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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Study of Hippy style in 1960s France
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 1~13
Hipp8ie style was introduced in 1960s when young generation's movement against industrial society and mass culture was spread. Its value was to go back to "Real and Pure Nature". Hippie originated from "Human Be-in" which was on-violent revolution held in sanfrancisco. American Hippie style was represented through freedom and love based on drug and psychedelic culture which were created by the young generation who were against traditional esthetic value as well as the moral and material value. However, Hippie style was represented differently in France. The privilege classes such as artists who were interested in surrealism, art negro and primitive culture, the intelligentsia like Montparnass in Paris, accepted Hippie style faster than ordinary people did. therefor, Hippie style in france was represented as an esthetic mode not a symbol of anti-culture and anti-policy. The general public imitated the style of the privileged classes and coordinated their style according to their personality without any standard such as blue jeans, ethnic, psychedelic, mini, mods, beatnik, etc. Yves Saint Laurent who was influenced by hippies led the mode of Paris to introduce "Africa", "Saharienne", "Pathwork". therefore, in 1960's fashion in Paris, everything was possible because of too many changes in fashion and refusal of accepting vogue.
A Study on Clothing Design Style Preference and Clothing Purchase Motive Associated with Sex Role Identity of the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 15~24
The objective of this study were to examine the relationships between clothing design preference, clothing attitude and sex role identity. Using the data collected through interview questions. 200 subjects who were 60years of age and older in Kunsan, Korea, the data were analyzed using
-test. The results of the study were the followings. 1. The androgynous type liked two button single jacket and the masculine and indifferentiate type three button single jacket, while the femin type liked soutien collar jacket in their woman. 2. The androgynous type' purchase motive was 'enough money' 'finding like clothing' while the masculine type's 'to attend meeting'. The feminine type's motive was 'enough money' and the indifferentiate type 'to attend meeting'. Clothing selection motive was more influenced the androgynous type than the feminine and indifferentiate type by 'design'. 3. The androgynous type felt 'indifferent' for dare clothing of the aging, the masculine type 'hate', the feminine type 'I like to', and the indifferentiate type 'look so good'.
Consumer Problems with the Door to Door Selling and Mail Order Selling
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 25~40
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of the consumer problems with the door to door selling and mail order selling. Data were collected from housewives in Seoul who's ages are in their thirties and fourties. results show that both in door to door selling and in mail order selling, price-related problem is the most serious and the state of employment is the most significant variable.
An Exploratory Study for the Development of Pre-parent education Program
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 41~53
The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the pre-parents' motivations for parenthood, concept of marital role and demands for pre-parent education. the subjects were 179 women, who are planning to have a child and already are pregnant, and their husbands. 1. Among 7 motivations for parenthood presented, strong ties for couples and maturity demands were selected the most important. Economic and emotional dependency was valued the least. 2. The harmonious relationships between husband and wife chosen as the most important marital role concept. 3. For the contents of the pre-parent education program, the postnatal care, fathering, nutrition and exercise during pregnancy, and others were desired. 4. Over two-thirds of respondents preferred a joint participation (husband-wife together).
Filial piety and familism of the undergraduates and consciousness for supporting their parents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 55~69
This research was focused on the filial piety, familism of the undergraduates and consciousness for supporting their parents. The subjects of this study were 675 undergraduates living in the Gyeongnak area. The major findings are as follows: First, the undergraduate's filial piety and consciousness for supporting their parents was high but familism was low. Second, the more the undergraduate's filial piety and familism were high, the more the undergraduate's consciousness for supporting their parents was high. also filial piety was shown to be the most important factor for the undergraduate to support their parents. third, the attitude of undergraduate's towards supporting their parents has been changed and Undergraduates felt t6ha there is a lack of communication with heir parents.
