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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
A Preliminary Study on Financial Program Development for Retirement Preparation - Focused on Famiy Life Cycle Stage -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 1.1~15
The purposes of this study were to identify the household's financial status by life cycle stage and no analyze contributing factors to financial planning for retirement preparation among Korean marred couples. For these purpose, 2074 married couples those being under 55 and having either single earner or dual earners were selected, and total sample was divided into three stages; young-aged(＜35), middle-aged(35-44) & old-aged(45-54). Statistics were frequencies, means, percentile, and logistic analysis. The results were as follows. First, old-aged had higher level of total income, total expenditure and total assets than either young-aged or middle-aged. In addition, households those holding private pensions were likely to have higher total income, total expenditure and total assets than those owning no private pension. while middle-aged had a highest total debts. Second, gini coefficients of total income and total expenditure between three aged groups were similar, but old-aged had the highest gini coefficient of total assets and total debts. In particular, gini coefficients of total assets and total debts of households those having no private pension were greater than those holding private pensions. third, contributing factors to private pension ownership of young-aged were family & household-related factor and financial factor, middle-aged's factors were household head's characteristics and financial factor. Also, old-aged's factors were household head's characteristics, family & household-related factor and financial factor.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 1.2~2
Parental strain, mastery, sex role attitude, and dyadic adjustment after the transition to parenthood in the dual earner family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 17~32
The purpose of this study is to explore parental strain, mastery, sex role attitude and dyadic adjustment after the transition to parenthood in dual earner family. Using couple data from a sample of 284 dual earner couple, pair t-test, multiple regression analysis, one was ANOVA was used. Major findings were as follows. 1) There were differences between wives and husbands in dyadic adjustment, physical strain, mastery, sex role attitude. Specially, couples experience more emotional strain than physical strain, and wives experience more parental strain than husbands. 2) Couple's parental strain is considered personal attribution rather than family one, but mastery is different. 3) Couple's psychological variables have an effect on the dyadic adjustment sores, especially husband's sex role attitude influences own dyadic adjustment and wife's dyadic adjustment. Wife's mastery also own dyadic adjustment and husband's dyadic adujstment.
A research on the implementation of home economics education by home economics majored and other subject majored Teachers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 33~48
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences of self-confidence and satisfaction level in teaching home economics between home economics majored teachers(HET) and other subject majored teachers(OST). The subjects of this study were 192 home economics teachers randomly selected from 96 middle schools all over the country. The data was collected from 16, september to 12, October, 1996, and was analyzed with descriptive statistics, crosstables, and t-test using SAS program. The major finding were as follows: 1) In general, home econimics is taught mostly by OST in boy' middle school. 92% of OST is employed in boy' middle school and 89.13% of them is employed in private boy' middle school. 2) OST had less in-service experiences than HET on sixth revised curriculum, and had lower recognition than HET on the goal, content, teaching method, evaluation of home economics. 3) There were significant difference on the level of self-confidence and satisfaction in teaching home economics between HET and OST.
A study on the Tree-typed and Tree and Antler-typed Diadem in the old tombs of ancient Silla, Gaya
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 49~59
The purpose of this study is to classify of the Tree-typed and Tree and Antler-typed Diadem in old tombs of ancient Silla, Gaya. First, Tree-typed Diadem is four part in according to the Mountain(; 山)-typed piled up. Only one Mountain(; 山)-typed one in three stand-up ornament(I-1 Style), and three step one in three stand-up ones(I-4 S.). Three and Antler-typed diadem is three part in according to the step of Mountain(; 山)-typed and cross-shaped of the upper part. Three one of three step one of four step one(II-3 S.). They were influenced by Tree worship and cult of deer in Northern mounted nomadic groups.
