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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Selecting the target year
Development of Self-Esteem Inventory for Children in Korea.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to develop the Self-Esteem Inventory for Children in Korea. The 772 subjects were selected from 3rd-6th grades of elementory schools and the first and second grades of middle schools in Pusan. Statistics used for data analysis were Pearson's r, Cramer's V, X2, factor analysis, multi-regression, splithalf reliability, Cronbach's α. The major findings were that 1) eight factors(home self, personality self, academic self, teacher-related self, general self, physical-appearance self, peer-related self, physical-competence self) were extracted by factor analysis, multi-regression analysis conducted to reduce the iength of inventory have drawed 38 items for the Self-Esteem Inventory for Children in Korea. 2) the discriminant coefficients of the items (Cramer's V) ranged from 0.55 to 0.67. 3) the reliability coefficients of this inventory (Cronbach's α) ranged from 0.63 to 0.81. It was concluded that Self-Esteem Inventory for children is acceptable.
Assessing the Quality of Life and Policy Implications I Kyungsan Areas
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 13~28
The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of life for the people living in Kyungsan areas and to suggest welfare policies for the improvement of their quality of life. The research was based on the quality of life model including 10 domains such as community environments, community services, housing , family, social network, education, health, employment and household labor, leisure, and economic security. The survey was carried out in Kyungsan city and its neighboring areas. Using 686 cases, the regional differences were examined with regard to the important variables from 10 domains. Based on the findings, policy implications were suggested to improve the quality of life for the people living in Kyungsan city and its neighboring areas.
A Study on Body Cathexis and Clothing Invovement by Demographic Characteristics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 29~40
The purpose of this study was to investigate body cathexis and clothing involvement by demographic characteristics and to indentify the relationship between body cathexis and clothing involvment. Five aspects of body cathexis(lower body, head/upper body, height, weight, torso) were assessed with 17 Likert type questionnaires adapted from the previous researches, and 24 items of clothing involvement were measured. The questionnaire was administered to 430 women in Taegu, Korea. The data were analyzed using percentage, frequency, factor analysis, ANOVA, Sceffe test, t-test, and Pearson's Correlation Analysis. The results of the study were as follows; 1. The body cathexis showed head/upper body, height, torso, lower body, weight in order of satisfaction level. Especially lower body and weight part were shown as the most unsatisfactory body parts. Age of 20s' showed the lowest body cathexis, and those who had the higher educational background and family income were more satisfied with their bodies. 2. Five dimensions of clothing involvement were derived by factor analysis such as fashion, interest, pleasure, symbolism, and perceived buying risk. 3. There were significant relationships between clothing involvement dimensions and demographic characteristics such as age, educational background and family income level. Those who were younger showed positive relationship partially among fashion, interest and pleasure of clothing dimensions but showed negative relationship in total clothing involvement. Those who had higher educational background and family income showed positive clothing involvement than married women and empolyed showed higher clothing involvement with symbolism and perceived buying risk than unemployed women partially but not in total clothing involvement with symbolism and perceived buying risk than unemployed women partially but not in total clothing involvement. 4. There were significant relationships between body cathexis and interest, perceived buying risk of clothing involvement partially. However, the correlation between body cathexis and total clothing involvement was relatively low.
A Study on the bonding strength of the after laundering of the adhesive interlining according to laundering methods.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 41~48
The purpose of this paper was to identify bonding strength by laundering methods(dry and wet) of the after laundering of the adhesive interlining. The results of this study were as fallows. 1.As laundery repeated it revealed that the bonding strength was decreased to some degree regardless of the kinds of face cloth, laundering methods & adhesive interlining. 2. Bonding strength of woven adhesive interlining after and before ironing is different by its weave: A1>A3>A2. 3. Bonding strength before cleaing is smaller than that after laundering with ironing. 4. As for laundering methods, while dry cleaning is excellent with little influence on bonding strength. It doesn't deform the shapes of dress, in cases of woven adhesive interlining.