Effect of Environment and Parent-Bodning Relationship on rural high School students' Differentiation of Self
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 71~86
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-bonding patterns & environmental variables on rural high school students' self-differentiationf. The subjects were 600 rural high school students in the 2nd grade. The rural high school students' self-differentiation, according to parent-bonding style & environmental variables were researched with DOSS(Differentiation of self Scale) PBI(Parent-bonding Instrument) & environmental Scale. The data were analyzed by frequency & Reliability, ANOVA (scheffe'test) & Regression analysis of SPSS PC+ program. The main results were as follows. First, In P-B patterns generally frequencies of mother's care were higher than father's But in overprotection frequencies of father's were higher. Degree of rural highschool students' self-differentiation was on the level of 2.84 Second, According to parent-bonding patterns, the difference of self-differentiation were as follow. In P-B patters, father and mother on each level of P<.001 brought differences in the self-differentiation of the 4 sub-divisions Third, In short the effect on self-differentiation showed that in family environmental variables, parent's scolding, gender, family atmosphere & health conditions are crucial variables in self-differentiation and in P-B patterns, father's overprotection, mother's care, father's care are all influential on self-differentiation.
Toward an Integrative Approach t the Study of Children's Stress -Stressor, Coping behavior and Symptom-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 87~99
This study intends to find the effects of children's stress level and coping behaviors on their stress symptoms. The subjects were 840 4-6th grade children in Seoul. The data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means, ANOVA, stepwise regression and Cronbach's α. The regression model explained 46% of children's stress symptoms which were affected by coping behaviors(emotional aggression, positive revaluation, seperation for emotional relaxation) and by stressors(children's social-life, individual factors, school-life).
Development of Methods for Evaluation of Indoor Thermal Environment of Apartment Housing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 101~110
The intent of this study is to propose a method for appraisal of the indoor thermal environment of apartment housing by measuring physical factors and residents' response to questionnaire survey. The experiments were performed on eight houses each in summer (August 18 through 31,1995) and winer (february 16 through 20,1996). It included measurements of indoor air temperature, globe temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 concentration. The questionnaire surveys were performed each in summer (July 16 through 20, 1996) and winer (February 13 through 16, 1996). And 248 cases in summer and 297 cases in winter were used in analysis. These questionnaire surveys asked residents' response about thermal sensation, humidity sensation, sense of air freshness regarding the indoor thermal environment. data acquired through the experiments and questionnaire surveys were then transferred to scales that allowed relative comparison, and measured to an appraisal standard chart. Appraisal tools included appraisal charts and radar charts. Indoor thermal environment was judged to be positive according to experiments, but residents appraised the thermal environment to be average. This difference between the two can be found in the strict standards by which residents judge the thermal environment of their apartments.
Time analysis and Attitude on Work and Leisure of Rural Couples in Chonnam District
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 111~125
The purposes of this study were to analyze the work and leisure of rural couples in Chonnam district, to examine couple's perception about farm life, to analyze the factors influencing the time use of husbands and wives. 300 farmhouses were selected by stratified sampling from 20 Myon in Chonnam district, 244 husbands and 283 wives were interviewed using questionnaire and time diary. The major results are as follow : 1) The rural couples have not pride on agriculture, the level of satisfaction and policy reliability was low, and impoverished conditions was high. 2) work time of wives was two hours longer did, and leisure time of wives was 73 minutes shorter than their husbands. 3) The time use of husbands and wives were significantly influenced by agricultural type, farmwork, house work time, age etc.
Social Support, Parent-Satisfaction, and Mothers' Parenting Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 127~135
The relationships of social support and parent-satisfaction to the mothers' parenting behaviors were examined in a sample of 235 mothers who have preschool-aged children. Mothers completed three kinds of questionnaires such as the perception of the social support, the parent-satisfaction comprised of five subscales, general satisfaction parent-child relationship, support of husband, parent role conflict, and support of child, and the parenting behaviors comprised of two subscales, warmth and control. Social support and parent-satisfaction were found to have significant influence on mothers' warmth. The more social support they perceived and the more parent-satisfaction they had, the warmer they were. But these variables were not significantly related to the mothers' control except two subscales of parent-satisfaction they had, the warmer they were. But these variables were not significantly related to the mothers' control except two subscales of parent-satisfaction, parent-child relationship and parent role conflict. the importance of social support was emphasized for yielding the positive parenting behaviors.
