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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Consumer's Safety Consciousness and Safety Seeking Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 1~14
This research focuses the safety problems for consumers with the viewpoint of behaviorism. Specially three issues are addressed: 1) Variables influencing the consumer's safety consciousness 2) The comparision of consumer's safety seeking behavior according to the product type 3) The relation of variables influencing the consumer's safety-seeking behaviors. In this paper, I deal with mainly the gas products and agricultural products and then observe the consumers' reaction for those two products concerning to the consumer's safety problem. For this purpose, I distributed the questionnaire to the residents I Seoul and suburban area of age between 20 and 60 years old. As a result, consumers put high values and concerns on general safety, but have quite negative concepts on society's safety problems generally. It was found that the consciousness on this problem was higher among those people who were reading journals for consumers, who have high education or high incomes, or who were unemployed house wives. In gas products, the level of consumer's safety seeking behavior and subareas were higher than in agricultural products. In the matter of the variables which affect the consumer's safety seeking behavior directly, those were safety consciousness variables and experience of reading journal for consumer in gas products, and safety consciousness vatiabls, consumer education experience, experience of injury, being employed and being married in agricultural products. Also as the result of path analysis, experience of reading journal for consumer, being employed, education and income level influenced indirectly the consumer safety seeking behavior.
Consumer Use and Awareness of Refill Products Examined in Perspective of Environmental Protection
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 15~30
The purpose of this study was to understand consumer use and awareness of refill-products in perspective of environmental protections. One hundread seventy-four married women living around Cheongju-city were selected because married women are the major buyers of refill-procucts. The major findings were as follows: 1) While detergents refill-products were found to be the most favorable one, cosmetics refill-products were found to be the worst favorable. 2) Married women complained different quality and quantity between refill-products and nonrefill-products in general. 3) Price was the most important reason to use refill-products rather than environmental protection. 4)The more respondents had refill-products information, the more respondents used refill-proeucts 5) The level of consumer awareness of refill products examined in perspective of enviornmental protection was found to be very high(3.3/4). 6)There was no significant relatioships between consumer use and awareness of refill-products examined in perspective of environmental protection.
The relationship between communication with parents of vocational girls' high school students and their problem behaviors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 31~46
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between communication with parents of vocational girls' high school students and their problem behaviors, to find out variables which influence them. Data were collected by the second grade 389 students of vocational girls' high school students in Pusan. Major findings were as follows: 1. Problem behaviors were different according to the type of problem behaviors and behavior frequencies. 2. Problem behaviors were influenced positively by the delinquency of friends and negatively by communication with parents and the successful school life. Communication with parents was influenced positively by the harmonious family atmosphere and the successful school life, negatively by stepparent family. 3. Runaway was influenced negatively by the harmonious family atmosphere and positively by the delinquency of friends. Gang fight was influenced negatively by the successful school life and positively by the delinquency of friends. Sex affairs was influenced positively by the delinquency of frends. Suicide trial was influenced negatively by the harmonious family atmosphere and the delinquency of friends, positively by stepparent family and communication with their parents. Gang fight was influenced by school environmental factors and suicide trial was influenced by family environmental factors.
An Analysis of the Type of Attitudes Toward Money and Expenditure Behavior
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 47~60
This Pupose of this study was to identify the type of attitudes toward money to investigate the relationship between the attitued and consumption expenditure pattern. Data were obtained from 398 household living in Seoul. Factor analysis was used for examining dimensions of attitudes toward money and cluster analysis for classifying the households by money attitudes. This study found five money attitude dimensions, i.e., the Means of Success dimension, the Means of Pleasure dimension, the Means of Security dimension, the Symbol of Anxiety dimension, and the Parsimony dimension, Based on the variation in the dimensions, five money types were identified, ie., the Means of Success, the Means of Pleasure, the Means of Security, the Symbol of Anxiety, and the Parsimony.
Study on the Need for the Family Life Education among the Middle Aged Wives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 61~76
The Purpose of this paper is to find out the middle aged wives need for the family life education(FLE). The data were collected from 317 middle aged wives who's last child age over-18th. 1. The need for the FLE is indicated at the middle level, and we can see the strongest need of the being educated about the parent-child relationship, and of the being educated about the wife itself, about the older parent relationship and about the spousal relationship by turn. 2. Wife's age, husband's age, duration of marriage, income, number of children, type of family have a significant influence on the need for the family life education. 3. The middle aged wives want to educate about emotional control of leaving child, economic stability, teaching their child about value of marriage, and prevention and care of dementia. 4. This paper proposes that we should develope and execute not only the program of the FLE with respect to enough the need of the being educated, but also the programs of education about the grand parent role because of the increasing of the number of old aged people.
