that is will not influence the autoxidation of the red pepper seed oil. The major triglyceride type of crude and refined oil of red pepper seeds were C52 and C54. The other types were found in a small quantity. The sterol composition of crude oil was
-sitosterol, campasterol, stigmasteral and brassicasterol,in the quantity order. after refining, brassicasterol was not detected, and the content was decreased by one six and one eight. The toropherol composition of crude and refined oil, tocopherol analog was composed of three kinds
-, but no
-form. the quantity of
-tocopherol were 162.91, 83.72, 43.98mg% respectively. The Quantity of and capsaicin in crude oil was 1,296 ppm, and it was reduced consicerably by refining and removed completely after the process of redeodorization.
A Study on the Foaming Properties of Small red bean Protein Isolates at Various Conditions
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 37~45
The purpose of this study was to determine the foaming properties of two small red bean protein isolates at various conditions. Data concerning the effects of pH, temperature, MaCl concentration, sugar concentration and protein concentration on the properties such as solubility, foam expansion, foam stability were presented. The results were summarized as follows : 1. The crude protein contents of two small red beans were 26.14% and 22.71%. The percentage of nonpolar amino acid group was the highest and that of sulfur containing amino acid group was the lowest. 2. Protein solubility showed the minimum at pH 4.5 which is isoelectric point of small red bean protein isolate adn heat treatment lowered solubility(P<0.05). At pH 4.5, solubility increased sighificantly as 0.4M NaCl was added. However, the effect of sugar concentration in the solubility was not significant. 3. Foam expansion of two small red bean protein isolates was high at pH 4.5 and heat treatment at 10
lowered foam expansion(P<0.05). While addition of NaCl, sugar did not affect the foma expansion, gradual increment of the protein isolates concentration up to 9% decreased the foma expansion slightly. 4. Foam stability was significantly high at pH 4.5 and heat treatment at 10
lowered foam stability. Addition of sugar caused slight decrease in foam stability. From 1% to 9% suspension, foma stability increased significantly as protein concentration increased(P<0.05)
A Study on the Nutritional Knowledge, Attitudes, and Dietary Patterns of Housewives in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 47~55
The purpose of this research ws to study nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and dietary patterns of housewives in Seoul. Four hundred and seventy housewives were examined from September 27 to October 4, 1989. The results obtained were as follows; 51.8% of housewives ranked guidance of parents as their first choice of factors which influence food habits. 30.9% of housewives ranked TV and radio as their primary sources of nutritional information. Nutritional knowledge had positive correlation with their nutritional attitude (＋0.11) and their food habits(＋0.24). Nutrition attitude had some correlation with food habits(＋0.09). The clinical symptoms of nutritional deficiency had negative correlation with variables such as nutritional knowledge(-0.05), nutrition attitude(-0.06) and food habits(-0.17).
A Study on the Quality Improvement of Housing Environment in Low-Income Families of Daejeon Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 57~72
The purpose of this study were ; (1) to analyze the relationship between actual housing condition and housing satisfaction with socio-demographic and housing characteristics of respondents and (2) to present the device on the quality of housing environment in low-income families. The sample was a proportional, stratified, random sample of 299 low-income families in Deajeon. The major findings were as follows: 1) The wholey, actual housing conditions were not good; especially the worst conditions appeared exterior walls, roof, kitchen, bath and toilet, heating, noise, recreation facilities as play-ground. 2) Actual housing condition has been found to be related to income, tenure(rent or own), persons/room. In the relation of the socio-demographic and housing characteristics, actual housing condition, housing satisfaction, income and persons/room were found to be a significant explanatory variable in actual housing condition. And actual housing condition ws appeared to be the strongest variable in housing satisfaction. 3) Housing of the low-income families should be improved physical aspects of the environment and be reflected in need of the occupant that based on the social-welfare housing concept.