Developmental Change of the Self-Perception
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 61~72
The purpose of this study was to examine the developmental changes about self-perception from childhood to adult period. The subjects were 365 of 5th graders in elementary school, the 2nd graders in junior and senior high school, sophomore in college, and adults. The instruments used for this study were Harter's Self-Perception Profile for the children, adolescences, college students, and adults. The results were as follows. 1. From elementary school to junior high school, the score of scholastic, athletic, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, and global self-worth were decreased. At the developmental perspective, the junior high school students were highly anxious for self-perception. 2. Physical appearance were the best predictor of the global self-worth for all developmental stages. 3. Physical appearance, behavioral conduct predicted more about the global self-worth than any other factors for elementary and junior high school students. And for junior high school students, social acceptance and friendship also predicted about the global self-worth. Scholastic competence showed higher correlation with global self-worth for the senior high school and college students than elementary and junior high school students. 4. For college students, males had higer scores than females on ability-oriented but also relationship-oriented subscales. But the adults showed no differences in nurturance, household management, job competence depending on sex.
The Experience of the first-married stepmother's stress and adaptation to her stepfamily
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 73~102
The purpose of this study was to identify the specific and empirical contents in terms of first-married stepmother about her stress and efforts to adapt to her stepfamily. This studies relied on the qualitative research method in order to approach stepmother's subjective experience. There were 6 stepmother respondents who were 6 first-marrieds living in Seoul or Kyoungki area. The data was collected by in-depth personal interview.‘Open coding process’, a part of grounded theory procedures were used to analyzed the data. The major findings can be summarized as follows: 1. When focused o stressors, the stress of stepmothers were categorized into 4 categories. Those were the following: 1 When focused on stressors, the stress of stepmothers were categorized into 4 categories. Those were the following: (1) Stepmother's own problem such as stepmother' identity problem; (2) Problems within stepfamily such as problems about relations with husbands, stepchildren, and her own children; (3) Problems of stepmother family's kin such as relational problems with former spouses, in-laws, and her parent; (4) Problems of social relationship such as isolation and alienation in social relationship and neighbors' prejudice about stepmother. 2. In overcoming stress from stepfamily life and adapting to it, 4 categories were identified as important. Contents of 4 categories were such like this: (1) Stepmother's own efforts - (a) give a positive meaning to marriage or remarriage (b) flexible personality (c) situation-accepting attitude (d) exclusive management of household income (e) job (f) perseverance for time to adaptation; (2) Positive feedback within stepfamily - (a) supportive husband (b) sense of unity as a couple (c) psychological reward from stepchildren (d) existence of stepmother's own child (e) behavior for family solidarity (f) family-centered religious life; (3) Stepfamily's relationship with former spouses such as breakdown in relationship with ex-wives or ex-husbands; (4) Support from stepmothers' kin and people in social network with stepmothers. It was concluded that to reduce stress and to help adapt to stepfamily, stepmother should make an effort, and that her stepfamily and her kin should cooperate and support. In addition, negative stereotype of stepmother and stepfamily should disappeared. It was suggested that studies on stepfamily should be vitalized and that programs for preparing remarriage and counseling for stepfamily should be spread.
A Comparison of Consumption Expenditure Patterns and Their Determinants of Elderly and Nonelderly Households
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 103~117
This study compared the consumption expenditure patterns and the effects of socio-demographic variables of elderly and nonelderly households in urban areas of Korea. The data were obtained from the 1994 Family Income and Expenditure Survey conducted by the National Statistical Office. The results showed the differences between elderly and nonelderly households in the expenditure levels of each consumption category, the shares of each consumption category of total expenditures, and the effects of socio-demographic variables on expenditures.
