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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 1995
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 1995
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 1995
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 1995
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
Selecting the target year
Home Economics in Korea : Past, Present, and Future
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 1~9
The Urban housewives's Homemanagement and Management Behavior on the Problems of the Environment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 11~23
The purpose of this study is to investigate some influencing factors related to the urban housewives' homemanagement and management behavior on the problems of the environment. Questionaire Survey method was used and the sample was taken from 490 housewives who lives in Seoul and has husband and more than one child. The Research for this study was operated by frequency, mean, percentage, Factor Analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, and multiple regression analysis through the SAS program package. Based on the findings of this study, housewives' value, degree of exposure to mass communications, housewives' level of education were most influencial variables on Housewives' home management behavior pattern. And Housewives' home management behavior pattern, degree of exposure to mass communications, housewives' age, knowledge of the problems of the environment were most influencial variables on Housewives' management behavior onthe problesm of the environment.
The Evaluation of Residential Environment on the Characteristics of Low-Income Families, Taejon
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 25~35
The objectives of this study were : 1) to investigate the socio-demographic and housing characteristics, 2) to evaluate the present conditions of residential environment, 3) and to analysis the differences of residential environmental evaluation according to the characteristics of low-income families. Questionnaire survey method were used in this study. questionnaire were administrated by 264 household of low-income families in Taejon area. Data were analyzed by SPSS PC computer package. The statistics were frequencies, percentage, t-test, F-test and Ducan's multiple range test. The major findings were as follows; low income families evaluated all of their residential environment at lower, especially the worst of all was the comfortable environment outdoor. there were significant differences in evaluation of residential environment according to the housing characteristics of low income families. The results of this study can be used as basic information for housing p;an and policy for low income families in Taejon area.
Development of the Children's Social Support Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 37~47
The purpose of this study was to develop the Children's Social Support Scale to assess three potential aspects of social support in elementary school age children ; the children's subjective apprasials of family, peer, and teacher support ; the frequency of supportive behaviors available from the child's support network; and the size of children's social support network. The subjects of this study were 380 children of forth and sixth graders in elementary schools located in Seoul. The 68 items(perceived support scale 30 items, enacted support scale 35 items, and support network 3 items) were analyzed by the statistical methods of item analysis, principal factor analysis, Factor analysis revealed that a three factor solution was the best for the Perceived Support scale ; family peer, teacher support. Enacted Support scale comprised of three factors; emotional, self-esteem, and informational support. Support Network scale was composed of emotional, self-esteem, and informational support network. Reliabilities for the domains ranged form .75-89. It was concluded that the children's Social Support scale in general is acceptable for use in Korea.
Development of Daily Hassles Scale for Children in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 49~64
The purpose of this study was to develop the Daily Hassles Scale for children in Korea. The subject were 444 children of 184 fourth graders and 260 sixth graders selected form five elementary schools in Seoul(217 male and 227 female). A questionnaire consisting of 90-item daily hassles scale, demographic questions, and some additional questions was used as a methodological instrument. statistics used for data analysis were X2, cramer's V, factor analysis, multi-regression, Pearson's r, Cronbach's α. The major findings of this study were as follows. 1) 87 items of the 90-item scale were acceptible through item discriminant method. The discriminant coefficients of the items(Cramer's V) ranged form .28 to .73. 2) 6 factors(parents, home environment, friends, studies, teachers & school, the surroundings) were extracted from factor analysis. Multi-regression analysis conducted to reduce the length of scale have drawed 42 items for 'the Daily Hassles Scale for Children in Korea'. The correlation between this scale and the Quality of Life Scale(Olson & Barnes, 1982) was conducted to test the criterion-related validity, and the coefficient was significant(r=-.52, p<.001).3) Finally, reliability coefficients(Cronbach'α) of this scale was. 85.
Consciousness, knowledge and food preferences for the Korean traditional foods of high school students in Seoul.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 65~87
The purpose of this study was to investigate the consciousness, knowledge and food preferences for the Korean traditional foods, using a questionnaire survey for 560 high school students in seoul. The data were analyzed with simple frequency, percentage, t-test, chi-square test, dispersion analysis, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple-regression analysis using the SPSS/PC+ Package system. The results of the survey are summarized as follows ; Girls showed a more interest in Korean traditional foods than boys. The motive of having interest in korean traditional foods were through mass communication or home education. Most of students were preffered korean traditional foods and were proud of native foods. The most preffered foods were Kim-chi and beverage. and they thought that color, appearance, foodstuff combination of Korean traditional foods were better than those of foreign foods. they showed a tendency to decrease the use Korean traditional foods because it is difficult to cook and they have little time to cook. They have taken more Korean traditional foods at home. Most students were responded that it is necessary to develope Korean traditional foods at home for the succeeding of korean dietary life culture. For the idea of improving Korean traditional foods, it is thought that simplified cooking method, new cooking method and fastfood is developed.
