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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Marital Conflic and Depression in Old Age
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived depression and conflict bvetween married couple in old age. The subject of this study was married couple over 60 years old who live in Seoul. The sample was composed of 201 cases. The data were analyzed using a SPSS statistics analysis program. The major findings were as follows: 1) The marital conflict in old age showed that there was a significant difference according to visiting and contact frequency of adult children. 2) The depression in old age show that therer was a significant difference in health condition, age, standard of living, educational level, duration of marriage, and leisure activity patterns. 3) The depression in old age was influenced by health condition, marital conflict, educatonal level. Health condition was the most powerful indicting the depression.
The Relationship of Socio-Economic, Residential Characteristics, Values, and Social Networks to Stress among Low-Income Family Wives
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 13~26
This study investigated first, socio-economic, residential characteristics, and values for future life among low-income family wives. Second, the relationship of these characteristics to the wives' stress was examined. The subjects were 249 mothers of urban low-income families whose children attended one of 20 daycare centers located in poor residential areas. The instruments included Social Network Scale, Home Stress Scale, and Occupation Stress Scale. Data were analyzed by means, standard deviations, frequencies, paired t-tests, and the stepwise multiple regressions. We found that a majority of the mothers and their husbands had high school educational status and simple labor or sales/service work status. They lived in rental houses or apartments. Their families of origin were a major source of emotional supports. Insufficient income for non-employed wives, long work hours and lack of free time for employed wives were a major stress. Levels of the wives' home-related job-related stress were negatively related to their own and their hudsbands' work status.
Effects of familial variables and child care quality on children's socio-emotional development
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 27~40
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of children's characteristics, family environment and child care quality in socio-emotional development of children among dual-worker families. The sample consisted of 138 children aged 5-7 and their parents. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation analysis, one-way ANOVAs, and stepwise regression were used to analyze data. Results showed that there were significant sex differences in children's temperament and popularity. Mother's marital satisfaction had a negative correlation with peer rejection. Low maternal role conflict and child's age had effects on children's self-perception. Moreover, sex and age of the child, mothers' responsive parenting, number of teachers in the classroom were significant predictors for children's peer rejection.
A Study on the Type of Kwa-Dae in the Ere of the Three Kingdoms - Mainly classifying the type of the belt plague -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 41~56
The Yo-Dae(belt) was made of cloths and leather orginally. Then, it was decorated with metal decoration to become more developed luxury one. The Kwa-Dae of the Three Kingdom period is called as final shape among those ancient mode. Dae-Gu(The origin of belt buckle) was the metallic decoration of the leather belt that the northern nomadic tribe used to wear it. It was considered that the Dae-Gu was more decorated and changed to Kwa-Dae with Yo-Pae. The first stage Dae-Gu didn't have the hook, but a short hook only could move the belt itself was created, and then a movable short hook(China-Jin period Kwa-Dae, etc) to be inside of belt was showed, after that an axis was necessary when it became to long one, It was completed as a belt buckle. The stick shape hook was main stream in China an dthe other northern countries. Meanwhile, Korea has mostly "T" shape hook, and it shows that we developed our own unique style. Classifying the type of the belt plague, there are five types due to the scarved shapes on the Kwa-Dae and the changes. Mainly based on the excavated tomb articles of the three kingdoms and referred to Chinese and Japanese ones. It showed that the belt plague was lightly influenced by the times and area, but was slowly changed and developed to different types through those each ages generally.
A Study on Brassiere Wearing By Girls at adolescence
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 57~70
For developing girls' brassiere, the survey on the actual wearing condition of brassiere for girls aged 9-15 if fulfilled. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) The starting age of the breast growth differs according to regions, schools, grades and body shape. Reason wearing brassiere is to sustain body shape. present brassiere type preferred most is tank-top. Motive wearing brassiere is based on the other's recommendation. Purchasing brassiere is performed largely by mother. 2) Few complaints appeared in the aspects of sewing, hook, loop, wire, wearing sense, touching sense, sweat absorption etc. Evaluation for the brassiere color and design is totally satisfied. When purchasing brassiere, beauty and color are important to all of girls. Yes or No of satisfaction for the wearing sense and comfort of brassiere is answered negatively. 3) Elementary school pupils preferred sport type, While middle school students showed an order as follows-wire
Consumer Information Needs for Development of the Consumer Information Program -Focused on Puchon city-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 71~84
This study attempts to investigate what information the consumer want, and the needs and contents of information for 10 goods categories. Especially, this study aims to be used as the basic data for development of consumer information program. So, data of this survey was collected in Puchon, and the results can be used in regions which has the similar circumstance. Major findings are as follows. Consumers in Puchon think that it is difficult for them to have the information about goods. They want to know the comparative quality of goods and criterion of selection. Needs of information about 10 goods categories are different from each other. They want the informations about cereals/meats/vegetables, home appliance, book/stationery/toy more than others. They want to acquire the information from community bulletins and mass communication. So, consumer information center in University can produce the information program available to community members using this results. Then, they offer it to them through various channels.
