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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
The Relations of Personality Characteristics and Victimization by Peers to Loneliness in Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 1~9
The relations of personality characteristics, such as shyness, sociability and self-disclosure and victimization by peers to loneliness in adolescents were examined with a sample of 485 second-grade highschool students(256 boys and 229 girls). They answered the questionnaires on loneliness as well as shyness, sociability, self-disclosure, and victimization by peers. All variables were significantly related to loneliness. The more shy they were and the more victimization by peers they experienced, the more lonely they were. The more sociable they were and the more self-disclosure they showed, the less lonely they were. All variables significantly predicted loneliness and the most influential predictor of loneliness was victimization by peers, indicating that the influence of victimization by peers on loneliness is so powerful for the adolescents.
The Influence of Parental Value Orientation, Morality and Discipline on the Development of Adolescent's Civism
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 11~23
This study was attempted to find out the familial influence on adolescent's civism. For this purpost, data were obtained from 177 male and female freshmen and sophomores at univerwities in Seoul and Inchon and analyzed with correlation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheff test and stepwise multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: 1) The level of parents' education and family living had no significant relations to adolescent's civism. 2) Parents and adolescent interaction had indirect influence on adolescent's civism through parents' morality and discipline. 3) Parents' morality, materialistic value orientation and discipline about community norms had influences on adolescent's civism in descending order. These independent variables explained 20.5% of the total variance.
Pre-Parent Education Program developing Model(session4 : Becoming parents through the experience of pregnancy and childbirth) Applied to HALS(Hypermedia-Aided Learning System)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 25~41
HALS(Hypermedia-Aided Learning System) is very useful computer networking educational system in high information society, and was developed by Kyungwon University. This system has three characteristics; 1) face to face learning, 2) ultra high speed information networing, 3) web based hypermedia courseware. So, the purpose of this study is to try the application to pre-parent eucational program(session 4 : becoming parents through the experience of pregnancy and childbirth). For this purpose it is described the definition and characteristics of HALS. Next, it is represented the model of pre-parent educational program applied to HALS and the pictures of the session 4 (initial window, help function window, etc).
A Study on the Shapes of the Neck and the Shoulder in Dressmaking; young wonen age group
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 43~54
From the viewpoint of clothing construction, it is necessary to grasp exactly the shapes of the neck and the shouder, such as the line of the neck base, the neck gradient, the shoulder gradient, the shape of the scapular, and the shape of the breast. In this report, factor analysis was applied to 39 items of neck & shoulder level measurements, including stature, weight, but grith, waist girth, to demonstrate the most relevant measurements for collar and bodice pattern designing, and to classify the neck and shoulder level shapes. The subjects investigated were 126 women of the age 20-29. The main results are follows : 1. For factors of body form were extracted by the factor analysis. The 1st principal component can be interpreted as "size" component, the 2nd-3th principal component is "shape" component relating to neck and shoulder level, and the 4th principal component is "shoulder shape" component. 2. With regard to factor loadings, we were able to extract the most relevant measurements for collar and bodice pattern designing. M16, M22, S26, S30, S34, S35, S36, C37, C38, C39.
Role Strain Coping Behaviors and Associated Variables among Non-professional Working Mothers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 55~71
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of coping behaviors of non-professional working mothers and find out the individual and situational factors which affect the degree of coping behaviors. For this research, the working mothers in non-professional job with children under age 18 answered the structured questionaire. The findings were as follows. First, the degree of coping behaviors was rather high in multiple role management strategies, strengthening family system and positive thinking, but rather low in housework socialization and role reduction/standard adjustment. Second, the effect of associated variables were different according to the subcategories of coping behaviors. So we conclude that, the coping behaviors of the non-professional working mothers were different from those of professional working mothers in some aspects, althought they have much similarities. The different aspects were 1) The relationship of family income and the degree of housework socialization was more evident. 2) The work-related variables did not affect the coping process significantly because of the conservative sex-role attitued of them. Second, non-professional working mothers should use coping behaviors such as housework socialization, role reduction/standard adjustment more for the more effective management of the role strain. Third, the attitude of occupational and parental role was one of the most important factors in using the role strain coping behaviors. And such an unconscious use of the coping behavior won't be helpful in the feeling of control over environment including role strain and active coping of working mothers.
A Study on Children's Self-Perception and Daily Hassels : Compare with American and Korean Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 73~86
In this study, we compared how different the self-perception and the daily hassels between the Korean and American children. The subjects were 706 fifth and seventh grade students. Data were obtained by administrating a questionnaire. The instruments used for this study were self-perception profile for children scale(SPPC) and stress scale. 1. All the SPPC factors for Korean children was significantly lower than those for American children. The SPPC fators for American children didn't show any significant differences by grades. But for Korean children seventh graders showed significantly lower SPPC than fifth graders. 2. The most significant factor to predict the golbal self-worth was physical appearance for boys and girls. Self perception for physical appearance is more influential factor than scholastic competence to form the positive self-perception for both boys and girls. 3. The daily hassels for Korean children were significantly higher than those for American childredn. Also daily hassels for seventh graders were significantly higher than those for fifth graders. 4. Daily hassels global self worth correlated negatively. When the level of stress was increased, the global self-worth was decreased.
