Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1991
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1991
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1991
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
Selecting the target year
-A Study on the Cultural Aspects of Aztec Dress-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study was to understand the diversity and speciality of Aztec dress which has not been well known, and to overcome ethnocentrism in clothing perceptions. From 15 century to early 16 century, the Aztec empire based on the unique view of the world, most flourished in Mesoamerica. Ritualistic and official side of Aztec life was reflected well on dress. Most Aztec garments consisted of unsewn pieces of cloth, draped on the body as loincloth, mantle and wraparound skirt. Slightly more complicated garments such as women's blouses(huipils) and men's simple jackets were created by sewing together two or more pieces of material. In the sharply stratified world of Aztec, strict sumptuary laws controlled dress. The garments of lower classes were made of maguey or yucca fiber, and only the upper classes were allowed to wear cotton clothing. In addition to material, color, elaborateness and even manner of tieing the mantle were carefully controlled by government edict. As the Aztec empire expanded and became wealthier, the sumptuary laws could not actually dictate what people wore everyday but rather provided a set of rules governing clothing for ceremonial occasions. Aztec's warrior costumes, consisted of headdress, towering back devices, feather garments, were sufficient to suggest the theatrical grandeur of what must have been one of the most magnificiently attired armies ever assembled.
Studies on Family Caregiving, Clothing and Nutrition of Disabled Elderly -(Part I) A Study on the Motor Ability Traits of the Hemiplegic Aged and their Clothing-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 17~34
The purpose of this study was to find out problems which occured between clothes and motor ability traits of the hemiplegic aged. The samples were 32 hemiplegic aged men and were compared with 43 healthy aged men. Motor ability of the samples were measured by ROM test, muscle power test and finger function test(grip strength, hand's coordination, lateral pinch, 3pt. pinch). Design of the clothes consisted of 25 variables and the analysis of dressing and undressing motion consist of 10 motions of dressing and undressing dress shirts and 8 motions of trousers. The results were as follows: 1. There were significant relationship between ROM and muscle power and finger function of the hemiplegic aged(P<.001). 2. There were significant differences between the nomal side's finger function of the hemiplegic aged and that of the healthy group(P<.001). 3. The designs of clothes such as tutle neck line, long sleeve, button cuffs, fastening lace, open zipper and belt of trousers gave much difficulty to the hemiplegic when dressing and undressing. 4. The most difficult motion of dressing and undressing was fastening when dressing both dress shirts and trousers. 5. There were partly significant relationship between design of clothes and ROM, muscle power, finger function of hemiplegic aged man. 6. There were partly significant relationship between the degree of difficulty in dressing and undressing motions and ROM, muscle power, finger function of hemiplegic aged man.
A Study on Fabric Adhesive Interlining (1)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 35~46
After adhering theone-sided non-woven adhesive interlining to the polyester/cotton fabrics and making experiments under the various conditions by L27 Orthogonal Array Table, we examined and analyzed the breaking away strength. The rusults are summarized as follows : 1. The best length of the adhering time is 15 secs. 2. As the adehesive interlining for blouse and jacket, B3 is best 3. The pressure for the adhesion is best under the pressure of 6.2Kg. 4. The temperature for the adhesion is best at 140
. 5. As for the direction of the adhesion, three directions appear much the same breaking away strength. 6. For the better adhesion power, if the less adhering power, if the less adhering pressure is applied, the adhering time must be extended(15-20 secs), and if much stronger adhering pressure is applied, the time must be shortened(10-15 secs). In general, it is the best way for the adhesion to apply under the pressure of 6.2Kg, for 15 secs long, and at 140
of the adhering temperature.