A Study on the Food habits and Food Preference of College Students in Ik-San Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 89~106
The purpose of this study was to investigate food habits and food preference of 108 male and 123 female college students through questionnaires. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. Average height of male and female students were 171.8cm, 160.2cm and the average body weight of those were 64.4kg, 51.4kg, respectively. 2. Average PIBW of male and female students were 99.8, 95.3 and average BMI were 21.8, 20.1, respectively. 3. 25 percent of male and 17.1% of female subjects skipped breakfast almost everyday. 4. BMI of those who likes sweet taste was higher than other groups. 5. korean food was favored by college students and the preference of korean food was higher in male than female. 6. In staple foods, cooked rice was preferred most by the subjects, male liked cooked rice more than female. in side-dishes, Pork and beef dish were preferred most in male and Kimchi stew was preferred most in female. in snacks, fruits and bread were preferred most by the subjects.
A Survey on Perception and Purchase about marketed Kimchi of Housewives in Daegu area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 121~128
This survey on marketed Kimchi was performed in 455 housewives living in daegu city area and investigated for marketablity and quality improvement of Kimchi. The results obtained as follows : 1. Subjects percepted marketed Kimchi as convenient and economical. 2. The proportion of subjects who has bought the marketed Kimchi products was 68.6%, some factors-ages, academic career, income, family system-were investigated. 3. Subjects bought the needed amount for 1-2days at hygienic store, by one's experiences and prefered Baechu-Kimchi 4. The most urgent improvement for the marketed Kimchi is it's standardization.
The Influence of Time Management Strategy on Home Management Behavior and Family Life Satisfaction of Employed Wives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 129~147
The purpose of this study was to empirically verify the influence of sociodemographic and psychologicl variables on time management strategy and time management strategy on home management behavior and family life satisfaction of employed wives, and to provide the information of enhancing the level of family welfare. The monthly income of employed wives was high, as the level of education and time conflict are high, their use of time management strategy is high. The wives who show the high scores on time planning strategy have the effective home management behavior. Also, the score on division of household works strategy of employed wives was high, their satisfaction score on their family lives was high.
Drape property of fabrics and Shape horizontal section of hem line of flare skirt
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 149~155
In this study, the formative property of flare skirts is carry out by the shape horizontal sections of hem line. Flare skirts was made by 10 kinds of fabrics with different physical properties. the length of flare skirts was 60cm. The main results obtained are as follows ; 1, The shape horizontal sections of hem line has differed with number of nodes and fabrics properties, in direction of texture. 2. According to the fabrics analysis of drapability decreased in order from Polyester/nylon(20/80)>Polyester(twill, thickness 0.2441)>Polyester(plain, thickness0.3760)>Polyester(plain, thickness 0.3687)>Polyester(plain, thickness 0.3101). 3. The correlation between the number of nodes and wave-height of modes and breadth showed a high negative correlation with the drapability of fabrics.
The Development of Measurement Model for Evaluation of Residential Environment in Low Income Families by LISREL Program
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 157~172
The purpose of this study was to develop a measurement model for evaluation of residential environment in low-income families. Residential environment means the housing unit itself and neighborhoods and community characteristics. Based on the previous research on housing environment, six factors (comfortable environment in indoor and outdoor, facilities environment in complex and community, sociopsychological environment, management and economic environment) were selected to evaluate residential environment and to provided a foundation for exploring the multidimensional factors of this research. As s confirmatory study, an Analysis of Linear Structural Relationships(LISREL) was utilized to develop the model. Despite of some measurement errors, the goodness of fit of an overall model was acceptable. Facilities environment in complex and sociopsychological environment were the most important factors in residential environmental evaluation of the low income families. the findings showed that housing policies and programs to improve the quality of homes in low-income families seemed to be beneficial to improve residential satisfaction of the residents.
