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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
A Study on Curriculum Development in the Field of Consumer Science
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1.1~11
The purpose of this study is to develop the curriculum in the field of Consumer Science through the analysis of current curricula which are offered within Home Economics units in Korea and the U.S. A field of Consumer Science was proposed to be divided into two different area, the area related to household economy and the area related to consumer problems. The area related to household economy includes the subfield of household economics and the subfield of family financial management. The area related to consumer problems are the subfield of consumer decision-making, the subfield of consumer education, and the subfield of consumer protection policy. And the new curriculum based on this classification was developed and discussed with respect to the purpose and content of lectures.
한국의 가정, 무엇이 문제인가\ulcorner
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1.2~8
- A Study on Wife's Contribution to Matrimonial Property -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 13~24
The reformed family law was enforced from Jan.1,1991 and the claim to division of matrimonial property in case of divorce, a newly enacted right in the law, is expected to increase the economic position of married women. By this system, married woman can claim her share in the matrimonial property in case of divorce if she verifies her contribution to it. But actually, household work of housewives has not been evaluated properly as compared with their husbands' work in deciding of property division rate, because there is no economic base about the value of household work. So, this study verified wives' role of contribution to matrimonial property and compared their work hours with their husbands. As the result, following suggestions can be presented. 1. The contribution rates of husband and wife to the matrimonial property have to be acknowledged equally and, in case of employed wife, her rate has to be evaluated higher than her husband. 2. Because the property division is not a solatium but a transfer of wife's share, responsibility which marriage has dissolved should not be taken more to women than men. 3. Decision of division rate has to be made regardless the amount fo property unless there are special reasons. 4. The donation tax and inheritance tax should not be imposed on matrimonoal property which was returned to wife from her husband.
Pregnant Women's Value of Children: Sex Preference and Pregnancy Motivation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 25~33
Sex preference and pregnancy motivation are analyzed using the data of 117 pregnant women in Chonju City. The results indicate that women prefer son, regardless of various sociodemographic variables such as pregnancy experience, number of children, women's education, occupation, income, religion, experience, number of children, women's education, occupation, income, religion, and men's education and occupation. Sex preference is statistically significant by women's marital status and age, and children's sex composition. The analysis on 19 pregnancy motivation items shows that pregnancy motivation differs by women's occupation, marital status, number of children, education and their partner's education. Factor analysis on pregnancy motivation items reveals six dimensions for all pregnancy: economic ability, value of child-care, psychological stability, family lineage, old economic dependency are statistically significant dimensions for son preference compared with daughter preference.
- A Survey of Child-Rearing Practive and Family Life of Korean-Chinese Families in Yanbin Area-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 35~44
Two hundred and fifty tow Korean-Chinese women were administere the Questionnaire regarding child-rearing practice and husband-wife relations, with an assumption that Korean-Chinese in Yanbian area would preserve the traditional value in family lief because of the cultureal frozen phenomena. The results of the data for the present study revealed that they keep some traditional child-rearing practice such as the prenatal education and the first-year birthday party. However, the value of boy preference was not widely prevalent in the society. On the other hand the equality in husband-wife relation was not found to be attained even though in Communist society.
- A Study on Stressors, Locus of Control, and Distress of Employed Wives -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 45~60
The purpose of this study is evaluate by using ready prepared question-naires consist of items including perceived stressors. locus of control and distress to classify the different characteristics due to occupations and ages. The sampling groups ranges from 20 generations to 50 generations employed wives living with husband and children dwelling in Seoul. Finally, the sampling data used in this study are the number of 412. The major findings are as follows; (1) All employed wives feel less perceived stressors but more perceived stressors for insufficient understanding of their childrens, overload of housework, willingness of stop of employment by their parents of both families, economic expenditures, and various problems in work places. (2) There appear signigicant differences for perceived stressors and mental and physical distress due to the occupations and the ages of employed wives. Otherwise the locus of control appear clear differences due to the ages only. The more perceived stressors and mental and physical distress appear for laborious and service occupation than professional and administrative occupation. (3) The variables related to physical distress and mental distress are occupation, age, martial status and work allocation of housework, relationship childrens and relationship kinship.
