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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 1990
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
Selecting the target year
A Study on Shose Using Straw and Hemp
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 1~12
Though many thousands years of long history of Korea, many changes have taken place in politics, economy, culture, religion, arts and science, but the writer, in this thesis, has traced historical development of footwear that common people use as one of necessities of human life. Since the footwear is included in clothing, the history of footwear may be also traced along with the history of clothing. In the beginning, the shoes were only made to serve the purpose of protection of feet. As time passed by, the purpose gradually developed the skill in making shoes. Taking a historical of straw and hemp into consideration, I have studied on shoes using straw and hemp in this thesis. The history of straw and hemp can be retroacted to the beginning stage of the human culture. These straw and hemp have been developed over and over again for long time and it has its own distintion inquality so that these refined products used by noble men and these careless ones were used by the common people. In Japan, these straw and hemp were effected by the influence of typical continental climate, made characteristic shape. Since 1930s rubber shoes were introduced to Korea and traditional Korean shoes came to disappear in Korean market. Because of this, we now can see the traditional Korean shoes only in the windows of Museum.
A study on the influence of personality dimension on preferred brand image of Women's ready-made-wear -Concentrated on adult females-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 13~24
The main purpose of this study are as follows ; 1) To examine closely the effect of personality dimension on brand image. 2) To investigate the difference of variables about brand image according to the characteristics of the population statistics and draw the strategies of marketing for our wear enterprises. A 300 Samples were selected from female in Seoul and the investigation was conducted during 21 days, from 1998. 9. 21 to 1988. 10. 11. As for survey methozs, the personality dimension test developed by Eysenk was adopted. To measure the brand image, the adjectives of the semantic differentia scale developed by Malhotra and adjective that has been used in various were image analysis were adopted. The data were analysed using the statistical technic of Correlation Coefficient, F-test, and X2 test. The Results obtained from this study were as follows. 1. There were partially significant relationships between adult female's four subordinate variables of the personality dimension and preferred brand image on Women's ready-made wear. 1) The people having a high Psychoticism tendency preferred "individual" image and less preferred "practical" image than the people of low Psychoticism. 2) The people having a high extraversion tendency preferred "bold", "aged" image and less preferred "feminine", "practical" image. 3) The unstable female having a high neuroticism tendency preferred "abscure" image and less preferred "Practical" "gaudy", "Open hearted" image. 4) The people having a high lie tendency perferred "intricate", "classical" image and less preferred "bold", "citified", "incongruous" image. 2. There were partially significant differences in adult female's preferred brand image on women's ready made wear according to the characteristics of the population statistics.
Effects of Dietary Sources of Vitamin A and Zn Levels on Zn and Vitamin A Distribution in Rats Fed Excess Vitamin A Diet
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 25~32
This study was carried out to observe the effects of dietary sources of vitamin A and Zn levels on Zn and vitamin A distribution in rats fed excess vitamin A diet. In this study, 40 weanling male rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain, weighing 40-50g, were chosen and divided into for groups by dietary Zn levels and the sources of vitamin A. The two levels of dietary Zn were supplied: adequate Zn(30mg Zn/Kg diet), low Zn(3mg Zn/Kg diet). Excess vitamin A level was 100 times of RDA, retional and
-carotene were used as the sources of vitamin A. Vitamin A concentration of plasma and liver were significantly higher in rats fed retional than in rats fed
-carotene (p<0.05), but these were not affected by dietary Zn levels. Vitamin A accumulationin the liver appeared to be servere in rats fed retinol and low Zn diet. Zn levels of plasma and liver were not affected by the sources of vitamin A whereas Zn levels of kidney were slightly lower in retinol group, and Zn levels of tests were found to be significantly lower in rats fed retinol and low Zn diet. Fragility of erythrocytes in hypotonic saline soultion was greater in low Zn groups, whereas the lower fragility was found in adequate Zn groups in feeding excess vitamin A diet. Thus, these results suggest that an adequate Zn intake is preferable when excess vitamin A is taken, and
-carotene intake is more beneficial than retinol in order to diminish toxic effects of vitamin A.
