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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 1990
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Visual Effects According to the Lines in Cloth Designing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 1.1~13
Authors have performed the sensory evaluation tests according to each given items after selecting various lines in order to assess the visual effects by the lines in cloth designing. The evaluations were done by means of ranking tests followed by paired comparison tests. The results obtained were as follows : 1. In the item in than "Shoulder width looks wide", the design C3 showed the best visual effect, and then B1, F8, and A5 comes in order. In "Shoulder width looks narrow", they were A2, F5, F7, and B2 in order. 2. In "Bust looks big", the effect was best in F9, and then B1, F5, C3, and A5 and order. "Bust looks small" item showed A3, C1, and F1 in order. 3. In "Waist looks thick", they were B2, D1, and F7 while in "Waist looks thin", they were B3, F8, and D6 in order. 4. In the item in that "Hip looks big", the best effect was in F9, and then E3, C2, and B4 in order. In "Hip looks small", the best one was C1, and then comes. E1, F6, and F8. 5. In "Upper body looks thick", they were D2, D4, F8, C3 and A5 in order whild in "Upper body looks thin", they were A1, F5, and D7 in order. 6. In the item "Lower body lookds thick", they were F9, C2, E3, B3, and D3 in order. In "Lower body looks thin", the best one was C1, and then D1, E2, F6, and F8 comes in order. 7. In "whole body looks thick", they were F9, F3, D3, and A5, and in "Whole body looks thin", they were F5, A1, C1, and D6 in order. 8. In "Height looks tall", the effects were in order of A4, D6, E1, and F7 while in "Height looks short", they were E3, F9, B4, D2, and D1. 8. In "Height looks tall", the effects were in order of A4, D6, E1, and F7 while in "Height looks short", they were E3, F9, B4, D2, and D1. F9, B4, D2, and D1.
사회변천에 따른 가정학의 영역
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 1.2~6
A Study on Everday Wear of Korean Common Woman with Folklore
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 15~30
From now, we've made a study of Korean Clothing about our Royal family's or high birth person's and made little of our plain folk's. Our traditional clothing is plain folk's clothing and that is our fundamental clothing, so plain folk's clothing has an important part in our life. In this point, first we were concerned about the plain folk woman's clothing in the plain folk's clothing and it consists of the way of ethnographic method like listening from the lod about their contant living wear-daily wear. This research covers the time from the end of the Yee-Dynasty to 1950's and the place, each province where the primitive dwellers still live and respondent's age range is about from 60 to 80. In the viwepoint of our climate and construction, women should be over-worn an underwear and they have worn the underwear for the purpose of their heating and the inflating of the skirt. The end of the Yee-Dynasty, high society person wore underwear 7-8 layers thick and also the sow society person wore it 3-4 layers thick. The Plain folk woman clothing's basic system is the skirt and Korean jacket and dari-sok-got, sok-sok-got, pants, dan-sok-got as an underwear, and Korean socks and Korean shoes(straw shoes) are added. This research discusses these clothing by dividing them into each part and enlighten the peculiarity, shape, cloth and how to construct and especially about the difficult-making Korean jacket, we handled the method of rough guess sizing. As the result, we found that each province had a similar peculiarity in the general clothing but they had a different cloth name and a wearing method. Especially, An-dong an Eum-sung, they'd worn their own traditional wear, sal-chang-hojaengiee. We made a good product of rough guess sizing data those have not been known.
A study of children's clothing(Part I) -On color Preference of children's clothing-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 31~39
The purpose of this study is to search 1) Favorite color preference for clothing 2) Concept development for respective color preference concerned with sex, and 3) concept development for clothing clolr and clothing design. The results are as follows. 1. Liked-color preference for clothing color; female children liked pink, and male children liked blue. 2. Disliked-color preference for colthing female children and male children disliked black color. 3. Boyish color; White, Green, Blue, Black. 4. Girlish color; Yellow red, Pink, Red, Pruple, Yellow. 5. Concept development for clothing color and clothing design; Children aknowledged more the colthing color than the colthing design.
