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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 1995
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 1995
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 1995
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 1995
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
Selecting the target year
A research for development of liberal subjects related to Home economics in higher education curriculum
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 1~16
The purposes of this study were to : (1) examine current curricula related to home economics in university liberal education curriculum, (2) identify the educational needs on fields and contents related to home economics in college-level liberal education curriculum perceived by university students and professors, (3) provide the findings to make recommendations for development of liberal subjects related to home economics in university liberal education curriculum. This study was conducted by means of the review of literatures and the questionnaire survey. the instruments for the survey was developed by the researcher, the one was for students and the other was for professors. They included items of needs about 6 fields related to home economics and 8 contents each, and there were items of reasons for needs about each fields. The samples for the analysis were 284 university students in Seoul, and 176 university professors of all over the country. The research findings were as follows : 1. There were differences between current curricula and students' needs related to home economics in university liberal education curriculum. 2. There were much more subjects related to home economics in woman's university than in co-ed. university. 3. Students needed such fields as follows : (1) maintenance of individual and family relation, (2) human development, (3) home management and consumer education 4. The reason why students needed the subjects was that they could be helpful to solve the problems of everyday life. 5. The reason why professors needed the subjects was that they could be useful to prepare for the future of every student.
A Content Analysis on the Treatises of KHERJ for the Academic Identification of Home Economics.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 17~30
Home Economics has been confronted with many disciplinary challenges in and/or out of it. We, as the home-economists, have to find out ourselves and re-identify Home Economics. This study aims to analyze the treatises reported on KHERJ through the contents classification for the purpose of establishing the academic identification of Home Economics. Korean Home economics Research Journal made its first appearance in 1959 and has been published serial number 100 at the end of 1994. At this moment, it seems to be valuable to identify the state(tendency) of researches during that time, So this study analyzed the contents of all articles91165) printed in the Journal of Korean Home Economics Association from 1959 to 1994. In this study, articles were classified by subject matter(theme categories), relevant facts of researcher, research method, etc. The results of the study were indicated by the publication state(situation) of Journal, status and place of colleges and universities of head researcher, number of articles according to college and universities, distribution of subject matter, number of researcher, research fund, transition of subject matter, research method according to subject matter, and transition of statistic technique applied and research objects.
Effect of Family Environment and Parent-Child Bondings Patterns in Childhood on Adolescents' Depression.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 31~42
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-bonding patterns and family environmental variables on adolescents' depression. the subjects were college students in Taegu, An-dong, and Pusan city. the adolescents' depression, parent-bonding style, and family environmental variables were measured by BDI(Beck Depression Inventory), PBII(Parent-Bondning Instrument), Family environmental scale. The data were analyzed by Frequency and Regression analysis. The results were as follow. First, in parent-bonding styles, the frequencies of mother's care and overprotection wee higher than those of father's Second, a half of all subjects were under the state of depression ranging from low level to high level. Third, the satisfaction of family life amomg family environmental variables had the most effects on PBI. fourth, the degree of adolescents' depression was affected by family satisfaction, parents' occupation, monthly income, and mother's overprotection n parent-bonding style and family environmental variables.
The Social Support Network and The Life Satisfaction of Elderly -The Comparison of The Urban and The Rural Elderly-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 43~57
The purpose of this study is to explore the characteristics of interaction between the social support network and the korean eldery and to provide information on the structure and function of the social network which influences the life satisfaction in the aged. The sample of this study was selected from the elderly living in korean urban and rural areas. 213 out of urban respondent and 350 out of rural respondent were selected as data sources. The methodological instrument was the questionnaire. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows : 1. most of the elderly had the relationship with all kinds of social support network-family, kin, neighbors and friends. 2. the elderly having contact with all kinds of the social support network showed the highest life satisfaction. 3. the size, the frequency and the distance weren't important factors in influencing the family, the kin and the neighbors support network in the urban elderly. In the rural elderly the size was an important factor in all the support network. Also the frequency had effect upon all networks except the neighbors and the distance had significant effect upon the family support network. 4. In the urban elderly the friends support network had the positive correlation with life satisfaction. the rural elderly having contact with all kinds of the social support network showed high life satisfaction.
