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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Dec 1994
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Oct 1994
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 1994
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
The Mother-role Burden and Psychological well-being in Mid-life Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 1~14
This study was to identify variables which were related with middle aged women's identification of child mother-role burden and psychological well-being and to investigate the relationships of mother-role burden and psychological well-being in mid-life. The research data were collected from 578 who were 40-59 year old women in Seoul. The major findings were as follow; (1) the level of middle age women's identification of child was very high and the level of mother-role burden was moderate. the level of psychological well-being was slightly high. (2) Mid-life women's psychological well-being was related to education level income and job. (3) Identification of child was related to educational level having job and income. And mother-role burden was influenced only by education level. (4) Middle aged women's identification of child was positively related mother-role burden. Mother-role burden was negatively related to psychological well-being in mid-life. These findings represented middle aged mother in our society had considerable burden of child but their psychological well-being was not low. Possibly it is due to the fact mothers regard their burden of child as acceptable duty.
The Effects of Family Life Events and the Orientation of Home Management Behavior on the Satisfaction of Famuly Life
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 15~28
The purposes of this study are to define the family life events as a input factor of system model and to understand structural characteristics of the family life events in the modern multilateral society have and orientation of the management system leads a satisfactory life. This study attempted through the relation of cause and effect among the components of management system by Deacon & Firebaugh systems theory. The findings of this study are as follows: 1) As for the influence of family life events on the orientation of home management behavior the influential family life event on overall the orientation of home management behavior was social problem of family members(
= -128). 2)Family life events which have influence on the family life satisfaction were financial problem and trouble with husband members problems demand for housework and everyday affairs. 3) The subdivison of home management behavior which influenced on the overall family life satisfaction were communication and decision originality the use of resources and the flexibility of plan. 4) Results of path analysis revealed that relation of cause and effect out of family life events resources the patterns of home management behavior and family life satisfaction the family life events made the family life satisfaction higher because they had negative effect on the family life satisfaction directly but changed total effect into positive one by family management behavior.
A Study on the Influence of Environmental Education and Environmental Consciousness to the Environmental Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 29~44
It is an urgent time to give impetus to an ecological understanding of relationship between man and environment and to promote an action to preserve environment. This paper is to examine factors which give influence to environmental education environmental consciousness and environmental behavior of housewives. The subjects of this study are 806 Seoulite housewives. A questionaire is used as the survey method and the statistical methods such as frequency percentage ANOVA multiple regression path analysis have been applied for research. Major findings are summarized as follows: Major findings are summarized as follows: When environmental education program is relatively low differences are shown according to variables of age, education and occupation. Second, when environmental consciousness is high differences are shown according to variables of age education income and housing. Third when environmental behavior is low group difference is shown only according to age. Relative influence to environmental behaviour is shown in the order of spare-life type environmental education environmental consciousness socio-oriented type fashion-oriented type and age difference.
Retirement Planning by the financial management style
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 45~54
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of financial management styles and retirement planning. The results of this study were as follows: Among respondents systematic managers feeling managers analyzing managers, and holistic managers were respectively 20.1%, 19.5%, 30.8% and 29.6% Several variables such as education total household income and occupation had significant differences by the financial management style. Within the group of retirement planner analyzing manager held the first place whereas holistic manager ranked the first in non-planner group. Retirement planning age which is appropriate for starting to plan the degree of systematic retirement planning and life expectancy had significant difference by the financial management style.
A Study on the Evaluation Method of the Life-Time Household Work
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 55~66
The aim of this study is to propose the reasonable method of evaluation on the value of the life-time household work. for homemaker claim her share in the matrimonial property in relation to her life-time household work and to provide the basic data to measuring proper compensation for homemaker and calculating of the donation tax and inheritance tax amount. Tom compare the difference of the method of evaluation on the value of the life-time household work is evaluted by three methods: the model of the life-time household work which is reflected major variables in the FLC frame work marital stage, total marital period. The major findings are as follows: 1) Among the three evaluation me？ The method of Total marital period is evaluatied the lowest value of the life-time household work. 2) The evaluation method of marital stage is more resonable method than the method of total marital period habe a convenience of evaluation but it dos'nt reflected major variables which influence the value of life-time household work. 3) the most resonable method of evaluation on the value of the life-time household work is revealed the model of the life-time household work which is reflected major variables in the FLC frame work the age of first and last offspring marital period.