A Study on the Etymological Change of Home Economics
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 137~142
The purpose of this study is to investigate the etymological change of 'home economics' and to suggest the future research direction of home economics. For this purpose, 'oikonomia'-that was used by aristotle-was analyzed and the process of the change of the term 'oikonomia' after modern society was considered. according to the results of this study, it is known that economic perspective has been enhanced in study in home living. the enhancement of the economic perspective in grasping home resulted in the limit of understanding of the meaning and nature of home. It was suggested that we should take more interest in 'economy' on the basis of 'oikonomia' than in 'home economics' which is based o 'economics', philosophical study rather than empirical study these subjects should be adequate.
A Study on Situational Clothing Behavior by level of Self-Monitoring of Consumer
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 143~155
The purpose of this study is to compare the differences of clothing behavior by the level of self-monitoring under given social situations. The result of this study is drown from the analysis of the survey, gathered from the 522 female students of universities reside in Seoul, by using the method of convenience sampling. The statistical methods used to test the data were MANOVA and chi-square test. The results of this study can be summarized s follows; first, as a result of analyzing the differences of situational self-image pursuits among situations depending individual's self-monitoring levels, it was found that the pursuits changes among situations regardless of the self-monitoring levels. Thus, this hypothesis could not be verified. Second, as a result of analyzing the changes of priority of clothing selection factors among situations depending on individual's self-monitoring levels, it was found that the priority factors changed among situations regardless of the self-monitoring levels.
Financial Management and Financial Goal Attainment among Urban Household
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 157~171
The purpose of this study was (1) to assess the level of financial management and financial goal attainment on housing purchase and children's educational expenditure, (2) to identify individual, family and environment variables which influence financial goal attainment, and (3) to investigate causal relation of variables which affect financial goal attainment. Data were collected from questionnaire with 772 married women who were residents of Jeonju. The major finding were as follows; (1) The levels of financial management and financial goal attainment on housing purchase and children's educational expenditure were middle. (2) The variables which exerted direct effects on financial goal attainment on housing purchase were time orientation of consumption life, asset, income stability, easiness in extending credit, financial planning, and financial implementing. the most powerful predictor of financial goal attainment on housing purchase was asset. (30 The variables which exerted direct effects on financial goal attainment on children's educational expenditure were time orientation of consumption life, asset, children's presence on the camp8us, easiness I extending credit, financial planning, and financial implementing. The most powerful predictor of financial goal attainment on children's educational expenditure was financial planning.
A Study on Time Use and Satisfaction with It of Full Time Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 173~189
The purpose of this study was to investigate housewives'time use and satisfaction with it and analyze the factors affection these. Subjects were 222 housewives with pre-and elementary school children. The data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, X-test, t-test, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. The results of this study were as follows : 1) Housewives spent over 1/3 of time on physical care(sleeping.. etc.). 2)The use of time by housewives was mainly influenced by husband's status and children's state(age, the number of extra curricular hours, educational level) 3) The satisfaction with time use was affected by first child's age, husband's age, husband's educational level, wives's educational level, and household income.
A Study on Ways of Finding sexual Abuse Facts of Children at Home
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 191~203
This paper is study the ways of finding sexual abuse facts of children at home and the standards of recognizing such facts. The investigation and recognition about sexual abuse of children are necessary for remedy or care of children and their family and also for punishment upon the harmer or sanction against him by family laws. But, on account of the characteristics of sexual abuse acts and the standpoint that sufferers are children, it's very difficult to find those kinds of facts. Medical examinations, observations by specialists behavioral indicators, use of dolls & other props, and interviewing are applied to finding sexual abuse facts of children. However, these investigating methods have many uppermost limits, and don't necessarily have conformable conclusions. especially 'interviewing' is essentially used to find a child who has suffered sexual abuses and to investigate and examine a harmer who has been charged with such sexual acts. but 'interviewing' has no less obstacles in reality than has some utilities. For that reason, a follow-up study of (what is) the most effective method is required, with the case=by-case application of other methods. And along with that, it must be taken into consideration that, in process of finding a sexually abused child and in ex post facto measure against accompanying ill effects, the child's protection and the family's privacy ought to be legally guaranteed. So to speak, in making and enforcing the family laws, a profound study of the family to produce good fruits must be made.