자녀의 인적자본형성을 위한 가정의 총투자량과 영향요인 : 주부의 취업유무에 따른 비교
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 49~66
The purpose of this study is to identify how the households invest in their children as a human capital. In addition, contributing factors to households' human capital investment was examined. The results of this study are as follows; First, Average number of children 2 children of surveyed housewives, full time housewives had more time spent for children than working counterparts. The former spent 6.8 hours a day with the latter 4.98 hour a day while both of them shared the most time in nonphysical care of their children. meanwhile, money paid for children was that full time housewife family spent 1,014,000 and a working housewife family paid 974,000. Second, In the full time housewives, total amount of time housewives spend for their children was greatly influenced by the income, the age of the youngest child, and emotional value. The housewives' educational level, life cycle, and an income were a significant impact on money investment. Total investment was influenced by the housewives' educational level, life cycle, income, and the number of children.
The Review of Legal Regulations on Recall Service and Product Liability Law
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 67~84
This study examined two laws protecting consumer's safety, the 'Product Liability Law' and 'Legal Regulations on Recall Service.' and investigated the need for and importance of the laws. Second, the requirements regarding the procedures for implementing these laws were reviewed. Regarding the 'Product Liability Law', the study considered how the damage and injury of consumers caused by defects in production would be compensated and under what conditions. Regarding the law to regulate Recall service, this study reviewed when and how producers must recall their products because of their defects. Finally, the directions for enacting these laws were suggested, and several difficulties arising from their enactment were considered. Several suggestions were made to enact these two raws in order to enhance comsumer safety, consumer sovereignty, and consumer well-being.
Effect of Various Level of Salted Anchovy on Puchukimchi Fermentation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 85~98
This study was undertaden to investigate the effect of salted anchovy during Puchukimchi fermentation, Puchukimchi is a kind of Korean kimchi made with Puchu(Allium odorum L.). For this purpose, the Puchukimchi with 10%, 15% and 30% salted anchovy was investigated by measuring physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characteristics during fermentation at 5
up to 60 days, In the palatable period, pH was remarkably decreased to the range of 4.8-5.16 and total acidity was increased 2-3 times more than that of initial period. Reducing sugar contents in Puchukimchi increased up to 22days and remarkably decreased. The changing pattern of vitamin C drawed sigmoidal curve, invreasing significantly in the palatable period. The content of lactic acid was a little in the initial fermentation period but increased 3-13 times more than that of the initial fermentation period in the palatable period. The content of malic acid and citric acid were decreased as the fermentation progressed. The contents of Ca, Mg and K was gradually decreased and Na was increased as the fermentation progressed in the same period. There were similiar changes in the number of lactic acid bacteria and total cell number. The score of overall taste, overall acceptability in evaluation during fermentation was high in order of 15%, 10%, 30% level of salt fermented anchovy.
가족휴가 의사결정에 영향을 미치는 요인
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 99~114
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with the decision making of family vacation as a active leisure. The sample in this study consisted of 1,616 Korean married couples and household head had a salaried job. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies, means, porbit and tobit analysis. The results can be summarized as follows. First, the unearned household income, the number of formal vacation types had positive effects on whether the family decide their vacations or not, while car ownership had negative effect on int. Second, the wife's satisfaction of economic status, household earned income, total household expenditure-to-total household income ratio, and car ownership were significantly related to the days of family vacations. Third, husband's and wife's education attainment, household earned income, total household expenditure-to-total household income ratio, and living region were important variables for the family vacations' expenditures.
The effect of parenting stress and social support on marial satisfaction.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 115~130
Using questionnaire data from a sample of 144 mothers who have 6-36 months children in Seoul, this study examined the relationship among wife's parenting stress, social support, and wife's marital satisfaction. The main results of this study were summarized as follows; 1. Whereas the level of the employed wife's parenting participation was very low, the level of another person's support was very high. On the other hand, her husband participated less in the parenting than the unemployed wife's husband did. 2. Parenting stress was negatively related to marital satisfaction while the satisfaction of husband's support was positively related to marital satisfaction. 3. The satisfaction of husband's support mediated the relationship between parenting stress and wife's marital satisfaction. That is, wife's satisfaction of husband's support predicted higher marital satisfaction. 4.For both employed and unemployed wife, the most important indicator of marital satisfaction was not parenting stress but her husband's emotional support.