A Study on the Individual Meaning of and the Institutional Meaning of Housework
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 119~129
The purpose of this study is to understand the meaning of‘housework’. In order to understand the intrinsic meaning of housework, we have to distinguish between ‘individual meaning’and‘institutional meaning’. The former is related to the concern, intent, habit, need, desire, and motivation of the given individual, while the latter is related to the social value, norm, and convention of human behavior. The majority of the studies on housework have been made by focusing on individual meaning. As the individual meaning of housework has gradually been emphasized, it has been forgotten that‘housework’itself is a very important part of‘home life’, and then the importance of home life has gradually diminished. Housework is naturally carried out in the process of human history, and housework reflect total human wisdom. In other words, it is thought that it is possible to grasp the total meaning of life in housework. Our life can be richer than now by increasing the quantity of philosophical analysis of the phenomena related to housework.
Maladjustment and Daily Hassles Perceived by Teen-aged Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 131~140
This study was performed to analyze the trends of teen-aged children's daily hassles, the difference of maladjustment according to daily hassles level and to investigate the influence of variables on maladjustment of teen-aged children. The main results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score of study-related daily hassles were higher than other daily hassles type. 2. Depression, over-anxiousness and delinquency were significantly different according to daily hassles level. 3. The findings of multiple regression analysis shoed different variables in according to maladjustment type.
Development of the Parenting Stress Scale
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 141~150
The purpose of this study was the development of the parenting stress scale, necessary to understand the details of the difficulties for a working mother having children from infant to preschooler. Relevant works were reviewed to collect 44 items for the questionnaire from the previous researchs, and additional 34 are combined as a set of measure items. The 78 items were analyzed for the fitness of structure based on the chi-square test and Cramer's V coefficients, and 35 were selected as a final set for the questionnaire. Further factor analysis on the 35 items showed that they could be selected 32 items of the 35 item scale and composed of 3 subscales; namely, the first factor(12 items) as‘typical stress due to the parenting’, the second(12 items) as‘pressures pertaining to the parental role and distress’, and the third(8 items) as’guilty to the parenting by others’. This final questionnaire composed of 32 items was also tested for the concurrent validity based on Pearson's correlation with Goldberg's General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), which is a well-known index to represent the socio-psychological stress. The correlation factor is .41(p＜.001), which justifies the fitness of the newly designed questionnaire. To find the confidence level, the Cronbach α was evaluated, which results .88 for the overall questionnaire and ranges between .76 and .82 for each subcale. This parenting scale can be also utilized as a measure to exploit proper programs for the parent-child relations, parent education and rehabitilation of the family function.
Parenting Stress and Marital Satisfaction among Dual-earner Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 151~162
The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of various stressors among dual-earner families on parenting stress and marital satisfaction. Using a survey data collected from 168 dual-earner couples, this study investigated impact of various stressors, including husband division of labor, the satisfaction of childcare arrangement, husband's support on wife's outside work, family socioeconomic status, and strains from job. The finding suggested that, after controlling background variables(length of marriage, the number of children, and family income), high husbands' support on wife's outside work and low strains about their work hours had influenced on higher parenting stress among fathers, while high strains about their work hours had related to high parenting stress among mothers. It also found that high satisfaction on childcare arrangement and low depression were the factors predicting higher marital satisfaction of mothers, and high support on their wife's outside work, low work role strain, low depression, and low parenting stress had influenced on higher marital satisfaction among fathers. Discussions and recommendations for future research were added.
Mother's Verbal Control Modes, Children's Internal-External Control, and Children's Social Competency
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 163~175
This study investigated the relationship between mother's verbal control modes and children's social competency, the relationship between mother's verbal control modes and children's internal-external control, and the relationship between children's internal-external control and children's social competency. The subjects of this study were 157 boys and 144 girls attending elementary schools and their mothers in Busan. Lee's(1993) questionnaire on mother's verbal control modes, the modified version of Nowicki and Strickland's CN-SIE on internal-external control and Choi's(1992) questionnaire on social competence were used. The results were as follows: 1) The mothers control their children mostly by position-oriented mode. And mother's imperative mode for boys differed significantly from that for girls. Boys perceived mother's verbal control mode as more imperative. 2) There were significant negative correlations between mother's imperative mode and boy's social competency, between mother's imperative mode and boy's anxiety, and between mother's imperative mode and boy's internal-external control and boy's social competency, and between boy's internal-external control and boy's leadership. There were significant correlations between mother's position-oriented mode and girl's leadership, between mother's position-oriented mode and girl's, affection on parents, between mother's position-oriented mode and girl's internal-external control. There were significant negative correlations between girl's internal-external control and girl's anxiety. 3) Children's internal-external control was the predictor variable influencing on children' social competency, children's leadership. Children's sex was the predictor variable influencing on children' anxiety. And the mother's imperative mode and the mother's position-oriented mode were the predictor variables influencing on children' affection on parents.