A study of traditional marriagc ceremony as Shown in Chu-Ja's "Ka-ryae"(I)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 77~86
The aims of this study show the purpose of writing[Ka-ryae] and its transmission and operation from the end of Koryo to Chosun dynasty. And Studying of a traditional marriage ceremony as shown in [Ka-ryae], We intend to find a mental meaning and value in it. The major findings this study are as follows. 1. Though [Ka-ryae] was written by Chu-Ja who lived in the period of South-Song of China, it had greatly influenced the thought, system and life of Korean society from the end of Koryo to Chosun dynasty. 2. Studying the content of [Ka-ryae], we learned the respect, discretion and reghtness as the mental meaning and value of a marriage ceremony.
A Study of Relations among Family Structural Environment, Materialism, and Adolescents' Delinquency
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 87~104
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations among family structural environment, materialism, and adolescents' delonquency. The instruments of measurement were Materialism Inventory and Delinquency Scale. The 483 male adolescents were selected randomly from the second grade of high schools in the city of Taegu. Factor analysis, Cronbach's α, MANOVA, and Scheffe test were conducted for the data analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1. The materialistic level of adolescent was different with maternal occupation and education level. 1) Adolescent of mother whose occupation was general administrator indicated higher degree of possessiveness. 2) Adolescent of mother whose occupation was professional technician or administrator more regarded possessiveness as success or happiness than the other. 3) Adolescent of mother whose education level was junior college graduation or higher indicated more envy. 2. Each sub-dimension of materialism affected on the adolescents' delinquency differently.
A Study of financial knowledge and Information Need of consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 105~116
The level of knowledge and need on consumer information in the area of personal finance were investigated in this study, based on a survey of 422 Bucheon residents. The results showed that the level of financial knowledge of respondents was low while the level of need for financial information was relatively high. The variables related to the knowledge and need level were also investigated. Suggestions were made to guide the direction of financial education program for consumers.
The Relationship between Mothers' Parenting Behavior and Prcschoolers' Attachmcnt Security and Social Compctence.
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 117~130
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mothers' parenting behavior and preschoolers' attachment security to their mother and preschoolers' social competence. The sample were 44 mothers and their 49-56 months old preschoolers. The instruments for this study were the modified IPBI(Iowa Parent Behavior Inventory: Mother Form), the Attachment Q-set by Waters and the modified ISCS(Iowa Social Competence Scales: Preschool Form). The data were analyzed by frequency, t-test, Pearson's r, and Multiple Regression Analysis. Major findings were that the responsive maternal parenting behavior was positively related to the preschoolers' attachment security. The guidance of maternal parenting behavior was positively related preschoolers' social activator of social competence. And there were significant correlations between the preschoolers' attachment security and social competence. The attachment security was positively related to the socially activating and cooperative competence.
The Effects of Materialism Value and Consumption Oriented Attitueds on the Propensity of Conspicuous Consumption of Adolescent Consumers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 131~144
This study attempts to analyze the propensity for conspicuous consumption of the adolescent consumers and related variables such as socio-economic variables, consumer experience, materialism and consumption-oriented attitudes to provide a basis for the development of consumer education program. The survey of this research was conducted by means of self admistered questionnaire with 788 adolescent consumers attending middle and high school located in Ulsan. The results of this research were as follows: 1) The average level of the propensity for conspicuous consumption was a little high median point. This implies that consumer education is necessary for the adolescent consumer in order to reduce the level of conspicuous consumption. 2) The adolescent consumers' propensity for conspicuous consumption varies significantly according to the socio-economic variables such as sex, grade, the allowance interval, the amount of allowance, the mother's education and the subjective level of household consumption. 3) The propensity for conspicuous consumption is positively correlated with materialism and the consumption-oriented attitudes. The consumer experience is positively correlated with materialism and not significantly correlated with the propensity for conspicuous consumption and the consumption-oriented attitudes. Materialism is positively correlated with the consumption-oriented attitudes. 4) According to the results of the regression analysis examining the influences of variables affecting the propensity for conspicuous consumption, the relative importance of the variables are in the order of; materialism, the consumption-oriented attitudes, sex and the amount of allowance. These independent variables explains 49.3% of the total variance about the propensity for conspicuous consumption.