Adolescence Clothing Behavior as Related to Psychological Characteristics. -Emphasis on Adolescence Egocentrism, Self-Consciousness, Body Cathexis-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 131~144
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of psychological characteristics-adolescence egocentrism, self-consciousness, body cathexis, and demographic variables on clothing behavior of adolescence. Adolescence egocentrism was measured by Kim's Imaginary Audience scale, and body cathexis, by selected questionnaires of Secord Jourard's Body Cathexis Scale. Buss's self-consciousness scae was slightly modified to assess public and Private self-consciousness, and five aspects of clothing behavior were assessed with the questionnaires from the previous studies dealing with clothing interest, psychological dependence, conformity, exhibition, dressing for others. The questionnaire were administered to 498 middle and high school boys and girls living in Seoul and the data were analyzed by Frquency, Factor Analysis, Pearson's Product Moment Correlation, ANOVA, Multiple Regression Analysis and Duncan test. The results of this study were as follows: 1) There were significant positive correlation between clothing behavior and adolescence egocentrism, self-consciousness whereas body cathexis generally were negatively related to clothing behavior. 2) Public self-consciousness and sex were the most influencial variables to clothing behavior among psychological characteristics and demographic variables. Also adolescence egocentrism was proved to be one of influencing factors on adolescence clothing behavior.
The New-Generation Housewives' Value Consciousness and Management Behavior on the Family Life
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 145~158
The puropse of the study is to investigate value consciousness and management behavior of the new-generation housewives' on the family life, that is to say, household work, time management, money management, human-relationship, reducing environ-mertal pollution. To achieve this purposes, reviewing literatures and emporical research have been conducted. The sample of this study was selected from the married women living in Seoul. The major findings of this study are summarized as follows. The mean score of new-generation housewives' value consciousness on the family life was relatively high(3,94 out of 5). The mean score of value consciousness on reducing environmental pollution was the highest, and that on household work was the lowest. The mean score of new-generation housewives' management behavior on the family life was a little high(3.47 out of 5). The mean score of management behavior on reducing environmental pollution was the highest, and that on money management was the lowest. The new-generation urban housewives' have responded positively concerning the relationship between value consciousness and management behavior on the family life.
A Study of leisure Policy to Improve the Quality of Living
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 159~172
The purpose of this study is to identify the situation and problems of leisure policy in Korea and introduce the leisure policy of other countries-particularly, France, America and Japan. Furthermore, this study will propose several ideas to improve Korean leisure policy. These ideas include the foundation of leisure act, the arrangement of the leisure administrative organization, the foundation of a leisure research institute, increasing leisure time, the extention of leisure space, supplying of leisure programs, supporting to and regulating leisure industries, providing leisure education and information to the public, and training leisure epecialists.
The judgement and performance of management-work by manager in apartment houses
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 173~182
This study was to present basic data in order to improve the management of the apartment house through investigating the work of managers and the association of occupant of a house. The Purpose of this study is to suggest a judgement of management-work and quality of manager in apartment housing board. Data were collected by the interview and survey from 131 managers in apartment houses. Major results were as follows: 1) the works of management were inquired by manager in occupant-management, administration-work, maintenance-work, and life-environmental work. 2) the works of management were compared with types of managers.
Environmental Consciousness and Environmental Preservation Behavior of Textile Producers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 183~196
The purposes of this study were to review the effects of textiles production on the environment, and to investigate the environmental consciousness and environmental preservation behavior of textile producers. This study was conducted by reference analysis and empirical research. To develope theoretical framework of dimensions of environmental behavior, references concerned were analyzed. And for empirical study, researcher developed a questionnaire based on the free writing by producers and references. The questionnaire included problems about environmental consciousness, environmental behavior, demographic variables, and environmental variables. 135 questionnaires were used for final data analysis. ANOVA and factor analysis were used. The results were as follows: First, the level of global environmental problem consciousness was relatively high. The conscious level of water pollution caused by the waste water from textile mills was the highest, and that of desertation of mountain caused by timber cutting was the lowest. The effects of textile dyers and finishers on the environment were the highest, and that of designers were the lowest. Second, the results of reference analysis showed that the dimensions of textile producers environmental behavior were resource and energy saving, solid waste reduction, and green product production. And the results of empirical study were resource and energy saving, resource reuse or recycling, solid waste reduction, and green product production, and total variances was 62.3%. The practice was the lowest. Third, global environment problem consciousness, environment problem consciousness caused by the textile life-cycle concerned, and clothing seperate-collection or not at residing place were effective on environmental behavior, and 52.45% of environmental behavior was explained with above variables.