A Study of Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale II
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 205~219
FACES II & III did not capture high extremes of Cohesion and Adaptability dimension, and were linear rather than curvilinear measure. The purpose of this study was to examine reliability and validity of revised FACES using by FACES II,III,IV. Factor analysis showed that Cohesion and Adaptability dimension consisted each 3 factors(disengaged, connected, enmeshed / rigid, flexible, chaotic). Extremes on each dimension conceptually were opposite and they were uncorrelated with each other. Revised FACES effectively predicted family function. Reliability coefficients of subscales ranged form .68~.82. Revised FACES had good internal consistency, and construct and criterion related validity.
Early childhood Teachers' Beliefs and Practices Concerning Developmentally Appropriate Practices
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 221~234
The purposes of this study were (a) to ascertain early childhood teachers' beliefs and practices relative to the developmentally appropriate practices, and (b) to determine the relative differences of child care center teachers' beliefs and practices and kindergarten teachers' beliefs and practices. Although interest in obtaining information regarding teachers' beliefs and practices for developmentally appropriate practices in early childhood education is not new, it has commanded considerable attention recently, reflecting concern about growing fragmentation and discontinuity between the early childhood education and care services. A questionnaire measure of 4-and 5-year-old classroom teachers' beliefs and practices based on the guidelines for developmentally appropriate practices of the National Association for the education of Young children, which was consisted of the Teachers' Beliefs Scale(TBS) and the Instructional activities Scale(IAS), was administered to 215 child care center teachers and 215 kindergarten teachers. Positive correlations were found not only between teachers' beliefs and practices but also between developmentally appropriate belief and activities, and between developmentally inappropriate beliefs and activities. There was significant difference between child center and kindergarten teacher groups on the mean scores of each subscale, revealing that kindergarten group had a greater mean score on both TBS and IAS than child care center group. The results of this study implies that there is a great deal of teaching in either child care centers or kindergartens which is not congruent with developmentally appropriate practice. Also, the information obtained with the questionnaire has supported the contention that early childhood education and care services are need to be amalgamated based on the developmentally appropriate practices.
A validation study for the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 235~248
This study was aimed to validate the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating scale (ITERS). The rating scale was translated and adjusted appropriately by two researchers majoring child studies. An item-by-item comparison of the ITERS with criteria of NAEYC was conducted as the measure of content validity. 88% of the items of the ITERS was covered on the NAEYC criteria. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing ITERS scores and the Assessment Profile for early childhood Programs scores. The total correlation of two scores was .87. The sample for the inetrater reliability and internal consistency studies included 30 infant/toddler classes in 30 day care center in Inchon city. Two observers independently rated each class on the ITERS during a single visit. The Spearman's correlation coefficient for interater reliability on the overall scale was .74. For the measure of internal consistency, the Cronbach's Alpha score on the overall scale was .93. The rating results show that national/public child care centers have better quality in Adult Needs and Learning Activities subscales than private child care centers have.
The Relationships of Maternal Attachment, Social Competence and Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving Skill in Kindergarten Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 249~259
The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships of maternal attachment, social competence and interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill. fifty-four children aged 5 and 6 years and their mothers were observed and videotaped in a strange situation. Children were interviewed in order to assess interpersonal cognitive problem solving skill. teachers rated children's social development using modified ISCE(Iowa Social Competency Scale : Preschool Forma). The results showed that there were significant relationships of maternal attachment, social competence and interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill. children of the secure attachment to mothers were greater social activator, cooperative, alternative solution thought and consequential thought. In contrast, children of insecure attachment to mother were less social activator and cooperative, and more hypersensitive and apprehensive. Children's social competence was related to the interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill.