A Study on Marital Satisfaction and Depression of Dual-Earner Couples
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 61~84
This study was to examine the marital satisfaction and depression of dual-earner couples, and it placed emphasis on the factors affecting the marital satisfaction and depression of dual-earner couples who have school-age children. The sample consisted of 265 husbands and wives in dual-earner families living in Seoul. The findings of this study were as follows: 1. Wives' marital satisfaction was significantly affected by wives' perception of inequity in the division of family works, joint leisure activities, sexual satisfaction, wives' job satisfaction, wives' satisfaction with marital communication and perceived benefits resulting from wives' employment. 2. Husbands' marital satisfaction was significantly affected by sexual satisfaction, role conflicts, perceived benefits resulting from wives' employment and degree of husbands' housework participation. 3. Wives' depression was significantly affected by role conflicts, perceived sexual problems caused by their employment, wives' job satisfaction, sex role attitude and perceived inequity in the division of family work. 4. Husbands' depression was significantly affected by role conflicts, the degree of their housework participation, their job satisfaction and perceived sexual problems caused by wives' employment.
The Relation between Adolescent's Attachment on Parent and Self-Concept
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between adolescent's attachment on parent and self-concept. The subjects were 271 students in the second grade of the junior high school in Busan. The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment scale(IPPA) and the Self-Concept test were used for collecting data. For the statistical analysis of data, t-test, F-test, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation and Regression were used. The results were as follows : 1. There were significant differences in attachment according to socio-demographic variables(sex, parent's age, parent's education, parent's job, income). 2. There were significant differences in self-concept according to socio-demographic variables(sex, parent's age, parent's education, parent's job, income). 3. Adolescent's attachment on parent was significantly correlated with adolescent's self-concept.
- Role Evaluation of the Spouse and its Efect on Marital Satisfaction Among the Korean Rural Couples -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 97~120
This study is designed to understand marital relationships of the rural couples in Korea. The primary purposes of this study are to examine the relationship between marital satisfaction and role evaluation of the spouse and to construct a path model in which shows the relationships among background variables, role evaluation of the spouse and marital satisfaction. Structured guestionnaires from 435 couples with school-age children and teenagers living in rural area are analyzed in this study. The major findings are as follows : 1. Factor analysis of the role evaluation of the spouse results I 4 factors for both husbands and wives; emotional support-sexual role child socialization-economic role, kinship role and housekeeping role. 2. The most important factor influencing the marital satisfaction is the role evaluation of the spouse o emotional support-sexual relation. While the number of children, and role evaluations of the spouse influence directly on the marital satisfaction of the wives, age, level of education, level of income and husband's occupation influence indirectly through role evaluations of the spouse on that of wives. 3. For husbands, family life cycle and their occupation influence indirectly on the marital satisfaction of the husbands and the marital satisfaction of them is also mediated by role evaluations of the wieves. Level of income of the family not only influences directly on marital satisfaction but influences on it indirectly. 4. Marital satisfaction is mediated by role evaluations of the spouse. The role evaluation of the spouse on emotional support-sexual relation has the most powerful effect on the marital satisfaction for both wives and husbands. About 60 percent of the variance in the marital satisfaction of rural couples can be explained by the role evaluation of the spouse. therefore, the result of the result of the study indicates that the role evaluation of the spouse on emotional support-sexual relation plays a significant part in determining the marital satisfaction of rural couples.
A Study on the Level of Life Satisfaction of Middle Aged Women - Focused on the Family Cohesion and Adaptibility they perceive -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 121~135
This study was to investigate the relationship between the level of life satisfaction of middle-aged woman and that of the family cohesion and adaptibility, the subjects were 243 married women aged from 40 to 59 years old. The survey instruments were Life Satisfaction Scale and FACESⅢ by using SPSSPC+ program package, especially ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Correlation and Stepwise Multiple Regression. The results were as follows; 1. The overall levels of life satisfaction were middling. 2. The family cohesions were relatively high, adaptibility middling. 3. 1) The levels of life satisfaction were different according to their ages, frequencies of leisure activities, and levels of household income. 2) The levels of life satisfaction were different according to the levels of the family adaptibility and cohesion. 3) Dividing the family type into tow part by the levels of cohesion and adaptibility, the levels of life satisfaction had no differences in typeⅠ based on curvilinea hypothesis, but those of life satisfaction had differences in typeⅡ on linear hypothesis. 4. The results of stepwise multiple regression ; the variables having an effects on the level of life satisfaction were revealed cohesion, frequencies of leisure activities, and the level of household income, and their explanatory power 33%.
