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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 1999
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 1999
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 1999
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Jan 1999
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study on Mate Selection and Sex Consciousness reflected in Samguk Yusa
Baik, Kyung-Im ; Kim, Il-Myung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~13
The purpose of this study is to find how the mate selection and sex consciousness reflected in Samhuk Yusa. We set up the following two questions for aim of this study. First, how are the real aspects and specific characters of mate selection reflected in Samguk Yusa? Second, how are the real aspects and specific characters of sex consciousness reflected in Samguk Yusa? The results can be summarized as follows; 1. Mate selection reflected in Samguk Yusa discussed into two major domains, one is spouse conditions and the other is marriage form. Men and Women are married at teenages, but the greater part of case is unidentified, so in order to approach this we need to analyse other historical documents. In men and women, standard of appearance and personality is difference. Analyzed case about appearance is a few, also we need to analyse other historical materials. More valued personality is wisdom in men, and in women more valued personality is virtue, brightness, graceful and mild. Through in case of to overcome the cultural gabs, the society must be open in every area. The marriage form is diversity, examples, free marriage, a marriage of convenience type, etc. Especially in aspects remarriage of man and woman is free in every class. 2. Sex consciousness reflected in Samguk Yusa discussed into three major domains, first is discussion about sex, second is premarital sexual behavior, third is extramarital. Through the case of discussion about sex is opened so there is not existence double blinded in sexual norms. Also through the case of premarital sexual behavior and extramarital, fidelity ideology does not yet come into existence.
South and North Korean Living Cultures: Their Differences and Integration (III)
Rhee, Eun-Young ; Kim, Dae-Nyun ; Park, Young-Sook ; Rhee, Kee-Choon ; Lee, Ki-Young ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Choi, Youn-Shil ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 15~28
Living culture, which is a pattern of peoples' everyday living, is influenced by the socio-economic conditions as well as ideology of the society. South and North Korean societies have been segregated during the past 50 years with different socio-economic conditions and idelolgies, resulting different living cultures, even though those two societies share the same traditional culture. This project was developed to identify the differences in living cultures between South and North Korean concentrated on finding out the current living culture of North Korean families. Based on indepth interview with ten people who escaped from North Korea after 1990, empirical survey with 158 subjects was conducted. The subjects with various demographic backgrounds were asked about lifestyles concerning clothing, food, housing that they experienced when they were in North Korea. This study revealed differences in many aspects of living cultures of South and North Korea, and relationships were suggested in three lifestyles. The study was intended to provide ground for more information to the following study that will explore the cue of integration between South and North Korean societies in living culture.
Consumers' Pro-Environmental Attitude and Behavior
Min, Hyun-Sun ; Rhee, Kee-Choon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 29~44
The objectives of this study are (1) to identify sub-areas of the pro-environmental behavior, (2) to examine the level of the pro-environmental attitude and behavior, (3) to examine the degree of inconsistency between attitude and behavior, and (4) to investigate the reasons of the inconsistency. Data was collected from the questionnares with 299 married men and 378 married women and the deep interviews with 10 married women. The major findings are follows : (1) The pro-environmental behavior can be classified into 2 sub-areas : social-oriented area and individual-oriented area. (2) The level of pro-environmental attitude and behavior in the social-oriented area is lower than those in individual-oriented area. (3) The attitude-behavior inconsistency in the social-oriented sub-area is stronger than that in the individual-oriented sub-area. (4) The reasons of the pro-environmental attitude-behavior inconsistency are the lack of the sincere environmental consciousness and the existence of the pro-environmental behavior restriction factors.
A Study of College Students' Familism and Awareness of Parent-Supporting
Lee, Eun-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~65
The purpose of this study is to investigate the trend of the familism and the awareness of parent-supporting, showing how personal background variables affect the familism and how the familism affect the awareness of parent-supporting, The data were collected from May 20, 1998 till June 5, 1998 for 621 college students consisted of 300 male strdents and 321 female students. SOSS-PC was used for data analysis, and the data were tested by ANOVA, t-Test, Pearson's Correlation, Multiple Regression Analysis, and Duncan Test. The major findings are as follows: 1) The college students' familism generally tends to show low scores (M=2.79), indicating the modern familism-individualism. 2) The college students' awareness of parent-supporting is reported to be high(M=4.23); the highest awareness of parent-supporting is financial supporting, the next is service supporting, then emotinal supporting. 3) For personal background variables, male students rather than female students, the students who have parents with more monthly income, and those who have experience in living with grandparents tend to have more traditional familism. 4) Older students, the students with more traditional familism, those who find more satisfaction in family relations, and male students rather than female students tend to show higher awareness of parent-supporting. 5) In causal relations among the personal background variables, the familism, the awareness of parent-supporting, the variables with a significant impact on the familism are gender, parents' monthly income, and experience in living with grandparents, in order of impact. Age, the familism, satisfaction in family relations, and gender, in order of impact, affect the awareness of parent-supporting. Especially, the familism has the highest correlations with the awareness of financial, emotional, and service supporting, and shows considerable causal impact on the awareness of parent-supporting in general. That is to say, the more the familism, the more the awareness of the parent-supporting.
