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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 12 - Dec 1998
Volume 36, Issue 11 - Nov 1998
Volume 36, Issue 10 - Oct 1998
Volume 36, Issue 9 - Sep 1998
Volume 36, Issue 8 - Aug 1998
Volume 36, Issue 7 - Jul 1998
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Jun 1998
Volume 36, Issue 5 - May 1998
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Apr 1998
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Mar 1998
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Feb 1998
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Jan 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Korean Standards for Firefighters' Uniforms
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 1~11
In this paper the Korean standards of clothing for firefighters were examined and analysed to improve the uniform's effectiveness. The results of the analysis are as follows: 1. The Korean standards for firefighters' uniforms first established in 1949 and were amended eleven times before 1983. The standards were reestablished in 1983 and had been amended four times by 1995. Recently there have been different causes of fire, and fires have become bigger and bigger. For these reasons, it is necessary to review the Korean standards for firefighters' uniforms. 2. The Korean standards are very different from those of Japan and USA. In Japan, firefighters' uniforms are classified by factors such as season and working conditions, while in Korea they are classified by factors such as sex and position. Furthermore, there are many items which are not mentioned in the Korean standards, such as ear covers and gloves. Textile materials are specified by brand names or company-designated item names. Classification of clothing items also needs to be esamined. 3. Such words as fire-proof, water-proof and heat-proof clothing just mean that the clothing blocks fire, water, or hear, and do not specifically include the meaning of protecting firefighters. Some word such as "firefighters' clothing" must be developed to imply all these types of blockage and protection. 4. Considering the rules of Korean orthography, the rules of romanization of borrowed words, and technical terms for clothing many technical words in the Korean standards for firefighters' uniforms are not appropriate, and need to be corrected and improved.
A Study on Street Fashion of Korean Youth in the 1900s
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 13~33
The purpose of this study is to examine the styles of street fashion in youth sub-culture which has the leading power of 1990's Korean fashion flow. This topic has been explored in documentary studies about the youth sub-culture and the background of street fashion. Then, it also continued to classify street fashion styles in order to grasp the meaning as a young fashion. The results of this study are as follows. Street fashio of Korean youth are composed of four styles. ; The first is a hip-hop style. The hip-hop of Korea is started by 'Taiji Boys' and their representative apperances are the big-baggy pants, the reversed cap, the thrown backpack. The second is a reggae style. It is formed by the singer 'Kim Gun Mo'. It features the primary color and the use of ethnic fabrics. The third is a kitch style. The kitch is definitely represented by the old, the childish and the satire appearances. It came up with the rock band 'pipiband'. The forth is a sporty style. It comes from 'basketball' and 'skateboarding' which the young people prefer. Its designs are applied from the back-number of players, the names of the teams, the stripes of active-feeling. Based on this study, I designed cloths with 3 concepts to present a new design direction of Street Fashion. Work 1, 「JOY-RIDE」 represented the freedom and the release which are shown by pop music and dance. Work 2, 「GAMMA ENERGY」 represented the dynamic energy through sports games. Work 3, 「AROUND THE CORNER」 represented the form of street including comers, walls, roads etc.
An Analysis of Household Expenditures for Wedding, Funeral, Ancestor Worship, and 60th Birthday Anniversary
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 35~47
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of household characteristics on household expenditures on wedding, funeral, ancestor worship, and 60th birthday anniversary. Data for this study were from the 1996 Annual Report on the Family Income and Expenditure Survey. OLS regression analysis was used to identify the effect of household characteristics on money spent on family ceremony expenditures. The household income, age of head, education of head, and family size were all significant factors for understanding family ceremony expenditures. The results also indicated that additional income from wife's labor force participation was associated with lesser expenditures on family ceremony, while business income, asset income, and transfer income had no effects on this category. The effect of the third quarter of 1996 was significant on family ceremony expenditures, indication that households spent significantly less for this category in the summer than did in the winter, holding other factors constant.