Life Style and Dietary Pattern
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 33~52
The aims of this study are to classify the life styles of urban housewives, to see their relationship between life style and demorgaphic variables, and also to see the relationship between life style and dietary patterns. This study has been performed by a questionsire about life style, demographic variables and dietary pattern. The selected samples were 475 housewives. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, cluster analysis, Duncan test, X-test and F-test. Life style is classified into 4 types: temporary enjoying type, passive irrational type, realistic conservative type, actual progressive type. The housewives who are in temporary enjoying type usually do randomly and don't think seriously something. And they have tendency to enjoy themselves. Therefore they don't have any plan for dietary behavior. The passive irrational type's housewives have no consistancy in their life and they do everything temporarily. The housewives who are in this type have relatively low incom, low level of education and they are high in age. The people who are in realistic conservative type act reasonably and elastically everything. They use convenient food very much, because they are willing to save time to make them. The housewives who are included in actual progressive type are well organized and planned in dietary behavior than others, when they dine out, they eat with family together in general, they usually use only a kind of western sauces and convenient food. They are relatively young, highly educated, and they are high income group. In conclusion realistic conservative type and actual progressive type are both relatively desirable type in dietary behavior, but in temporary enjoying type and passive irrational type, there, have to do some guide and education about managing family resources and dietary behavior.
A Study of Living Pattern and Space Use in Korean Urban Houses.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 53~65
The purpose of the study was to identify the living pattern and the space use in Urban Houses, Seoul, Chunju, Ulsan were selected as study sites. The space organizing form and space use was investigated by means of interviews. Through various ways of analysis, we could find that the function of Anbang, Guesil, Buauk were multipurpose. Anbang was not only for sleeping but also for entertaining and family living. Guesil(living room) is slowly gearing into family and entertainment rooms. Buauk are changing to the dining room as well as kitchen.
Development of Housing Conceptual Framework through Changes in Korean Family Houses -Kitchen Lifespace(I)-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 67~85
The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate changes in house and kitchen forms and behaviors in the kitchen area of Korean family houses from the Yi-dynasty to the present, and (2) to develop a housing conceptual framework on the basis of the ecosystem approach through analysis of changes in Korean family houses. The documentary research method wad used fro this study. The major findings were that the traditional Korean houses were composed of separate buildings and had various floor levels with the maru(a wooden floor) as the center of the open plan. The introduction of foreign style house forms from the era of enlightenment, in the year 1876 to the Korean war in 1950 changed traditional Korean houses into Korean-western style houses. More recent increased population and urbanization accelerated to change from the traditional Korean house form to an apartment style. At the present time, however, many kinds of house forms, from a highly modernized style with convenient facilities to a primitive style, which cannot even meet the basis needs of daily life, coexist together. The Kitchens in traditional Korean houses had no plumbing, drainage, or work centers. They had simple adobe furnaces which were used for cooking and for heating the ondol, a kind of panel heated floor by which the heat and smoke run under the floor to the chimney. This made the kitchen floor level lower than the floors of other spaces. The residents entered the kitchen through the madang(atrium). The influence of the western style kitchen, the development of technology, and improvements of nation-wide economic status have made today's kitchen space covenient and hygienic. The floor level of the kitchen was raised to the same level of other spaces. Formerly the major function of the kitchen was raised to the same level of other spaces. Formerly the major function of the kitchen space was cooking and heating floors. This had changed, and the kitchen is now, the place for family and social interaction. A housing conceptual framework was developed on the basis of these findings.
Study on the Urban housewives' management behavior for the increase of their assets
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 87~103
The purpose of this study is to provide basis data to understand the urban housewives' assets management behavior. The result can be summarized as follows: 1. The more urban housewives were educated, the more they were satisfied with methods of assets management. So it turned out that the educational improvement of husbands and wives brought forth the satisfaction of their lives. From this result, we can conclude that more improved education is essential to us. 2. Specifically, age is an important factor of the reasons of assets management. Among housewives below 40 years old. the preparation for purchasing durable goods and more leisure was the main reason for assets management. Among housewives from 40 to 50, the preparation for expenditures of education and marriage of their children was the main reason. Among housewives above 50, the preparation for their retirement was the main reason. As results, we can notice that they don't make a long-range plan positively but they usually prepare expenditures for their seasonable needs. So we have to emphasize on educating them to make a long-range plan.