Effect of succinylation on functional properties of soy protein isolate and qualities of soy bean curd
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 41~50
Soy protein was isolated from Korean soy bean 'Chang ryub' and chemically modified with succinic anhydride. Functionality of the soy protein isolate(SPI), succinylated SPI(SPPI), and PP590(commercial) at various pH were investigated. The mechanical and sensory properties of soy bean curds made from several mixing ratio of succinylated soy bean milk were observed. The solubility of SPI significantly increased with succinylation. The solubility of PP590 was lower than that of SSPI. The solubility of SPPI increased significantly in 0.03M CaCl2 solution. The emulsifying activity of SSPI increased. On the range of pH above pI the emulsifying activity of PP590 was higher than that of SPI. There was no difference in emulsion stability among the groups. The foam expansion capacity of SPPI increased at higher pH than pI but the foam stability decreased significantly above pH 9. Mechanical texture profile analysis revealed the modified soy bean curds had the lower hardniss, chewiness and cohesiveness with increased modification. The mechanical characteristics of modified soy bean curds revealed generalized Maxwell Model of 7-elements or 5-elements. In sensory evaluation, the hardness, the springiness and acceptability of modified soy bean curds were lower significantly than those of control soy bean curd.
A Study on Apartment Resident's Satisfaction and Recognition on Storage Space in Bedrooms
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 51~63
The purpose of this study is to find out the present conditions and the residents' satisfaction with the storage spaed and furniture in apartment smaller than 40 pyoun(132㎡). The following were investigated; 1. the rate of residents using beds and their future desire for using beds. 2. the rate of households that have built-in furniture, and residents' desire for having them. 3. types of storage furniture more needed. 4. residents' level of satisfactio with the present storage space. 5. the depths of wardrobes and the heights of racks inside wardrobes. 6. storing conditions of articles seasonal or seldom used.
의류학 분야 토의 종합보고
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 57~58
Living Conditions of the Rural Elderly: Clothing, Nutrition, Housing, and Psychological Adjustment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 65~86
Living conditions of the rural elderly were assessed in terms of clothing behavior, health and nutritional status, housing and envioronmental condition, and psychological adjustment. The subjects were eighty individuals over sixty residing in the rural community of Iksan-kun, Chollabukdo. The interview method using questionnaires, direct measurement, and observation was used for this study. Data were compared with those obtained from a previous study of the elderly residing in an urban area. Clothing behavior showed that the elderly residing in the rural community were more concerned about plain and conservative design of clothes than their urban counterparts. Special protective clothes for cropdusting with agricultural chemicals had not been prepared. The following urgent needs were pointed out: development and supply of agricultural chemical protective clothing and development and education of appropriate washing and clothing care methods. The health status of the elderly was generally good, but poor eating habits were found more frequently in the rural elderly than among the urban dwellers. Several dietary nutrient intakes were insufficient. Contrasting the urban elderly with the rural group, it was found that the urban group lacked sufficient vitamin A and vitamin C and the urban women had insufficient calorie whereas the rural group was deficient in protein, vitamin A, calorie, and fat. A significant relationship was found between dietary nutrient intake and health index, food habit points, self recognized health status, meal satisfaction, and economic status. Urgent needs of the development of a nutrition education program for the elderly were pointed out. Most of elderly residing in the surveyed rural communities were living alone or with their spouse only, therefore only one room was used among the three or four available rooms. Most of the rural elderly were living either in a traditional Korean house built with differing floor levels or in a modified Korean style house. Minimal modernization had been made for kitchen facilities such as sink and gas range or for heating facilities with the briquette boiler. However, sanitary space such as lavatory and bathroom had not been remodeled. A housing welfare program for rural communities should be implemented at the national level. The comparison of psychological characteristics of the rural elderly with their city counterparts revealed that the rural elderly have a more stable psychological status and optimistic attitude than those living in a city. However, it was found that most of the elderly did not have any future plan. Community programs for the elderly including hobbies or leisure activities or education programs to generate close interpersonal relationships with their children should be developed and provided.