- Theoretical Perspectives and Applications in Family Studies -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 137~151
This study presents an appraisal of current theorizing process through the review of family studies. Also it shows the outlines of five sociological general theories and how to apply them to family studies. The field of family studies entered a new stage in the middle of the twentieth century. Especially the decade of the 1970s was a period of rapid development in family theories because middle-range theories were developed. Currently identified major conceptual frameworks of family studies are five sociological general theories. Exchange theory was utilized in several studies and the problems could have been conceptualized in a way that would have tested the general theory of rewards, costs, and profits, but in most instances the theory was developed at a limited substantive level. Symbolic interactionism is the most useful in understanding precarious human relationships, such as courtship processes, intergenerational relationships family roles, and powers. General systems theory have been provided generalizaitons useful for understanding the characteristics of the family systems and also useful in describing the interactions with the environment, and the functioning of a family along a continuum of open to closed. Conflict theorists point that the basic units of society comprise all persons who share a sense of status equality and there are continual struggles in society for various goods. This theory attemps to account for the development within the family of norms of equity, or fairness. Phenomenology becomes available when we cease to treat an object as real, and begin to treat the object as meant, as intended, as it appears. Therefore the formulation of an adequate and complete description of family is important. Family theorists must be urged to do a number of things including continuing to improve existing theory and continuing to develop metatheory and methodologies of building theory.
- A Comparative Study on the Actual Somatotype and the Cognitive Somatotype of Female College Students and High School Students -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 153~162
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the physical consciousness of two groups, the high school girl(335) and the female college students(246), about their actual somatotype and cognitive comatotype, and to investigate it in comparison with the R hrer Index, the BMI Index, and the Broca-Katsura Index to find if there is any difference between the two groups. The results are as follows; A. In the light of cognitive somatotype by self-evaluation:(1) both high school girls and female college students recognized their weight and somatotype as normal and balanced with no significant difference between them. (2) bout groups indicated that their answers were the results of their own self-evaluation, and it was shown that there was a significant difference between the two groups. B. According to the actual somatotype based on Index. (1) it was shown there was a significant difference between the cognitive somatotype and the actual one of the tow respective groups when based on the Broca Katsura Index. (3) there was a significant difference between the cognitive somatotype and the actual one of the two respective groups when based on the Rohrer Index. Finally, it was shown that there was a significant difference between the two groups.
- A Study on the Consciousness about Somatotype for Korean Females -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 163~180
Several aspects of the conscious about somatotype were analized for the young females and the middle-aged womenhood of Korea. the questionaires were sent to sample of students of university and the middle-age womenhood in Kwangju. the data from 233 respondants were analysed in using frequency, crosstabs and t-test. The results were as follows: 1. Korean young females tend to have shorter and slimmer in trunk, taller in height and lighter in weight than somatotype of the middle-aged women. 2. Of the trouble of somatotype, young females tend to have much the trouble about the thickness of thigh and the middle-aged women tend to have much the trouble about the thickness of waist, hip. 3. Korean young females tend to have much the trouble of somatotype than that of the middle-aged women. 4. And then, most young female had strong aspiration to be slim about somatotype than that of middle-aged women.
