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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Dec 1994
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Oct 1994
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 1994
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of housing Consumption Expenditure in Urban Salary and Wage-earners' Households -From 1982 to 1992-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 1~16
This paper analysis the structure of Housing Consumption Expenditure of urban salary and wage-earners' households from 1982 to 1992 by employing Time-series. Data was based on " Annual report on the Family Income and Expenditure Survey" of the National Bureau of Statistic Planning Board, Republic of Korea. Percentile marginal-propensity to consume(MPC) and income elasticity of consumption expenditure are estimated by their socio-economic and demographic variables. The results are as follows: 1. The proportion of the expenditure for furniture and utensils and house mending has increased with the increase of income in urban salary and wage-earners' households, while fuel light and water charges and rents paid has decreased. 2.1) Engel Function by income group; MPC associated with rents paid and fuel light and water charges is higher in the lower income group than in the rest. The income elasticity estimates in rents paid and fuel light and water charges is less than 1 in all group while larger than 1 in furniture and utensils and house mending. 2) Engel Function by occupation of household head; The highest MPC in rents paid is associated with the sales profession. The income elasticity of fuel light and water charge is found be inelastic. The groups other than the sales group show irregular MPC. 3) Engel Function by family size; MPC in house mending and fuel light and water charge is increased while is decreased in rents paid in accordance with family size. The income elasticity of rents paid and fuel light and water charge is less than 1 in all groups while that of house mending and furniture and utensils is larger than 1. 4) Engel Function by age of housegold head; MPC in rents paid is decreased according to the age of housefold head. The income elasticity of rents paid and fuel light and water charge is less than 1 in all group while it is larger than 1.
Perception related to the commercial.personal information sources and the consumer information needs through them -Focusing on the salesperson of a department store-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 17~32
The main purpose of this study is to assess the housewives' perception to the salespersons' delivery of information at a department store and to assess how much they wan to get information through them. In this regard 410 consumers of housewives living in Seoul are randomly selected from April 7 to 28 in 1992. The major results are as follows: Firstly consumers generally seem to think much of salespersons' ability and to need salespersons' close explanation and advice. In this regard salespersons are respected as the consumer information sources whereas the degrees of reliability and satisfaction are relatively low. And, thus, salespersons does not influence much on consumers' decision to purchase. Secondly, consumers require information from salespersons. Therefore salespersons should provide informations to consumers so that salespersons will be available informants to consumers. Thirdly recognition on the presense salespersons is the major variable which influenced on consumers' requirement for information. The more positive recognition raises consumers' requirement for information and hence needs more available salespersons as informants to consumers. Consequently salespersons are expected to be professionals to meet the consumers' demand.
A Study on the Effect of the Near Environmental Home Production Activities on the Life Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 33~48
This study was designed to demonstrate the wide scope of the home production activities. The purpose of this study are first to identify the factors affecting various near environmental home production activities second to examine the effect of the near environmental home production activities on the life satisfaction. Qustionnaires from 729 housewives in Seoul are analyzed in this study. The major findings are as follows: 1. Homeproduction activities with neighbors are influenced by the housewives' physical health. In the case of adult children family life cycle number of family members etc. are influential variables. In the case of step-parents and housewives' parents the number of family members family life-cycle etc. are influential variables. In the case of adult sisters housewives' birth order is influential variables. Home production activities utilizing facilities in the near environment are influenced by high-rise apartment housing tenure etc. Production activities through the participation in the organizations are influenced by family life cycle and similiarity to neighbors. 2. Production activities through the participation in the organizations home production activities with adult sisters and brothers and home production activities with adult childern have positive effect and home production activities utilizing facilities in the near environment have negative effect on the life satisfaction of the housewives. And the near environmental satisfaction affects on the life satisfaction of the housewives. Therefore the result of this study indicates that including the near environmental home production activities to the home production is rational.
The Effects of new Work Schedule on the Allocation of Time by Married Couple
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 49~60
Recently there has been new work schedule developed in some companies which means starting the work at 7 and finishing at 4 This article studied on the effects of new work schedule on the time allocation by married couples. It was compared with the time spent by married couples in group of old work schedule. And it studied whether the change of work schedule affects the time allocation and satisfaction of couples. This survey was conducted from November to December 1993 One hundred and twenty none couples were considered to be valid sample for this study. The findings of this study are as follows: 1. Couples with new work schedule did perceive changes in the time allocation. 2. The total time for transportation and market work of husbands was decreased and leisure time showed a increase when there is new work schedule. 3. Husbands with new work schedule perceived that they spent more time in the household work leisure sharing with their children and sharing with spouses than husbands with old work schedule. 4. Couples with new work schedule showed higher marital satisfaction and family life satisfaction than couples with old work schedule.
