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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Socially Responsible Attitude and Behavior of Consumer
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 1~17
The purpose of this study was to investigate causal relation and the influence of socially reponsible atitude and behavior of consumer. In an analysis of causal effect on the socially responsible attitude and behavior of consumer, the most influential variables on the socially responsible behavior of consumer was the socially responsible attitude. And house pattern, altruism, liberalism, dogmatism, perceived consumer effectiveness, environmental concern, faith on the consumer regulation policy, and neutral information had effect on the socially responsible behavior of consumer directly and indirectly.
1998년도 제 51차 정기총회 및 추계 학술대회
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 8~79
A Person-Process-Context Model of Mate Selection and Marital Adjustment in Arranged and Love-Based Korean Marriages
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 19~41
Residential Preferences by Occupation and Health Status for the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 43~59
The purpose of this study was to analyze the residential preferences, the type of house, the size of living space, and the region for later life and contributing factors to their housing plan. The sample in this study consisted of 572 aged couple living in Korea. Statistics employed for the analysis were frequencies, means, X2test, logit analysis and multiple regression. The results could be summarized as follows. They preferred 31.2 pyung as living space, the single detacted house(81.1%) and living in middle-small cities or rural area. The present living space, present living area, satisfaction of economic status had significant effects on the living space in later life. Those who had a plan to live in the single detached house were affected by husband's educational attaintment, the type of present house, present and future living region. And the factors affecting furture living region were present living region, household income, household expenditure, total asset and preferred housing type. The affecting factors were different from future residential preferences by occupation and health status.
Parental Emotion Regulation and Children's Understanding of Emotional Display Rules
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 61~72
The purpose of this study was to investigate parental emotion regulation and children's understanding of emotional display rules. 31 boys and 29 girls of the first and fourth grades and their parents were selected for the subject. Sixty children were interviewed on eight interpersonal conflict situations and parent completed the PACES(Saarni, 1985) separately. The main results of this study were as follows. 1) Children's understanding of emotional display rules increased with age. 2) Children's primary justification for using emotional display rules was self-protective one. Girls used more often prosocial justification than boys. 3) Parental emotion regulation was significantly different between the two contexts: a child might cause another person substantial emotional distress and a child didn't cause another person substantial emotional distress. 4) Parental regulation was differed by children's age in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress. 5) Father's regulation was differed by children's sex in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress. 6) Maternal regulation was positively correlated to the level of emotional display rules in the context that the child might cause another person substantial emotional distress.
A study on the family ethics in 1950s and 1960s through the experiences of the elders
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 73~90
During the period of 1950s and 1960s extreme changes in political, economic, social and cultural environments had a great influence on family ethics, since the western civilization had been introduced to this nation in late 19th century. This paper studied the family ethics during the above periods by interviewing elders(average age 77) who had couple relations at that time focusing the followings. During the period, ① what is the view of family? ② what are the actual sapects and characteristics of married couple ethics? ③ what are the actual aspects and characteristics of the ethics between parents and their children? The results of this study are as follows; ① The indispensable requisite of the parents is a son who functions as the tool for enhancing social position of their family rather than succession of them. The nuclear family is regraded ideal, but the concept of nuclear family of them is far different from that of western. ② The married couples accepts the given couple relations in the name of bringing up their children. The ideal image of wife is traditional wifely virtues and that of husband is ability of making money. ③ The parents emphasize education and success of their children for enhancing the social position of their family, while they still require some degree of moral standards to their children. The parents believe that the best filial piety is making good lives of their children's own, which is somewhat different from the traditional filial piety norm.
A Study of Variables Related to Parental Child-Rearing Practices
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 91~101
The purpose of this study was to identify which of the variables were associated with ineffective parental child-rearing practices and to examine the effects of cumulative risk factors on ineffective child-rearing practices. The subjects for this study consisted of 120 mothers and 120 fathers of two to six year old children attending a university child development laboratories. Self-report questionnaire were used to collect data on the following variables: 1) family backgrojnd characteristics; 2) child temperament; 3) quality of life; 4) social support; 5) intergenerational trasmission of parenting; and 6) parental disciplinary practices. Descriptive analysis, t-test, and chi-square analyses were used for data description and analysis. The major findings were as follows: 1) Mothers who perceived the child as being less emotional, more soothable, and who had higher levels of marital satisfaction and job satisfaction engaged in more effective child-rearing practices. 2) Fathers who perceived the child as being less emotional, and who have boys provided more effective child-rearing practices. 3) For both mothers and fathers, parents with higher levels of quality life, social support, and family income exhibited more effective child-rearing practices. 4) Parents exposed to several risk factors were much more likely to exhibit ineffective child-rearing practices than parents exposed to no risk factors. The results of this study indicate that the characteristics of the child, parent, and contextual factors all contribute to the parental child-rearing pracitices.