A Study on Elder Mistreatment ll: Empirical Investigation of Elder Abuse and Neglect among the Elderly
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 145~160
The purpose of this study is to examine the concept and experience of the elder mistreatment among the elderly. To achieve the purpose of this study, data were collected from 160 elders with family members through questionnaires. The major finding is that the concept on elder mistreatment of the old people is found for the most part psycological abuse or neglect. And, when the degree of family support about the elderly is high, the experience of the elder mistreament appears low. Therefore, family support may be higher to prevent elder mistreatment. Also, social support in the side economical, physical or emotional services may help to bring down the elder's disability contributing to the elder mistreatment.
A Study of Brand Loyalty and Related Variables Based on Formal Wear
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 161~172
The purpose of this study were 1) to identify the effect of regions on clothing brand loyalty and related variables, 2) to investigate the relationships between brand loyalty and clothing importance, aesthetic aspects of clothing, modesty, status symbol of clothing and authoritarian personality, and 3) to identify the effects of age, job, education and income on clothing brand loyalty. The subjects were 106 and 100 female adults living in Kyong-Ju and Seoul, respectively. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and were analyzed by t-test, chi-square test, correlation, multiple regression and ANOVA. The results showed that 1) clothing importance and authoritarian personality were different according to regions. That is female living in Kyong-Ju had a higher authoritarian personality and female living in Seoul had a higher clothing importance scores. 2) The status symbol of clothing, aesthetic aspects of clothing, and authoritarian personality were positively related to brand loyalty. Among these, the status symbol of clothing was the most significant variable, 3) Continued brand loyalty and habitual brand loyalty were varied by age.
Consumer Movements, Consumer Policies, and Firms' Policies for Consumer Satisfaction in Japan
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 173~190
This study reviewed both consumer movement and consumer policy of government in Japan. Their evolution since the Second World War will be reviewed and compared multiple periods, after the Second World war till the late 1960s, the period of the 1970s, the period after 1980s. In addition, firms' consumer satisfaction policies were briefly reviewed in order to fully understand consumer protection activities in japan. This study found four major characteristics of consumer protection activities led by both voluntary consumer organizations and government. First, consumer protection policy of government in Japan after the late 1960s was more active than that of consumer movement by consumer organizations. Second, major concerns for consumer protection were variant over time. The major goal in the first stage of period(during the 1960s) was to protect consumer safety from defective and dangerous goods and services, whereas the goal after the late 1970s was extended to cover various areas concerning the quality of life. Those areas refer to the quality of services, the way of sales and marketing, pollution of environment, and the quality of consuming life. Third, this study found that computer networks, aiming at collecting and analyzing the very useful to improve the consuming life of Japanese by providing sufficient consumer information to encourge rational choices of consumers. Forth, a close cooperation between the central and local administrations was crucial for the successful outcome In Japan This paper gives us useful guideline regarding how to improve consumer movement and govemments' policies for protecting consumer in Korea. In addition, other lessons on successful consumer satisfaction policies of Japanese firms may enable Korean firms to shape effective consumer policies of enhancing their competitiveness.
Convoys of Social Support in Childhood and Early Sdolescence: Structure and Function
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 191~206
The purpose of this study was to explore social support in childhood and early adolescence. The research was based on the social convoy model(Kahn and Antonucci, 1980). The data were collected from questionnaires completed by 656 elementary school children(2nd and 5th grade) and the middle school children(2nd grade) in rural and urban area. The statistical methods adopted for data analyses were frequencies, mean, standard deviation, T-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffe-test, Two-way ANOVA, and correlation coefficient. Children received more support from parents and friends in convoy function of social support. Convoy size of social support increased with age. Rural children had larger convoy size in the inner circle, and smaller convoy size in the middle circle than urban children did.
A Study on Home-Based Work: The Chracteristics and Practices of Home-Based Work in the United States and The Conceptual Model for Studying on At-Home Income Generation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 3, 1998, Pages 207~224
This study is approach to the Home-Based Work. More specifically, to examine about the families who try to combined home life and income-generation work under the same roof. Families were looking at Home-Based Work as one solution to the work-family crunch. Many research papers have suggested that Home-Based Work provides an effective way to balance the demands of paid employment and family responsibilities. Therefore, this proposed research reviewed the Home-Based Work as they contributed to individual and family satisfactions. The Prupose of this paper is to address issues related to Home-Based Work from the perspective of theory and application in family resource management, also to suggest a conceptual model for family work activities is advanced. This paper is examined concepts related to Home-Based Work employment that could be used to frame and describe the empirical study are specified. This paper was informed by analyses of data from project NE-167. "At-Home Income Generation: Impact on Management, Productivity, and Stability in Rural/Urban Families". The results from this paper will be helpful in enhancing the stability and satisfaction of families who worked in Home-Based Work.ased Work.