A Study on the view of Housing of University Students
An, Ok-Hee ; Jung, Mi-Ran ; Kim, Soon-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 67~78
The purpose of this study was to analyze the view of housing of university students. The view of housing was investigated in four stages - housing consciousness, resident opinion, ideal housing type and housing needs - in this study. The data were collected through the self-entry questionnaire designed for this study. The statistical analysis methods used in this study are frequencies, mean, percentage,
-test, factor analysis and t-test using the SPSS for Window (version 7.5). The results are as follows : 1) The major findings of the housing consciousness were that the university students preferred the detached house in the future. 2) The resident opinion of university students showed that the group space was more important than the private space. 3) In the ideal housing image, they wanted psychological and physical comfort from their houses. 4) The points of consideration when they select their future housing is classified of 5 factors : Indoor-outdoor environment, neighbourhood environment, investmental value, design and size of house.
Antecedents of prosocial behaviors in preschoolers
Park, Kyung-Ja ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 79~89
Children's sex, temperament, and empathy were studied as antecedents of preschoolers' prosocial development. Eighty eight 5-, and 6-year-old children, 41 boys and 47 girls, were sampled in two kindergartens. Children's naturally occurring prosocial behaviors were videotaped in their classrooms for 21 minutes in 3 days. Teachers rated the children's prosocial tendency using a questionnaire. Empathy was measured individually with a picture/story measure, and mothers provided information on children's temperament using a questionnaire. The two measures of preschoolers' prosocial behaviors, teacher ratings and free play observations, were moderately related. Girls were more prosocial in terms of helping/sharing/cooperation in both teacher-ratings and free-play observations. Preschoolers' adjustability was moderately related to the prosocial behaviors of children in both teacher-ratings and observations. Boys' verbal empathy was related to the observed prosocial behaviors.
The Perceptions of Parents, Family, Self, and Peers in School-Age Children: Links with Problem-Solving Behaviors and Social Preference
Hwang, Ock-Kyeung ; Lee, Jea-Yeon ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 91~108
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between children's perceptions of interpersonal relations (parents, family, and peers) and those of self, and to examine how the perceptions are related ot problem-solving and social preference. The subjects of this study were 625 children of 5th and 6th grade in 4 primary schools in Taejon City. Results showed positive correlations among four measures of social perceptions (to parents, to family, to peer, and to self). Therefore we have found generalization among children's representations across four interpersonal domains-that is, parents, family, self, and peer. Children's problem solving-behaviors were most significantly related with parents/family domains among interpersonal relationships. In the case of boys, direct path between the perceptions of parents/family and problem solving-behavior was significant, whereas girls' perception of parent/family was associated with problem solving-behavior both directly and indirectly, through girls' perceptions of self and peer. Social preference was highly correlated with perceptions of peer and of father. This study has found that both boys' and girls' peer representations were established for the role as mediators between parents/family representations and peer ratings of social preference. These findings revealed that the impact of family representations on peer rejection was mediated by children's beliefs about their peers.
Characteristics and Classification of the Lower Body Somatotype for the Construction of Junior High School Girls' Clothing
Kim, Hae-Kyung ; Lim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 109~118
The effective construction for ready-made clothes is one of the central concerns of both consumers and manufactures in today's apparel industry. So in order to reduce the burden of stocks and increase clothing fitness, systematic information on typical body size and somatotypes is essential. This study was performed to provide fundamental data on junior high school girls' somatotype by classifying the lower body somatotype and analyzing the characteristics of each somatotype. The subject were 234 Korean Junior High School Girls. The subjects were directly measured anthropometrically and indirectly analyzed photographically. The result of factor analysis indicated that 6 factors were extracted through factor analysis and those factors comprise 70.2% of total variance. Using factor scores cluster analysis was carried out and the subject were classified into 3 cluster as their lower boby front and side silhouette.
