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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 1995
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 1995
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 1995
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 1995
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Confronting Problems of Home Econoics in Korea and Its Historical and Philsophical Causing Background
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 1~18
This study examined the confronting problems in home economics and its historical and philosophical causing background, and suggested the future direction for home economics and home economics education. This study, hoped to help home economics overcoming its chaotic situation, and to establish academic characteristics through a philosophical consistency: 1. What are the significant problems which home economics has confronted, and the consequences of those problems\ulcorner 2. What are the fundamental caues of the problem\ulcorner 3.What should be the nature of home econimics to be able to overcome the confronting problems and what can be proposed for the future of home economic\ulcorner Each research question was addressed by analyzing Journal articles, theses, philosophical studies in the field. The results were as follows; 1. such problems as the ambiguity in research focus and the nature of academic charateristcs, and the limitation of research method have resulted fragmentation and specialization in the field, and the lack of philosophical research. Also they led home and family. Moreover each problem brought chaos into curriculum of home economics and that of home economics deucation. 2. The philosophical causing backgrounds of present problems are western ideas such as pragmatism, positivism, Social Darwnism and Korean ideas such as Confucian tradition, Practical Science movement in the 19th century, and modernization and industrialization from the middle of 20th century. Along with influencing historical situation these backgrounds have distorted home economics to be technical science oriented. 3. To solve these problems academic characteristics of home economics must be reestablished as practical science and as profession. This study proposed following for the future of home economics and home economics education: (1) For the future of home economics, first, it needs to recover the unity as one academic field with its focus on family by overcoming fragmentation and specialization trend in the field. Secondly, philosophical and historical studies must be carried o for the unity of all specialized field in home economics. Thirdly, home economics must try to reestablish and reflect in pratice its acadimic characteristics as practical science and as profession. (2) For home economic eduation, first, it should not be the instrument for idelogies of powerful social systems. And teacher education for home economics teachers must inclued principles of home economics and philosophy and history of home economics enabling teachers to achieve purposes of home economics. Secondly, its curriculum contents should be composed of practical ones beyond technical ones.
Content Analysis of Consumer Safety Problem through the Korean Mass Media
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 19~32
The purpose of this study is to investigate the consumer safety problems appeared in the Korean mass media-the newspaper(the Kong-A Ilbo and the Chosun Ilbo) and the consumer magazines(the Sobija-Sidae and the Sobija) from 1991 to 1993. I use the content analysis of the articles related with consumer safety through the above mass media. The results are (1) the goods-services areas that are severe in the consumer safety problem are food, environment, medicine, electric appliances, services(restaurant, medical service), and etc. (2) the most important problem areas are Toxic ingredients(remaining agricultural chemicals and heavy metal), Food additionals, Sanitary problem, Hygiene products hazard, Safety accident, Environmental pollution, etc. (3) the goods-service area and the consumer safety problem are different according to the publication year and the mass media type.
Study of Consumer Problems and Consumer Complaining Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 33~44
The Purpose of study is to provide with the basic research to aid to make policy programs for consumer education, which let reduce the Consumer Problems of nondurable goods and lead to do the aggressive Consumer Complaining behavior if they suffer the Consumer Problems. Questionare Survey method was used and the sample was taken from 315 housewives living in Seoul. Research was operated by Frequency, percentage, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The major results are as follows: 1) Variables Effect on Consumer problems: If they have high educational level, they have high educational level, they have high educational level, they experienced much more consumer problems, and less experienced them in case their husband's job is businessman, Expert. 2) Variables Effect on Consumer Complaining Behavior: They have much ore consumer conplaining behavior when they experienced the Seller's Attitude problems, have more problems of after service for month live in Apartment and Consumer Skills level is high.
The Perception and the Management Behavior on the Enviornmental Preservation-focused on the housewives in the metropolitan, small city and kun-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 45~60
The purpose of this study is to investigate some influencing factors related to the perception and the management behavior on the environmental pollution of the housewives in the metropolis. small city and Kun. This study is also to provide some knowledge and information on the environmental preservation. 2300 questionaires were distributed to the housewives from the end of April to the end of May in 1994. The 1850 quentionaires were obtained and the 1490 data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, t-test, F-test, Duncan's prohoc test, stepwise multiple regression, path analysis and pearson's correlation. The most hypotheses of this study were accepted. Based on the findings of this study, the degree of concerns on the environmental provlems, the enviromental education, the einvironmental articles and the paticipation of the environmental events were the most important factors on the knowledge of the environmental preservation and the perception of the environmental pollution. And these factors were exerted important effects on the management behavior on the environmental preservation.