Analysis of a Causal Model about the Relationship of HOME, Socio-demographic variables to Children's Verbal Ability
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 173~188
This study examined the characteristics of the relationship of HOME, sociodemographic variables and children's verbal ability at age four, five, six, Expecially this study investigated causal relationships amoong the variables which are supposed to affect children's verbal ability by children's age and sex. The subject of this study were 180 children and their mothers. Instruments included inventory of home stimulation(HOME), inventory of socio-demographic variables, inventory of the children's verbla ability. The results obtained from this study were as follows : 1. For the most part, HOME and socio-demographic variables had a significant positive correlation with children's verbal ability. 2. The variables that significantly predicted children's verbal ability differed according to children's age and sex. That is, play materials, breadth of experience and economic status of the home were predictive of boy's verbal ability at age four, while aspects of physical environment, breadth of experience were predictive at age five, fostering maturity and independence, parent's education were predictive at age six. And developmental stimulation and breadth of experience were predictive of girl's verbal ability at age four, while developmental stimulation, economic status of the home were predictive at age five, developmental stimulation and play materials were predictive at age six. 3. the results of the analysis of the causal model showed that the kind of variables that affected children's verbal ability directly differed according to children's age and sex. That is, indirect stimulation and direct stimulation affected boy's verbal ability directly at age four and five, while indirect stimulation and parent's education affected boy's verbal ability at age six. And indirect stimulation, direct stimulation, emotional climate of the home affected girl's verbal ability directly at age four, while direct stimulation, economic status of the home, indirect stimulation affected directly at age five, parent's education, indirect stimulation and direct stimulation affected girl's verbal ability at age six. 4. Another causal model of the HOME, socio-demographic variables affecting children's verbal ability showed that total HOME scores more significantly affected boys and girl's verbal ability directly than socio-demographic variables at all ages.
A study on the housing culture and courtesy of the Yangban in Chosun Dynasty
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 189~198
This study discusses the traditional main life culture of Korea and the relations with the traditional manners of Korean culture. According to studies of literature and an analysis, it shows the traditional courtesy can be linked to the housing structure of the Cho-sun dynasty which can be termed as a representation of traditional Korean society. Housing culture of Cho-sun dynasty led to a most characteristic living culture. To be specific sit-down culture use norms, hierarchy and fittings can be sited. The sit-down culture in turn led to the main courtesies of greeting, table manners, etiquette for entrance and exit, the carefulness shown to elders, the self-restraint of speech and action and the manners between men and women, But in today's world there are realistic difficulties that make the application of these norms in everyday life difficult. But at the same time we must realize that there are traditional norms which overcome time and which affect today's norms.
A Study on Environmentally Concious Consumer Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 199~212
The purpose of this study were (1) to find out if socio-demographic, resource, psychological, and socio-environmental variables have significant effect6s on environmentally concious consumer behavior and (2) to examine the independent influences of variables related to the environmentally concious behavior. the subjects were 384 housewives living in Kwangju. the data were collected by questionnare methods and analyzed through SPSS PC+ program. The findings were as follows : Environmentally concious behavior differed significantly according to family income, employment, attending a consumer education experience, knowledge about environmental conservation method, post-industrial consumer value orientation, awareness of the seriousness of environmental problems, feeling of efficacy about helping to solve environmental problems, perception of time limit, influence of reference group and the degree of interesting in environmental information. The most critical variable was influence of reference group, that is, environmentally concious behavior by friends and neighbors.
Family Life of Dual Earmer Wives in Pusan
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 213~233
This study explores the overall attitudes of family life used data from dual-earner wives(N=773) who contribute to household economics. The major hypothesis of this study is that employed wives are more likely to be equal in performing their roles at home than full-time homemakers. However, a pattern of asymmetry exists concerning the role performance of wives regardless of their employment The specific findings are as follows : (1) Wives indicate the instrumental and the dual(mixed the traditional value with the developmental value) perceptions of marriage. (2) It is not equal in the distribution of family resources and the procedure of decision-making among couples. (3) The household labor is mainly performed by wives. (4) Wives are mainly responsible for child-rearing and indicate the inconsistent perception of mothering From the findings study suggests that : (1) Future research might investigate the reason of low family contribution among employed wives
A Measure of marital Intimacy
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 235~249
The first purpose of this study was to review literatures on marital intimacy. The second purpose was to develop a theory-derived scale to measure marital intimacy. From an original lists of 32 items developed from literatures, the survey was practiced. The data were collected from 344 married adults who had been married more than 5 years. Through this process, a final lists of 19 item scale that were covering 4 different aspects of affectional, sexual, committed, cognitive marital intimacy yielded. reliability estimate assessed by Cronbach's coefficient is .903. Content Validity was evidenced by jury logical opinions. Construct Validity was tested in relation to Spanier's DAS scale.
Factors related to Sexual Permissiveness among University Students in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 251~263
Using 497 university students in Korea, this study investigates factors related to university students' sexual behaviors. Multiple regression analyses are performed to assess best model on premarital sexual behavior. the results indicate that there is no difference on the levels of premarital sexual behavior for males and females, except on sexual intercourse. While love for the partner and relationship aspects are best predictors for less experienced males and followed by dating experience, for less experienced females, situational aspects and their own and partner's chastity are positively and negatively related to premarital sexual behaviors of highly experienced males and females, respectively. Other variables related to sexual permissiveness, in general, by sex are also discussed.
