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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
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A Study on Time-Saving Services and Related Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 1~13
This study examined the expenditure on time-saving services and related variables. The time-saving services are food away from home, delivery food, dry cleaning, clothing care, helper and total service. The specific objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the differences in the expenditure on time saving services according to social economic and demographic variables. (2) to investigate the differences in the expenditure on time-saving services according to role-overload, home goal orientation and work goal orientation. (3) to investigate the independent influence of variables related to the expenditure on time-saving services. For this objectives survey was conducted using interview. The data used in this study included 160 women living in Seoul from employed professional housewives, employed non-professional housewives and non-employed housewives. Statistical analyses were conducted using frequencies, percentiles, mean, oneway ANOVA, DUNCAN-test and multiple regression. The major findings were: (1) Wife's education, wife's age, income, tenure, level of living and employment status were significantly related to the expenditure on time-saving services by using the one-way ANOVA. (2) Income, education, level of living, number of children, and employment status explained the variance of the expenditures on time-saving services about 20%-39% by using a multiple regression method.
The Study on the Concept and the Present State of Women's Housework for Traditional Customs of Four Seasons
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 15~27
The Purpose of this study is to serve as the basic data for the succession of traditional culture. The subjects of this study were (926) mothers and their daughters living in Taegu. The analysis of the data was done through SPSS pc+ programs. The major findings of this study are as follows: 1. Regarding to the degree of the people's participation in Traditional Customs of Four Seasons,“New Year's Day”,“Chusok(Chinese Thanks-giving Day)”,“Sangwon(The 1st Full-Moon Day)”,“boknal”are the occasions of the high participation. Ragarding to the characteristics of the groups participating, mothers' groups (compared with daughters'), the group with the positive concept about the customs(compared with the one with the negative concept), and the buddhist group(compared with other religion) are predominant. 2. Regarding to the degree of women's working lord for the Traditional Customs of Four Seasons, the significant variables on family environment in which the women are situated are family religion, The place of grown-up, Daugthers-in-laws order, and family type. Family type is found as the significant variable of Family environment in the degree of socialization of preparing effort of dishes. 3. Through factor analysis concepts of the Traditional Customs of Four Seasons are classified into 3 type, i.e.,「Conventional customs of good morals」,「Women's role in preparation for dishes」, and「The weights of the related load in women's housework」. 4. The direct factors influencing the women's housework related to Traditional Customs of Four Seasons are「Conventional customs of good morals」,「The weights of the related load in women's housework」and「The satisfaction of Traditional Customs of Four Seasons」. The indirect factor is found as 「Conventional customs of good morals」.
A Study on the Relation Between Home Management Ability and Family Life Satisfaction of Home Makers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 29~46
The purpose of this study were to investigate the relation between home management ability and family life satisfaction of home makers, and to find out variables which influence them. The data were collected though the questionnaire whose respondent were 408 home makers in Kwang Ju and Kang Reung. The data were analyzed by various statistical method such as Cronbach's coefficient, factor analysis, frequency, percentage, mean, F-test, t-test, Duncan's multiple range test, regression analysis and path analysis. The results were as follow. 1. Home management ability score showed 68.5. Influential variables on home management ability were the level of education (husband and wife), occupation of husband and income as sociodemographic variables, and degree of resourcefulness recognition and of communication as psychological variables. 2. Family life satisfaction score showed 74.6. Influential variables on home management ability were the level of education (husband), occupation of husband and income as sociodemographic variables, and degree of resourcefulness recognition, of communication and of stress recognition as psychological variables. 3. The degree of communication was the highest influential variable to have influence on family life satisfaction. And the degree of resourcefulness recognition, of stress recognition, occupation of husband and wife, level of education(husband), number of children were variables to have directly and/or indirectly influence on family life satisfaction.