A Study on the Characteristics of Patronage Consumer Related to Types of Oultlet Store
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 61~70
The purpose of this were 1) to classify patronage consumer of outlet store related to types of outlet store, 2) to investigate differences among groups in 4 variables(importance of store attributes, shopping orientations, and the use of information source, demographic variables). The questionnaire was administered to 344 women living in Seoul, and the methods used to analyze the data were Frequecy, Factor analysis, ANOVA, F-test, and X2 test. The results were as follows: 1) outlet store consumers were classified into 3 patronage group: patronage group of outlet store for imported licence brands, for domestic brands, and for famous brands in off-price store system. 2)There were some significant differences among 3 groups. Those who patronize outlet store of imported licence brands were most likely to give importance on exclusiveness of store, to be brand loyal/conscious, not to enjoy classical style, to use information of fashion publications/TV, observations, and to be highly educated.
An Effect of Household Technology on Housework -Focused on mechanization of housework-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 71~82
This study was carried out to investigate the introduced household machines during the industrial period and the effect of them on housework. This study utilized the methods of historical research. The major findings of this research were as follows; (1) The method and process of housework was altered dramatically by the introduction and spread of household machines during the industrial period. (2) Household machines made housework more easy and timesaving but they had little effect on the houseworker's total burdens because of the rising standares, the addition of new housework and the return of housework to the home which had bean substituted by the market services.
The Influence of Adolescent-perceived Family cohesion on Adolescent adjustment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 83~98
The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of adolescent-percived family cohesion on adolescent adjustment. The 443 subjects were selected were selected randomly from the second grade of middle and high schools in the city of Taegu. The instruments of measurement were FACES lll, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Depression Scale, and Self-Esteem Scale. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheffe test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: The degree fo adolescent adjustment could be different according to the level of family cohesion. Especially, adolescents who perceived their families as high in cohesion felt anxiety and depression less, and had high selt-esteem in comparison with other levels of cohesion.
The Effects of Socialization Patterns in Family on the Child's Moral Development and Moral Stage Delay
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 99~110
The purpose of this study was to provide basic material of positive effects on moral development through educational intervention between parent and chile reciprocal. The major findings were as follows: (1)Child's moral development level was a significant difference according to the level of socialization patterns. (2) Predictability of subvariables of socialization patterns revealed an order of mode of social control, role system and communication system. (3) Therer was a significant difference between stage 2 and the other of stages in socialization patterns. (4) There was a significant difference between stage 2 and stage P in role system. (5) There was no difference between stage 2 and the other of stages in communication system, mode of social control, IQ, and S.E.S.
Approaches and the Application on the Study of Family Image
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 111~124
The family image concept means the natural image people attach to the family, for example, the meanings of the family, the feeling about family. The family image reflects the intentionalitat of people's consciousness, so the study on the family image can be the first step of phenomenological reduction. And theories of discourse suggest that the power and authority of the society influences the construction of the family image. To identify the applicability of the family image conept and research method, 16 married people in seoul were interviewed intensively about their family image. The result reveals that the family image of the people was different more of less according to their position, but in general it was very positive and idealized.
Father's Child-Rearing Behaviors and Children's Role-Taking in Children's Prosocial Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 125~140
The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions. (1) Is there any relationship between father's child-rearing behavior and children's role-taking, between father's child-rearing behaviors and children's prosocial behavior?(2) Is there any relationship between children's role-taking and children's prosocial behavior? (3) Is there any differences in father's child-rearing behaviors, children's role-taking and children's prosocial behavior in relation to children's sex, SES, and mother's job? (4) what are the most important predictor variables which influence on children's role-taking? (5) What are the most important predictor variables which influence on children's prosocial behavior? The subjects of this study were 72boys and 70girls attending the nursery schools and their mothers in Busan. For the measurement of father's child-rearing behaviors, Choi's(1991) questionnare were used and for children's role-taking, children were interviewed with the Flavell's apple-dog stories. children's prosocial behavior was measured by amount of candies to share with classmates. The results were as follows: (1) There were significant correlation between father's child-rearing behaviors and children's role-taking, between father's was positively related to children's prosocial behavior. (2) Children's role-taking was positively related to children's prosocial behavior. (3) There were significant differences in father's child-rearing behaviors, children's role-taking and children's prosocial behavior according to children's sex, SES, and mother's job. (4) Father's child-rearing behaviors and SES were the most important predictor variables influencing on children's role-taking. (5) Children's sex, children's role-taking and father's childrearing behaviors were the most important predictor variables influencing on children's prosocial behavior. The findings stated above seemed father's child-rearing behaviors and children's role-taking, influenced on children's prosocial behavior.