- Clothing Purchase Motives and Their Relation to Self-Concept of Males -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 181~192
This study was undertaken to investigate the factorial structure of clothing purchase motives, and to examine the relationship between clothing purchase motives, self-concept, and post-purchase clothing satisfaction of males. Questionnaire was comprised of three sections: 25 Likert type statements of clothing purchase motive measure; post-purchase clothing satisfaction measure; and three self-concepts measure(physical, personal, and social self-concept). For the measurement of self-concepts, a portion of‘Self-Concept Scale’by Wonshik Chung was used. Samples were 312 male white collar workers in Seoul, whose age were ranged from 20 to 39. the data were analyzed using factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficient, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were the followings: 1. Six factors of clothing purchase motives derived by factor analysis. 21 items having a factor loading of ± .40 or higher were given consideration in the interpretation of each factor: F.1‘clothing dsign’; F.2‘fashion and impulsive buying’, F.3‘clothing utility’; F.4‘others influence’: F.5‘financial margin’; F.6‘clothing’2. Male consumers perceived the purchase motive of‘clothing design’to be the most important,‘clothing deficiency’the second important, and‘others influence’the least important. 3. Physical, personal, and social self-concept had positive relations to the purchase motive of‘clothing design’and negative relations to the‘clothing deficiency’. Physical self-concept had negative relation to the motive of‘others influence’. 4. Male consumers high in physical, personal, and social self-concept had more positive attitude in the evaluation of post-purchase clothing satisfaction. 5. Post-purchase clothing satisfaction was influenced most by the purchase motive of‘clothing design’, and next by physical self-concept, and age. Age of subjects had negative relation to post-purchase clothing satisfaction. The explanatory power of the 3 variables was 19.9%.
Preference for Color and Fabric Motifs in Men's Clothing Design - In the area of men by age, physical type and job -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 193~210
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age, physical type and job on preference for color and fabric motifs in men's clothing design. Color preference measures consisted of clothing styles painted in CAD. Preference for fabric motifs was assesed by stripe fabrics in size, width and strength. All of the preference measures were devised specifically for this study. Furthermore, items on Hight and Weight for physical type, age and job of subjects were included I the questionnaire. Data were obtained by self-administered questionnaires form 243 men (25-54 years old) in Seoul. Analysis was by chi-square (X2), frequency, and percentage. The results obtained in this study were as follows : 1. Color preference was not affected by age and physical type, Job was related to coordinate color of men's clothing. 2. Preference for width of striped motifs was affected by age and job. 3. Preference for strength of fabric motifs in men's jacket was affected by physical type.
Influence of Cold Floors on the Human Body Skin Temperatures and Thermal Comfort
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 211~223
- The Cultural Life Study of the Housekeeping Space of Chosun Dynasty Upperclass Housing -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 1, 1993, Pages 225~239
The purpose of this study is to look for the basic formative elements of housekeeping space of our cultural life which are worthy to succeed and develop by revaluating in modern view and to reveal what we should maintain form the women's view of the housework in those days. In this study, out look on Chosun Dynasty housekeeping is based on the norm of the women in those days. The research on the housekeeping space for norm of the women in those days. the research on the housekeeping space for Chosun Dynasty upperclass is focused on the house built from early till late Chosun Dynasty, which is now a cultural asset. As a result, norm of Chosun Dynasty have created a social wide atmosphere for women to devote herselves to the housekeeping. Moreover the constructions of Chosun Dynasty's upperclass are affected by Korea's natural environment and socio-cultural environment. Primary factors for natural environment are building materials and the change of seasons. Because of changeable seasons, there were places for storing massive commodities. The other primary factors for socio-cultural environment affecting housekeeping space were social positions, and extended family system, worshipping the ancestors standard of living, the theory of“Poong Soo”(風水, a kind of geomancy) and thought of“Yin and Yang, Five Elements”(陰陽五行) and popular belief of that time. Affected by these two environments, the characteristics of housekeeping space for Chosun Dynasty are ; the main building of the house was used as a diverted area for women to work, and was reconstructed for household affairs. There were inefficient points in the housekeeping space of that time and the space remained stagnant because of the restricted sex and the social position of housekeeping doer. But you could find some points that are efficient and functional to adjust in those living conditions. The storehouse, storage barn, shed and soyjar terrace are the specialized storing place, according to the kinds and characteristics of the commodities. the kitchen, for example, is the combinations of many abilities. It is not only for cooking or heating the room, but also for storing drinking water. The hall which was the storing place, housekeeping place and also the place for family events are used as a diverted place. The linked arrangement of kitchen, store house, boudoir and the other rooms. In addition, we can see that the construction of the kitchen for more than tow people could work in.