A Study on Consumer In Search Patterns and Search Outcomes(1)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 67~82
The major purpose of this study was to find the influencing factors in explaining information search patterns and to find if significant differences exist in search outcomes by search patterns. The data for this study were collected in a survey conducted in March of 1993. The final sample consisted of 327 respondents purchased refrigerator 340 purchased bed. The important findings of this study are as follows: First The variables related to search cost-benefit play an important role in identifying search patterns of consumers. Second search outcomes were different among four information search patterns for each of information sources. The overall search outcomes the level of purchase knowledge and of post-purchase satisfaction was relatively high for high-search and high-reliance group compared with other groups. And the results also indicate that although some consumers search less than others they still can make good purchase decision-making and can maximize their utility if they choose useful information sources selectively and use those selected information sources effectively. The findings of this study provide some implications regarding consumer education programs the consumer information providing policies and future research methods.
Transition to Parenthood III: Parental strain satisfaction division of child-care task
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 83~96
The purpose of this study was to investigate parental strain satisfaction and division of child-care tasks after the transition to parenthood. For this purpose, the empirical sample testing was conducted using structured questionnaires with 62 couples who had a 3-month-old baby. The major findings 1) In general wive's child-care task was higher than husbands' 2) Wives experienced more parental strain and less satisfaction than husbands. 3) Parental strain satisfaction and division of child-care tasks were found independent of the wife's employment status. 4) For wives marital adjustment after the transition to parenthood was associated with satisfaction and division of child-care tasks.
Parental Satisfaction of Korean Parents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 97~108
This study attempted to explore the parents' parental satisfaction in Korea. Subjects who were selected nationwidely consisted of 1237 parents with children of the kindergarten and primary school. Parental Satisfaction Scale was used to examine the related variables pertaining to parental satisfaction. The results yielded the following conclusions; 1) The period of the transition to parenthood was too short. The mean interval between marriage and first child birth was 14.4 months. 2) Whereas fathers experienced greater parental role fulfillment than mother did mothers' employment status was not correlated with parental satisfaction. 3) Number and gender of the child and parent's educational attainment were related to parental satisfaction. However age at parental onset was not found as the related variable.
The Relationship between Parents' verbal Control Modes and Children's social competency
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 109~124
The present study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between parent's verbal control modes and children's social competency. Two questionanires were developed by the authors for this study. The questionnaire for measuring parent's verbal control modes was composed of 84 and 87 items for mother and father, respectively, which assesses three types of verbal control modes; imperative control position-oriented control and person-oriented control. The questionnaire for measuring children's social competency perceived by mothers was composed of 27 items, which assesses four areas of social competency; initiative sociability responsibility and self-disclosure. the subjects of this study were 436 mothers and their children of fifth and sixth grade in elementary schools located in Seoul. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Parents control their children mostly by position-oriented mode and least by imperative mode. 2) There were significant correlations between father's verbal control mode and children's social competency. children's social competency was related positively to the person-oriented and position-oriented modes but negatively to the imperative mode. The best variables explaining boy's social competency were father's imperative and position-oriented modes whereas that for girl's was position oriented mode. 3) Mother's verbal control mode was not significant in explaining children's social competency. 4) The negative impact of father's imperative mode in combination with the mother's person-oriented mode on the children's social competency was greater than other combinations of father's and mother's verbal control modes.
The Study of Childhood in The Period of the Three States
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 125~134
The Purpose of this study is to explore the conceptions of childhood and the practices about childrearing in the period of the Three States. The method used for this study is the historical method and the literatures of analysis are The Chronicles of the Three States and The Heritage of the Three States. According to the results the conceptions of childhood in its boundary were that the point at which childhood in its boundary were that the point at which childhood ended was the age of 15. And the conceptions of childhood in its demension were that the age of 10 was important demension epitemologically and the age of 15 was important in political dimension. Also there were several practices of childrearing in the Three States. First the sweddling clothes were in use. Second a child was carried on adult's back. Third parents paryed for giving birth to their child and had a dream of conception. finally there were th child welfare works. Through this study we can have access to the understanding about cultural transmission process of childrearing in Korea.