A Comparative Study of Daily Hassels Between Korean and American Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 261~273
In this study, we compared the perceived level of daily hassels between korean and American children. The subjects of this study were 157 Korean and 121 American children in elementary school (5th grade), 156 Korean and 90 American in middle school(7the grade). Daily hassels scale by authors consisted of the school situation, family situation, self, personal relationship and extra situation stress. The main results were as follows; 1. Korean children experienced more stress than America children in school situation, self, persona relationship and extra situation stress. 2. The perceived level of daily hassels scores among Korean and american children are not significantly different by gender. 3. Middle school students experienced more stress than elementary school students in school situation. Especially for the Korean middle school students, school situation was the most stressful factor. 4. For the stress from personal relationship, korean children experienced more stress than American children in every items except problems with by friends and girlfriends. 5. For the stress from extra situation stress, Korean children experienced more stress than American children in every items. From the result, we suggest that educational programs to improve interpersonal relationship skills, self-concept and stress coping skills should be provided for Korean children. And more environmental and educational care should be provided for Korean children, too.
An Empirical Study on the Patterns of Elderly Leisure Activities and their Effects on Life Satisfaction
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 275~288
This paper has two purposes. the one was to find empirical patterns of rural and urban elderly's leisure activities, and the other was to test the effects of elderly's leisure activities on life satisfaction. the data were collected for 319 respondents aged over 50s who resided in Jeonbuk rural and urban areas. Through exploratory factor analysis, we found ten patterns of leisure activities. In addition, we conducted multiple regression analysis to test net effects of those leisure activities on life satisfaction. the results indicate that even no one pattern of leisure activities significantly influences the elderly's life satisfaction, controlling for social correlates (consisted of social structural, family relationship, personality, and socio-economic demographic variables). Rather, the respondent's level of health, level of economic status, and positive relationship with adult children have significant net effects on respondent's life satisfaction. This result suggests that the positive relationship between leisure activities and life satisfaction in the existing empirical studies might be spurious. We recommend that the further studies should conduct survey and analyze the data for affluent elderly residing in more urbanized areas.
South and North Korean Living Cultures : Their Differences and Integration(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 289~315
Living culture, which is a pattern of peoples' everyday living, is influenced by the socio-economic conditions as well as ideology of the society. south and North Korean societies have been segregated during the past 50 years with different socio-those two societies share the same traditional culture. This project was developed to identify the differences in living cultures between South and North Korean societies, and to make suggestions for their successful integration. The first part of the project was concentrated on finding out the current living culture of North Korean families. References on North Korean living culture were reviewed, and North Korean movies related to family living were also analyzed. Besides, in depth interview was conducted with ten people who escaped from North Korean after 1990. The subjects with various demographic backgrounds were asked about lifestyles concerning food, clothing, housing, time management, consumption, child rearing, and family living that they experienced when they were in North Korea. The subjects were also asked to respond to the questionnaires measuring collectivism, materialism, and familism, which were developed for the study to find out the relationship between value orientation and lifestyles. This study revealed differences in many aspects of living cultures of South and North Korea, and relationships were suggested between value orientation and lifestyle. This exploratory study was intended to provided ground for more objective study with large number of subjects in the following year.
Theoretical Approach to the Family Business Management
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 35, issue 6, 1997, Pages 317~334
The purpose of this Study is to theoretically discuss the Family Business. Family Business means a business that is owned and managed by one or more family members. Family Businesses are seen as an avenue to achieve economic security, as motivations for a productive society, and as a method for individuals to receive a monetary return for their talents and initiative. The presence of family business as a predominant business structure in the all of country's economy and their association economic contributions have been documented elsewhere. The overall objectives of this study are to introduce in the Home economics and Home Management field what the Family Business is, concretely to identify the definition of Family Business and related concepts-Home Based Business & Home Based work-, to study the interface of family and business functions within a single family. This study is to examine a clear understanding of the relationship between family functioning and business viability in families who own and operate businesses. Such understanding will be helpful in enhancing the stability and security of families who own and operate business and in developing policies and programs that foster Family Business and assist in their contributions to community and economic development. Also to understand the family and business environments and their interaction can enhance the opportunities and satisfactions for family members who are involved in business together. Results from this study will allow researchers a unique view of the Family business management and will contribute to individual and group well-being in both family and work settings.