Estimates of the Economic Value of Houshold Work by Fulltime Home Makers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 73~89
The aim of the present study is to estimates the economic value of household work done by fulltime home makers, using alternative methods of valuation household work in Pusan Korea. Eight findings, five different methods -Self Estimation by Home Makers, Reservation Wage, Opportunity Cost, Individual function Cost, Replacement Cost(Visiting Housekeeper, Housekeeper, General Managemet, Housekeeper & General Management)- are tried for the estimation of economic value of household work. The results of this study can be outlined as follows : 1) The economic value of household work varies substantially by the methods of estimating. The averages are : 2) The economic value of household work varies with the level of education, ages, the number of children, the stage of FLC in all method of estimation, and the level of income in self estimation by home makers, Reservation wage. Specially, FLC revealed good explanation variable in method of estimation as input household work time. 3) The gap between two-day survey and three-day survey in household work time questionaire didn't so much.
A Study on Consumers' Advertising Discriminatory Competencies and the Related Factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 91~106
This study focuses on consumers' advertising discriminatory competencies and the influencing facors. So the objects of this study are as follows : 1) to identify the overall level of advertising discriminatory competencies. 2) to examine if consumer attitude variables have significant effects on the ads. discriminatory competenceis. 3) to examine if the frequencies of contacting advertising variable have significant effects on the ads. discriminatory competencies. 4) to examine if socio-economics variables-age, educational level, monthly family income, occupational status-have significant effects on the ads. discriminatory competencies. 5) to find out the independent influence of variables related to the ads. discriminatory competencies. For this purpose, a survey was conducted using questionaires and advertisement papers. The data used in this study included 194 Homemakers living in Seoul. The ads. used in this study included ads. of diary products like foods, drinks, medicine, cosmetic, detergent in TV, radio, newspaper and magagine. Statistics were Frequency Distribution, Mean, percentile, ANOVA, Scheff -test, Pearsons' Correlation, Multiple Regrassion Analysis. Major findings were as follows : First, in 26 items(70%) of 37 items measured consumers' ads. discriminatory competencies, the rate of right answer was below 50%, so over the half of consumers were misleaded by the deceptive ads. Second, consumers' ads. discriminatory competencies differed significantly according to consumer attitude variables but no according to the frequency of contacting advertising. Third, according to socio-demographic variables-age, educational level, monthly family income, occupational status-advertising discriminatory competencies differed significantly. In group of lower age, higher educational level, higher income and professional occupation status, the level of ads. discriminatory competencies were high. Forth, the most influencing variabel on ads. disciriminatory competencies were eudcational level and in turn general attitude toward ads., attitude toward consumerism. This three variables explain 22.9% of dependent variable's variance. From these findings, the following suggestions are made, First, the consumer education offering informations and learing practical ads. discriminatory competencies should be conducted for all consumers wheather they are educated or not. Also the education to improve the consumer attitude must be. Second, considering misleading level, the business must make the regulatory standards and reinforce the regulation voluntarily, and by enforcing the regulation of ads. and deciding more diverse, objective and exact standards, the government should keep the consumer's right to know.
The Effect of Parental Warmth, Control and Children's Siblings on Children's Prosocial Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 2, 1990, Pages 107~118
The purposes of this study are to investigate the children's prosocial behavior as related to (1) their perception of parental warmth, control and the relationship of this perception to parent's job status and educational level (2) their siblings (3) children's sex. The subjects were 220 third grade children selected from four elementary schools in Seoul. The instruments were a perception of parental warmth and control scale and a peer rating prosocial behavior scale. Frequencies, percentiles, mean, Pearson's correlation, t-test oneway ANOVA, and Scheffe test were used for data analysis. The major findings are as follows; 1. There were significant relationships between parental warmth, control, and children' s prosocial behavior. The children who perceived more parental warmth and control were rated more prosocial by their peers. 2. Children whose parent's were above college graduates and white collar jobs perceived more parental warmth and control. 3. Children's prosocial behavior were significantly different according ti sibling number, birth-order, and sibling structure. 4. Girls were rated more prosocial than boys.