A Study on Family Life Education Programs for Caregiving Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 61~78
This study was to provide the basis for the development of family life education programs for caregiving families. The data were collected from 374 adult children who were giving care to their older parents in Seoul. Adult children reported experiencing more caregiving problems in the areas of personlities of older parents psychological burden and parents' health than in the areas of caregiver's health and financial burden Women were more likely to experience caregiving problems than men. Adult children indicated higher levels of perceived knowledge on planning for later life psychological characteristics of older parents and keeping good relationships with older parents. They reported more need for knowledge on physical change of older parents and planning for later life while there were less need for knowledge on sharing caregiving roles with others and social service programs. The needs for caregiving education were also identified in the aspects as to participation purposes methods times and agencies. Given these findings this study suggests some practical implications for the development of family life education programs for caregiving families. Further studies should help to advance the development and practice of family life education programs for caregiving families.
A Study on the relation among Family Cohesion and Adaptability Authority patterns and Sex-role attitudes -The case of married women in Pusan-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 79~92
The objectives of this study were to examine whether there were differences in family cohesion and adaptability perceived by married women when socio-demographic variables authority patterns and sex-role attitudes changed. Dividing the family system type into two parts by the levels of cohesion and adaptability then collected data were examined to test curviliner and linear hypothesis. The subjects were 542 married women living in Pusan. The guestionnaires included FACES III Authority Pattern and Sex-role attitude scales. The data were analyzed with statistical methods such as Frequency Distribution Percentile Mean T-test and X2-test. The major findings were as follows: 1) The levels of family cohesion and family adaptability perceived by married women were high. 2) There were no significant statistical differences in the levels of socio-demographic variables Authority pattern Sex-role attitude among the groups of family system type I based on the curvilinear hypothesis but significant statistical differences were found in preferred variables among the groups of family system type II based on the linear hypothesis. 3) Among the socio-demographic variables family type religion and husband's educational level were significantly correlated with the groups of family system type II,. The percentiles of HH(the levels of cohesion and adaptability were high) families were high when the married women's sex-role attitudes leaned toward modern and authority patterns were husband-dominant
Perspectives and Outcomes in Remarriage, Stepfamily Research: A Review of Literature
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 93~108
Since the 1960s of industrialization families in Korea have experienced radical changes. One salient aspect of this is the increasing rate of divorces and subsequent remarriages. But few researches were done on the subject of remarriage and stepfamily research 3) The research sphere related to remarriage. This paper closes with suggestions regarding the future study on remarriage and stepfamily in Korea
The Study of Factors Influenced on Life Satisfaction of Adult Children of Alcoholics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 109~128
The Effects of Mate Selection Factors on the Marital Satisfaction among the Urban Couples: A Social Exchange View
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 129~144
This research is to examine the homogeneity in premarital resources that is exchanged in mate selection and its effect on marital satisfaction among the urban couples in the early period of marriage. Structured questionnaires from 310 urban couples who had been married less than three years were analyzed in this study. First the urban couples tended to seek homogamous selection in age educational level in socioeconomic status of the parents and themselves, Second those who had a spouse from his(her) own religious parental socioeconomic status showed higher level of marital satisfaction than those who had not. The rewards from personal traits such as physical attractiveness gender-role identity personality role-expectation value orientation and perceived reward found to have strong and positive associations with marital satisfaction. Parental approval and semi-arranged marriage were associated with marital satisfaction. Third perceived rewards from these resources and parental approval had significant effects on marital satisfaction; almost half of marital satisfaction was explained by these premarital factors.
-A Study on the Sexist Problems in Korean Family and Feminist Family Therapy-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 145~160
This paper reviews the feminist approach in family therapy field as a proper intervention for the sexist problems in Korean family. First this paper identifies the sexist problems according to the traditional family ideology structure and value conflicts due to the change of society in Korean family and analyses those problems referred to the actual situation of family counseling and therapy. Second this paper introduces the background for the emergence of the feminist family therapy. The feminist approach in family therapy had been emerged since the woman's psychology and feminist therapy appeared in psychology by the influence of women's movement in late 1960s Third the critiques to the existed family therapy from the viewpoint of feminist family therapy are raised. this approach which is challenging the existed family therapy and criticizing the main theoretical models especially emphasizes gender as a primary factor in the approaches of family problems and includes all the aspects of feminism an awareness of sexism and attempts to counteract the ways in which family therapy may reinforce women's surbodinate position. Fourth the techniques of feminist family therapy and the training methods for feminist family therapists are explained. this approach attempts to develop the clinical skills teaching tools and techniques to incorporate the feminist perspective into family therapy practices and proposes the various education and training methods. Finally this paper reviews interests in the feminist family therapy in Korea an has good prospects of increase of it.
