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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1992
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 1992
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 1992
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
Selecting the target year
A Study on Textile Design Simulation using LUMENA Program-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 1~13
A computer simulation method for textile designs was developed using a generic-purpose graphics program, LUMENA and its results were applied for costume design simulation. Its design performance was comparable with those using specialized design package programs which are in general very expensive. Three areas of textile design, print pattern design, weaving design, and knitting design, were covered. In the print pattern design simulation, a gird network library was constructed by using basic methods of repeat, and a pattern library by scanning existing print patterns. Through the modification and synthesis of library patterns, many new print patterns could be obtained. In the weaving design simulation, a thread library and a draw-down library were constructed. Using them, simulations of woven textile structures were carried out. In the knitting design simulation, a stitch library and a detail library were made from various types of knit stitch and detail drawings of knit costume, respectively. They were used to make structural knitting patterns and jacquard knitting designs. Using those simulated textile designs, costume design simulation was carried out.
The Effects of Season on Physiological Responses of Human Body, Clothing Microclimate, and Subjective Sensations
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 15~26
To investigate the seasonal effects on physiological responses of human body, clothing micro-climate, and subjective sensation, selected the cloths the most frequently dressed by men in spring and fall, and completed wearing trials in the climatic chamber. The results are as follows: 1. Rectal temp. ranged 36.8-37.1
in either spring or fall, and no seasonal effect was found. 2. In skin temp., there was no seasonal effect in forehead, abdomen, and forearm. Skin temp. of chest was higher in spring than in fall. On the contrary, reverse was true in high and leg. Average skin temp. ranged 32.2-33.2
in spring and 32.9-34.
in fall. 3. Average total sweat rate of spring, 79.4g/hr, was smaller than that of fall, 110.9g/hr. 4. Clothing temp. ranged 28.1-32.8
in spring and 27.6-31.
in fall. Clothing humidity ranged 36.9-48.9% in spring and 38.2-51.1% in fall. Therefore, clothing microclimate was higher during fall than during spring. As results, skin temp. of the body core except chest did not show seasonal variation, but there was obvious seasonal variation in skin temp. of the extremities. Therefore, seasonal variation should be take into consideration in the experiments related to the cloth. In addition, standard for each season and the degree of work performance should be re-established in clothing micro-climate.
A Study on the Effect of Self-Actualization Variables on the Modesty and Aethetics in the Selection of Clothing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 27~38
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of self-actualization and demographic variables of adult women on the modesty and aethetics in the selection of clothes. The qestionnaire were completed by 647 women in taegu and jinju. The major findings of this research can be summairzed as follows : 1. Marital status has effect on the self-actualizing values. religion, occupation and income have effect on self-acceptance. Marital staus and religion have effect on nature of man. 2. Frequency of contact with mass media has effect on the modesty of clothing. Self-actualization and demographic variables have no direct effect on the modesty of clothing. 3. Self-actualizing values, self-acceptance, nature of man, income, frequency of contact with mass media have direct effect on the aethetics of clothing.
A study on the comparative costume fo sacredotal robe for Buddhist monk which was appeared by the Buddhist commandment in the era of Buddha and Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 39~47
The purpose of this study was investigate the historical change in Kasa for the Buddhist commandment in the era of Buddha and the Korean Kasa. The original Kasa specified in Buddhist commandment has many concrete features. In contrast Korean Kasa is quite simplified and become very practical. Although we could not follow the numerous original specifications in Kasa, we must maintain and transmit Korean Kasa based in the minimum regurations. For this purpose, it is necessary to form a unified opinion and to develop a desirable specification for the Korean Kasa.
An Analysis on Anthropometry of Infant for Clothing Construction -The subject of infants under the age of one year-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 49~61
The purpose of this study is to set the standard items of the garment size for infants. The studied subject consisted of 560 infants from at brith to 12 months of Pusan and Gyeongnam area. The Results from this analysis are as follows; 1. The most significant growths in body dimensions of infants as an month age advanced. Expecially, stature, weight and the items of height and length showed a quite rapid growth, but the items of girth, breadth and depth showed a slow growth. 2. The coefficient of correlation between stature and weight shows high value. The result of interpretation of the extracted components are as follows. It will be more appropriate to use the method of parallerizing with height and weight items rather than with month age in classficating and indicating of size for infant garment and in taking the head girth as basic item of infant for head-gears. Consequently, as the standard items for the classification of clothing constuction of infants, it is advisable to select weight alone or both stature and weight. 3. According to the method of classifying the somatotype by the index of body soundness, the Rohrer.Kaup index on the basis of standard items, weight and stature was divided into somatotype.