Studies on the Maildew-Proofing of Cotton Fabrics by Growth of Aspergillus niger H-18 and Aspergillus fumigatus E-29
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 47~53
A. niger H-18 and A. fumigatus E-29 wrer selected for their strong abilities to produce cellulase. The λd numerical values of the cotton fabrics inoculated with A. niger H-18 and A. fumigatus E-29 were 580 nm for the both strains of molds. By the growth of molds, lightness, original color scale, and grey scale of the fabrics gradually decreased while chroma increased. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of mold-proofing agents, such as Leperon WL, 8-hydroxyquinoline copper acetate, trimethylol melamine and dimethyl ethylene urea was 50 ppm. Glycoxale was not effective at the above mentioned concentration. Since Leperon WL, trimethylol melamine and dimethyl ethylene urea effectively inhibited the growth of A. niger H-18 and A. fumigatus E-29, tensile strength and elongation of the fabrics were not changed. however, cotton fabrics treated with glycoxale of the fabrics were not changed. However, cotton fabrics treated with glycoxale and inoculated with A. niger H-18 and A. fumigatus E-29 showed decreased in tensile strength by 31.1% and 33.9%, respectively.
The Effects of Mugwort Powder Supplemented to High Fat Diets on Blood Components Levels in Rats
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 55~64
This study was designed to elucidate the effects of mugwort powder supplemented to high fat diets on blood components levels in rats. The levels of mugwort content in the experimental diets were divided into 12, 21, 28% and the fat levels in high fat diet was 30% of total caloie intake. Forty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 72.5
0.3g were divided into group I(add mugwort during 8 weeks), group II(add during 4 weeks) andcontrol group. The results of this study were summarized as follows : 1. There were no difference in body weight gain and FER throughout eight weeks of experiment. The organ weights were somewhat higher in control group, but not significant. 2. The mugwort groups(I, II) were significantly higher than control group in RBC. This result showed that the mugwort affect the content of RBC. Author would like to conclude this result that the RBC content of experim-ental animal was affected by the iron in the mugwort. There were no difference among experimental groups in Hb, Hct. 3. It was noteworty that the concentration of serum glucose and triglyceride in the mugwort groups(I, II) was significantly lower than the control group. This result concluded that concentration of serum glucose and triglyceride which had become high by high fat diet were affected by the calcium or dietary fiber in the mugwort. There were no difference among experimental groups in albumin, total cho-lesterol, HDL-cholesterol.
-A Survey on Fool Intakes by Patrons at Tourist Buffet Restaurant-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 65~75
A Survey was conducted to identify patrcis' eating behavior at the buffet styled restaurant during dinner time. The average frequency of taking food was 4.1±0.9 and this was statistically significant by age group. The frequency of taking food after satiety was 1.2±0.8. From the menu, 15 seafood items were the most popular which were chosen more than twice. The average of consumed food items was 24.9±8.9 out of 198. The average seafood items which were chosen by each individual was 5.8, desert items was 4.5, salad items with dressing was 4.2. The total weight of the consumed food was 954±365.1g. Mostly gruel, soup and saled chosen the first time. Alcholic beverages and drinks were chosen also first time. Seafood was chosen the 1.2 times and meat was chosen the first, second, and third time. Rice and soup. bread and noodles were chosen the second and third time. Desert was chosen the third time. The consumption of calories and nutrients were compared with the Korean Recommended Dietary Allowances. The average consumption of calories was 49.6% Korean RDAs, protein 71.4%, vitamin A 65.0%, thiamin 74.3%, riboflavin 71.8%, niacin 89.8%, ascorbic acid 72.7%, iron 68.1%, and calcium 108.3%. In one meal, the data shows over eating. The caloric consumption of desert was 275.5Kcal and seafood was 174.1Kcal. The protein consumption of seafood was 23.5g and meat was 7.5g. According to this research, customers have a lot of good chances to be exposed to the variety of food. This is desirable to correct the food habits with a experience. On the other hand, excessive food consumption is a problem. Therefore we suggest the provision of nutrition information about desirable order of eating a meal and the health problems due to overeating. We expect other research of nutritional evaluation in a meal in the different foodservice systems to be made in the future.