A Case Analysis on marital Conflict Problem and Coping Behavior -Focused on the Telephone Counsdlling-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 141~154
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the marital conflict problem and coping behavior. The methods of this study are quantitative and qualitative method. For the data, 1069 counselling case of the married people were collected on S counselling center in Daegu, from January to May, 1994. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The main problems are marital debauchery affairs and then the value orientation, character and communication problem in turn. 2. Most clients used the complain type as the coping gehavior. 3. Recognized problem of oneself is debauchery problem and the self-damage and immaturity. Recognized problem of spouse is husband's incapacity, debauchery and violence. alcohol problem in wife case. Recognized problem of couple is a sexual problem for the most case.
A Study on Parenting in Books for Domestic Life Education of the Chosen Dynasty period-Focusing on Parental Role of Disciplining Children-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 155~168
The purpose of this study is to understand the parent's social cognition about disciplines in the context of korean culture by analyzing and interpretating theories of discipline and conceptions of parental role in disciplining children presented in the books for domestic life educatio of the chosen Dynasty period. The method used for this study is the historical method and the literatures of analysis are Naihun, Gyubeomseonyoung, Sasojol, Jongbo-Salimgyoungjai, Hahagjinam. Accoding to analysis, the disciplinary theory for children had the basis on the ideas that children learned through everyday expieriences and observation of surounding events, and that crytical periods of learning were at the early childhood. And parents assumed the responsibility for disciplining their children. Also the Chosen Dynasty period had the conceptions that parents had rigorous quality as well as warm-hearted toward their children and teached honor, modesty, plainess and industry.
Effects of Guar Suksolgi on the Blood Glucose and Lipids in Type-ll Diabetic Subjects
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 169~180
To determine the effects of guar suksolgi on blood glucose and lipids in type-ll diabetic subjects, a piece of guar suksolgi(36.3g, 54Kcal) was administered to eight patients for 3 weeks every meal. No significant differences occured indietary intakes and body weight before and after the treatment. Fasting blood glucose levels were decreased from 132.38mg/dI to 114.75mg/dI after the treatment, but not statistically significant. Blood TG levels were increased from 159.13mg/dI to 175.00mg/dI after the treatment, but not statistically significant. Excluding one patient who had extremely high TG level, blood TG levels tended to be decreased from 148.00mg/dI to 121.00mg/dI. TC LDL-c, HDL-c levels were decreased after the treatment, but not statistically significant. HbAIC concentrations were decreased from 8.54mg/kI to 7.80mg/dI after the treatment, but not statistically significant. In the case of three patients who had had normal fasting blood glucose levels, blood glucose levels tended to be decreased at postprandial 30, 60 minutes, and blood insulin levels tended to be decreased at postprandial 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes, although none of the levels were statistically significant. Therefore, if guar suksolgi is adinistered to type-ll diabetic subjects being more hyperglycemic than our patients, their blood glucose and lipids will be decreased significantly.
Studies on the variation of diet fiber content according to pearling ratio of barley
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 181~186
This study was carried out to know the proper pearling ratio for maximum utilizatio of barley diet fiber, especially bata-glucan. Beta-glucan content were 2.35%, 2.72% and 3.24% in pearling ratio of 75%, 70% and 65%, respectively, which means the lower of pearling ratio, the more chance for use of beta-glucan. The embryo was completely removed from barley grain in 65% pearling but it was partially removed or not removed in pearling ratio of 70% and 75%, respectively. Total diet fiber content was higher at 75% pearling ratio while beta-glucan content was the lowest. The higher level of total diet fiber in lower pearling ratio was due to relatively higher content of insoluble diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible diet fiber. The difference of soluble fiber due to pearling ratio was negligible, however, bata-glucan content was higher in higher pearling ratio. The results implied that it is better way to lowering perling ratio for miximum use of bata-glucan in barley.