A Study on the nutritional knowledge dietary behavior and nutrient intakes of rural housewives -Based on the rural housewives in Chonbuk province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 63~76
This study was carried out to investigate the level of nutritional knowledge dietary behavior and nutrient intakes of rural housewives and to analyze the relationship among each other. The data for this study collected by the interview with questionnaire in 1990 from the 303 rural housewives of 13 districts and 3 cities in Chunbuk province sampled by random sampling method. Statistics used in analysis were frequency, proportion, X2-test and statistical significance was tested at 0.05 level. The main results of the study were summairzed as follows : 1) Nutritional knowledge score of rural housewives was higher, in young age group than in old group and in high income group than in low income. 2) There were not the significant difference between the dietary behavior of the rural housewives and their nutritional knowledge score. 3) As the nutritional knowledge score of the subjects was higher nutrient intakes level of calcium and iron were higher, however, there were not the significant difference between the nutritional knowledge score and nutrient intakes levels of energy, protein and fat respectively. 4) As the level of meal management were high, only protein intake among various nutrients was increased. There were not the significant difference between the nutrient intakes and their food habits.
Changes of the phsico-Chemical Characteristics of oils treated by the
-ray irradiation (I) -The Extracted soybean oil-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 77~88
To investigate the oxidative stabilities of the
-ray irradiated soybean during storage and heating and some physico-chemical characteristics of soybean and the extracted soybean oil (SBO) with/without the
-ray irradiation were determined. The
-ray level use in irradiation for soybean were 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 KGY respectively and Acid Value, Peroxide Value, Conjugated Diene Value, Composed Fatty Acids amounts, and Trans Fatty Acid occurrence were determined for all samples, which were incubated at 45
for 25 days heated at 180
for 30 hours. And these values of the
-ray treated samples were compared to those of nontreated samples. The results were obtained as follows : 1. According to the increased level of the
-ray irradiation, there was little difference in Dielectric Constant, Viscosity, and the Induction Period by Rancimat. But, in case of 5.0 KGY, oxidative stability was increased more twice than that of non-irradiation. In the quantity of fatty Acids composition of the extracted soybean oil irradiated with 10.0 KGY, palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids were less increased thanb those of non-irradiation, while stearic, linolenic acids were decreased. In the case of 2.5 KGY irradiation, stearic and oleic acids were increased. 2. The Acid Value of SBO according to the
-ray irradiation level was almost not change, but was 0.1 lower than that of non-irradiation during incubation (45
). The Peroxide Value of SBO with the
-ray irradiation, was very lower than that of non-irradiation, but its effect on oxidative stability was better of SBO treated with 5.0 KGY and 10.0 KGY. In the Fatty Acids composition of SBO, palmitic, stearic, oleic acids were increased, while linoleic, linolenic acids were decreased during incubation(45
). This tendency was more obvious due to the
-ray level. While heating(180
), the Acid Value of SBO treated with the
-ray irradiation was decreased, the Acid Value of SBO irradiated with 2.5 KGY was the lowest. Also the peroxide Values of SBO treated with 5.0 KGY, 10.0 KGY were very lower than that of non-irradiation. Conjugated Diene Value of SBO was almost unchanged according to the
-level and heating time. 3. When the methyl linoleate was irradiated with the
-ray, the Trans Fatty Acid was little produced. In case of SBO with non-irradiation, the trans C18:1 was occured about 6.5~7.9%, but trans C18:2 and C18:3 were not shown, while SBO irradiated with the
-ray 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 KGY, trans C18:3 and C18:2 amount in SBO were increased according to heating time, but trans C18:3 was little occured. As these results, the effects of the
-ray irradiation to oil containing food were to cut down the energy for food storage and to increase oxdative stability during storge. And also it was shown to be the best that 10.0 KGY of the
-ray irradiation would be applied to soybean.