Critical Review of Cybernetic Epistemology to Family Therapy
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 59~70
This paper is to introduce cybernetic epistemology, which is one of the nonlinear or circular epistemology and have provided the basis for the development of various theories and models of family therapy. First, the history and the concept of the term cybernetics is briefly described, and then cybernetics is compared with general systems theory. following is the discussion of different levels of cybernetics, i.e., simple cybernetics and cybernetics of cybernetics, and of their major concepts, respectively. the ways in which cybernetic epistemology is applied to family therapy are also discussed in terms of diagnosis of problems, unit of therapy, goal of therapy, and role of family therapist. Finally, some implications for training and educating cybernetic family therapist are discussed.
A Study on the family cohesion.adaptability perceived by dual career housewife and household task performance
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 71~84
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of wives' demographic variables, the family cohesion and adaptability perceived by dual-career wives on household task performance. The subject of this study were 391 employed professional wives working in seoul. Using the questionnary, the data was obtained and the data was analysed by percentile, frequency, ANOVA, multiple regression. The results were as follows. 1) the family cohesion and adaptability scores showed a little higher than those of previous research. Number of children, age of the youngest child and family pattern were statistically significant in the family cohesion, number of children and family pattern were statistically significantly in the family adaptability. 2) The division of housework by family members was influenced by the family adaptability and family pattern. The family cohesion was a significant determinant of the division of housework by husband. The standard of housework was influenced by wives' age, the family cohesion and a housework time.
Causal Relationships among Working Wives' Work-Family Conflict, Socialization of Housework, and Home Management Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 85~99
The major purpose of this research was to investigate the causal relationships among working wives' work-family conflict, socialization of housework, and home management satisfaction. the double ABCX model of family stress and adaptation provided the theoretical framework for this study. the data were recruited from working wives who had more than one pre-school child. The respondents were asked to complete the self-administered questionnaires, and the responses of 536 working wives were used for the final analysis. basically Cronbach's α to the reliability of major variables, frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviation, pearson's correlation coefficients, and LISREL 7 program were performed to test the research model. The results of this study can be summarized as follows : 1. The frequency of work-family conflict was affected by the flexibility of work time and wives' income. 2. The severity of wok-family conflict was directly influenced by the frequency of the conflict, the flexibility of work-time, and wives' education level. 3. The variables influencing the degree of socialization of housework were found to be the frequency and the severity of work-family conflict, wives' education, and the degree of husband's participation in housework. 4. The higher degree of home management satisfaction was associated with the higher level of family member's health status, the greater degree of the flexibility of work-time, and the greater degree of husband's participation in household labor.
Family Stress, Family System Types and Family Well-being
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 101~112
This study examines a multivariate model of the effect of life events and transitions, intrafamily strain, marital adjustment, and appraisal on family well-being across the family system types. Data from 356 families were analysed SAS program. The result show that life events had no direct on family well-being but they intensified intrafamily strain. Family strain, in turn, negatively affected marital adjustment in flexible-connected families and structured-seperated families and perceived well-being in flexible-seperared, flexible-connected and structured-seperated families. marital adjustment were positively related to well-being in flexible-connected families. In flexible-connected families, marital adjustment seems to buffer the effect of intrafamily stain on well-being. The result also suggested that a combination of cohesion and adaptability level may explain differencies in the family's response to de4mands.
Shared Leisure Time with Spouses and Marital Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 113~126
The purposes of this study were to investigated ; 1) The amount of shared leisure time with spouses. 20 The differences of the mount of shared leisure time according to socio-demographic variables. 3) The relationship between marital satisfaction and the amount of shared leisure time. Data for 291 couples were gather from using structured questionnaire and time diary. The major findings were ; 1) Spouses spent together 2 hours and 8 minutes on the average per day in leisure. Time for active leisure was 1 hour and 36 minutes, while that for passive leisure was 32 minutes. 2) The total shared leisure time were significantly related to husband's age, degree of husband's education, and employment status of wife. The active shared leisure time were related number of children and husband's age. and the passive shared leisure time were related to degree of husband's education, and employment status of wife. 3) The more couples spent together in leisure, the higher their marital satisfaction became.