The Consumer's Clothing Involvement & Textile Evaluation Criteria
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 197~208
The study mainly focused on textile evaluation criteria and clarified the relationship between the levels of clothing involvement and demographic variables. Subjects were 459 women living in JeonJu. SPSS package was used to analyzed the data. The main findings of this research were as follows: 1. Textile evaluation criteria such as the high quality of textile, the component of fiber, the easeness of care, and the durability of fabrics were used for the jackets and the coats. As regards the blouses and the shirts, the easeness of care, the high quality of fabric, the component of fiber, and the comfort of wearing, the easeness of care and the shape for better looks influenced the decision making process of consumers. 2. The subjectives were categorized into three groups depending upon the clothing involvement level. They have shown significant differences from demographic factors such as age, marrige, education, and occupation.
Overspending of Wage-earner Households in Korea -Application of Financial Analysis-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 209~222
The purpose of this study is to apply ratio analysis, which indicates the rate of income to total expenditure, to examine wage-earners' overspending in Korea. We use the Family Income and Expenditure Survey produced by National Statistical Office Republic of Korea and total sample size is 40,691 including households complete income reported. Through the t-test, among 17 expenditure categories, overspenders is likely to spend more on housing, apparel, medical, education, and leisure expenditures more than non-overspenders significantly. Interestingly, overspenders have more income, but less financial assets than non-overspenders. To analyze the effect of socio-demographic variables on overspending, ordinary least square is utilized. The results shows that the more educated, larger family size, and older consumer tend to overspend. The results of study are leaded into two aspects. First, overspending can be solved by consumer education with efficient financial management practice. Second, overspending may be not solved unless policies in various ways enhance the overall quality of living to lessen each household's budget constraints.
The Relationships between Clothing Involvement, Fashion Innovativeness, and Fashion Opinion Leadership
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 223~234
This paper intends to examine the relationship between the consumer's enduring involvement toward clothing product, fashion innovativeness, and fashion opinion leadership. Specific purposes of the study are: 1) to identify dimensions of the enduring involvement toward clothing based on the theoretical framework; 2) to find out the effects of clothing involvement on fashion innovativeness and fashion innovativeness,m fashion opinion leadership, and demographic variables. The Likert Type questionnaires were used to measure clothing involvement, fashion innovativeness, and fashion opinion leadership. Samples of 389 women(college students, career women, housewives) living in Taegu area were analyzed by factor analysis, Pearson's correlations, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. Main results of the study are as follows: 1) Concept of the enduring involvement toward clothing is composed of five dimensions: fashion, importance, pleasure, self-expression, and perceived buying risk. 2) The clothing involvement is found to have significant influences on fashion innovativeness and fashion opinion leadership. 3) The relationships between the clothing involvement, age, educational level, and marital status are found to be statistically significant.
Analysis of Consumer Behavior on Using Food Label
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 235~248
The purpose of this study was to search for new food labeling system that would support effective consumer decision-making, by examining consumer behavior of food labels and its' related factors. The survey was conducted on 410 housewives under 60-year-old who live in Seoul or Metropolitan area, using questionnaires and the illustrated material of labels. Respondents generally considered food labels very important as devices. Among 12 items of label which are required to disclose, they evaluated circulation period, and nutritional information. Among 12 items of label, housewives read manufacture date, circulation period, and price more often than business admission number and self standard number. The respondents preferred the format of marking both manufacture date and expiration date on the same side, the format of printing both price and weight on the same side of package, the diagramatic type, and the format represented by ration graph per daily value.
A Study on dart manipulation of women`s front bodice by CAD System(I)-the comparison automatic manopulating functions of dart in CAD system and the classification the dart of women`s front bodice-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 249~264
The purpose of this study was to investigate automatic manipulating functions of dart of CAD system, and to classify the dart of women's front bodice. The results from this study: 1.3 CAD systems, were compared in automatic manipulating functions of dart. Gerber system & Investronica system were based on the pivot-method of dart manipulating, Yuka system was based on the slash-method. 2. It is classified and made a dart-design chart with using darts, which were as examples related to dart manipulating in text & reference of the pattern design. 3. In case of education of dart manipulation, the classified dart-design chart provides variations of a basic pattern through dart manipulation.