A Study on the Sizing System for the Middle Aged Women's Clothing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 187~202
The purpose of the study was to suggest ways of improvement of the present sizing systems for the middle aged women's clothing. For this, a questionnaire survey for the aged group and calculating coverage rate of one garment item(suit) between the companies has been carried out. The data was analyzed with use of SPSS package. The statistics were based o frequency, X2-test, t-test and one-way ANOVA. The results of the study was as follows: 1. In case of survey for middle aged women, the problems concerning the length and abdominal girth were found, that is to say, the former too long and the latter too tight. 2. The sizing systems between companies were very different in size classification and standard deviation of each sizes. 3. In calculating coverage rate of the 10 companies's sizing systems, coverage rate of the smallest size in each were the highest and those of the biggest were 0%. It means the standard deviation of the present sizing systems are not enough to cover the various body form of the middle aged women, so that the more diverse sizing system is required for the better fitness of middle aged women's clothing.
A Study on the Korean Middle School Girl Students' Clothing Weight and COmfort Sensations
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 203~210
The purpose of this study was to investigate the weights of clothing that middle school girl students are wearing and ghow athe students evaluate their comfort sensations for the state-of-clothing and classroom conditions. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Average total weights of clothing of each month were 795.5g/m2 for May(23.4
) from June to August, 723.6g/m2 for September(25.6
) and 980.2g/m2 for October(24.
). 2. Total weight was changed markedly from May to June and from september to October. The change was mainly by tops. Not much change was observed for the bottoms due to the fact that students were blue jeans irrespect of the environmental conditions. 3. Not significant relationship was observed between clothing weights adn comfort sensations. When the classroom temperature was 23.4
, more than 50% of the students answered comfortable. 4. Negative correlation was observed between amount of bottoms weight and Rohrer Index; in other words, fat students were less bottoms such as pants of skirts. 5. Negative correlation was observed between physical finess and amount of under shirts at the month of May, June and October; students with igher physical fitness scores wear less under wear when the environmental temperature changes.
The Effect of Clothing Cues and Perceiver's Self-Monitoring on Perception of Occupational Suitability-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 211~222
The purpose of this study was to investigate(1) the effects of clothing cues of 20s young man in business suits on the perception of occupational suitability in an office setting and (2) the effect of Perceiver's self-monitoring and sex on the perception of occupational suitability formed by the function of clothing cues. The experimental design of this study was between-subjects 23 factorial design. The experimental materials developed for the study were a set of stimuli and a response scale. The stimuli consisted of 8 color photographs of a young man wearing business suits which were manipulated at two levels for each of three clothing cues (suit color, suit style, necktie color). Each one of eight sub-samples included 14 subjects from 2 perceiver groups by sex. The questionaires used to measure perceivers' responses to the stimuli were constructed in 12 five-point likert scale representing occupational suitability and self-Monitoring was measured by the self-Monitoring Scale by Gangestad adn Snyder. The subjects consisted of 224 male and female college students in Seoul. The data was processed by ANOVA and MCA(Multiple Classification Analysis). The result were as follows: (1) The Clothing cues of young man in business suits(suit color, suit style) partially influenced the occupational suitability. (2) The perception of occupational suitability formed by the clothing cues of a young man in business suits was partially influenced by the perceiver's self-monitoring and sex. Female high self-monitoring group were more affected by the clothing cues than any other groups.
A study on the expectation model of decision behavior of expected rchasers of the small/medium size apartments in Ulsan ll-focused on the physical housing needs-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 1, 1995, Pages 223~235
To know the physical housing needs for the small/medium size apartments at 'Harea' in Ulsan, we took account ① which plans they prefer in the small/medium size apartments of 2 or 3 rooms, ②how to link the inner spaces, ③which optional setups are require, ④which finishing material. furniture.color they want and ⑤ which community facilities are necessary, and analysed the factors influencing above five. The result is that the residents showed no regional distiction on the plan preference and the linkage of inner spaces, but required the double entrance doors, bathroom setups reallocated and residents' common facilities.