Analysis on the Structure of Farm Household Income & Expenditure by Farming Types -Using Housekeeping Books of Farm Household in 1988-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 105~125
The 78 housekeeping books were analyzed to find out the structure of income and expenditure of the farm household. The selected farm households were classified into 4 different farming types such as rice-cultivating, vinyl house, fruit-growing, and livestock farming. The results are summarized as follows : 1) The farm housekeeper ought to rationally manage farm household money income, because agricultural income was preponderated to several months regardless of farming types. 2) Farm household income was primarily dependent upon agricultural income and non-agricultural income in the livestock farming and rice-cultivating farm houshold respectively. 3) order of living expenses of the total farm households were recreation and entertainment expenses, food expenses, education expenses, and housing, fuel & light expenses in size. The major expenses were education expenses, food expenses and miscellaneous expenses in rice-cultivating, vinyl house and livestock farming, and fruit growing farm households respectively. 4) Balance of income and expenses of the farm household, s its time, size, and pattern of increase and decrease, was different by farming types. 5) Household expenses increased in February, May, August and December, though disposable income reversely decreased in February, April, August and December compared to each former month. So, special consideration should be taken into budget planning for household money management in February, August and December.
A Study on Family Stress Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 127~145
The purpose of this study was to investigate a framework for family stress management. The subjects were 287 housewives habitated in Seoul. Cronbach's α, Pearson's r, Factor analysis, ANOVA, Frequency, Percent, Duncan's Multiple Range Test were conducted for the purpose of the study.
Choice, Exchange Perspective in Family Research
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 147~160
Family researchers had devoted little attention to Choice, Exchange theory by the time 1960. Being anchored by Thibaut & kelley(1959), this theory becomes one of the most widely used theoretical frameworks for family research. Waller's(1938) famous rating-dating hypothesis was intrinsically an exchange formulation. Blood and Wolfe(1960) employed the concept of rewards in their theory of family power. Farber(1964) also used the reward concept in his theory of permanent availability. Heer's(1964) specific application of its concepts to spousal power was among its earliest uses in the family. The general principle or most general proposition of the theory is that humans avoid costly behavior and seek rewarding statuses, to the end maxmize profits. This review will attempt to show that Choice, Exchange theory is applicable to the several arenas of family interaction and that it can provide an explanation for family behavior. Subjects such as mate selection, marital unstability, family cohesion, spousal power, the problems of aged, family co-unseling, and so on are included. By discussing research findings from a perspective of rewrds and costs this review will show that the application of the theory is not limited to one or two substative specialities with in the family domain. After all Choice, Exchange theory is truly general and can be productively applied to any domain of human behavior.
A Study on Familism in Rural Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 161~170
The purpose of this study is to clarify the degree of support of familism in rural families. Research procedure was carried out in two steps. First, comprehensive interviews were made with 9 opinion leaders of the village on the villagers' overall attitudes towards familism. Second, structured interviews were made with 316 married adult villagers on attitude towards familism. The survey instrument used for this study was the Familism Scale. Data were collected by structured questionnaire through direct interviews with the subjects. The following conclusions were drown from this study. 1) Married adults in rural families were found to support familism comprehensively. 2) There was no difference by sex in the variables affecting familism. 3) The more aged were found to support familism more strongly. 4) The less educated were found to support familism more strongly.
Life Interchange Between Elderly Parents and Married Children -A comparison of the aged living with their sons and those living with their daughters-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 3, 1990, Pages 171~186
The purpose of this study is to analyze the desirable life emotion and life interchange between lod parents and married children. The focus was particulary laid on the investigation of the life emotion and life interchange between the aged living with their married sons and those living with their married daughters. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. More old parents live with their married sons than with their married daughters. Also was found that they live with their eldest married sons or daughters and that they keep a normal relation with their married sons, and an emotional relation with their married daughters. This shows that more old people will live with their married daughters than with their married sons in the future. 2. The facts which affect the realtion between old parents2 2and their marreid children are age, sex, religion, marital status, educational background, health condition. These facts prove that they may improve the life interchange with their married children through such deliberate effects as the life-long marriage life with their spouse, the maintenance of health, and the religious life. 3. The affection relation between old parents and the married children was found to be high and the conflict between them was found to be low. Those who live with their married daughters especially showed a higher rate of love relation, and a lower rate of conflict than those who live with their married sons. The former were of more service interchange to their married children than the latter. Furthermore, the aged people were more satisfied with emotional and kindly daughters than with normal sons. 4. Affection was found to be the most importnat variable in promoting the emotional life interchange, and dependency was found to be a negative variable. Therefore, both the aged and the marreid children should try to show high affection to each other and try not to impose and dependency on the other.