Study on Forms of Engel Curves in the Analysis of Household Budgets
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 87~101
This study was undertaken to test to fit forms of the Engel curves to data. The comparisons were confined to the linear, semi-logarithmic and double-logarithmic forms. Data from the 1970-1987 Urban Household Economy Survey were used to estimate the Engel curves. The twelve categories of consumption expenditure were considered for investigation. Parameters of the Engel curves were derived from OLS and TSLS. In this paper the size of the family was used as the deflater. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. Comparing with the R2 of three foms, it could be concluded that, the linear form generally gave a better fit to data than the other forms did. Only for housing and clothing and foot wear, did the semi-logarithmic form give a better fit. Only for meals outside the home, fuel, light and water charges, and miscellaneous, did the double-logarithmic form give a better fit. 2. Comping with the income elasticities based on the alternative forms, it could be concluded that the differences between the estimates were since each form made different assumption as to the way in which elasticity varied. In general, the semi-logarithmic form gave the highest estimate and double-logarithmic form did the lowest estimate. The difference between semi-logarithmic and the other forms were greater than the those of linear and double-logarithmic form. 3. It was found that the income elasticity varied with the difinition of income used as an explanatory variable in Engel curves.
A study on the Mid-Life Family Stress and Family coping strategies
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 103~117
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference of mid-life family stress and family coping strategies according to conjugal sex and social class. This study was also intended to examine the relations between mid-life family stress and family coping strategies. The subjects of this study were 150 married couples(300 persons) who were 40 to 59 years old in Seoul. McCubbin, Wilson & Patterson (1979)'s "Family Inventory of Life Events and Changes" and McCubbin, Larsen & Olson (1982)'s "Family Coping Strategies" were used to gather data for the study. For the statistical analysis of data, factor analysis, T-test, Duncan's multiple Range Test, Pearson's r and cronbach's α for reliability were performed. The major results of this study were summarized as follows; 1. There were significant differences according to conjugal sex and social class in family stress; Wives reported more family stress than husbands. And the lower social class of the family, the more family stress were found. 2. There were some significant differences according to conjugal sex and social class in family coping strategies; Wives reported more family coping strategies than husbands in "freind and neighbor's support", "religious support". And the lower social class of the family, the more "passive attitudes" were found. 3. There were some significant correlations between family stress and family coping strategies; The higher extent of the total family stress, the lesser positive attitudes were found.
A Study on the factors which influence of stress and method in coping with stress of old age
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 119~133
This study attempts to expore factors which influence of stress. Date were obtained from structed interview conducted with 373 men and women who were 60 years over and living in Kyungnam. Data were analyzed through X2, ANOVA, T-TEST, FACTOR ANALYSIS, MULTIPLE REGRESSTION techniques. The results are summarized as follow: 1. Stress of old age were showed over middle level. The domains of stress showed that health problem is first, later life problem is second, trouble of communication is third, dependency problem is fourth, alienation is last(p<.001). 2. Of the variables health status, family type, economic status, self-esteem, mastery were significant with stress(p<.001). 3. Of the variables sex, religious, self-esteem, mastery were significant of used method in coping with stress. 4. The most of effective variables of stress were mastery, health status, self-esteem.
Rural Family Life Satisfaction: A Comparative Study of Korean and Illinois(U.S.A) Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 135~153
This study was designed to understand family economic well-being in Korea and to compare it with that in the U.S.A. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of rural family life satisfaction in Korea and in the U.S.A. Specific objectives were: 1. To investigate the influence of independent variabels on rural family life satisfaction, 2. To analyze the influence of socioeconomic variables and social-psychological variables on rural family life satisfaction, and 3. To find commonalities and differences between the two countries. The data, collected from 471 Korean rural households and 301 households in two counties of Ilinois, a state in the U.S.A., were analyzed by frequency distribution, pearson's correlation, one-way analysis of variance, Scheffe test, and multiple regression analysis. The results are as follows: 1. The only common tendency is that the feeling of togetherness influences family life satisfaction in the two countries. 2. The social-psychological variables correlated with each other, and these variables considerably influence rural family life satisfaction in both countries. 3. Sex, number of family members, and no talk influence family life satisfaction differently in the two countries.
