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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
Children's Attributional Style and Self - Perceived Competence
Suh, Sun-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's attributional style and their self-perceived competence. The subjects of this study were 301 third and sixth grades. For data analysis, two-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used. Results indicated that there was significant correlation between children's attributional style and their self-perceived competence. Children who attributed good events to intemal, stable, or global causes and bad events to extemal, unstable, or specific causes perceived themselves more competent.
Maternal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, separation anxiety, and maternal separation anxiety
Ahn, Jee-Young ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 13~20
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations of matemal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, and separation anxiety to matemal separation anxiety. A total of 288 middle class mothers having children aged from 36- to 59-month- olds answered to a questionnaire based on Maternal Separation Anxiety Scale (Hock, 1989). They also answered the questions about maternal parenting behaviors, child's stranger anxiety, and separation anxiety. The main results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in maternal separation anxiety as a function of demographic variables. 2. Maternal parenting behaviors such as physical contact and discipline involvement were significantly related to maternal separation anxiety. And child's stranger anxiety and separation anxiety were also significantly related to matemal separation anxiety. 3. Maternal separation anxiety was accounted for 15% of the variance by maternal physical contact, discipline involvement, and chlid's stranger anxiety and separation anxiety.
Is Authoritative Parenting the Best for Children's Social Adjustment? Reconsideration Based on Western and Asian Cultures, and Social Behaviors
Chun, Hui-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 21~37
The purpose of this study was to review the importance of authoritative parenting for children's social adjustment. From the review it was suggested that the importance of authoritative parenting might be different according to the cultural contexts, which are Western and Asian cultures, and aggressive and social withdrawal behaviors. From the comparative cultural viewpoint, authoritarian parenting is not considered negatively by Asian parents, comparing with Western parents. Therefore the assumption that authoritative parenting has universal positiveness and authoritarian parenting has universal negativeness should be reconsidered. Regardless of cultures, children's aggressive behavior was related to the authoritarian parenting positively. But, in Asia, especially in China, the social withdrawal did not show at least negative relation with authoritative parenting. And it was reported that the authoritarian parenting could contribute to the change of inhibited behavior and enhancing the social adjustment. In addition, some implications were suggested for future researches about the relation between children's social adjustment and child rearing practices. Though this literature review was not exclusively based on the empirical studies, it would be valuable for reconsidering the perspective of Korean developmentalists interested in the relation between parenting and children's development in Korean culture.
The Types of Parental Abuse and Maladjustmental Behaviors Experienced by Adolescents
Lee, Kyeong-Ju ; Shin, Hyo-Shick ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 39~50
This study investigated the relationship between the types of parental abuse and maladjustmental behaviors of adolescents. The subjects were 448 junior and senior middle school students. Statistics were frequencies, percentile, Pearson's r-coefficient, and regression analysis. The main results of this study were as follows ; 1. There were significantly positive correlation between the types of parental abuse and maladjustmental behaviors. 2. The variables, neglect, unreasonable rearing behavior of the parents, and physical abuse were found to be the important variables in predicting social withdrawal. Neglect, unreasonable rearing behavior of the parents, and sex of the child were found to be the important variables in predicting hyperactivity. Neglect, emotional abuse, and unreasonable rearing behavior of the parents were found to be the important variables in predicting aggression. Sex of the child, emotional abuse, and unreasonable rearing behavior of the parents were found to be the important variables in predicting retreat. And, neglect and unreasonable rearing behavior of the parents were found to be important variables in predicting obsessive-compulsion.
Mechanical and Surface Properties for Akaline Hydrolyzed Polyester Fabrics
Kim, Kyung-Ae ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 51~61
This paper discussed the assessment of hand of polyester fabrics changed by alkaline hydrolysis. This study analyzed the relations between the change of mechanical property and the hand value according to the weight loss of polyester fabrics. The results are as follows; Objective hand by KES-FB system, revealed that for tensile properties, as the weight loss increased, WT, RT increased and LT decreased. For bending properties, as the weight loss increased, B and 2HB showed smaller values. For shear properties, as the weight loss increased, G, 2HG and 2HG5 decreased. For surface properties, as the weight loss increased, MIU increased, but MMD and SMD did not show any trend. For compression properties, LC, WC and RC did not show significant differences according to the degree of weight loss. In case of hand value, Koshi(stiffness), Hari(anti-drape stiffness), Kisimi(scrooping feeling) and Shinayakasa(flexibility with soft feeling) showed a meaningful results depending on the degree of weight loss. However, Shari(crispness) and Fukurami(fullness and softness) did not show meaningful result. Koshi, Hari and Shinayakasa are high correlation with tensile property, bendibg property shear properties, thickness and weight. Kisimi is high correlation with tensile property, bending property, thickness and weight. Shari, Fukurami and THV did not show any meaningful difference whth any mechanical properties.
The Efficiency of the Interspouse Communication and the Level of Stress Recognition
Kim, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Kyeong-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 63~76
The purposes of this research were to find out general trends of the efficiency of the interspouse communication and the level of stress recognition, to estimate the differences of the efficiency of communication and the level of stress recognition according to socio-demographic, communication variables, and to analyze correlations between stress recognition and communication efficiency. The subjects of this study were 220 couples in Kwang-ju. The major results were as follow; 1) The level of wives' stress recognition was higher than husbands' and the level of interspouse communication efficiency was median. 2) Communication efficiency showed significant differences according to number of children, the duration of marriage in wives. The level of stress recognition showed significant differences according to the hours they spend in daily communication, the typeds of communication, the satisfaction of communication in both groups of husbands and wives. 3) Marital communication efficiency was negatively correlated with the level of stress recognition in couples.