The Level of Satisfaction Middle - Aged Married Women Feel in Their Family Life Through the Implementation of Manners
Lee, Jeong-Woo ; Kim, Kyung-Ah ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 119~132
The purpose of this study is to examine by how much variables influence the implementation of manners. In addition, subjective and objective variables and the relationship between the implementation of manners and the satisfaction felt in family life as a general has been examined. In total, 338 middle-aged married women were studied to serve as a data sources. The major findings of this study are indicated as follows: 1. It was discovered that there was a high level of manner implementation among the middle-aged married women studied. The variables that affected this level were as follows: educational experience in manner-uplifting courses, self-esteem, and humanism preference orientation. 2. On the level of satisfaction with family life as a general, the study showed reasonable standards. The following variables affected this level: the average monthly income of family, whether or not the women are employed, religious obligations, self-esteem, humanism preference orientation, manners within the family life itself, manners in ancestral services, and manners in communications. It was clear however that the implementation of manners in general played an important role in the amelioration of the level of satisfaction felt with family life.
A Study on Foods for the Ancestral Rites
Lee, Kil-Pyo ; Kim, In-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 133~143
Originally, ancestral rites is a ceremony to pay filial piety to ancestors continuously even though they died, and this is a startingpoint based on the thought of paying respect to ancestors and 'root consciousness' which Korean people have. In the earliest days, Korean people worshipped nature and the sacrificial rituals were performed mainly for the fods of the skies and the earth. After the end-Koryeo Era introduced [Juja-Garye]ancestrial rites of forefather in home generalized. By the way, the foods for ancestrial rites on the original literature centering the [Sa-Rye-Pyon-Ram]are as follows: raw meat(saeng: 牲), rice and broth(ban, gaeng: 飯羹), fruits(果), slice meats(po: 脯), salted dry fish(jaban(佐飯), rice punch(sikhye: 食醯), soup(tang: 湯), fish and meat, roasts beef (jeok: 炙), roast vegetable(sookchae: 熟菜), rice cake(pyon: 餠), noodles(麵), soy(醬), Kimchi(沈菜), drink(酒), green tea(cha: 茶) etc. Today, ancestral rites, basically with this conception, has a function to bind the family and relatives as one. But as double income family are increasing, most housewives have heavy burden mentally and financially to prepare the food for the ancestral. The foods for ancestral rites can be said a way to express the internal true heart, and a basic medium to practice the filial piety. Many documents let us know that a few days before the ancestral rites, we should prepare the food for it with careful and pious attitude. And, they stress that our sincere attitude in preparing food is important rather than its quantity. In this industrial society, we have lots of difficulty preparing and observing the same service as it in the traditional socity. But I think that housewives can be freed from the burden they have to some degree when they realize what the true meaning of ancestral rites is and that the food for it plays a role an external expression.
The relationships between college women's and their mothers' consciousness and behaviors of diligence, frugality, and economy
Doo, Kyung-Ja ; Hong, Kye-Ok ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 145~156
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between mothers' and college women's as daughters consciousness and behaviors for diligence, frugality and economy and also analyze related variables such as socio-economic variables. The data used in this study included 273 college women and their mothers living in Seoul. The results of this research were as follows. 1) Three variables of consciousness and behaviors of mothers and their daughters are still highly maintained. There are significant differences between all of the consciousness and behavior variables except frugality between mothers and their daughters. 2) Mother's diligent consciousness is positively correlated with daughter's frugaliy behavior and economy consciousness. Mother's economy consciousness and behavior are positively correlated with daughter's frugality behavior. Only mother's frugality consciousness negatively correlated with daughter's frugality consciousness and economy behavior. 3) The mothers' consciousness and behaviors of frugality, and economy varies significantly according to the socio-economic variables such as mother's education, mother's job, income and social status. 4) The daughters' consciousness and behaviors of diligence, frugality, and economy varies significantly according to the amount of allowence.
The National and Regional Differences of the Collegian's Usage in the Catalog and On-line Shopping for Apparel
Kim, Son-Hee ; Choi, Hei-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 1, 1999, Pages 157~167
This study was designed to identify the recent status of the catalog and on-line apparel shopping in Korea and compare to those in the U.S.. Data were gathered from 308 respondents in Korea and 112 in the U.S. by the on-line survey. The results are as follows; 1) The U.S. consumers had more apparel shopping experience and higher level of satisfaction than Korean consumers about the catalog and on line apparel shopping, 2) Although the residents in Taejon area had less apparel shopping experience using catalog and on-line facilities than those in Seoul area, they showed higher level of interests about on-line shopping in Korea. 3) Male respondents had more shopping experience using pc-net and internet than female respondents, and the interests about on-line shopping of the younger group were higher than those of the older age group.