A Study on the Parenting Stress of Fathers
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 49~62
This paper investigates the parenting stress of fathers who have preschooler. At first, a causal model constructed, including the parenting stress as a dependent variable and the psychological characteristics of paternal self-esteem and parenting efficacy as parameters. Based on the change of parenting stress, self-esteem and parenting efficacy according to various pertinent to fathers, the causal effect of various variables effecting on the paternal parenting stress is analyzed. The SPSS PC program was used for the statistical analysis, where fully exploited were frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, Cronbach α, one-way analysis(ANOVA), path analysis. The results can be summarized into 3 parts, in conclusion: 1) The younger a father is, the higher paternal self-esteem becomes. Paternal self-esteem trend was there, for a father who is a member of large family, and for a father whose education level is high, and for a father whose occupation is professional. Regarding parenting sense of competence, a father shows confidence when he has more income, more educated and less children. 2) The variable analysis effecting on the parenting stress dut to the paternal environment shows that a father feels more stress when his income is less and his spouse is working. The sub-factor analysis on the parenting stress shows that 'typical stress dut to the parenting' increases when his income is less and his spouse is working, and 'pressures pertaning to the parental role and distress' increases for a father with less income, working spouse, less educated and non-professional job. Further 'guilty to the parenting by others' shows higher for a father with less income and a working spouse. 3) The path analysis, which were performed to check the causality of the parenting stress dut to various variables, shows that the self-esteem and the parenting efficacy are significant factors directly effecting on the paternal parenting stress, and the job-satisfaction and marriage-satisfaction are significantly effecting on the parenting stress both directly and indirectly.
Children's Perception of, and Satisfaction with, Outdoor Playground in Metropolitan City
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 63~74
This study aims to explore children's perception of, and satisfaction with, outdoor playground within their own residential area. In addition, it aims to provide essential data relevant to the building of outdoor playground for children which will both accord with their biological development and meet their needs. The subjects for this study were 866 children of the 2nd, 4th, and 6th grade living in Taegu Metropolitan City. Data were gathered via questionnaries and analysed by frequencies, percentile, chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, scheff test, and regression analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows; 1. As regards the interest children showed in using the playground, the percentage of those who showed 'no interest' was higher than that of those who showed 'interest', indication that the children did not have a strong interest in using the playground. The older the children were, the lower was their degree of interest. 2. As regards desirable outdoor playground facilities, 'toilet' was considered the most important, followed by 'drinks facilities' and 'sunblinds', indicating that children were not satisfied with existing leisure and rest facilities. 3. As regards the degree to which children's satisfaction with the outdoor playground influenced their overall satisfaction, it was found that the higher their satisfaction was with the different kinds of play facilities, the patterns of play facilities and the layout of the play facilities, the higher was their overall satisfaction with the playground.
Consumer Knowledge, Damage and Satisfaction of Multi-Level Marketing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 75~91
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the multi-level marketing(MLM) on consumer by examing the degree of damage and the consumers's satisfaction with MLM as well as the overall realities of MLM including the degree of the recognition and the distribution route of the commodities. We analyzed 256 cases which had experienced with MLM among 430 questionnaires collected. The resulted are as follows. 1) Consumers showed a lack of knowledge about MLM regardless of experiencing it. And they were recognized positively with the quality and the availability of the commodities. Expendables such as kitchen utensils and cosmetics were the most favored articles. 2) Transactions with no written contract were the most frequent damage to the consumers, followed by no price-tag and the marketer's refusal of exchange or refund. 3) When we compared the degree of consumer's satisfaction with MLM to the ordinary distribution in terms of the price, quality of goods and the service offered, the consumers were satisfied with the quality of the commodities, though their whole impressin of MLM was not so much favorable.
A Study on the middle-aged couples' caregiving burden and related variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 93~106
The purpose of this study were to find the general trends of middle-aged couples' caregiving burden, to investigate correlation between husbands and wives, to estimate the differences according to related variables and analyze the effects of significant variables influencing on caregiving burden. The data were obtained from 172 middle-aged couples living in Seoul and Kwangju. The major findings were as follows; 1. Scores of couples' caregiving burden were lower than medium. Especially, husbands' score were higher than wives' in a sense of guilt and haubands' caregiving burden correlated significantly with the wives'. 2. Couples' caregiving burden showed significant differences according to birth order of husband and family life satisfaction was the most differencial in family relationship variables. Social support and family value orientations were also significant variables. 3. The most influencial variable on husbands' caregiving burden was emotional support, and instrumental support on wives'. And life and communication satisfaction were very important variables. So family relationship must be enhanced and social support system's reinforcements are necessary.