Parental role responsibilities, performance and satisfaction of the rural elderly
Ok, Kyung-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 77~93
Have elderly parents parted with parental role after the children were grown up? If they still have, what kinds and degrees of parental responsibilities endured? Do they actively perform the role? Do they satisfy to engage in parenting? The main purpose of present study explored these questions conceming rural old-aged families using data of 143 elderly parents aged 60 years and above. The results indicate that elderly parents perceived parenting adult children to be very important, regarding themselves as househeads to teach family members how to integrate together. The results also demonstrate that elderly parents performed parental role actively in teaching family rituals and providing emotional support. The elderly parents also report that they were fairly satisfied with involvement in adult children's lives. Our findings suggest that further in-depth research is required in eliciting the role parameters of elderly parents based on our social and cultural changes. In addition, it is encouraged to examine the adult children's expectation of their elderly parents for renegotiating and restructuring parent-child relationships when both are adults.
The Characteristics of PET Micro Fiber Fabrics Decomposed dy Sodium Ethylene glycol Solution
Bae, Jung-Sook ; Cho, Yong-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 95~104
PET microfiber fabric dissociation reactions by ethylene glycol (EG) catalayzed by the corresponding EG anions were examined to provide an empirical basis for the improvement of a PET microfiber fabrics. The alkoxide ions, monosodium ethylene glycolate in ethylene glycol solution(MSEG-EG) are prepared by the reaction between NaH and the EG respectively. The dissociation reactions were carried out until the sample PET microfiber fabrics dissociate up to 80%. Temperature used ranged 100~
. The kinetic behaviors of the dissociated PET microfiber fabrics were examined. The results are as follows : 1. In all cases, it was found that the PET-alkoxide dissociation rate constants increased exponentially with increasing temperature. The activation energies (Ea) of the reactions were 23.31kcal/mol in PET-EG system respectively. The calculated enthalpies of the activated [PET-EG] complexes from the corresponding Ea values were 22.53 ~ 22.61 kcal/mol, and the entropies were -19.03 ~ -19.24 kcal/mol/k respectively. 2. The kinetic behavior of the PET-alkoxide dissociation reactions examined was explained by the transition state theory. PET-alkoxide transition state is believed to be formed during the ester interchange mechanism between PET and MSEG-EG in the course of the PET dissociation reactions.
The Relationships between the Agreement of the Korean Proverbs about Parent-Child Relations, Families' Environment , and Familism
Cho, Bok-Hee ; Ahn, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Young-Hwan ; Lee, Jin-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 105~122
This research investigated the relationships between families' environment, familism, and the agreement on the parent-child relations as depicted in Korean proverbs to find the change of the traditional values about parent-child relationships. The sample was comprised of 474 Korean married people. They were asked to rate the degree to which they agreed on the underlying value of each proverb. The data were collected through a mailed questionnaire and interview. The findings indicated that the responses of subjects varied as a function of families' environment and familism variables. More specifically, while the subjects living with extended family were more likely to rate the value toward children and daughter high, the subjects from nuclear family were more likely to express the affection toward children, to prefer boys, and to express child-rearing stress. In addition, the people who had lived with grandparents together tended to agree with the value of filial piety. The respondents from conservative surroundings were more likely to express the affection toward children and to prefer boys. The subjects from a rural community tended to prefer boys and to place high value on the authoritative control. The people who supported familism tended to express the affection toward children and child-rearing stress, to prefer boys, and to agree with the filial piety and authoritative control. But they tended to rate low on the value of children and daughter.
Classification and Family Characteristics of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Children
Wun, Jung-Ja ; Kim, Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 123~140
The purpose of this study was to verify preschool children can be classified of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children across situation. It also was to examine differences among groups according to sex and age, and to investigate the family caracterisitcs of ADHD groups. The subjects of this study consisted of 228 preschool chilren (147 boys and 136 girls aged from 3- to 7- year-old) drawn from five Child Care Centers in Chung-Ju. Data were analyzed by the frequency, percentages, Cronbach's
-test, F-test, Tukey post-hoc test, and Pearson correlation using SAS program. The results were as follows: 1. Preschool children could be classified by four diagnostic groups across situation; (1) 168 children (59%) of the control group (no disorder of ADHD), (2) 49 children (17%) of ADHD-Home group (ADHD only at home), (3) 43 children (15%) of ADHD-School group (ADHD only at school), and (4) 23 children (8%) of ADHD-PH group (ADHD both at home and at school). Ratings by parents and by teachers correlated very low with each other, as in previous studies. These results confirm the findings that ADHD be classified across situation. 2. There were significant differences among four groups according to sex and age. In the ADHD-PH groups, the boys is 3 times higher than the girls and the children aged 6- to 7-year-old was shown highly distributed in the pervasive ADHD.
Consumption Values of Adolescent Consumers and Related Variables
Kwon, Mi-Wha ; Lee, Kee-Chun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 8, 1998, Pages 141~158
The purpose of this study is to investigate consumption values of adolescent consumers and related variables. The data were collected from self administered questionnaire with 560 students attending 6 middle/5 high schools in Seoul. Sub dimensions of each consumption value were extracted through factor analysis. Differences were found on some sub dimensions of each consumption value according to demographic variables, consumer abilities and the level of mother's consumer socialization practice perceived by students.