A Study on Children's Home Environment and Peer Group Environment and Their Self-perceived Competence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 127~147
The purpose of this study was to investigate the children's self-perceived competence(in cognitive, social and physical competence domains)depending on age, sex, home environmental variables and peer group environmental variables. The subjects of were 772 children at age five, seven, nine, eleven and thirteen attending kindergartens, elementary schools and junior high schools, and 772 their mothers in Seoul. The main results of this study were summerized as follows; 1. Children's cognitive, sosial and physical self-perceived competences were significantly lower with increasing age.
The Relation between children's Internal-External Locus of Control and Social Competency
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 149~163
This study investigated the relation between children's internal-external locus of control and social comtetency. The subjects of this study were 453 mothers and their children of third and sixth grades in the five elementary schools located in Seoul. The modified version of Nowicki and Strickland's CN-SIE(Locus of Control Scale for Children) was administered to asses the children's internal-external locus of control. To assess the children's social competency, questionaire developed by Lee Kyung Hee(1993) was used. The major findings of this study were as follows : 1) There was significant interaction between grade level and sex in children's locus of control. Significant difference was found in children's locus of control in terms of children's social status level. 2) Significant difference were found in children's social competency in terns of children's sex and social status level. 3) Children's social comtetency was positively related to the internal locus of control orientation. 4) The relation between children's internal-external locus of control and social competency for boys was greater than that for girls. The relation between children's locus of control and social competency was not influenced by children's grade level, but affected by children's social status level. Social status level was positively related to the relation of the two concerned variables.
An Ecological Analysis of Early Child Care Arrangements(2)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 165~177
The home environments, daily activities, caregiving behaviors of mothers, infant's verbal behaviors, attachment to mothers of home-reared infants from low SES families were observed. 30 two-year-old home-reared infants and their mothers were observed at home by the time sampling method. The HOME scale, the behavioral checking lists for caregiving behaviors and for the infants' verbal behaviors, and the Attachment Q-set were used for the observation. the total HOME scores were in the middle range and the scores of "Provision of apropriate play materials" was relatively high, but "Avoidance of restriction and physical punishment" was low. The most frequent caregiving behaviors shown by mothers were " Facilitating verbal development" and "Positive social-emotional inputs". The most frequent verbal behaviors shown by infants were " Information exchange" and " Language interpretation" . The infants' attachment security scores of their mothers tended to be low.
The Consumer Complaining Behavior according to Consumer Problems -in case of household electric goods-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 179~191
The purpose of this study was to investgate consumer problems which were severe for consumers and their complaining behavior. This research had a purpose to enhance the ability of consumer protection by the well-developed consumer education. The subjects were 342 homewives in Seoul, Feb. 1995. The major results were as follows : Younger, higher-educated, small sized family and white-collor and professional occupation homewives experienced more consumer problems. Also theses homewives with higher level of consumer attitude, information search and more consumer problems had more complaining behavior. For the causal relation of consumer problems experience, several independent variables and consumer complaining behavior, the path analysis was used. Only the consumer problem experience which was a intervening variable had direct affect to the consumer complaining behavior. Education level, number of family, consumer knowledge had inderect affect through the intervening variable to the consumer complaining behavior.
