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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
Selecting the target year
The Form of Oriental Dress Depicted on the 20th Century Western Fashion(I) -Selected from Vogue-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to identify external form and internal symbolism of oriental dress on the 20th century western fashion. Documentary studies and objective studies were done with descriptive, inductive and content analytic methods. In documentary research, concepts about culture, dress as a cultural sub-system, the from of dress, and the gender symbolism of dress were reviewed. In objective research, oriental fashion photographs in
during 1969-1989 were selected and analyzed, for the descriptions of samples, the form of dress, the perception of waist parts, the dressing manner. The synthetic results were as followes; 1. There were the geographical and national terms such as east, Orient, China, India, Japan, and so on in the descriptions of samples; and there were the costume terms such as herem, kimono, pyjama or pajama, sarong, and so on in the descriptions of samples. 2. The from of oriental dress on the 20th century western fashion was identified with draped type. This can be interpreted that in orient, there was no desire to reveal body figure through dress, therefore, for the long time, sustaining draped type of dress has been. 3. The perception of waist part in oriental dress on the 20th century western fashion was not made. So, it can be interpreted that in orient, there was no desire to distinguish both sexes through the emphasis of waist part in dress. 4. The dressing manners of oriental dress on the 20th century western fashion were wearing of trouser and layering mainly, symbolizing the confusion of gender distinction through dress.
Studies on Garment Restraint(I) -Change of Skin Temperature by Continuous Restraint Method-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 13~25
We measured change of peripheral skin temperature and mean skin temperature when the upper arm and thigh are pressured in order to know the effect of skin pressure applied by clothing on blood circulation. After release from pressure, we observed also recovery condition. At the same time, we examined relation between pressure and a feeling of thightness. Three physiques of healthy females, namely slender, standard and plump, served as subjects. We used continuous restraint method with skin pressure applied by experimental fabric for 10 min. As a result of this experiment, we obtained following findings. 1. The significant difference was marked at the pressure, measuring time and physique with change of skin temperature under upper arm restraint. The peripheral and mean skin temperature decreased with the lapse of restraint time. A remarkable tendency observed according to the increase of restraint pressure. Recovery condition after release from pressure not yet recovered to original state, for all after a lapse of 10 min. 2. The significant difference was marked at the pressure, measuring time and physique with change of skin temperature under thigh restraint, especially different physique was remarkable among them. The peripheral skin temperature decreased or decreased. Recovery condition after release from pressure was the same upper arm. 3. Main factor affecting the evaluation of a feeling of tightness was restraint pressure. The value of pressure sensation made remarkable declined after a lapse of 10 min restraint time. Individual differences, however, were shown in pressure sensation.
A Experimental Study on the Formal and Physiological Change of Body according to the Wearing-Brassiere Condition.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 27~35
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of the various physiological function caused by brassiere wearing. The four experimental methods used in this study are as follows. For example, the Roentgen photographing, Body measurement by Sliding Gauge, the measurement of the Electrocardiogram and Blood Pressure. The results of the Electrocardiogram and Blood Pressure. The results of the investigation were as follows: 1. In experimental change by Sliding Gauge and Body measurement, The bust point was rised in order A
B1>B2. The width of right and left bust point was decreased in order of A>B1>B2. According to, The supplementary effect of brassiere wearing was excellent in B2. 2. In the change of various organs by Roentgen photographing, The width of the chest and size of the heart were decreased in regular order of A>B1>B2. The diaphragm and the others were not showed change. 3. In the experimental result by measurement of the electrocardiogram, The interval of heart palpitation was decreased in order A>B1>B2 and the pulse frequency was similar. 4. In the experimental result by the blood pressure measurement, A had the highest blood pressure and B2 had the lowest pressure in all variables.
A Study on the Development of a Clothing Design Evaluation Instrument
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 37~49
The purpose of this study was to investigate the visual effects of clothing design. The specific objectives were: 1) to develop a clothing design evaluation instrument using semantic differential scales for the purpose of measuring visual responses with clothing design: 2) to identify the factor structure of the clothing design evaluation instrument: 3) to test the differences of perception to the clothing design depending on sex and knowledge about clothing design. The major findings were: 1. 37 pairs of descriptors of clothing form were found to include five factor dimensions (total variance:62.1%). Five major factors were found: attractiveness, practicability, elegance, comfort, hardness and softness. 2. for the visual evaluation of silhouettes, there were significant differences. H-line was explained by the simple image. A-line was explained by the comfortable image. V-line was explained by the mature and refined image. X-line was explained by the attractive and femine image and evaluated positively. 3. For the visual evaluation of observers, there were partly significant differences depending on sex and knowledge about clothing design in the observers' responses. But there were greater differences depending on sex than knowledge about clothing design in the observers' responses.
