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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Life Planning Program for the Elderly -Analysis of Life Planning of Middle-aged and Aged-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 1~22
The purpose of this study was to analyze the state of the living arrangement plan, the housing plan, and economic plan for elderly's life and contributing factors to their life plan. The sample in this study consisted of 713 middle-aged and aged couple living in Korea. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies, means, x2 test, logit analysis and multiple regression. The results could be summarized as follows. The middle-aged and aged couple were planning to live independently in their elderly life. The husband's age, religion, living area, total income, total asset, home owenership had significant effects on the living arrangement of the middle-aged and aged. They had a plan to live in single detached house in their elderly life. And husband's age, educational attaintment, job, and living region were affecting the housing type in their elder life. The middle-aged and aged people had a economic plan that they estimated 970,000 won as living cost in their elderly life. And the factors affecting living costs were husband's educational attaintment, job, and total asset.
A Study on the Relationship between Clothing Brand Loyalty and Lifestyles
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 23~34
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between clothing Brand Loyalty and lifestyles The questionnaire was administered to 644 males and females aged 30-40 in Taegu during November 24 to November 28 of 1997. Data was analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, reliability test MANOVA and ANOVA by using SPSS package. 1. The lifestyles of the responednts were classified into five types such as consumption-oriented, economics-oriented, social-oriented, family-oriented, and conservative-oriented type. 2. The results of clothing Brand Loyalty and lifestyle analysis were as follows; 1) In case of males, the group of consumption-oriented type and in case of females, three groups of consumption-oriented, social-oriented and family-oriented types had great concern for brand loyalty in lifestyles and brand loyalty. 2) With relation to brand loyalty and lifestyles, thirties-aged respondents had a positive tendency to brand loyalty in consumption-oriented and social-oriented types, but forties-aged ones had a positive tendency to brand loyalty in consumption-oriented, social-oriented and family-oriented types. 3) With relation among the academic careers, lifestyles and brand loyalty, three groups(consumption-oriented, social-oriented and family-oriented types) under high-school graduates made high response to brand loyalty, and two groups (consumption-oriented and social-oriented types) of college graduates showed something responsive to it and the consumption -oriented persons of graduate school and upward made response to brand loyalty. 4) With relation among an income, brand loyalty and lifestyles, three types(consumption-oriented, social-oriented and family-oriented types) of an income not exceeding one million and half won a month were related to brand loyalty. And two types(consumption-oriented and social-oriented types) of an income below two million won a month made high response to brand loyalty. And the consumption-oriented type of an income below three million won and more than three million and half a month made good response to brand loyalty. 5) In general relation between brand loyalty and five lifestyles, the consumption-oriented type made positive response to brand loyalty and the social-oriented type was in the second place and the family-oriented type ranked next to the social-oriented type. But the economics-oriented and conservative-oriented type were not related to brand loyalty. 6) It was found that there was a difference between brand loyalty and the same lifestyle according to individual characteristics.
A Case Study of Husbands' Housework Type-focused on dual-earner couples-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 35~48
The Korean family is changing. The growth in dual-earner households has been the 'revolution' of the century, implying inevitable modification of the role division in marriage toward greater symmetry of responsibility for breadwinning and homemaking. So, the purpose of this study is to understand husbands' housework and to investigate the change of the husbands' housework. This means to investigate how the husband is related to housework. For these research purpose, 60 dual-earner couples were deeply interviewed. The major discussions of this study can be summarized as follows: There are four types of housework in men's work, the type of refusal, the type of avoidance, the type of inevitability, and the type of participation. These types are taken order to understand change in housework is women's work. Men in the type of avoidance in household work is 25%, they have a tendency to avoid housework with making any excuses. People in the type of inevitability is 20%. These men are compelled to work in household owing to circumstances beyond control. 13% of couples is type of participation. These have a new idea of housework. They don't get the gender role division. They can become a good husband. and eventually solve conflicts and problems in couples.
A Study on the Practive of Middle School Students in Three Systems of Action in Home Life in Relation with Home Economics Curriculum Contents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 49~64
The purpose of this study is to find out the degree of practice in three systems of action in home life of female and male middle school students who have learned the home economics under the 6th curriculum revision for three years since 1995 by teacher's major, student's sex, help from the family members, mothers' job, and the form of family. The results of this study are as follows: 1) The practice in systems of action in home life is relatively low in the communicative action, but is high unexpectably in emancipative action. 2) Depending on teacher's major, the practice in systems of action in home life of the students who have been taught by home economics majored teacher is high in communicative action but there is no significant difference in emancipative action between two groups. 3) The r]practice of female students is high in family, clothing, and housing areas, but therer is no significant difference between female and male students in resources and consuming, and food and nutrition areas of home life. 4) The more the family members help the students, the higher their practice in systems of action in home life. 5) The practice in all systems of action in home life has no significant difference between mothers with jobs and mothers without jobs. 6) There is no significant difference in systems of action in home life among groups by forms of family. 7) The result of multiple regression analysis shows that the helf from family members and sex of student independent variables have relative influence in the practice of home life.