A Study on the Nutritional Knowledge, Eating Habits and Nutritional Attitudes of Elementary School Teachers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 193~205
This study was designed to observe the degree of nutritional knowledge, eating habits and nutritional attitudes of elementary school teachers in Seoul. Two hundred seventy eight teachers were examined on questionnaire I October. 1994. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1. 82.7% of the subjects were not experienced the nutrition education after graduated. They had information about nutrition through the newspaper and magazine and only 26.4% of the subjects reflected in their daily lives the nutrition information. 2. More than 65% of the subjects took a regular meal and above 90% of the subjects took korean food style as breakfast and dinner and 71.5% of the subjects ate mixed food such as barley or bean. 3. 693% of the subjects pointed out the problem of meal pattern such as overeating, too salty and hot, and irregular meal time. 4. The average score of their nutritional knowledge was 21.88(the highest mark was 30.00) and related to the sex, age, monthly total income, the length of career in school lunch program. 5. The average score of their eating habits was 8.65(the highest mark was 16.00) and related to the sex, the number of family, monthly total income, the length of career in school lunch program. 6. The average score of their attitude toward the nutrition was 26.83(the highest mark was 45.00) and related to the only age. 7. Nutritional knowledge had positive correlation with their eating habits and nutritional attitude. Eating habits had positive correlation with nutritional attitudes, too. In this study, the subjects was poor in nutritional knowledge, attitude and eating habits. It is necessary to develop the nutrition education program to make us recognize the importance of nutrition and health.
A Study on the Relationship between Nutrition Knowledge and Food Habit of Mothers and Food Preference and other Factors of their Elementary School Children.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 207~223
This survey was carried out to investigate the correlationship between the nutrition knowledge scores and food habit of the mothers and food preference and other factors of the 272 elementary school children in Masan. The results were summarized as follows : 1. Children's most favorite food was fruits, but they dislike spicy vegetables and some fermented foods. Preferences of the male children to food groups such as protein, calcium and carbohydrate were significantly higher than those of the female children. 2. The rate of the children who take between-meal snacks 2 o 3 times a day was high and those children who skip breakfast take snacks more often. They prefer to eat fruits, dairy products and cakes as their snacks. The body weight of the children who take snacks more frequently was rather lower. 3. As the mother's nutrition knowledge scores rise, so do those of food habit scores. The nutrition knowledge scores go up according to the education degree of the mothers, but the food habit scores seem to have little to do with their education degree. The nutrition knowledge scores of the working mothers were lower than those of the non-working mothers. 4. There was strong positive correlation between the food preference on the food group and those on the other food groups of the children. As the food habit scores of the mothers rise, the children prefer to take calcium and carbohydrate group. Those who take more fat showed higher body weight.
Effect of Middle-school students' food behabior on health condition and degree of study accomplishment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 225~242
This study was undertaken to review the relationship between middle-school students' food-behavior and their health conditions/school performances. For this purpose, 495 male and female middle-school students were sampled form seven middle schools located in Seoul for a questionnaire survey. The surveyed data were analysed with simple frequency, percentage, t-test, chi-square test, dispersion analysis, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple-regression analysis which make use of the SPSS/PC+ package system. The results of survey can be summarized as follows; Most of students had three meals a day regularly, but some female students used to skip breakfast or supper. The amount of a mael was adequate. Their main night-smacks were fruits. The problem perceived by students was unbalanced meal ; Female students took more snack than that of male students. They usually took a snack a day. All students tended to take delicious snacks. The most favorate smack of students was fruits. Most students did not suffer any serious diseases, but some had one or more respiratory diseases. Female students had some or other physical troubles in their eyes, mouth, digesting organs, muscle/bone, skin and had fatigue. Female students had mental problems of depression, uneasiness and hostility. The average I.Q. of students was 117.4, and those who had higher I.Q. got much higher scores. The regularity and amount of meal and intake of animal food were all positively related with the growth of height and weight. And the taller, the higher I.Q. they had. Those students who took meals three times regularly and adequately, who had no coffee and snack and who took balanced meals were healthier in both physical and mental terms. In particular, those who had adequate amount of breakfast regularly were not only healthier but also had higher I.Q. and school performance.