The effect of reserpine and tryptophan administration on serum amino acid concentrations and organ composition in rats consumed diet with different dietary protein level
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 89~105
The purpose of this study was to see the effect of oral administration of reserpine (2mg/d) and tryptophan (40.35mg/d) on the serum amino acid concentrations and organ composition, food consumption, body weight, blood hematocrit(Hct) and hemoglobin(Hb) levels in Sprague-Dawley rats fed 6% or 20% casein diet. Any adverse effects of reserpine and tryptophan were not observed in animals, except that liver fat contents were increased in low protein group. In other words the administration of typtophan decreased liver fat contents in 6% casein and reserpine-treated 20% casein groups, but increased in reserpine-treated 6% casein group. But the low protein diet had significant adverse effects in animals. The 6% casein diet, therefore, had a tendency to decrease food consumption and body weight. The simillar tendency was shown in serum essential amino acid concentrations, organ weight and protein contents of liver and muscle. From the results, it would be safe to conclude that the oral administration of large deses of reserpine and tryptophan did not induce such a signifcant malnutrition as the low protein diet did.
A Study on the Wife's Employment and Family Economic Structure of Urban Establishing Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 107~120
The purpose of this study was to figure out the wife's employment and family economic structure of urban establishing families. For this purpose 274 establishing families in Seoul and its metropolitan area were interviewed through the standardized questionnares. Finally 264 questionnares were analyzed. The major findings were as follows; 1. The 23.9% of respondents had full-time job and 12.1% had part-time job. The major reason of nonemployment was child-rearing problems. And most ofthem answered that they would have job if child-rearing problems were sloved. 2. In both full-time and part-time job wives, the employment rate of high educational level's wives was high-relatively. 3. Total household monthly income of full-time job women was higher than the ones of part-time job and full-time wives. In total monthly income of full-time job women, the rate of wife's income was about 38%. 4. The costs of clothings, the cost of traffic and the total expenditures of full-time wife's household were higher than the ones of the other households. 5. The saving rate of the urban establishing families was about 27%.
Housing needs for the Elderly in Reference to the Middle-Aged
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 121~136
The purpose of this study is to investigate housing needs for the elderly in reference to the middle-Aged, the relationship of their housing needw with demographic variables and personal characteristic. The main results are as follows: 1. The desired distance form their residence to children's house is about halr an hour to one hour by car. White color employees are more declined to living seperately from thier children than blue color. Most of them like to depend on pensions for living expenses. 2. The favorite housing plans are listed in the order of self-contained unit(50.7%), intermediate care housing(38.6%) and living with their children(10.7%). This tells that the prospective elderly likes to live independentlay from their children and suggests the need for housing plans for elderly people. 3. Women are highly interested in both interior and exterior housing environment. People who are active in their everyday life tend to show more interests in interior facilities and space arrangements of their house, transportation, and neighboring environments.
A Study on the Evaluation of Housing Fitness for Child Rearing and Development
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 137~152
The purpose of this research is to obtain an empirically-based understanding of the attitudes of those children and mothers living in three different housing types : detached houses. row houses / villa and apartments. The subjects are 547 elementary school children in the fourth, fifth and sixth grades and their mothers in four different residential areas, Seoul. Followings are the result of this research. 1) Mothers put the first priority on the convenience of the dwelling space from the educational point of view, and they make complaints about their present dwelling space, in particular, children's play and storage space and the size of children's room. 2) They care a lot about the size of housing and, if the size of the housing is held constant, the mothers living in the apartments have more complain about. 3) The difference in the way children and mothers regard their dwelling space is great. The mothers would like to draw a clear line between rest space and play space. They would like to see their children play in their rooms, but children want to make use of the whole space of their housing for play. 4) Mothers think that the children's rooms should be used primarily for study while children think that their rooms have multiple uses such as studying, resting, and playing.