The Relationships among Psychological Process of Home Environment, Parenting Attitude, and Competence Perceived by Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 265~278
The present study investigated the relationships among psychological process of home environment, parenting attitude and competence perceived by children. The subjects were 1,022 fourth, fifth and sixth grade children selected from six elementary schools in Daegu. K-SPCC was employed to access childrens self-perceptions of competence, DFCS-CP and CRAS-CC were employed to examine the psychologicl process of home environment and parenting attitude. The collected data were analysed by multiple regressions, path analysis.
A Study on Adult Male's Clothing Attitudes and Purchasing Behavior -college students and middle aged men-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 279~288
The purpose of this study was to compare clothing attitude and clothing purchase behavior of two age groups of adult men,- college students and middle aged. Four aspects of clothing attitude (fashion interest, status symbol, conformity, practicality/comfort) were assessed with 20 Likert type questionnaires adapted from the previous researches. Four aspects of purchase behavior(information sources used, store patronage, importance of store attributes, clothing selection creteria for occasions) were measured with forced choice questionnaire developed or adapted from previous researches. The questionnaire were administrated to 512 male college students and middle aged men. The data were analysed using frequency, percentage, and t-test. The major findings drawn from this study were as follows : 1. Clothing comfort among four aspects of clothing attitude according to the age group was that middle-aged men showed higher conformity than college students. 2. For the information source for apparel purchase, college students used consumer dominated information source while middle-aged men used market dominated information source. 3. For apparel purchase, students preferred brand franchise store, and factory outlet/off-price store, while middle-aged preferred department store and custom-made. Among six store attributes, convenience and price were the most important attributes to the students, while convenience and high quality to the middle aged. 4. The most important clothing selection creteria for formal occasion (job interview, wedding ceremony) was dignity. Comfort/practicality were important creteria for both of leisure occasion and daily attendance (office, school).
A Study on the Attitude and the Actual Condition between Housewives and Woman University Students about Furniture Usage and Living Room
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 289~300
The purpose of this study was to suggest usage that all family members could find satisfaction in the way to use furniture and living room. First of all, methods of research for this purpose were to grip on the points of difference and sameness on the attitude and the actual condition about furniture usage and living room between housewives and woman university students. To make analysis the data, frequency,
2-test, t-test, F-test and factor analysis were used. The major results are as follows ; 1. There were significant differences in the using time, time zone and life behavior in living room. 2. In furniture usage, housewives and woman university students have significant differences. 3. According to the results of making investigation into degree of satisfaction abut furniture and living room usage, housewives and woman university students have significant differences.
The Study of Child Education and Child Care Cost
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 301~313
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of child care and it's costs between the full time housewives and employed wives' families with preschool children. the results of this study were as follows ; 1) The child care was performed primarily by herselves in the case of full time housewives' families, whereas the child care of employed wife families was done by babysitter or nursing facilities. 2) Most of unemployed wives' families undertook the burden of time cost, whereas the families of employed wives had to pay heavy expenses of money cost f9or the child care arrangements 3) In the estimation of money cost for the child care arrangements income had the highest effect. In contrast with this, in the case of time cost, occupational status of housewives had the highest effect. It was suggested for enhancing the sense of well - being of housewife it is necessary to perceive the value of household production and the social support for child care arrangements in all families, whether unemployed or employed.
Clothing Purchase Motives and Post-Purchase Dissatisfaction of Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 33, issue 4, 1995, Pages 315~327
The objective of this study were to classify the contents of clothing purchase motives and to examine the differences in post-purchase dissatisfaction and satisfaction of clothing according to the clothing purchase motives. Questionnaire was comprised of 36 Likert type items of clothing purchase motive measure, 15 items of post-purchase clothing dissatisfaction measure, and 1 item of satisfaction measures. Samples were 492 women in Incheon, Korean ; 279 were college students and 213 were housewives. The data were analyzed using factor analysis, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test, and χ2-test. The results of the study were the followings : 1. Subjects perceived 'becomingness' to be the most important motive, 'attractiveness of color' the second important, and 'salesperson's recommendation' the least. 2. 6 factors of clothing purchase motives were derived by factor analysis : F.1 'clothing utility and deficiency' ; F.2 'clothing quality' ; F.3 'financial frugality'. 3. Subjects were classified into the three motive groups by cluster analysis of the 6 factors : G.1 'the clothing appearance and others' influence' ; G.2 'the clothing quality and deficiency' ; G.3 'the motiveless'. 4. More college women were distributed in clothing appearance and others' influence group than housewives, while more housewives were distributed in clothing quality and deficiency group. 5. The clothing appearance and others' influence group expressed the highest post-purchase dissatisfaction and the lowest post-purchase satisfaction. The clothing quality and deficiency group expressed the highest post-purchase satisfaction, and the motiveless group expressed the lowest post-purchase dissatisfaction.