Consumption Life and Recycling(I) -Focused on Clothing-
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 107~125
Focusing on 'reuse' with a view to the importance of unused cloths, this paper investigates the aspects of consumers' recycling attitudes regarding the cause and treatment of unused clothes. This research examines the responsibilities for recycling from the standpoint of consumers, and shows their requirements and advice to consumers themselves, clothing companies as the subject of production and the government and society. Considering the pattern of clothing life, this research deals with housewives who live I Seoul, Sung-nam and Choong-ju. After several pretests, the content and format of this questionnaire is revised and added. This investigation is carred by individual interviews and reponders' filling-out, from 24 November 1997 to 5 January 1998. Among the total 1,200 questionnaires, 1,150 sheets are taken back, but only 1,132 are available to analysis. The results are as follows: Most of all, among the causes of unused clothes, the problem of clothes itself is stemmed from the more responsibility of clothing companies rather than consumers'. From production to sale the companies, considering environment and recycling, should choose proper cloth material and adequate design. And then they require the consumers' attention to laundry and conservation. More important, consumers' attitudes should be changed because consumers themselves, in fact, recognize their responsibilities for recycling of clothing, from the questionnaire. After all, the recycling of clothing should lead to reduction of unused clothes as a fundamental solution. When it comes to unused clothes, its elimination pays more money and needs specialization. Moreover, citizens should participate in the problem independently and more information on the policies of recycling should be well-informed.
A Survery of High School Students' Awareness of and Uses for Kimchi in Taegu Area
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 127~137
The main purpose of this study is to provide a basic knowledge of Kimchi preferred by high school students and to improve high school students' Kimchi intake. A questionnaire survey was conducted on 1,056 high school students in Taegu area. The results were as follows: 82% of the students had an affirmative opinion of Kimchi intake and they regarded Kimchi as one of our traditional, healthful and nutritious foods. The most well known Kimchi is as follows: Kkaktugi, Baechu Kimchi, Mul Kimchi, Chonggak Kimchi, Pa Kimchi, Dongchimi, Kkaennip Kimchi and Buchu Kimchi. The students preferred the white stems of the Chinese cabbage. Boy students preferred taste of fresh prepared Kimchi but girl students more preferred properly fermented Kimchi than the other. Their favorite ingredients were Korean radishes, oysters, green onion and carrots, also their favorite spices were red pepper powder, anchovies sauce, garlic and sugar in the order. Among those spices, boy students more preferred anchovies sauce than girl students. The students regarded market Kimchi as one of convenient and time-saving, but less quality and insanitary foods.
Interactive Effects of Wives' and Husbands' Gender Idelogies on the Couples' Household Work Time and Perceptions of the Fairness of Household Work
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 139~152
The purpose of this study was to examine interactive effects of gender idelogies on the amount of household work time and the perception of fairness in household work by the couples. The data were collected from 100 couples in Seoul and 142 in Taejon. The Major findings were as follows: Interactive effects of gender idelogies had an important role in explaining household work time and the perception of fairness by husbands. For men holding more egalitarian gender idelogies who were married to women being more egalitarian tend to perform more hours of household work. And husbands who had traditional gender ideologies percept relatively fair to the couples' division of household work. It was approved that wives had a primary role in the division of household work.
Home management performance and problem of commuter marriage
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 36, issue 9, 1998, Pages 153~166
In this study commuter marriage was defined as a family in which working husband and wife, who have professional job having family orientation and job orientation, come and go lived separately for more than days a week for working in different region. This study examined the determinants of living separately the merits and demerits of commuter marriage, relation with family, family finance and household work for twelve case wives fitted for above definition, and the findings are as the following. The main cause of commuter marriage was wife's work place. The merits of commuter marriage were that wives can devote to their own increased time and that they had fresh feeling to their husbands. The demerit were mental burden to mother-in-laws and their mothers who take charge of home management and the high cost of living for double housekeeping. In the area of relation with family, they and their husbands call above one time per day for communication although they live separately for three or four days, do not insist on norms of living together, and overcome difficulties of commuter marriage well. In the area of family six couples used allowances method. They have high living cost like traffic expenses, telephone charges, and housing expenses because of double living. In the area of household work, they mainly manage family life with the help of household helpers like mother-in-laws or their own mothers.