A Modeling of Residential Mobility over Family Life Span by the Social Class
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 153~165
The objectives of this study were to develop a probabilistic model for both hypotheses testing and mobility prediction. Methodologies being used for the analysis include multivariated analysis for descriptive statistics and logit model for hypotheses testing and prediction. The study used questionaire survey data conducted by Korean Research Institute for Human Settlements (KRIHS) in 1988. There were a total of 1,620 Samples, and both SPSS and Limdep software packages were used for statistical analysis and model testing. The major findings were highlighted as follows; The residential mobility over family life span by the social class were developed with the use of the probability model. Most of households in low class moved downwardly. They had lived the small-owned single detached house in first family life span and moved into the small-rented single detached house in next family life span. Most of households in middle class moved upwardly. They had lived the small-owned apartment in first family life span and moved into the large-owned single detached house in last family life span. Most of households in high class horizontally. They had lived the large-owned single detached house in first family life span and moved into the same one except in last family life span.
Development of an Instrument to Study Color Meaning in Interior Environment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 167~182
The purpose of the study was to determine if an abstract color palette was representative of a color scheme of interior environment by which the meaning of colcor could be determined. An abstract color palette was developed by the researchers to show contrast, overlapping, and adjacencies as they might actually appear in an interior environment. Six pictures and six color palettes were used to test the meaning of color. The questionnaire consisted of 21 words to describe the color of interior environment. The sample consisted of 73 undergraduate students of varied majors. A factor analysis was used to identify the structure of color meaning. Five factors; emotional factor, factor of unity, spatial quality factor, factor of complexity, and social evaluation factor were identified. A t-test was used to analyze the difference in responses to the descriptor words for the pictures and palettes. It was found that in 14 of 21 descriptor, there was no significant difference between evaluation of color meaning for the pictures and palettes in 50% or more of the cases.
A Study on the Family Life and the Work of Informal Sector Female workers in Taegu -Centered on the Visiting Part-time Workers-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 183~202
This study was undertaken to evaluate the living condition and the reality of visiting part-time workers through the survey. On the matter of living condition, the most difficult problem is financial problem followed by residential problem. On the matter of female's household labor, there was a considerable difference according to the houseband's age and academic background, and family monthly income. On the question of family relationship, it was found that there was rare communication between children and father because father was rigid to talk with. In the case of mother and children, they could not find time to talk with each other. In the group of the old aged, they work to make their living. On the other hand, in the group of younger generations and the higher educated, they replied that they should work whatever the work is. It was found that they were subjected to their work because of their financial situation and that they were under the double yoke of family and work because there were no legal protection and organizational devices.
Physical Features for Way-Finding and Orientation in Specialized Dementia Units
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 203~217
From the findings of an exploratory study describing the living environments of segregated Alzheimer/Dementia Units (ADUs), the results relative to environmental cueing reatures, reality orientation aids, and communication/noise control methods are highlighted. Data were collected from a nonrandom, purposive sample of 99 ADUs and their parent long term care facilities in 34 states. Specific recommendations are made about physical features that may assist confused and disoriented residents and contribute to way-finding and orientation in specialized dementia units.
A Study on the Intergenerational transmission of the Family Violence: the Relationship between the Parental Violent Behavior and Child's Aggression
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 219~230
The purpose of this study is to investigate the intergenerational transmission of the family violence. The focus of the study is on the effect of the parental violent behavior on the child's aggression. For this purpose, 266 6th grade children in Seoul are classified into the two groups according to their aggression rated by their teachers. The results are as follow: 1. There are social class differences in the level of the child's aggression, experience of parent-to-child violence and parental marital violence. 2. Experiencing parent-to-child violence and parental marital violence greately affected the level of the child's aggression. The effects are greater for the children who observed parental marital violence than who experienced child violence. 3. Father-to-mother violence rather than mother-to-father violence affected the level of the child's aggression, especially for the boys.