The Causal Relations of Children's Social Adjustment and Related Variables: Focusing on the Parenting Stressor, Social Support and Parenting Behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 65~78
The purpose of this study was to analyze a causal relations of preschool aged children's social adjustment, socio-demographic variables, parenting stressor, social support and parenting behaviors. The major findings of this study were as follow; (1) Parenting stressor was the first contribution factor on preschool aged children's adjustment. (2) Parenting stressor had a indirect effect through social suport, limit setting, encouragement of independence behavior as well as a direct effect on preschool aged children's social adjustment. (3) Preschool aged children's social adjustment was affected by social support indirectly through parenting behaviors. (4) Encouragement of independent behavior, limit setting behavior had a direct effect on preschool aged children's social adjustment.
Environmental Perception of Consumers and Clothing Consumption Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 79~88
The purpose of this study is to identify environmental perception of clothing consumption behavior taking socioo-economic variables into account. An instrument, based on previous research was administered to 213 housewives in Taegu area. In analyzing the data, factor analysis, t-test, ANOVA, regression analysis were used. The finding of this indicated that the environmental perception of clothing consumption were significant in purchasing, managing, and disposal of clothing. Among socio-economics variables, income and educational level were found to be significant in explaining the variance of enviromental perception behavior of clothing consumption. The important results of this study are discussed and implications are provided.
A Study on the Construction of Korean Late Adolescent Individuation Questionnaire
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 89~102
As a quality of dyadic relationships in the family, individuation refers to the interplay between the connectedness and separateness of family members. The aims of this study were: 1) to develop of the newly measure of Korean late adolescent's individuation; 2) to examine the reliability and validity of the newly developed measure. 435(165 male, 270 female) college students completed the Korean Late Adolescent Individuation Questionnare(KLAIQ), and Korean version of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire(SACQ), and Korean version of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire(SACQ). Using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis three subdimensions of individuation were identified: Connectedness(7items), Self-confidence(5 items), and Parent control(4 items). A total 16 items of the KLAIQ were found to have acceptable reliability and face and construct validity. A total 16 items of the KLAIQ were found to have acceptable reliability and face and construct validity. Scale scores from the KLAIQ correlated in the predicted pattern with the SACQ. Individuated students demonstrated the highest college adjustment scores while ambiguous students yielded the lowest. Therefore, it would appear that the KLAIQ can adequately measure individuation in Korean late adolescence.
Social Stress, Alcohol and Wife Abuse in Urban Poor Families
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 103~118
Although there is a little concern about wife beating, the problem is in very serious level. Especially many community workers in urban poor areas reported that they often wittnessed wife abuse cases and most battered women have no place to ask help. However, there is not many systematic analysis on wife abuse in those areas. The purpose of this study are (1) to more accurately estimate the incidence of wife abuse in poor families; (2) to examine the interrelationships of socio economic status, stress and alcohol consumption of wife abuse. The results show that almost 1 out of 3 husbands in urban poor areas carried out 1 or more physical violence acts against their wives during the last year and that social stress has statistically significant relationship with wife abuse in the urban poor families.
A Study on the Dance Costume of Greece
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 119~130
This is on the dance costume of ancient Greece. The present study classified the characteristics of Greek dance and dance costume according to the silhouette, quality of material, color and ornaments. Materials of the study are the pictures and figures presented in literatures, sculptures, crockeries, murals, coins. The dances of Greece can be classified into religious dance, educational dance, recreational dance, dramatic dance and various forms of dance on each dances were developed. Especially, it is the greatest character that Greeks gave dances educational value and created composit art including song, lines and dance. As dance costume, Himation, Chiton, Chlamys which Greeks generally wore were widely worn. Also, the beauty of dance costume was maximized by the changes of basic costumes and development of various ways of wearing. Especially, professional dancers wore costumes shorter than knee-length ones forming a A-line silhouette different from a cylindrical one. Thin cloth revealing body silhouette such as fiax hemp, linen, silk were used as materials of dance costumes. As for colors, white was mainly used, But orange, blue and green were used, too. They wore band, scarf, bonnet on the head and seldom used any ornaments except for fibula. They wore the same sandals which Greeks wore, Crepis, front-heeled shoes which is thought to be the origin of modern ballet shoes for the technique of toe in dance. As mentioned above, as the dance costume of Greece were mainly worn as the similar forms of the dance costume of Greeks, various forms of costumes were worn with the development of dance and bold ways of wearing and silhouette were developed unlike the costume of common people.