A Study of Physiological Influence on Human-body According to Clothing Pressure of Belt
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 85~94
In this study we tested the physiological influence on human-body according to clothing pressure with reduction rate and varied posture using three kinds of belt with different width. The width of belts were 2.5cm, 3.5cm and 4.5cm, and reduction rates of belts were 0%, 2.5% and 5% of the subject/s waist size respectively. the measured postures were standing state and sitting stste in the chair. The reasults are as follows; 1. Clothing pressure was high in the order of Side part>Front part>Back part and the rate fo change in the side part was highest, according to the reductio rate of belts. The more the width of belt was wide, the less the clothing pressure was small, and this kind of phenomenon could be explained by "The Principle of the power". 2. Both the rate of reduction of belt and the change of average skin temperature in accordance with the width of belt is small, however, the more the width of belts is wider and the reduction rate is bigger, the more the skin temperature at the waist part is increased. 3. The blood pressure and pulse was influenced when the width of belt was narrow and the reduction rate was high. 4. A sense restraining was much influenced by the width of belt, especially when the width of belts was wide, the significant difference was permitted.permitted.
A Validation Study for the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale(ll)
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 95~108
This study is the second study which was aimed to validate the Infant/ Toddler Environment Rating Scale(ITERS). The test-retest reliability included 10 infant/toddler classes among 30 national/public and private child care centers in Inchon city which had been observed in the first validation study. The Spearman's correlation coefficient for test-retest reliability was ranged from .52 to .84. In addition, two raters observed 10 family day care centers in Inchon city, where two observers independently rated each centers on the ITERS during a single visit. The Spearman's correlation coefficient for interrater reliability was ranged from.72 to .99 For the second measure of content validity, experts who were working in day care centers and who were graduate students, lecturers, or professors majoring child studies rated the appropriateness of each ITERS items for the provision of high-quality programs for infants and toddlers, using a 1(low) to 5(high) scale. The mean rating was ranged from 2.52 to 4.52. In sum, when the rating scores were analyzed by the type of child care centers, national/public child care centers have better quality than private or family child care centers.
A Study on the Basic Framework and Program Development for Establishmenst of Institutional Household Manager System-Analysis of the Needs of Manager and User
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 109~122
This is succeeding Study of 'A Study on the Basic Framework and Program Development for Establishment of Institutional Household Manager System -Focused on the Curriculum'. This study focused on the needs analysis of manager and user of institutional household. Data were collected by individual interview, from 47 managers and 84 users of institutional household in Seoul, Pusan & Kyungnam, Taegu & Kyungbuk province. The results were as follows; there were differences in the demands of manager and user of institutional household management, manager's needs of Institutional Household Manager lower than user, the manager of Domitory. Training Institute showed higher than Nursery School and Public Welfare Facilities.
A Field Study on the Facilities and Equipments of the Traditional Farmhouse in Lungching, China
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 123~132
This paper is a part of "The Study of the Traditionla Korean Ethnic Farmhousing in Yanbian, China" The purpose of this study is to investigate the facilities and equipments of the traditional farmhouse in the villages of Lungching China. The data is collected from 124 households in the villages based on the survey conducted using questionnaire and photograph. The major findings are: 1) The people in farmhouse use wood as a fuel for cooking and the method of cooking is traditional style using their iron pots. 2) Heating system of the house is ondol type of heating using. wood which is also traditional type. This means that the floor heating of the house and cooking food can be carried out simultaneously. 3) Even though pump system and running water system are the two kinds of water supply that are available in the villages, majority of people use pump system. Many houses have no drainage facilities but few houses have got bad drainage system. 4) From the planning stage of the farm house facilities and equipments for ventilation is not considered and hence it is not provided in most of the houses. 5) Farmhouses are oriented to the south and the windows and the doors are covered either with viny1 or cloth during winter time effecting the lighting system of the house. 6)Many of the houses use incandescent lights. But the switchs and the electric Outlets are short in number. 7) Sanitation facilities are worst equipped compared to other facilities present in Lungching villages of China. of China.
Depression among Late-Elementary Children: Relationships with Daily Hassles, Self-Esteem & Social Skills
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 6, 1998, Pages 133~144
This study focused on ordering factors influencing depression among late-elementary children. Subjects were 436 boys and girls enrolled in the fourth, fifth, and sixth grades of a public school. The contribution of grade, sex, 6 subtypes of stress, self-esteem, and social skills to depression was explored. The instruments were the Daily Hassles Scale, the Self-Esteem Scale, Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, and Child Depression Inventory. Results indicated that self-esteem was the most influential factor in increasing the level of depression. Next was the stress issued from friends in both males and females. There was a statistically significant difference among grades in the level of stress related to friends. The level of stress issued from parents and self-esteem among grades were marginally associated with depression. Gender differences in the level of stress from parents, friends, self-esteem, and social skills were also evident. The results were discussed in the context of the effects of subtype stress, self-esteem, and social skills on depression.