A Study on the Home Management Ability of Mothers and their unmarried Daughters
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 155~176
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influential factors to home management ability of mothers and their unmarried daughters through researching the relationship of their home management ability. It would provide the basic data for the direction of Home Economics Education. The subjects were 653, from 20 to 30 years of unmarried women and their mothers in Chonbuk province. The questionaire was used to measure their Home Management ability. The measured areas were planing, creativity, consumption management, housework, evaluation, and human relation. The question items were respectively 6 and totally 36. Spss was used for the statistic. Frequency, Percentage, Means, Standard Deviation were used for general understanding. For data analysis, F-test, Pearson Product-moment Correlation, Duncan's Multiple Range Test, Stepwise Multi-regression Analysis were used. Lastly, the research pattern was examined by Path Analysis. The results were as follows. 1. The importnat influential factors to mother's home management ability were their schooling level and their perceived socio-economic status among the general factors(age, shooling level, perceived socio-economic status) and the family atmosphere factors(monthly income, family type). 2. The important influential factors of unmarried daughter's home management ability were the monthly income of their family and the socio-economic status perceived by them, among their mother's general factors, family atmohphere factors, their own general factors(age, schooling level, perceived socio-economics status, occupation, growing place). 3. The influence of mother's home management ability on unmarried daughter's home management ability was much more remarkable than mother's general factors, family atmosphere factors and unmarried daughter's general factors.
A Study on the Body Cathexis and Fashion Orientation of Middle-aged Women in Chonbuk Province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 28, issue 4, 1990, Pages 177~189
The purpose of this study were to measure the body cathexis and the characteristics of middle-aged women groups segmented by their fashion orientation. Self-administered questionaire method was used. Seven demographic variables, 9 self-images, body cathexis were included as independent variables. Fashion orientation developed by Gutman and Mills was used. Data was collected from 369 Middle-aged women in Chonbuk Province. Frequencies, Percentages, means, standard deviation were caculated. ANOVA, cluster analysis, and discriminant analysis were used for data analysis. The results were as follows: 1. The body cathexis of the subjects were lower than capital city and increased according to age. 2. The self-image of the subjects were down-to-earth, modern, conventional, playing it safe, confident, stable, reserved and blending out into a crowd. The subjects with the self-image of being more sophisticated, confident, creative, stood out in a crowd, or complicated life style had higher body cathexis. 3. When the subjects were divided into segmentations according to their fashion orientation by cluster analysis, the best suitable number of groups was seven. The characteristics of seven groups were: *Fashion negatives showed low levels of fashion leadership and fashion interest, and medium level of importance of being well-dressed, and high level of antifashion attitudes. *Fashion neutrals showed medium levels of fashion leadership, fashion interest, and importnace of being-well dressed, and low level of antifashion attitudes. *Fashion uninvolveds showed low levels of fashion leadership, fashion interest, and antifashion attitudes. *Fashion followers showed high levels of fashion interest and importance of being well dressed, but low levels of fashion leadership and antifashion attitudes. *Fashion independents showed a littel bit high levels of fashion leadership, fashion interest, and importance fo being well-dressed, but low level of antifashion attitudes. *Fashion rejectors showed low levels of fashion leadership, fashion interest, and importance of being well-dressed, but high level of antifashion attitudes. 4. The seven groups segemented by their fashion orientation showed significant differences according to the educational levels, employment status, and total monthly income. Fashion leaders and fashion independents had higher educational level and monthly income, and involved more women with jobs. 5. Fashion leaders had self-image of being most sophisticated modern, diffenrent, creative, sociable, stood out in a crowd, and complicated life style. Fashion rejectors had self-image of being most down-to-earth, traditional, conventional, stable, reserved, blend into a crowd, and simplified life style. 6. The most effective variables among body cathexis, demographic variabls and self-images in discirminating fashion oreintation group differences were different-conventional, creativestable, and employment status. The discriminating power of above variables were high in very low in discriminating fashion negatives, fashion neutrals, and fashion independents, and the total discriminating power of these variables was 32.25%.