The Symbolic Consumption of Adolescent Clothing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 131~144
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences of symbolic consumption of adolescents, and the effects of demographic factors on the symbokic consumption in clothing. Data were administered to 957 adolescents in middle, high school, and college students living in Seoul, Chonju, Sunchon, Yousu, and Kwangyang from May to June 1997. For analysis of the data, factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOCA, duncan's multiple range test, and multiple regression analysis were employed. The results of this study were summarized as follows. 1) Symbolic consumption in colthing were shown to have the significant differences accoding to age, gender, the level of urbanization, parent's education, father's occupation, social stratification groups. The higher the age, the level of urbanization, and parent's education, father's occupation, social stratification is, or the female, the higher is symbolic consumption in clothing. 2) According to the results of the regression analysis examining the rerlative influences of variables affecting symbolic consumption in clothing, the relative importance of the variables are in order of; income, gender, age, mother's education, residence, and their explanatory powere totalled 11.5%.
The family value orientations among adolescent, middle and old generation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 145~160
The purposes of this research were to find out general trends of family value orientations among adolescent, middle and old generation and to investigate the differences according to related variables. For this study, three kinds of questionnaire were used and the data were obtained through 1194 samples of three generation groups living in Seoul and Kwangju. The traditional trends of old generation's value orientations were outstanding while adolescents relatively showed modernized value orientations. The value differences between adolescent and middle generation were larger than between middle and old generation. Especially value orientations of children and sex-role were largely changed, but familism was relatively preserved even in adolescent generation. The family value orientations differed significantly according to gender, age, eduaction level, income, occupation, and family type. Generally middle and adolescent women showed more modernized value orientatons than men and value orientations of three generation were most likely to be correlated with family satisfaction level.
The Needs of Support for Household Labor: Perspective of Women's Policy
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 161~178
This study attemps to identify the factors related to dealing withy work-family conflict of employed women, and to investigate the needs and the methods of support for household labor. Especially, the results of this study aims to be reflected in women's policy from a political point of view. For these purposes, 477 married women those being employed (more than 30 hours per week) and having nuclear family were selected. Statistics were frequencies, means, percentile, and two-way ANOVA. The results were as follows. First, employed mother's housework time is 5 hours 16 minutes on a weekday and 9 hours 32 minutes on Sunday with the exception of market work time. And 84.5% of total housework was performed by housewife. Thus they take chage of work burden(market work and housework), and make a difficulties of cooking and family care. Seconds, the highest needs of support was the change of thought on division of labor, responsibility on housework, and status of women. The next were the needs of the social organization(flex-time, a special holiday for woman workers, home-based work) and the public institution(day-care center, school feeding). Thirds, contributing factors to the needs of support were housewife's age and occupation. So, this two factors were crossed in order to analyze family type by factors.
Financial Status of Elderly Households -to make a Financial Plan for Retirement Preparation-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 10, 1998, Pages 179~196
The purpose of this study was to analyze the financial status of Korean elderly households to make a financial plan for retirement preparation. The sample obtained from 1997 KHPS, consisted of 326 households of 55-64 aged and 210 households of 65 and over aged. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies, percentile, univariate analysis and logistic analysis. And Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient were used to compare the financial status. The results could be summarized as follows. First, total income, total expenditure, total debt and net worth of 55-64 aged group were higher than those of 65 and over group, while total asset of 55-64 aged group was similar to 65 and over group's Second, total expediture to total imcome ratio(R1) and total asset to total debt ratio(R4) of 55-64 aged group were higher than 65 and over group's, but net worth to minimum cost of living ratio(R2) and financial asset to monthly expenditure ratio(R3) of 65 and over group were higher than 55-64 aged group's . Third, R4's Gini coefficient was the highest and R1's Gini coefficient was the lowest among all Gini coefficients. Also, R1's and R4's Gini coefficients of 55-64 aged group were greater than 65 and over group's. ourth, variables affecting R1's stability of 55-64 aged group were household head's age, educatonal attainment and family type, while those of 65 and over group were household head's age, past economic experience and the number of children. There was no significant variable affecting R2's stability of 55-64 aged group, but there was only household head's pst economic experience affecting those of 65 and over group. The variable contributing to R3's stability of 55-64 aged group was residence while the variables of 65 and over group were household head's educational attainment, past economic experience and the number of children. The variables contributing to R4's stability of 55-64 aged group were the number of children and residence, and the number of children was one variable of contributing to R4's stability of 65 and over aged group.