Educational Needs Related to Home Management Perceived by Secondary Students, Home Economics Teachers, and University Professors.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 47~62
The purpose of the study were to: (1) determine important home management concepts in the secondary home economics education curriculum, (2) identify the educational needs related to home management perceived by students, home economics teachers, and university professors, (3) identify the factor structure of the home management concepts, (4) use the findings to make recommendations for defining the area of home management in the secondary home economics curriculum. Three versions of the questionnaire were used to assess the needs. One questionnaire was for students, one for home economics teachers, and one for professors. A total of 1,029 students, 385 home economics teachers, and 45 professors responded to the questionnaires. the data were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics, one way ANOVA with scheff -test, and factor analysis. Forty home management concepts were selected based on the related literatures. The respondants perceived these important for the secondary home economics curriculum. However, 36 home management concepts had differences in perceived importance among students, teachers, and professors. Nine factors emerged from the factor analysis. The three factors that were judged of most importance by students were communication and stress management, making money and helping household tasks, and leisure time activities. The professors and teachers perceived decision making and management process and knowing and utilizing resources most important.
A Study on Family REsource Management Style and Efficiency of Mothers' and Their Married Daughters
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 63~74
The purpose of this study is to consider mother's influence in married daughter in family resource management style, and efficiency and the related factors in it. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, Mean, standard deviation, χ2-test, multiple regression analyses and hierachical regression. The following results were acquired: 1) The styles of the mothers' family resource management were in the rank of the seperated, the task-centered, the person-centered and the integrated. According to demographic variables, there was no significant difference, but there was, according to sex-role attitudes. 2) The styles of married daughters' family resource management were in the rank of the separated, the integrated, the person-centered and the task-centered. Among demographic variables, only level of education was significant. 3) Similarity was shown in the mothers' and their married daughters' family resource management styles. 4) The married daughter's efficiency of the management was influenced y accordance of residence, and her own management styles.
A Study on the Satisfaction Factor to Household Work
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 75~87
The purpose of this study is to analyze the variables related to household work and to find the methods to increase it. The data using in-depth interview method was collected. 30 homemakers were sampled, and the frequency and interview contents were presented. The major findings were as follows: 1. 18 out of 30 interviewees were satisfied with their household work, but they just accepted their given lives. 2. Changes in socialization for woman, general images of household work and women's perception to their work rather than reduction of work load are needed. 3. When women choose the household work as their job, their satisfaction will be increased.
Theoretical Review of Financial Service System for Households' Financial Problems
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 89~100
Recently, comprehensive financial service system based on individual, households' economic security and financial independence has emerged as a professional service system in America, while it has not been studied in our country. In order to develop conceptual model of Financial Service System, this paper reviewed ; 1) the concept of financial problem divided into tow dimension, such as financial resource and financial demand, 2) theories of financial service system, further this work also included the identification of relations between financial problem and financial service system.
Time Use of Married Female Production Workers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 101~112
The purpose of this study is to examine the real life of married women employed in a manufacturing industry by analysis patterns of their time use. Data for 172 married working women were gathered from the use of face-to-face interview method. The results were shown as follows; 1) Married female production workers spend 8 hours 44 minutes a weekday, and 10 hours 39 minutes a Sunday on physiological activities, and on socio-cultural activities 1 hour 50 minutes(weekday), 5 hours 30 minutes (sunday). 10 hours 22 minutes, 2 hours 23 minutes were consumed for the employed time compared to 3 hours 4 minutes, 5 hours 28 minutes for household labor. 2) Married working women's employed labor time is excessively too long while for leisure and house work time is too short, which means the patterns of their time use are very unbalanced type.