Validation of a Self-instructional Foodservice Inventory Control System Module
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 77~86
An Analysis of Design Elements in Chosun Dynasty Furniture
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 87~120
The purpose of this study was to identify the design characteristics of the multi-leveled chest(jang) which was the main furniture of the master bedrom(anbang) in the Chosun Dynasty. The major findings and conclusions were: 1. The front view of the multi-leveled chest were composed of a protruded top panel(kaepan), drawers, folded doors, sectional panels(chwibyok kan and morum kan) and base stand(madae) in general. Variety in the front view found more frequently in single level chests than bi- or tir-level chests. 2. The overall dimensions of each type of chest increased with increase in number of levels, but the height of the sectional parts decreased. That is, the overall proportion of the single level chests were 10 : 9, bi-level chests were 5 : 6, and tri-level chests were 2 : 3. The proportion of 1 : 1, 4 : 5, 1 : 3, 1 : 4, 1 : 5 were found often in the sectional parts such as drawers, doors, chwibyok kans and morum kans. 3. In general, the surface treatments were subtle. Carved or inlayed ornamentation were seldom seen, and most chess were finished with clear lacquer to show the natural wood grain. There were no distinctive characteristics of surface ornamentation characteristic of any one type of chest. 4. The general patterns of the metal ornaments were spade(yowidu), round, bow, rectangular(yakgua), bat and flower shapes. The multi-level chests were decorated with more metal ornament types compared with the single-level chests. 5. In conclusion, there was more variety in all the design elements in the single level chests compared with the other types of chests. The bi-and tri-level chests were quite stylized in composition, size, proportion, surface treatment, and metal ornamentation.
A Study on the Estimation of the Money Value of Korean Rural Women's Labor
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 121~134
The farm housewive's labor has not been properly evaluated, although it has traditionally shared and devoted a substantial portion of the farm household economy. The objective of this study is to estimate the money value of rural women's labor. The data were got from the result of time analysis of farm housewives in 1988. Among the four estimation methods used in this study, the mixed approach of houskeeper replacement cost with individual function cost showed the greatest value in the decision criteria of different farming region, farming size, housewive's age, family size and children number. The opportunity cost approach showed the lowest value, however, is considered as the most appropriate estimation approach in rural situation in this study. It is expected that the appropriate estimation approach should be estimate the money value of rural housewive's labor and their economic position.
A Study on the Family Life Issues Percieved by the Middle-Class Housewives in Modern Industrial Society
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 135~154
The purposes of this study are: 1) To find out overall family life issues percieved by the middle-classhousewives in their forties. 2) To examine detailed aspects related to middle years crises, leisure activities, children issues, family economy issues, and housing issues. 3) To clarify solutions to, and provide basic data on family issues raised by the middle-class families. The middle-class housewives in their forties living in the Seoul area were the subject of the survey. The sample size analysed in this study was 422. Data were analysed by the frequency, mean, percentile, standard deviation, X2-test, analysis of variance, multiple classification analysis, analysis of multiple regression, and Scheffe-test as a post-hoc analysis. The conclusions are as follows: First, the middle-class housewives tend to give more importance on children issues, especially on academic achievement and career development. Second, family cohesion of middle-class families is comparatively high and intra-familial conflict is low, and middle years crisis of housewives is comparatively low, too. Third, the stability of middle-class families can be found in household economic management patterns. one fourth of the families own stocks and two fifths of the families own real estate except their own dwelling house. Be based on their property income add to their labor income, middle-class families are showed their economic stability, however, intra-class inequality is found, too. Fourth, the great part of middle-class families that possess their own house, tend to be unsatisfied with their housig scale, and a half of the families expect to enlarge their housing scale for more comfortable and convient living.