The Relationships of Home Environment and Personal factors to Children's Prosocial behaviors : Analysis of sex & age
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 103~117
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of home environments, personal factors on prosocial behaviors through analysis on children's sex and age. The data were collected by questionnaire method from 190 elementary school and 102 middle school children in Pusan. The instruments used are the child's prosocial behavior test on the basis of the self report scale by Yang, Jean Sook(1991). Frequency and regression analysis were applied for data analyses. The main results of the study were as follows; (1) Prosocial behaviors were directly influenced by home environments and personal factors on children's prosocial behaviors. Personal factors were stronger than home environments in influencing on children's prosocial behaviors. (2) Girl's prosocial behaviors were influenced by home economic level, parent's educational level, leaderships, the sphere of peer relations, popularity, prosocial behavior experience and maturity of prosocial motive. Boy's prosocial behaviors were influenced by leaderships, the sphere of peer relations, popularity, prosocial behavior experience and maturity of prosocial motive. (3) The effects of home environments and personal factors for prosocial behavior differed accoring to children's age. The more children aged, the less home environment & effective factors influenced.
A Study on Housing Value Orientation of Model Steel House Visitors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 119~128
This study was designed to find tendencies of housing value orientation of the model steel house visitors. Questionnaires were collected in June, 1997, 1,550 in total, 508 cases from Seoul, 456 cases from Pohang, and 486 cases from Kwangyang. Data were analyzed in terms of housing value orientation, using statistical methods including frequencies, mean, percentages, chi-square test and multiple regression. The major findings are as follows; 1. The subjects were highly educated(64% of them were college graduates) with the monthly income over 2,000,000won(approximately $1,540). The average monthy income of the subjects in Seoul, about 4,000,000won($3,070), was much higher than that of other areas. Most of the subjects were condominium owners(72%), who preferred single detatched houses or town houses located in suburban areas. 2. Differences in general tendencies among the three regional groups were statistically significant. Most significantly, subjects living in Pohang regarded the reputation of the building construction company most importnat. Subjects of all three regional areas, especially in Pohang, emphasized investment value. The price of the steel house was regarded as very important by all the groups tested. The housing value orientation was analyzed in 3 aspects; (1) Facility.Plumbing.Structure(FPS), (2) Interior space formation.Design(ID) and (3) Developmental complex.Near Environment(DN). Interior environment level, stability of house structure, and finighing state of interiors were identified as the important factors in the area of FPS(p<.05). The Interior plan organization was the most important factor among ID. As for DN, rated importantly were educational facilities, green areas, convenience of commercial facilities within the developmental complex were rated importantly.
A Study on the Development of Criterion Scores for the Maternal Behavior Q-set in Korea
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 129~139
The purpose of this study was to develop criterion scores for the Korean version of the Maternal Behavior Q-set. The Maternal Behavior Q-set was developed as a means of describing maternal behavior at home. This Q-set consists of 90 items which are sorted to reflect the degree of similarity with mother's observed behavior. A mother's sensitives score is the correlation between this description of her behavior with the criterion scores of Maternal sensitivity. The criterion scores of Maternal sensitivity were developed by 10 judges who are cognizant in attachmet theory and maternal behavior in natural contexts. The correlation among each of the 10 judge's maternal sensitivity scores was grater than .72. The maternal sensitivity criterion scores developed for Korean mothers correlated highly with the criterion scores for North American mothers. And the interobservers' correlation of the sensitivity scores ranged between. .47∼.93. According to the items in the Maternal Behavior Q-set judged to be most like and most unlike the prototypically sensitive mothers, "When baby is distressed, mother is able to quickly and accurately identify the source" proved to be the most sensitive maternal behavior item. "Mother seldom speaks to the baby directly" was the least sensitive maternal behavior item.
QR Adoption and Merchandiser's Activity in the Korean Apparel Industry
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 141~156
The purpose of this study was to investigate current QR technology usages and merchandisers' roles and information activities in the Korean apparel industry. Data were collected by interview and questionnaire with merchandisers in apparel companies, manufacturing apparels for both men and women. Statistical analyses were t-test, ANOVA, frequency with SAS program. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The usage of QR technology was generally low. But POS, bar-coding, logistics and small lot order were highly used compared to other technologies. CAD, automated sewing operation, unit product system, logistics, and small lot order were more used in domestic national brand than in import license brand. POS applications were more used in product planning division than in others. 2. Merchandisers played important roles in making major decisions on cost price, sales price, manufacturing request, delivery data, production quantity, produce mix, budget planning, market timing and delivery channels. Products planning was conducted mostly on a monthly basis. Price was determined mainly according to cost price, while the production quantity depended on the last year's sales. Usually sales were analyzed on a daily basis. 3. Merchandisers got more information on fashion them and color trend from foreign information sources than from domestic, while more information on fabrication from domestic sources. For fashion design information they used the equal amount from domestic and foreign sources. Over all degree of utilization in each field of fashion information was fugured rather high.
Disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure among the families in the Seoul area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 157~182
The primary goal of this study is to identify disintegration and reconstruction of the family/kinship structure in the rapidly industrializing urban area, Seoul. For this purpose, detailed data about (1) the value related to the family and kinship (2) the family relationship, especially marital relationship (3) the attitude of divorce and remarriage (4) the characteristics of the social network (5) the family/kin rites and attitude about the rites are gathered. A total of 716 subjects completed structured questionnaires. Major conclusions of the study are as follows: Firstly, most of the respondents are found not to support familism and boy preference, and they show an ambivalence about the child value analyzed by concepts of the cost and reward. Secondly, most of the respondents perceive that marital relationship has been changed toward the direction of increased relative importance of wives' opinion in the decision making process within the family. However, they believe that husbands still have more power than their wives. Respondents also believe that parents have more power than their children. Thirdly, most of the respondents view divorce as an altemative to unhappy marriage. It was also shown that relatively few have negative attitude toward remarriage. Fourthly, the social network of the respondents is characterized by two distinct trends, namely, strong parent-child ties and narrowed kin relationship. Fifthly, the urbanization and the introduction of western life style have disrupted the traditional rites of passage. But ancestral rites serve to confirm family ties, especially the gathering of siblings to perform ancestral rites for parents. Therefore foreign element exist in parallel with pre-existing traditional elements.
Serum glucose and lipid profiles according to dietary carbohydrate and lipid intake ratio in NIDDM patients
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 183~191
This study aimed at the effect on serum glucose and lipid profiles according to carbohydrate / lipid intake ratio in Korean 191 NIDDM patients. Most of NIDDM patients belong to under 50-64 years. As carbohydrate intake level increased, lipid intake level decreased. The group of higher carbohydrate / lipid intake ratio shows significantly high in fasting glucose level and postprandial glucose in NIDDM patients. The higher carbohydrate / lipid intake ratio the higher dietary linoleic and
-3 fatty acid level but not in dietary
6 ratio. Serum HDL decrease inhigher carbohydrate lipid intake ratio group. Serum total lipid and PUFA level decrease according to ditary total lipid intake decrease in men but not significantly different.
Structural Equational Modeling of the Determinants of Home Environment and Peer Group Environment for Children's Self'Perceived Competence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 193~207
The Review of Female Labor Supply
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 209~218
The purpose of this study was to conduct the review of female labor suply, and thus, to provide useful theoretical and empirical frameworks for future studies related to female labor supply. Based on the theory of the allocation of time, the process of individual labor supply was systematically reviewed. Participation Probit/Logit, Tobit, and Selection B;ias Corrected Regression were considered in estimating the function of female labor supply which modifies the selection bias. Based on the previous empirical results, wage rate, asset income, husband's income, the level of eduction, and child-related variables such as the presence of child and the number of children might be considered for the empirical specification of female labor supply.
A Study on Credit Card Uses and Debt Burden of Multiple Credit Card Holders
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 219~230
The purpose of this study was to understand credit card uses and debt burden of the multiple credit card holders. Data were obtained from 428 housewives living in Seoul. OLS regression analysis was used for examining factors affecting credit card uses and debt burden for the multiple credit card holders. The findings could be summarized as follows. First, among the three types of credit cards-bank card, retail card, and professional card, the multiple credit card holders tended to have more bank cards than retail and professional cards. Second, holding of the professional card was positively associated with both the frequency and the amount of credit card use per month. Third, the household income, age, employment status, and motive were important factors in predicting their attitudes toward credit card. Forth, the level of education, employment status, holding of the professional card, motive, amount of credit card use, and attitude toward credit card had singificant effects on their perceived debt burden.
South and North Korean Living Cultures : Their Differences and Integration (II)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 11, 1998, Pages 231~250
Living culture, which is a pattern of peoples' everyday living, is influenced by the socio-economic conditions as well as ideology of the society. South and North Korean societies have been segregated during the past 50 years with different socio-economic conditions and idelogies, resultsing different living cultures, even though those two societies share the same traditional culture. This project was developed to identify the differences in living cultures between South and North Korean societies, and to make suggestions for their successful integration. The second part of the project was concentrated on finding out the current living culture of North Korean families. Based on indepth interview with ten people who escaped from North Korea after 1990, empirical survey with 158 subjects was conducted. The subjects with various demographic backgrounds were asked about lifestyles concerning family living, child rearing, consumption, time management that they experienced when they were in North Korea. This study revealed differences in many aspects of living cultures of South and North Korea, and relationships were suggested in four lifestyles. This study was intended to provide ground for more information to the following study that will explore the cue of integration between South and North Korean societies in living culture.