Comparative study of worksite food service between white and Blue color Groups in Seoul and kyunggi-Do
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 51~58
This study was conducted to investigate the dietary and nutritional status supplied by group feeding for blue color and white color in Seoul and Kyunggi area. The results are summarized as follows : 1. Blue color and white color of the average food supply per person per day was 1370.0g. Blue color of the total fool supply was consisted of 35.1% grain, 44.1% vegetables. White color of the total fool supply was consisted of 31.8% grain, 44.0% vegetable. The amount of milk product, fruit and fat supply were very small. 2. Blue color and white color of the ratio of main dish and side dish supplied was 69 : 31, 60.0 : 39.7. 3. Main dish all is rice. Side dish ard kinds of soupes and Jigeai Johngol in the two groups. In the kind of side dish white color much more than blue color. Dessert are scarcely supplied in the two groups. 4. The mean daily supplies of energy and 9 nutrients were above the level of the R.D.A. Blue color and white color of the mean daily amount of energy supply was 2653.0㎉ 3022.6㎉. Blue color and white color of the ratio of carbohydrate, protein, and fat supplied was 68.4%, 18.6%, 13.1%, and 62.1%, 20.9%, 17.0%. 5. Blue color and white color of the average feeding cost amounts to 460won, 812won per meal. 6. Blue color; There were high correlations in supply amoung energy, protein, fat. Carbohydrate, calcium, iron, riboflavin, niacin. White color; There were high correlation in supply amoung energy, protein, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vit-C.
The Effect of Aerobic dancing and Ca supplementation on Lipid Metabolism in Postmenopausal Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 59~70
This study was designed to investigate the effects of aerobic and /or Ca supplementation for six months on lipid metabolism and blood pressure in postmenopausal women. The subjects were healthy 29 women aged from 60 to 70 years old. They were divided into four groups: placebo and Ca supplementation group with and without exercise. The amount of Ca supplemented was 500mg a day. The frequency of doing exercise was three times a week and each time, it took 40 minutes to complete all the course of aerobic dancing programmed for old women. During the experimental period, the subjects ate their usual diets and the use of druge as well as additional exercise was prohibited. The results were summarized as follows. 1. Percent body fat and BMI were significantly decreased and the body weight tended to decreased due to aerobic dancing. 2. Serum lipids content tended to show only a slihgt changes due to Ca supplementation: serum triglyceride, total-chol, LDL-chol, FFA content tended to decrease but serum HDL-chol / LDL-chol ratio tended to increase after the experiment in Ca group. On the contrary, serum lipids level was not changed by exercise. 3. Blood pressure did not show any significant changes by Ca supplementation and / or exercise for 6 months in old women. 4. Serum Ca level of Ca group was significantly increased after experiment in Ca group (p<0.05) but not in Ex-Ca group. In summarization, it appeared that the aerobic dancing was a definite way to reduce percent body fat and BMI in postmenopausal women. On the other hand, Ca supplementation seemed to be able to induce favorable changes in serum lipids. However, any synergistic metabolic effects of exercise and Ca supplementation was not seen in this study. Further study is needed to elucidate the relationship between exercise and/or Ca supplementation and the changes in blood lipids profile as well as blood pressure more clearly.
Improvement and Standardization of Rural Korean Kitchen Space: Field Survey on Architectural Elements and Facilities(1)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 71~96
The purpose of this study was to identify kitchen space needs in regard to the architectural elements and facilities of rural houses. Three rural villages, Kum-Sung Ri, Young-San 1 Ri, and Yu-Bang 2.5 Ri were selected for this study. The present and past condition of the kitchen space was investigated by the field survey method. The major findings were that: 1) The interior floor materials of the kitchen had been changed from mostly mudplastered floor to linoleum, and the former low level of the kitchen floor had been lifted to the same level of the house plane. This change was made possible by the separation of the cooking from the heating system. 2) Western style kitchen, work centers and kitchen cabinets had been installed in the most of the rural houses. 3) On the basis of this study, the rural Korean kitchen space was classified into six types.
A Study on Modular Furniture System for Bedroom Storage in Apartments
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 97~110
The purpose of this study is to suggest more efficient modular units of the storage furniture system based on the two previous studies of the apartments storage furniture. This study is also to show the ways and means of making practical use of the results which come from the previous studies. The specific purpose of this study is, 1. To establish the modular furniture system minimizing the dead space, using investigation results of the bedroom size of existing apartments. 2. To establish the modular furniture system maximizing the storage space with utmost efficiency, based on the results of the actual storage condition from the previous research. 3. To suggest a case study of the different modular furniture system suiting 6 different bedroom sizes with the utmost efficiency, based on the results of above two purpose. On the bases of these research results, the design of various units of modular system furniture for bedrooms were suggested.
A Study on Model Curriculum Development in Housing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 111~124
The purpose of this research is twofold : 1) to establish an area of housing study through the analysis of the curriculum of housing within home economics units, and 2) to develop a model of the curriculum based on the area of housing defined. The data used for this research are the curricula of departments which offer housing courses within home economics units in Korea, Japan, and U.S.A: Based on the results of analysis, a field of housing studies is divided into four different areas : a housing-planning, socio-cultural aspects of housing, interior design, and general housing, research, and internships. A model curriculum is proposed based on the four different area of housing studies. The housing programs in Japan and U.S.A. are designed to prepare students for professional careers. In Korea, there is a strong demand for planning, designing, and managing housing and interior design to satisfy social needs. Therefore, our curriculum should be revised to expand graduates' job opportunities.