A Study on Maternal Verbal Control Pattens and Children's Recognition against those
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 231~247
A Study on Maternal Verbal Control Patterns and Children's Recognition against those. The primary objective of the material presented in this dissertation is the analysis of the maternal verbal control patterns. The major focus is given to the differences between maternal verbal control patterns and children's recognition against those. The purspoe of this study were; 1) to investigate the maternal verbal control patterns recognized by children according to their family and personal surroundings; 2) to investigate the verbal control patterns in mother's response according to the differences of family and personal surroundings; 3) to find the differences between children's recognition and maternal verbal control patterns; 4) How the maternal verbal control patterns recognized by children are? The materials of this study were 81(37; boys, 44; girl)) from kindergarten in Seou. The sample of age used in this study was 5 to 7 years old. The test about maternal verbal environment used the question sheet for reaction between mother and children by Gumperz. The kids got interviews with same questions as mothers with question sheet. The statistical tools used is the analysis of the data were frequency, crosstab, and t-test. The result of the study were summarized as follows; 1) The maternal verbal control patterns recognized by children had differences according to whether living with grand-parent or not. Living with grand-parent are more person-oriented than without grand-parent group. 2) The maternal verbal control patterns of mother response show the differences within mother's academic background, present situation of child, and parent's expection to child. The imperative verbal control pattern was more frequently used of low academic background who just fraduate the middle or high school. The personal verbal control pattern was more frequently used of high educational background's like university graduate or more educated group. 3) The differences between maternal verbal control patterns with children's recognition and with mother response is that mother responseis more person-oriented than children's. 4) The imperative verbal control pattern used command, verbal purnishment, and physical purnishment. the status-oriented verbal control pattern used univesal positional appeals and limited positional appeals. The person-oriented verbal control pattern used child-oriented cognitive affective appeals.
The Content Analysis of Childrearing Articles in the Korea Central Daily Newspapers: Focusing on Donga ilbo and Choseun ilbo from 1920's to 1930's
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 249~260
The purpose of this study is to explore the ideas about childrearing represented in the Korean central daily newspapers. the method used for this study is the content analysis and the data are Donga ilbo and Choseun ilbo from 1920's to 1930's. It is found that the contents of childrearing articles were concerned on enlightening childrearing practices during the beginning towentieth century of Korea. They claimed to replace traditional childrearing by western practices in the pregnancy-delivery, nurturing, teaching, disciplining and interfacing between home and institutional education of school. Also, they put great emphasis on changing from an adult-centered manner to a child-centered manner in the childrearing. In conclusion, these articles played an important part as the enlightening instrument trying to bring about intenal reforms in opposition to Japanese imperialism.
Time Spent by Urban Housewives : 1980 and 1990 Comparison
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 261~278
The purpose of this study is to compare the time use of urban housewives 1980 and 1990, and to investigate significant variables affect to the time spent, the independent effect of variables to the time use of her them. For this purpose, the data from 261(1980) and 287(1990) were analyzed. The major findings are follows: 1. There was 3-4 hours decreasing for household work in 1980 & 1990, and the significant variables were age, number of children, years of youngest child, education, type of kitchen, and type of heating, but in 1990, number of children and education of housewife. 2. In 1990, the independent effect of variables to household work time are number of children, years of youngest child, and cooking fuel to household work time and income to physiological time.
A Study on System Approach To Managerial Functioning
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 279~292
The purpose of this study was to test system model for family resource management. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire distributed to the sample of 650 wives living in Seoul and Daejeon. The data were analyzed using mean, multiple regression. The result were shown as follows: 1) There were significant differences in three measure of satisfaction ―economic concern, financial satisfaction, general life satisfaction― according to contextual variables, perceived resource adequacy, planning style. 2) Planning style measures provided a unique contribution to the explanation of wives' satisfaction when contextual variables and perceived resource adequacy were controlled, but the degree of contribution was weak.
A Study on the Housing Moving Plan of Urban Establising Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 30, issue 4, 1992, Pages 293~306
The purpose of this study was to figure out the housing moving plan of urban establising families. For this purpose 274 establising families in Seoul and metro-politan area were interviewed through the standardized questionnares. Finally 264 questionnares were analyzed. The major findings were as follows; 1. The time of housing move is generally planned in 3 years from now. 2. The 78 percent of establing families planned collective housing as next housing. This tendency was higher in older group, in more income group, in higher education group, in collective housing group, in larger housing group. 4. The mean size of planned housing is about 26 pyoung. This tendency was also higher in older group, in larger housing group.