The Analysis of the Causal Model of the Needs for Consumer Information Contents and Related Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 177~194
This study attempts to explore urban married women's needs for consumer information contents. In addition, the causality of the needs for consummer information contents and related variables is investigated. Major findings are the following: (1) Respondents' need for information on“the product selection”and “the use and management”of the washing maching or hair dryer is high, while the in need for the information on“the existing brands”is very low. (2) Among several relevent characteristics, respondents' product involvement is strongly related to the needs for consumer information contents. (3) The results of the analysis of casual model from washing maching showed that respondents' age, purchasing experience, perception of the price dispersion and quality difference, self confidence in the product evaluation affect on the need for consumer information contents directly. While respondents' income and education level show a indirect effect. (4) The results of the analysis of causal model from hair dryer showed that respondents' perception of the price dispersion, quality difference and product complexity affect on the need for consumer information contents directly. While respondents' age, purchasing experience, self-confidence in the product evaluation show a indirect effects.
The Consumer Complaining Behavior according to Consumer Problems and dissatisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 195~211
This thesis is conducted a survey of consumer problems and dissatisfaction and their complaining behavior. It analyzes the complex and varied consumer problems and dissatisfactions, then minimizes them and motivates active response. Also, this thesis is intended to provide fundamental study that may be used for the formulation of consumer protection polices. For this purpose, questionary survey method was used and the sample was taken from 603 housewives lives in Seoul. The major results of the study are summarized as follows; 1) Quality of product was the most frequent problem among consumer problems and dissatisfaction. 2) The level of consumer complaining behavior was 50.69/100 which is a little above median point. Non-complaining behavior was the most frequent, and followed by private/public behavior, public behavior and private behavior. 3) Path analysis of the variables affecting complaining behavior showed total causal effect to be biggest for degree of information search. The experience of consumer problems and dissatisfaction of consumers caused positive effect though causal relation.
Evaluating Comfort of Indoor Environment Based on Residents' Responses
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 213~219
The purpose of this study is to propose a model for evaluating comfort of indoor environment based on residents' subjective respones. The questionnaire survey was given to the residents at apartment complex located in Ilsan, Kyunggi-Do. The following are the results obtained in this thesis. The results of path analysis on comfort revealed that direct effects to comfort were the satisfaction on thermal environment, indoor air environment and sound environment, and the cognition on indoor air environment and sound environment. An evaluation formula of comfort by the factors of direct effects was given. This formula is recommended to evaluate comfort for pp.O.E(post occupancy evaluation)by residents.
Pro-environmental behavior of consumer and its related factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 221~238
The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors which influence on the propensity for pro-environmental consumer behavior. the data used in this study included 712 married women living in Seoul and Kwangju. Statistics used for data analysis were Reliability, t-test, one-way Anova, and Multiple Regression Analysis. According to the results of the regression, the relative importance of variables are in order of; pro-environmental behavior degree of reference group, residential district, ecological value orientation, economic value orientation, convenience-centric value orientation, type of dwelling, the adequacy of community resource, education experience of environment and their explanatory power totalled 30.35%. The result of this study coude be attributed to develop the environmental policy and education program to enhance of pro-environmental behavior. First, Economic approach and ecological approach toward the environmental affairs are not incompatible; indeed, they are may be related. I resume that both of two alternatives are useful to environment policy. And, environmental education be effectively related to pro-environment behavior, life-education and sysmatic support must be provided.