A Study on The Antimicrobial Effect of Organic Silicon Quaternary Ammonium Salt Using Cotton, Polyester, and Wool
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 243~253
This study has been carried out for the antimicrobial effects of organic silicon quaternary ammonium salt with which cotton, polyester, and wool were treated respectively, using Esherichia coli and Proteus bulgaris which are experimental bacteria for clothing materials. As a results, the best antimicrobial effects of organic silicon quaternary ammonium salt came out from cotton ; the next form wool ; and lower from polyester. With the changes of the temperature, the antimicrobial effect with soaking time, there was no changes with cotton after 10 minutes passed. It seemed to have reacted entirely in the early stage. The longer the soaking duration was, the higher the effect from polyester was. The effect from wool was increased until 20 minutes, but decreased after 30 minutes. The optimal processing condition of cotton was in the condition of liquor ratio 40:1, concentration 0.5%, soaking time 5 minutes, and temperature 3
; wool was 1.5%, 20 minutes, and 6
; polyester was 2.0%, 30 minutes, and 3
respectively. The changes of the effect by washing was as followings : The processing effect on cotton and wool appeared to be everlasting, since they had no changes by washing 10 times ; while, it was remarkablely decreased with polyester by washing only once, and was almost disappeared after washing 10 times, which means that polyester has no durability to washing.
Safety Studies on the Sanitary Goods for Infant Part2 : Formaldehyde Allergy and the Quantitative Analysis of Infant's Clothing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 255~264
This study was the designed to measure skin irritation caused by clothing at free foraldehde have caused a substantial number of cases of dermatitis type. Free formaldehyde levels were observed in infant's sanitatized goods9disposable diapers, cotton-diapers and under wear etc.) at 1992, 1994. The amount of free formaldehyde was measured by means of Acetyle Acetone method(KS K 0611). As the resort, underwear generally gave the highest free formaldehyde level, but disposable diapers and cotton diapers showed the lowest level. The formaldehyde level in intan's clothing lowered in 1994 than 1992, after the enforcement of the level in intant's clothing lowered in 1994 than 1992, after the enforcement of the formaldehyde level control. it was found that 38.7% of infant's sanitatized goods still exceeded th controlled level(A-Ao : 0.05) In the future, research to lower the amount of formaldehyde released form fabrics will also lead to decreased incidence of garment formaldehyde sensitivity. The possibility of a consumer suffering is being in convenienced form a textile-related skin problem will be even lower than it has been in the past.
Priest's Robes in the Shoso-in of Japan and their maker
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 265~277
Shoos-in in Nara of Japan has two kinds of Priest's robe(Kasa : 袈裟) ; one is Jiksung Kasa(織成袈裟), the other Janap Kasa(刺納袈裟). The former is listed as the 'Jiksung Kasa of tree bark color in seven stripes' in the Treasures Record(珍寶帳) of objects dedicated by Empress Komyo on the 21st day of the 6th month 756 A.D. The warp threads are brown and the weft threads are in groups of two in two colors-dark blue, green yellow and red. The latter is the so called Janap Kasa, of tree bark colors in seven stripes, that was also dedicated by Empress Komyo, 'Ja' means to stitch, and 'Nap' means to sew. It is made of patches of silk of various color, placed overlapping one another in patterns the resemble a mountainous landscape. All are stitched together in a continous quilt-like manner with purple threads. Japan has been under the strong influence of Korea Buddhism during the Nara period. Acording to Nihonki(日本書紀) and Sokunihonki(續日本紀), from 668 to 769 A.D., Japan has bought numorous objects including Buddhist utensils such as priest's robes and banners from Korea. Also during the same period Japan has perchased many kinds of dyestuffs and paint. So we can be certain that priest’s robes were imported from Korea like many other objects of Shoso-in.
Family Life Issues of Middle Aged Apartment-Residents in Seoul : Focused on Residential Environment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 279~289
The purpose of this research was to analyze the residential environment of the middle aged apartment-residents in seoul as a part of collaborative study on family life issues of them. the sampling area was divided tin to kangnam and Kangbuk according to the residential location and upper middle group and lower middle group according to the size of the apartment unit. The data were collected from 307 fulltime housewives with at least one child in a junior or senior high school. Housing circumstance was generally adequate to the middle aged apartment-residents in seoul. the findings supported the family housing adjustment theory well. however, the results showed that the housing policies should reflect to the various housing demands on the structure type, size, and tenure of dwelling, unaffordability of low income renters, and stabilizing the housing price as well as expanding the housing mortgages for the middle aged to prepare for one's own aging.
The existence of and deviations from housing consumption norms in the United States
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 3, 1995, Pages 291~298