A study on the state of lunchbox preperation and the opinion of school lunch program of mothers with elementary school children in Seoul
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 135~142
This research was undertaken to investigate the state of lunchbox preperation and the opinion of operating school lunch program. The subjects were 180 mothers and their children in the 6th grade of elementary school in Seoul, where a school lunch program were not operated. The results were summarized as follows ; The age of mothers were from 30's to 40's and among them over 80% graduated from a high school and 26.1% had a job. 88.9% of mothers prepared lunchbox everytime and main dish was mostly bab. The average time spent in preparing meal for one day and lunchbox were 1 hour and 58 minutes, and 28.6 minutes respectively. The number of side dishes cooked per day and for lunchbox were 9 and 3, respectively. The side dishes for lunchbox were kimchi, dried layer, ham, dried squid, egg in decreased order, which were similar to preference of children. Animal protein foods were mainly used in lunchbox than vegetables. On preparing lunchbox, mothers considered preferance, nutrition, convenience of cook, economic, appearance of food in decreased order. 92% of mothers and 75% of their children approved of operating school lunch program, and the reason, answered by their mothers, was nutritional balance of their children. In conclusion, it's needed to operate of school lunch program for optimal nutritional intake and growth of children.
Taste Preference and Taste Perception of Korean Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 143~152
To investigate the changes of taste perception by aging, sixty one healthy elderly people and sixty five young adults were participated in the study. Most preferred levels of salt sour and sweet taste were chosen in bean sprout soup radish salad and yaksing respectively. Threshold levels of each taste were also chosen in NaCl solution for salt taste in citric acid solution for sour taste and in sucrose solution for salt taste, in citric acid solution for sour taste and in sucrose solution for sweet taste. The results are as follow: 1.Most preferred salt concentration in bean sprout soup was significantly higher in the elderly than in the young adults(p
0.001). There was no difference in sour taste preference of radish salad in both age groups. Most preferred sweetness in yacksig was significantly higher in both elderly men and women(p
0.001) 2. Threshold levels of salt and sweet taste were significantly higher in the elderly (p
0.001) However there was no difference in threshold level of sour taste in both age groups.
A Study on the Appearance Satisfaction Sociality and Achievement Motive of Middle School Boys and Girls
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 153~164
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between appearance satisfaction clothing satisfaction body cathexis sociality and achievement motive and to examine how sociality and achievement motive was influenced by socio-economic level grade appearance satisfaction clothing satisfaction and body and body cathexis of middle school boys and girls. the subjects were 297 middle school students in Seoul :139 were boys and 158 girls. The results of the study were as follows: 1. There were significant positive relationships between appearance satisfaction clothing satisfaction body cathexis sociality and achievement motive in boys and girls. 2. Appearance satisfaction body cathexis and achievement motive were significantly higher in body than in girls. Sociality was significantly higher in girls than in boys. 3. In boys appearance satisfaction was influenced by socio-economic level grade, and clothing satisfaction, and the explanatory power by the one variable was 25.8% 4. Sociality was influenced by appearance satisfaction clothing satisfaction and socio-economic lecel in boys and girls. The explanatory powers by the 3 variables were 27.1% in boys and 16.5% in girls. Achievement motive was influenced by grade and appearance satisfaction in boys. The explanatory power by the 2 variables was 13.2% In girls achievement motive was influenced by clothing satisfaction and the explanatory power by the one variable was 10.4%
A Study on Apparel Products Performance Effecting the International Marketing Strategies
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 165~182
Korea's clothing industry which has been country's leading export industry and basic strategical industry is now faced with many difficulties both domestically and internationally. Domestically it is faced with continuing shortage of manpower in both production line and management high labour cost causing increase in price putting more weight on behavior of consumers resulting in change of industrial environment and continuing structural problems of industry itself. Internationally it is faced with strengthening of import regulations and protectionism of developed countries and rapid emergence of underdeveloped countries as leading exporting nations. In reality export plays the most essential role in our economy and is especially sensitive to the external environmental factors. Already economic bloc phonomenon can be seen everywhere and is continuing to accelerate in place such as E. U in Europ, North & South America as NAFTA, and South East Asian contries which recent tendency of economic unity effort is present. These countries of such economic blocs are imposing heavy custom duties reinforcing provision of country origin and acting out strict inspection regulations in order to protect the interest of their own industry. Therefore it is vital to manufacture excellent quality goods For these reasons study in this area has brought attention in Korea as well as worldwide in the recent years. Apparel industry which requires professional technology and ability is the most competitive international business. In order to challenge the international market the high level of intelligence is most required to produce high quality goods. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between functions and roles of marketing and to approach problems in more efficient manner. Apparel industry is composed of various programs such as design pattern making merchandising and textile science. To succeed in the business is to give the highest satisfaction to the targeted market. Hence this study will example the factors that determine the Cost Quality and Performance of apparel products. The study will involve following steps; firstly establish relationship between the quality concept and productivity of apparel products Secondly inquire in to marketing strategy laying stress on apparel production related factors focusing on merchandising marketing production and operations Thirdly prospect 21st century apparel industry focusing on garment production and trade and also other countries structural improvement Fourthly establish the new dimension of competitive factors by grasping the actual circumstance of Korea's apparel industry in the international market. The research method will include; First reality approach method by analysing the present state of industry Second literal analysis such as marketing comparisons between leading apparel exporting countries.