Survey on the Uses of Heating-Cooling Facilitis.Accessory Devices and Residents' Evaluation in Cheju Province
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 239~248
to design nature-affinitive, reasonable and effcient thermal environment plannings and facilities, the holding patterns of heating-cooling facilities·accessory devices and residents' evaluation in Cheju Province were surveyed as well as residents' understanding for them. Major findings of this study are summarized as follows: 1) In the cooling system, the percentage of air-conditioner possessor was 19.4%, which was lower possessive rate than mainland's. The location of air-conditioner was mainly public area. That is, 55.3% of the location is livingroom, and the rest was Anbang. the general cooling accessory device was a fan. It was frequently used at the children's room and the dining room. The possessive patterns of air-conditioner depend on the characteristics of residents, such as the academic carrier and the average monthly income. Characteristics of house for air-conditioner possess depend on the location, house type, the size of floor space. 2) In the heating system, individual heating system reached to 57.3%. Heating accessory devices were oil stove and electric heating blanket. Only 32.2% of survey population were holders. 3) Residents preferred better ventilated room arrangement, which was characteristic of subtropical areas. 4) The preferred condition for heating-cooling facilities and accessory devices were strong solidity, less air pollution, and less noise.
A Study on the functional Charaterictics of Apparel CAD Systems
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 249~264
The purpose of this study was to provide the reference information for user and potential users of apparel CAD system is Korea. Two interviews were carried out for the study. The apparel CAD system of Assyst, Gerber and Yuka was selected for technical comparative study. The results were as follows: 1. The future development of the apparel CAD system is the transfer of the developed pattern design from a 3D design system and of CIM concept. 2. The share of data is working closely in a module function. So the Assyst system provide connectivity and communication between all apparel CAD system's module and other automation programs. This system is suitable for CIM production line. 3. The Gerber system is developed the Apparel CAD system which is given by the CAM system's technical ability. This system is given high insurance of ability to the service and data transportation with other systems from users in the Korea. 4. The Yuka system is developed pattern making by the Apparel CAD system. This system's different methods which is compared with other systems are the split grading and auto pattern making. So this system is suitable for users which want to product many items and a little amount garment by using the Apparel CAD system.
The Ownership and an Assesment of the Individual Retirement Account
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 265~277
The purpose of this study are to identify the type and the amount of household's individual retirement account for retirement fund and to investigate the factors contributing to a individual pension account holding and an assessment. Data used in this study consisted of 2,667 households from 1994 KHPS. Statistics employed to analyze the data are Mean, Frequency, Percentile, Logistic and OLS. the result of this study were as follows; Among 2,677 households' 426 households(15.9%) owned the individual retirement account. Most household heads with individual retirement fund are the salaried and self-employed. More households with individual retirement account have saving account, stock than those without individual retirement account. Age, occupation of household head, total income, stock ownership had significant effects on whether household having individual retirement account. And Age of household head, net worth, saving account ownership had significant effects on the assessment of individual retirement account holding.
College Students' Perception and Attitude Concerning Living Resource Conservation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 5, 1997, Pages 279~289
This study was performed to measure the level of college students' perception and attitude concerning living resource conservation. The questionnaire was developed to measure their attitude and perception on living resource conservation. The subjects were 787 college students in Seoul. The major findings are as follows: 1. The perception and attitude on living resource conservation of housing resource were higher than that of food resource or clothing resource. And the perception was higher than the attitude in general. 2. The perception and attitude on conservation of living resources were significantly different according to the gender, age, and grade. 3. The group that had high perception on conservation of living resource actively put living resource conservation in practice. 4. The group that had showed strong interesting on living resource conservation got information on it from mass communication system or their parents.