A Study for the Enhancement of Korean Married Women's Quality of Life: The level of the Quality of Life and It's Influential Factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 87~104
This study explores the life quality(LQ) of Korean married women compared to Korean married men's LQ, examines personal factors' and home environmental factors' influences to Korean married women's LQ via psychological factors such as social belongingness, positive emotion, self-esteem, and sense of intemal control in causal model, and explores Korean married women's perceived important factors and perceived enhancement required factors in life. The questionnaire was administered to 941 Korean married women and their husbands who have one or more children in Pusan. The results indicated that: 1. The overal and most sub dimensional LQ of Korean married women mark medium level and were lower than that of Korean married men's. Korean married women who is highly educated, keeps efficient communication with their husband, self-esteem, sense of internal control, social belongingness, and positive emotion, and possess high SES and much available resources shows higher LQ than those who doesn't. 2. The efficient communication with husband and available resources have direct and indirect influences on Korean married women's LQ. The psychological mediatory factors of these two variables' influences on women's LQ are such as social belongingness, positive emotion, self-esteem and sense of intemal control. SES has direct influence only and the educational level has indirect influence via social belongingness only on Korean married women's LQ. All these factors explain 58% of Korean married women's LQ variance. 3. Korean married women rank family health, family reconciliation, husband's success, and children's achievement as the very important factors in life. They also rank husbands success, economic abundant, family reconciliation, family health, and their self-actualization as the very required factors for enhancing the given LQ.
A Study on Clothing Image Preferences Associated with Extroversion-Introversion, Gender, and Age
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 105~114
The objectives of this study were to classify the contents of clothing image preferences, and to examine how clothing image preferences vary according to extroversion-introversion, gender, and age. Subjects for the study were 627 men and women ranging in ages from teens to forties in Kwangju City, Korea. The results of the study were as follows; 1) Four factors of clothing image preference derived by factor analysis : F. 1 'peculiar image' ; F. 2 'noble image' ; F. 3 'bright image' ; F. 4 'sprightly imagel'. 2) The interaction between extroversion-introversion groups and gender groups was significant for sprigtly images. The men of extroversion group tended to prefer gentle images, while the women of extroversion group preferred sprightly images. 3) The women liked sprightly images more than the men, the liked gentle images more. Women in their 20's liked sprightly image most, but as they grew older they tended to prefer gentle images. 4) The extroversion groups liked peculiar images more than the introversion groups. Teens liked peculiar image more than the others, subjects in their 30's and 40's preferred commonplace images. 5) The extroversion groups liked noble images more than the introversion groups. Women in their 30's and 40's liked popular images more than female subjects in their teens and twenties. Women in their teens and twenties liked popular images more than did the men in the same age group. 6) The extroversion groups liked bright images more than the introversion groups. Men in their teens and 20's liked bright images more than did men in their 30's and 40's. This finding suggests that women liked sprightly and noble clothing images, and men liked commonplace and gentle images. As they grew older, they tended to like commonplace, popular, and gentle clothing images. The extroversion groups liked peculiar, noble, and bright images more than did the introversion groups. The results of this study mean that personality traits such as extroversion-introversion are characteristics that affect clothing preferences, and it is possible to infer people's personality by their attire.
A Study on Elderly Parent's Perception of Emotion and Interchange with their Adult Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 115~127
The purpose of this study intended to fully understand from the point of view of the elderly parent's satisfaction in the living to adult children. The subject of this study was elderly parent's over 55 years old whom live in Iksan. The sample was composed of 146 cases. The data were analyzed using SPSS statistic program. The major findings were as follows : 1) The effective indicator was related economic parts ; earns, the cost of living, educational background, sex, affection. 2) The affection related between elderly parent's and adult children was found to be high and the conflict between them was found to be low. 3) The economic interchange between elderly parent's and their adult children was influenced by religion, cohabitance with adult children. The effective indicator was conflict and dependent emotions. The serviced interchanges was influenced by spouse, sex, earns.
Development of a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and Examination of Urban Low Income Housewives' Coping Strategy
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 129~143
The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and to examine coping characteristics of Korean housewives form urban low-income families using this Scale. Two hundred and forty mothers were either interviewed or filled out this Coping Strategy Scale and Demograpic Information Questionnaire. The Coping Strategy Scale consisted of 14 items under 4 dimensions of problem-solving, support-seeking, emotion-regulation/explosion, and abandonment. Item analysis and construct validation were found acceptable. The alpha coefficient of the Scale was 73. The results showed that the mothers used problem-solving most as a coping strategy, followed by supportseeking and emotion-regulation/explosion. Abandonment coping strategy was used least frequently. The demographic variables of mother's and their husbands' age, duration of marriage, income and expenditure per moth were significantly related to mothers' coping strategies.