The Effect of Family Characteristics on Housing Needs for the Three Generations Sharing House. -In Case of the Middle Aged Living in Medium and Small Cities-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 125~137
This study aims to offer basic data for development of the three generations sharing house plan, through finding out the relationship between family characteristics and the housing needs of the middle aged living in the middle and small cities. The 1029 questionnaires were used for this study, and data were analysed by canonical correlation analysis, factor analysis and multiple regression. The results are as follows. Their family characteristics influence housing needs for the three generations sharing house. Especially groups of female, neuclear family, family of higher S.E.S., less number of children. family living in the apartment houses and owner occupied house prefer more privacy between generations in the three generations sharing house.
The Developmental Patterns of Attachment and Autonomy as Related to Young Adults' Marital Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 139~158
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between adult children's perceived interaction pattern with their parents and their marital satisfaction. The subjects are a total of 646 male and female who been married for 3 years or less, living in Seoul, and whose fathers or mothers are still alive. The questionaire, including of attachment, autonomy, marital satisfaction scales, are distributed to collect the data. The main results are as follows: 1. Intimate-Dependent type is 31% each in relation to fathers and mothers. Distant-Independent type is 30% in relation to fathers, 27% in relation to mothers. Balanced type is 21% in relation to fathers, 23% in relation to mothers. Undeveloped type is 18% in relation to fathers, 19% in relation to mothers. 2. there is interaction effect between parental sex and adult children's sex as related to attachment levels, autonomy levels. 3. There is statistically significant difference among attachment-autonomy patterns as related to adult children's marital satisfaction. 4. Attachment and autonomy in relation to fathers and attachment in relation to mothers affect sons' marital satisfaction positively. Attachment in relation to fathers and mothers affect positively to daughters' marital satisfaction.
A Study on Consumer Information Needs and the Related Factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 159~176
The purpose of this study is to assess the Consumer Information Needs and the Related Factors. For this purpose, a suvey was conducted using questionnaires. The data used in this study include 535 consumers who live in Daijon. Major findings are as follows : First, the overall level of Consumer Information Needs was relatively high. This implies that more Consumer Information should be provided to consumers. Second, each level of need for Consumer Information content was very high except for one subject area(information of existence of brands in market). Third, in methods of consumer information acquisition, consumer wants to examine goods by oneself and to use his own experience and knowledge. Consumer did not want clerks' advices.
A Study on the Consumer Problems of the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 177~188
The purpose of this study is to investigate elderly consumer problems raised from the process of satisfing one's own consumer need(consumer expenditure problem) and purchasing goods and services in the market(purchase poblem). A survey was conducted and the data from 256 elderly persons aged 60 or more was collected. To analyze the data, following statistical methods were used: ANOVA, t-test, Multiple Regression Analysis. Major findings are as follows. 1) The Average of consumer expenditure problem is below the mid-point. 2) The levels of consumer expenditure and purchase problems differ due to consumer role performance, family solidarity, spause, educational level, discretionary expenditure, income stability and source of income 3) family solidarity, educational level and discretionary expenditure have strong independent influecces on consumer problems both in consumer expenditure and purchase in order named.
A Study on the Validation of the "Korean Maternal Behavior Inventory"
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 189~201
The purpose of this study was to validate the KMBI(Korean Maternal Behavior Inventory). Subjects were 1179 mothers of 4th-6th graders in the elementary schools from 5 small and medium cities and 5 urban cities in Korea. Pearson's γ, Cronbach's α, Cramer'sν, one-way ANOVA were conducted for the statistical analyses. The major findings were as follows. 1. The reliability coefficient of the scale (α) were ranged 0.62-0.79 and 0.70-0.82. 2. The discriminant coefficients(ν)of the item were ranged 0.40-0.83. 3. By the analysis of multitrait-multimethod matrix, convergent validity coefficients(γ) were ranged 0.28-0.66: and discriminant validity coefficients(γ) were ranged 0.28-0.66. 4. Significant sex differences were found in the scores of Affection, Overprotection, Achievement, and Achieve Involvement: significant SES differences were found in the scores of Reasoning Guidance, Affection, Overprotection, Achievement, & Active Involvement: and significant region differences were found in the scores of Authoritarian Control and Achievement.
coping Strategy and Crisis of Mid-life Couples
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 1, 1991, Pages 203~216
Coping strategy and mid-life crisis were examined in a sample of 325 mid-life couples ranging in age 40∼59. Each participant was administered stressful life event scale, coping strategy scale, family cohesion scale and mid-life crisis scale. The results were as follows: 1. There is no significant differences between husbands and wives in the experiences of stressful life event, but the perceived stress level of wives significantly higher than the husband's. 2. Husbands seem to use problem solving strategy and wives seem to use restrain strategy more often. 3. Wives appear significantly higher mid-life crisis than husbands. Especially family cohesion and passive coping strategy have turned out to be significant on the mid life crisis of couples. Besides these predictors, experiences of stressful life event and perceived stress level are significant predictors for husband's mid-life crisis. As for wive's mid-life crisis, coping stratigies are significant predictors.