A Study for the City Housewives' Participating Behavior of "Kye" Meeting
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 155~167
There have been many cooperative meetings from the past in our country. "Kye" is the most popular and current exisiting meeting of them in our society. Therefore, study of "Kye" at this point will be useful for life, attitude, value in urban area. The concret purposes of this study are to investigate: (1) Participationg rate of the city housewives' "Key" meeting. (2) Purpose of the city housewives' "Kye" meeting. (3) The order of the most influential variable among the socio-economic variables, the family life cycle variables, and the residence variables on the city housewives' "Kye" meeting. For the purpose of this main study, 600 questionnaires were distributed to housewives living in Seoul and collected during the six months, from November, 1989 to April, 1990. And method of data analysis for this survey was Multiple Regression. The major results are as follows: (1) Participating rate of city housewives' "Kye" meeting is 52.2%. (2) Purpose of city housewives' "Kye" meeting is in the order of "for saving", "for friendly gatherings", "for commodity purchase". The order of the most influential factor (3) among the socio-economic variables is the age of respondents (β:.187), the average income of all house members(β:.177), and the schooling years (β:-.147), (4) among the family life cycle variables is the family life cycle(β:.261), number of children(β:-.212), (5) among the residence variables is the duration of current residence(β:.221), kind of house(β:.118). Comparing the past studies, the purpose of "Key" meetings has changed from the family centered events method such as worship or marriage of family members to out of the family and friends centered events such as social gatherings among the people in urban community.
Family Life Satisfaction and Home Management Behavior Patterns: For Urban housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 169~184
The purpose of this study is to analyze urban housewives' home management behavioral patterns focusing on the morphostatic and morphogenic in continuum, to estimate the level of their family life satisfaction and to determine the variables affecting family life satisfaction. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. The tendency is that the wives have controlled in value orientation, and home management behavioral patterns are neutral, and they are somewhat satisfied in terms of family life satisfaction. 2. As for the causal variables, marriage duration, the number of children education, employment status of wives, and value orientation influence on home management behavioural patterns. 3. The variables which affect family life satisfaction significantly are number of children, wives' education level, family income, employment status of wives and value orientation. 4. In analyzing relation between wives' home management behavioual patterns and their family life satisfaction, those who prefer morphostatic patterns have higer level of life satisfaction. 5. From the path analysis, it was found that monthly family income, employment status of wives, wives' educationn level, and value orientation had positive effects on family life satisfaction, and home management behavioral patterns had negative effects on family life satisfaction.
A Study of The Adjustment of Elderly Women according to Family Relations
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 185~197
The purpose of this study is to explore family relations of the Elderly influencing adjustment of the Elderly. The Sample was selected from elderly women who are older than 65years living in Seoul. Total sample consisted of 324 elderly women(married women 155, widow 169) finally selected datum sources. Factor analysis, frequency distribution, percentile, Anova, Pearson's Correlation and Stepwise multiple regression were used to take statistics. The main resluts were as follows: 1. The score of the adjustment of urban elderly woman was normal. 2. General characteristic variables such as age, self-reported health, financial status and supply of living expenses have turned out to be significant on the adjustment of the elederly women. 3. General satisfaction of married life, among the subordinate dimensions of the aging Couple relationships, has influence of the adjustment of the elderly women. 4. Among the old parent-Adult children relationships, subjective solidarity and consensual solidarity have influence on the adjustement of the aged. Besides the above two solidarity, objective solidarity has influence on the adjustment, in the case of widow. 5. Among the grandmother-grandchildren relationships, discipliner relations and material provider relations have influence on the adjustment of the married old women. Besides the above two solidarity, surrogate parenting relation have influence on the adjustment, in the case of widow.