An Ecological Study on the Cause of Wife Abuse Behavior among Korean Husbands
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 145~160
The purpose of the study were two fokls: to investigate causes of wife abuse through both husbands and wives as the research subject and through ecological perspective as a theoretical framework. Data were collected using self-reporting questionnaires distributed to 400 couples in Seoul and Taegu. 280 questionnaires were used in the final analysis. The major findings of the study were summarized in the following. First, the percentage of samples who reported one or more instances of acts in each scale was 84.3%(236 couples). They reported having been a vicitm of abuse by their partners at least one instance in the preceding 12 months. Secondly, the hierarchical and stepwise regression yielded the result that wife abuse behavior by husbands was influenced by husband's microsytem(e.g.job stress, marital satisfaction, education level and occupation) and organism variables(e.g. husband's perceptions about the violence level of mass media, childhood observation of parental violence, childhood experience of the battering). These variables accounted for 38% of variance of wife abuse behavior among Korean husbands.
A Study on the Degree of Interest to Manners Education before and Attitude and Behavioral Change Satisfaction of Manners Education after for Women's University Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 161~173
The purpose of this study was to investigated on the degree of interest of manners education before and attitude and behavior change satisfaction of post-manners education for Women's University Students. The data for this study were collected from 518 subjects, who were Sookmyng Women's University Students in November, 1996. The subjects were analyzed by Cronbach's α, Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Anova, Factor analysis, Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. The results were as follows; 1) The general tendency of students' degree of interest of manners education before for Women's University Students was high. 2) Attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was some high. Among the variables, individual life manners, family relations manners, job manner, and wedding ceremony were some high then the other manners areas. 3) The variables of the positive influences for students attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education were degree of interest of manners education before, mother's age, grade, major, university life-satisfaction, and mother's job, negative influence variables was family life-satisfaction. 4) The intermediated variable of attitude and behavioral change satisfaction of post-manners education was degree of interest of manners education before and university life-satisfaction. We hope this study to be used as basic data for developing manners education model in university. We also expect further studies on university manners education with precise scale and sampling.
The Comparison of Quality of Life and Housing Satisfaction between Seoul and Chung-Ju City Residents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 175~189
The purpose of this study were 1) to investigate the degree of quality of life and housing satisfaction and the variables to affect it, 2) to identify housing and community satisfaction between Seoul and Chung-Ju city residents and to compare it if there were any differences. The results were Seoul city residents' life and housing satisfactions are more higher than Chung-Ju's and housing variable influenced relatively higher degree to life satisfaction. Prefered housing and community features were identified and community satisfaction variables were investigated.
Disposal Consciousness of Foods Waste and Meal Management Behavior in Relation to Environmental Conservation of Housewives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 191~200
The purpose of this study were to examine the disposal consciousness of foods waste and meal management behavior related to environmental conservation, and to find out the ways to improve the disposal of foods waste. Data were collected from questionaire with 786 housewives who live in Chonbuk area. About 45% of foods waste consisted of vegetables and fruits. The levels of cooking(use) and idsposal behavior among meal management behavior were relatively high, but food preparation(buy) score was low. These results suggested that menu planning before food preparation, and buying some cleaned and trimmed foods in the market should be recommennded to reduce the foods waste. The levels of meal management behavior did not show any significant associaations with disposal consciousness of foods waste but were positively correlated to environmental conciousness. It could be thought that the effort of government administration to reduce and reuse of foods waste is needed to improve the desirable disposal behavior of that, and the well programmed enviornmental education should be more required and practical than increase the environmental conciousness.
Qualitative assessment of dietary intake of college students in Seoul area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 12, 1998, Pages 201~216
This study was conducted to assess the nutrient intake and diet quality of college students in Seoul. Dietary survery data were obtained by 24-hour recall method from 774 students, 553 males and 191 females. Mean daily intake of energy was 2,480kcal with 56.4% of energy intake from carbohydrate, 14.6% from protein, and 25.5% from fat. Percentage of fat was higher than mean values of National Nutrition Survey(NNS), adults in rural area or younger students in previous studies. Mean daily intakes of calcium and vitamin A did not meet RDA levels in both sexes and intake of iron in females was insufficient to meet RDA level. The percentage of animal food to total food intake was 25% and consumption of meat, beverage and milk group was higher than those of National Nutrition Survey(NNS). When the consumption of 5 major food groups(grain, meat, milk, fruit, vegetable) were evaluated, 22% of students consumed all 5 groups and 47% consumed 4 groups, which show more balanced food group intake than adults in rural area. Food groups which were omitted frequently were milk and fruit. These results show that college students in Seoul consume better diet than subjects of National Nutrition Survey(NNS) or adults in rural area. However, high fat intake, low calcium and vitamin A intake and low iron level in women were observed. Majority(78%) of students had at least one food group omitted in their diet. Appropriate nutrition education may help to improve the quality of diet in these students.