A Comparison of the Wife's Job and Marital Interactions Between Japan and Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 113~125
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relations among wife's job and family life structure of couples, and to compare them between Japan and Korea. The data for this study was obtained from a survey of 247 Japanese couples who were risiding in Osaka and 235 Korean couples in Deagu, 1992. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follow: 1. The contents of Household works is classified into three factors-daily routine houseworks, child-rearing, economic-management of household, in Korea, and into two factors-daily routine houseworks, child and economic management, in Japan. The contents of descision making is classified into four factors-husband's personal sphere, family life management, wife's personal sphere, and home economic sphere, in Korea, and three factors-husband's personal sphere, economic life management of family, and wife's personal sphere, in Japan. 2. In Korea and Japan, wife's job have not effect on couple's marital satisfaction, directly. However, wife's job contribute to husband's share of daily routine houseworks.
Transition to Parenthood II : Couples' Dyadic Adjustment Change across the Transition to Parenthood
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 127~141
The purpose of this study was to investigate Couple's dyadic Adjustment Change across the transition to parenthood. Change in marital adjustment following the birth of the first child was examined in a longitudinal study of 62 couples. The couples completed a series of questionnaires during pregnancy as well as at three months postpartum. The major findings were as follows. 1) The marital adjustment declined significantly over time. Especially, for wives, the transition to parenthood had a negative effect on postpartum marital adjustment. 2) The transition of wives differed from that of husbands. 3) The result of a single regression indicated that, for wives and husbands, the pregnancy marital adjustment had an effect on postpartum marital adjustment. 4) The influence of variables that had an effect on pregnancy marital adjustment changed in the postpartum marital adjustment.
A Study of Relation on the Trends of Juvenile Delinquency and Abnormal Family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 143~155
In recent years, behavioral disorders of young people and juvenile delinquency tend to increase remarkably in number, and closed up highly as a social and educational problems in Korea. It goes without saying that parents generally play important roles in children's development of personality, and the home is mostly responsible for juvenile delinquency. Therefore, first this paper describes a relation between broken family and juvenile delinquents. Burt, Shideler, Neumayer, and Glueck maintain that broken family is a cause of delinquency, on the other hand, Healy and Sutherland assume a critical attitude toward their contentions. Second, Breckinridge, Merril, and Glueck maintain that poor family is as cause of delinquency, while Sullenger, Neumayer, and Dirksen make a considerable point which poverty has no direct connection with delinquency. Third, abnormal family relationships namely, discord family, abnormal parent-child relationship, and immoral family exert a bad influence upon formation of personality, esepecialy during the period of preschool childhood. These results give some empirical support to the theory that children's conduct disorders and juvenile delinquency are caused by defective family relationships. It is necessary that a community has a supporting structure of children's wholesome development and the prevention of juvenile delinquency.
The Influence of Adolescent-perceived Family Cohesion, Family Adaptability, and Family System Types on Parent-Adolescent Relationship
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 157~173
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of family cohesion, family adaptability, and family system type on parent-adolescent relationship. For this study, adolescents' perceptions of family cohesion, family adaptability, and parent-adolescent relationship quality were utilized. The 443 subjects were selected randomly from the second grade of middle and high schools in the city of Taegu. The survey instruments were AFCESⅢ and CAM/CAF. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheff test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: (1) Adolescents who perceived their family as high in cohesion reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship in comparison with other levels of cohesion. (2) There were differences in adolescents' evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality by their perception of family adapability levels. Namely, adolescents who perceived family adaptability to be low level-i.e. rigid family-showed the relatively severe problems in the parent-adolescent relationship. (3) Adolescents did show some differences by types of family system in their evaluations of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Adolescents reported the highest quality parent-adolescent relationship when they perceived their families as balanced family.