An Empirical Study on the Correlation Between Marrical Communication Types and Demographic Socialogical Variables -on Some of the married Seoulites-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 199~215
The purpose of the study is to investigate the relation between marital communication types and self-esteem demographic-socioligical variables to eliminate the methodlogical contradiction of previous studies, this study aimed as follows: (1) correlation between marital communication types and all the independent variables, such as self-esteem, sex, age, academic history, mate selection type, family type, duration of marriage, religion, etc. and marital communication types. (2) discriminating powers of marital communication types by way of the variables mentioned above. In this study questionaire was used on 392 married Seoulites, which consists of two scales and 9 items. In order to verify the hypotheses, the following two methods were used: (1) LOGIT program to the correlation between norminal scale and /or interval scale. (2) discriminating analysis of marital communication types by way of the variables. The results of the study are as follows: (1) Only 4 variables, such as self-esteem, sex, duration of marriage and academic history, correlate with marital communication types in level P<0.05 (2) According to the discriminating analysis of the variables mentioned above, marital communication types cannot be predicted as the predictive power is only 32.2%. (3) Correlation coefficent of authoritic communication type is higher males than females and higher low degree group of self-esteem than high degree group. (4) In the some communication types, direction of correlation coefficent is different in the some variables.
The Locus of Control, Perceptions of Stress in Retirement And Life Satisfaction Among the Retirees
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 217~240
The primary purpose of this study is to construct a path model in which shows how the background variables, retirement-related variables, and perceptions of stress in retirement influence life satisfaction among retirees. Data from a probability sample of retirees who are not employed as a full - time (n of retirees=261)are used. The social stress model, developed by House (1974) and George (1980), presented and tested in this research focuses on the perspective of the retirees. The major findings are: 1. The retirees perceive relatively high levels of stress in retirement. 2. Levels of living standard, health status, and locus of control are significant factors in differentiating the degrees of perceived stress in retirement and life satisfaction. 3. Concerning the retirement variables, the previous job satisfaction, plans and preparatins for leisure activities and financial arrangement contribute to differentiate the degrees of perceived stress in retirement and life satisfaction. 4. While health status, locus of control, and the perceptions of stress in retirement influence directly on life satisfaction, age, education, income, and activity level influence indirectly through the retirement - related variables and the perceptions of stress in retirement on life satisfaction. The significant impact of the perceptions of stress in retirement upon life satisfaction receives strong support.
A Study on the Evaluation Model of the Life-Time Household Work
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 241~248
The aim of this study is to propose the criteria for a evaluation model of the lifetime household work and organize the model. The results were as follows: Three criteria for a evaluation model of the life-time household work were proposed.
An appropriate framework of the evaluation model should be based on the transition of the family life.
The model should include major variables influencing the value of household work of homemaker.
The model should be flexible enough to accommodate various evaluation methods, and should reflect idiosyncracies of different evaluation methods. In view of the criteria stated above, the present study is based on the family life cycle framework. And the age of the last offspring exhibits a consistent major influence in the evaluation based on the household work hours, while the education level of homemakers shows a consistent major influence in the evaluation based on household worker. So as to reflect these two major variables in the family life cycle framework.
The Relationship Between Juvenile Deliquents Perception of Social Network and Social Support
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 249~265
This study is to help Juvenile Deliquent's successflul adaptation to the society and prevent further juvenile deliquency. Social support and the teenagers 'perception of this support is directly and indirectly influencial to the teenagers' behavior. This study is majorly on influence of ecological factors and social members, including his parents, brothers and sisters, grandparents friends, teachers and neighbors. Social support is measured on 11 factors: companionship, conflict, instrumental aid, satisfaction intimacy, affectiveness, punishment, admiration, relative power, reliable alliance, counselling for sex. This study was conveyed on 258 juvenile deliquents in CHOONCHUN Boy's Home and 153 giral in ANYANG Girl's Home. They were in age group of between 11 and 18. The questions were, 1) Do the perception of the juvenile deliquents of the social support differ according to the relations in the social network? 2) Do the perception of the juvenile deliquents of the social support differ according to their sex? The results are 1) In companionship, conflict, instrumental aid, intimacy aid, relative power, they percept friends to be most reliable and then brothers/sisters, mother father. 2) In satisfaction, brothers and sisters were thought most reliable and next came friend, mother, father. 3) In affection, father, mother, brother/sisters, friend. 4) Punishment was most often rendered by teachers and fathers. 5) Reliable alliance was found most in the mothers, the study showed and then father, brother/sister.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 29, issue 2, 1991, Pages 273~288