College Entrance Exam Educational Aspirations and Functional strategies of the Korean Family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 161~178
The purpose of this study were to investigate the current problems of family in adolescents' college entrance examination and to propose the practical alternatives about effective overcoming strategies. To study these objectives two kinds of sample and questionnaire were selected and the data were obtained through 360 parent-child pairs and 802 college preparatory institute students living in Seoul Taejon and kwangju. The major findings were as follow: 1. Educational achievements were affected by adolescents' personal traits as achievement need self-regulation emotional stability and self-concept but parents ' over-aspirations were negative agent for stress coping. 2. Parent-adolescent intimate and self-regulated relationships were positive factors for achievement and educational self-concept. Also adolecsents' educational aspirations were more significantly affected by parents' emotional supports. 3. Family stress were mediated by parent-child conflict so satisfied parent-child relationships can protect serious stressors as examination problems. Especially father-related factors were importantly revealed. In conclusion adolescent family and society must develop coping methods individually and cooperatively through family life education systematic policy and educational reformation.
A Study on Work and Fanmily Life of Married Female Workers and Family-Welfare Policy Implications
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 179~192
This study examines work and family life of married women and policy implications of the low class in Daegu area. Data were gathered from the use of face-to-face interview method from a sample of 564 married working women. And the political printed materials of family welfare policy(1988~1993) were analyzed. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: Most of the respondents remain unstable in their working situation with the double burden of a paid work and housework. Thus it is necessary for the government to implement family policies for married working women such as establichment of various child care centers study room for adolescence councelling center job-training center and dissemination of egalitarian sex-role attitudes. Finally it is suggested that the formulation of family net works be promoted for the effective utilization of local resources and family welfare programs.
Weight Concerns and Eating Patterns of College Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 193~206
Thinness has become a symbol for beauty acceptance and competence for women in our society especially for young college women. Relatively little is known about characteristics of women who are dissatisfied with their shape or weight and who are interested in performing weight control program. Four hundred college women in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do area were surveyed from November to December 1992 to investigate the relationship between the concern about weight control and various aspects of food related behaviors. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the weight concerns of college women and their aspects of several eating behaviors. Self-developed questionnaire was used after validity test. The results were as follows: 1) The average height weight and BMI value of subjects were 160
4.5cm 51.02kg and 19.86
4.5 respectively. 2) The 49% of subjects were highly concerned about weight control(high interest group) and 39% were moderate concerned(moderate interest group). 3) The average BMI and weight change per year were significantly higher in the high interest group than other groups. 4) The score of nutrition knowledge was also higher in the high interest group, 5) There were no significant differences among groups in the meal frequencies. and amount of nutrients intake. 6) The signs of eating trouble were found in subjects 59.0% of subjects felt feareness about weight gain after consumption of large amount of food. 7) The ratio of CPF was 64:14:22 and nutrient adquacy ratio(NAR) of energy was 0.94 NAR of Fe was 0.84 the other NAR of nutrient over 1.0
A Study on the Impacts of Computer-Aided Design and Computer Technologies on Clothing and Textiles: Current Trends and Future Outlook
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 207~218
A Comparative Research on the Drafting Method of the Basic Basuc Bodice Patterns for Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 219~230
The purpose of this comparative research is to investigate the change of the drafting method of the basic patterns for women in Korea. Followings were the findings of this research: 1) The concept of the basic pattern could be found after the first of the 1950s and there was introduction of the many basic patterns. At first measurement couldn't be found. Gradually the personal body type could be expressed in the basic pattern through the practical measurements such as the width of highest bust level and the length of neck to bust. 2) Through the ages the changes of the basic patterns were between 1950,60s and 1980,90s distinctively at the back width back shoulder angle front and back shoulder height from biceps line back neck ratio(height/width) BP position at the biceps line the amounts of underarm dart underarm dart position from the biceps lines and front ease angle at BP line. 3) 4 Grouping the types of the basic pattern followings are their characters; 1st Munwha or Doreme style 2nd waist dart group 3rd underarm dart and rectangular front ease 4th the usage of many measurements like as front length upper bust girth etc.
A Study on the Bodice Patterns by Human Engineering for Elderly Women's Clothings
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 231~244
After classifying into four groups according to each back-forms through the body measurement and the shilhouettes of photographys focused on 359 elderly women of 60 to 79 years old in order to set the measurements demanded of making the upper garments patterns for elderly women this study will show an analysis of the body and surface changes by all the actions for producing patterns in each types. And as the result of the sensory evaluation by making the testal clothings
The Developmen a Standarized Instrument and an Analysis of Lifestyle Patterns of Residents in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 2, 1994, Pages 255~263
The objectives of this study were : 1) to find research trends on lifestyles 2) to analyze the lifestyle patterns of middle class residents in Seoul and 3) to develop a standarized instrument to measure lifestyles. Questionnaires were administered to 1615 homemakers in Seoul, The statistics with the SPSS software package was used for factor analysis. The major findings were as follows: the lifestyles of middle class residents in Seoul were categorized into six patterns : Fashion oriented Interior Design Oriented Economy Concerned Simplicity in Eating Hobby Oriented and Health Concerned. A standarized instrument using validity and reliability testes for lifestyles was developed.