An Analysis to Construction Conditions of Tight Skirt for Sale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 175~186
The present study was designed to find out the construction conditions of tight skirt for sale in relation to its brand, target age and length. The 15 tight skirts each from 3 brand groups(designer character, national and minor brand) of 2 target age groups(youth and middle age) and the 15 tight skirts each from 3 skirt length groups(mini, natural line and maxi) of only the minor brand-a total of the 120 tight skirts on the market-were measured. The data were analyzed with use of SAS package. The statistics were based on frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and linear regression analysis. The main results were as follows. 1. There were significant differences in the construction conditions of tight skirt according to its brand and target age. There was a significant difference particurarly in the difference between hip girth and hem girth according to brand target age. The difference between hip girth and hem girth of designer's character brand skirt was larger than that of national brand & minor brand skirt, and that of skirt targeting the youth was larger than that of skirt targeting the middle aged. 2. There were significant difference particurarly in the differences in the construction conditions of tight skirt according to its length. There was a significant difference particurarly in the difference between hip girth and he girth according to skirt length, and that of maxi skirt was larger than that of mini & natural line skirt. There was a good correlation between skirt length and slit length and between skirt length and skirt length above the slit. The longer the skirt length was, the longer the slit length and the skirt length above the slit were.
A Study on University Student' Knnowledge and Opinion of the Korean Traditional Foods - I. The knowledge and consumption of the Korean traditional foods -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 187~197
The objectives of this study were to investigate university students' knowledge of traditional dishes and seasonal festive foods, and to estimate the level of consumption in Korea. The result of the study indicated that their level of knowledge of the seasonal festive foods was very low on as average. The reason was that, because each family prepared only one or two festive dishes on seasonal festival days, these students had few opportunity of being acquainted with other kinds of festive foods. In case of traditional foods university students ate some traditional foods. However, they age other kinds of traditional foods such as Jun-Gol and San-Juk less than once a month because of the difficulty in cooking these foods everyday. Finally, the students showed their intention to eat more traditional foods and festive foods if they can find these types of foods easily. The findings of this study suggested that, in order to increase the consumption of our traditional foods, it is necessary to encourage the establishment of many traditional food stores and to provide an easy access to these stores. Furthermore, every effort should be made to develop various kinds of food materials and easy recipes which can be used at home.
Changes of Housing Styles in the Anbang of the Traditional Korean Farm House - After 1950 in Kyongki Province -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 197~212
The purpose of this study was to find out the physical change of the farm house and its anbang(the main room : master bed room), to identify the behavioral changes : activity and awareness of anbang, and to clarify the relationship between the physical changes of the farm house, and the behavioral changes of housing life-style in the anbang space. Bibliographical studies, cultural approaches and field survey method with questionnaire were used to collect data from 55 residents of Anwhari and Yangkyori in Pyong Teck Koon. Tables and drawings were made to analyze the data. The major findings were 1) the heating system of the ondol anbang. The most popular type is the double heating system(new pipes added to the traditional ondol). This combination ondol system brought some conviniences to the farmers. This change in structure of the ondol were of four types : Complete change in style, enlarged-completely changed style, partially changed style, enlarged-partially changed style. 2) from 1960 through 1970 lighting of the anbang changed room oil lamp to electricity. 3) the finishing material of the anbang floor changed from traditional oil paper and straw mats to vinyl flooring. 4) Traditional furniture and small decor items are gradually disappearing and are being replaced by modern items. 5) The awareness and actual use of the ondol anbang has not much changed from the multi-functional and sacred space of daily living : which are the characteristics of Korean traditional ondol anbang. The biggest consistency in the ondol anbang is the heating system of the floor, which is the characteristic of ondol culture in Korea. This system will continue regardless of time and place in Korea.
Thermal Environment of Small-size Apartments Facing in Two Different Directions
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 31, issue 3, 1993, Pages 213~222
The purpose of this study was to investigate the present conditions of thermal environment in small-size apartments. The research methods used were measuring of environmental elements and personal self-administration for the residents' thermal comfort responses. The house subjected were 25 peung apartments facing southeast and southwest directions. The results of this study were summarized as follow ; The indoor temperature and humidity of houses subjected were 25.0∼27.3℃, 37.1∼42.5%. Compared with the distribution of indoor temperature and globe temperature of houses subjected, those of southeast house were more stable. And in the residents' thermal sensation responses, the residents of southeast houses checked more often neutral zone. Therefore the thermal environment of southeast houses were more comfortable condition than southwest houses.