The Relation between Parents' Verbal Control Modes and Children's Maladjustment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 265~282
This study investigated the relation between parents' verbal control modes and children's maladjustment. The subjects were 445 mothers and their children of sixth grade in elementary schools located in Seoul. To assess the parents' verbal control modes, questionnaire developed by Lee Kyung Hee(1993) was used. The modified version of Achenbach and Edelbrock's CBCL(Child Behavior Checklist) was administered to assess the children's maladjustment. The results were as follows : 1)Significant differences were found in parents' verbal control modes in terms of children's sex difference and social status level. 2) Significant differences were found in children's maladjustment in terms of children's sex difference and social status level. 3) There was a significant correlation between father's verbal control modes and children's maladjustment. Children's maladjustment was related positively to imperative mode and negatively to the person-oriented and position-oriented modes. The best variable explaining girl's maladjustment was father's position-oriented modes. 4) The negative impact of father's imperative mode in combination with the mother's imperative mode on the children's adjustment was greater than other combinations of the father and mother's verbal control modes.
The Study On the dye fastness of the Rayon & Tencel Fiber
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 283~292
This study examines the character of "Tencel" named as Ecology Fiber and investigates the fitness of it as the textile and the satisfaction in dress when its fastness is compared with that of Rayon classified into Celulose textile. Dye experiment selected 100% Tencel, Rayon for the samples, which were dyed into the direct dye and Turky Blue and Blue of the rective dye and were washed twelve times by the automatic washer. After that, the dye experiment examines the light, laundering, perspiration, rubbing and the composite fastness of the perspiration and hight in the lists of the dye fastness. The results are as follows: 1. The experiment of the color fastness, especially in T-blue of the direct dyestuff, requiring the twelve times-repeatedly-washing by the detergent says that the color fastness of Tencel is superior to that of the cellulose textile ; Rayon. 2. The experiment of the light fastness says that the fastness of Tencel is superior to that of Rayon. 3. The experiment of the laundering fastness says that all of Tencel, Rayon shows the excellent result in the direct dye than in the reactive dye. 4. The experiment of the rubbing fastness says that although Tencel, Rayon show the remarkable result in the desiccant experiment than in the humid one, the rubbing fastness of Tencel is superior to that of others. 5. The experiment of perspiration fastness says that Tencel, Rayon have the closely tightened tendency not to be altered through the acid and alkali perspirations. 6. The experiment of the composite fastness of perspiration and light indicates that the artifical perspirations, though the light lets the fastness of textiles weeken, do very slightly make them loosen, which does not offer the outstanding result. This whole result show that the fastness of Tencel is superior to that of Rayon. The Korean Fiber Enterprise in clothing should make the new and ecological fiber "Tencel" by means of the large amount of investment, and the technique of handing and controlling about it, considering that the dangerous needle of environmental pollution has been slackening the close-related ecological knots of the global environment. global environment.
Development of an education program for caregiving middle-aged daughter-in-law
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 293~306
An educational program for parent caregiving families has been developed with a view to help mitigate burdens of those who provide caring services for their aged parents and to meet the needs of both the caregiving middle-aged daughter-in-law and the parent. The program has been applied to a small group of people who at least one living aged parent. The effectiveness of the program has been evaluated by taking pre- and posttests. The result of the tests strongly suggest that the program has been effective in improving participatns' knowledge on aging process, confict solving and relationship with parent.
A Comparative Study of Average Youth and Juvenile Delinquent about the Life Stressors and Coping
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 34, issue 5, 1996, Pages 307~325
The purpose of this study is to examine aspects stressors experienced by adolescents and make a comparison of their coping in terms of criteria of average and delinquent, male and female. The subjects were 506 adolescents of 2nd grade high school in Taejon and delinquent in D,A city. The data was analyzed by mean, standard deviation, two way ANOVA, and correlation analysis. The main results of this study were as follows: (a) It was found that regardless and behavior patterns, adolescents feel stress by pocket maney problem, relationship with teachers, and mental health(in the descending order). It is interesting to note that the stress from girl and boy friends proved to be much higher with delinquent adolescents than with average ones. In the case of subcategories of health, family relationship, and school life, it was found that average adolescents feel more stress than delinquents ones, whereas the reverse is case with the problem of relationship with relatives, school friends, and girl or boy friends. On the other hand, it was discoved that for the problem of physical and mental health, pocket money, parent and school friend relationships, females feel more stress than males. (b) With the differences of the coping og stress, it was found that while average adolescents as a whole tend to rely upon logical analysis and positive attitude, delinequent counterparts expect alternative reward and reveal the avoidance coping of emotional discharge. (c) The correlation between the stressors and coping showed partial differences, as the differences in the relation between average and delinquent adolescents, males and females in each sub-category.