A Study on the Geometric Cubic Applied to the Modern Fashion
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 183~200
The purpose of this study is to present the enlargement of the area of the expression. Thish process takes steps as follows : 1)To inquiry the expressed examples in modern fashion through plasticizing the geometric cubic. 2) Through this process to sruvey the potential of the development inherent in fashion design possibility. 3) At the same time to establish the status of fashion as a part of the Plastic Art. This study is to re-illuminate the plasticity expressed in modern fashion. The result of this study testified that in the relation between fashion and the human body the plastic characteristics of geometric cubic enlarged the special three-dimension effect and in the connection of form and from there is a potential possibility of the way of organization in discovering and establishing the world of the new form through the temperate organization.
A Study on the Tie dying in Modern Fashion
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 201~216
The materialism prevalent in the modern industrial society and concern for the destruction of nature have led people to long for the returning to nature and excite their nostalgia for old. These phenomena induced in modern fashion naturalism retrospectivism ethnicism and primitivism. In the following we present our findings in regard the roles and relationships of the tie dying with the modern fashion design. in regard the roles and relationships of the tie dying with the modern fashion design. The common basic themes are founded as follows; 1. Naturalism: The tie dying is from very old times and has evolved in many parts of the world producing their own natural designs and color. They bear the characteristic of nature; the pleasantness smoothness and complexity. 2. Individualism and hand made: No two items produced by the tie dying technique are identical even though they are similar by design and their individuality is to some extent determined by chance. The retrospetivism and individualism are themes relating to the modern fashion. 3. Ethnicism and primitivism: The tie dying brings up the 'ethnic and traditional' to us and their designs and colors present the new images of the ethnic and primitive influences to the modern designs. 4. Ecology recyle and grunge look: The tie dying represent the recycle of the used natural resources such as making the old cloths useful again in new forms by tie dying them. The old clothes thus restored show wrinkled untidy and somewhat loosely fit form. This image of 'grunge look' is one of the central theme of the modern fashion.
A study on the developmental process of clothing style and the manufacture of clothing material through the works of ancient writing.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 217~227
The Korean clothing industry according to historical documents has a long and deep history. We can deduce the fact that cloth in material was self reliant during the pre-historic period. Although we can not find evidence of clothing material trade from the Three Kingdom era we find active trade with Kang, Jin of China and Japan followed by the spread of Korean clothing material manufacturing skills to Japan. Meanwhile the actual progress of the clothing industry came with the manufacture of cotton stuff in the Koryo era and the official and unofficial trade which brought import and export activity to Korea. Also the manufacture of clothing material by women labor although backward as it may be can be seen as stroug evidence that women labor continuously kept up the development of Korean industry. After the Koryo dynasty trade in clothing material and other clothing items contined with other nations. In conclusion we must not think that the Korean clothing industry started active development from the Chosun dynasty. It is important that we realize this fact and looking at the continuous progress of the Korean clothing industry through historical documents from early history to the Chosun era we rightly evaluate history and be proud of this legacy and also reevaluate the wrong views held before.
A Study on the expectation model of decision behavior of expected purchasers of the Small/medium size apartments in Ulsan City
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 32, issue 5, 1994, Pages 229~242
The objective of the study is to know demographic characteristics mobility motivation housing aspiration and housing values of expected purchasers of the small/medium size apartments located at 'H-area' in Ulsan to enhance their level of housing satisfaction through better planning. The result shows that moving motivation housing aspiration and housing values differ as what size respective expected purchasers want. As a regional characteristic the reality-oriented view of housing is apparent in that their interests are focused on the setups or facilities after-service and maintenance and that they think conveniency more important than the edifices' appearance or beauty.