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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 1999
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 1999
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 1999
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Jan 1999
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
Selecting the target year
Effects of the Adolescents' Clothing Styles on Impression Formation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 1~17
The purpose of this study was to investigate 1) the effects of clothing styles on impression formation of middle and high school students and 2) the differences in impression in relation to perceiver variablex(sex, age, residence). The sample consisted of 60 subjects in each of 8 perceiver groups according to sex, age and residence. Stimuli consisted of 10 color photographs of male and female adolescent wearing each of 5 clothing styles respectively. Questionnaires consisted of 43 seven-point semantic differential scales measuring perceivers responses to the stimuli, open-ended Question and perceiver’s clothing style preference. Responses to the semantic differential scale were factor analyzed and 4 factors - Self-confidence/refinement, Sincerity, Intelligence, and Sociability - were emerged to account for the structure of the impression of the male stimuli. Five factors - Sincerity, Refinement, Self-confidence, Sociability, Intellience - were emerged in case of female stimuli. One-way ANOVA results showed that clothing styles had the effects on all the factors of impression except Sincerity. From the reset analyzing the effects of perceiver variables on impressions, age had the effects in all the clothing styles, sex had the effects in 6 clothing styles, and residence in 5 clothing styles. Clothing style 5(male stimuli) and style 10(female stimuli) were the most preferred clothing style in all the subject groups.
Analysis of fashion Curriculum in 4-year Colleges : Cross-national Comparison of Korea, USA, UK, Japan, & Hong Kong
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 19~32
This study analyzed the curricula of fashion related majors at 4-year colleges in the USA, UK, Japan and Hong Kong as well as in Korea and compared the characteristics of the Korean curriculum with those of the four countries. A total of 124 curricula from 103 colleges were collected. Courses were divided into eight categories (including industry and market information; materials; merchandise planning; design; production; distribution and selling; basics; and consumption) representing the production and distribution process of fashion business. There were differences in course offerings among the five countries. Overall, curricula in Korea emphasized design and production (construction) areas and showed not much differentiation among colleges. While industry and market information, merchandise planning, and production (management) areas were emphasized in the USA , differentiation/specialization by major was observed . UK and Hong Kong had well-specialized curricula by major Japan seemed to offer traditional and consumption oriented courses. Based on the findings, some propositions for the Korean fashion curriculum were discussed.
A Preliminary Study on the Efficient Utilization of Employed Women's Labor Forces -the Employment Status of Married Women and its Determinants Focused on the Family's Attitudes
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 33~48
The purpose of this study was to suggest some ways to utilize effectively the labor forces of employed women. For this purpose, this stud\ulcorner examined the family’s attitudes toward the work of married women and the effects of determinants including personal characteristics, household related variables, work related variables and family’s attitudes toward the work of married women on the employment status of married women. KLFI(1995)’s National data were used and one Logistic model and one Calmed model were employed to analyze the efficients of the independent variables. The resets of this study were as follows. The family’s attitudes toward the work of married women among the employed women was highly positive and the one toward the unemployment among the unemployed women was positive too. The variables having significant effects on the husbands’attitudes and the parents(parents in law)’attitudes toward the work of married women were different. The family’s altitudes had a very significant effect on the employment status of married women. Also, the financial situation of the household and some difficulties to find proper house keepers or child care types were important variables to predict the employment status of married women.
Analysis of breast Replicas of Elementary School Girls
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 49~58
This study is to develop the well-fit brassieres by observing the changes in the breast sizes and shapes, the surface area of the breast through the arm movements of 3 types (0
) in vortical motion. The 11 elementary girls who are aged 12 participated in this experiment. To obtain the measures regarding the surface area of the breast, replicas are made at each motion. The results of this study are as fellows: 1. The changes in the breast sizes and shapes at each motion By increasing the motions of the arm movement, the following measure items are inclined to decrease: Shoulder length, Upper blast girth, Bust girth, Under bust girth, Upper bust depth, Bust depth, Under bust depth, Nipple to nipple breadth, Horizontal distance of bust, Horizontal length of the cup, Bust height, Cup size. By increasing the motions of the arm movement, the fellowing measure items are inclined to increase: Center point of shoulder~B.p., Shoulder point~B.p., Center point of shoulder~armpit, Upper Bust breadth, Bust breadth, Under bust breadth, Vertical distance of Bust. 2. The changes in the surface area of breast at each motion By making the replica to observe changes in the surface area, which are sectioned to 4 parts(area 1 to area 4), and volume of breast at each motion, the results are as follows: At 0
, the sizes of each part are ordered as the following: area2>area1>area4> area3. At 90
, the sizes of each part are ordered as the following: area2>area1>area3>area4. Through these orders, it is found that the upper and inside part of the breast huts the inclination to increase so along as the motions of the arm movement increase. Also, the total surface area increases so long as the motions of the arm movement increase. As a reset of the F-test on the changes in the each surface areas, the surface area by arm movements, the significant differences among the each surface areas are found.
The Effect of Perceiver's Variables(value and religion)on the Impression of Korean Catholic Priest s Ritual Dress
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 59~73
The purpose of the present study was to identify the effect of perceivers’value and religions on the impresson of Korean catholic priest’s ritual dress. The subject consisted of 415 undergraduated students. The experimental materials developed for this study were 3type color photographs stimuli of catholic priest model and 7-point sementic differential scale composed of 49 bipolar adjectives representing personal traits. Perceivers were differenciated by AVL test. The data were analyzed by factor analysis and analysis of variance. The major findings drawl from this study were as follows : 1) Four factors( openness, religious nature, potency, characteristics of apperance) emerged to account for the dimentional structure of the impression of priest’s ritual dress. 2) The ritual dress and perceivers religion had partially significant effect on the impression of the priest. The ritual dress had an effect on openness and potency while the religious of perceivers affected religious symbolism and potency. Black suit with Roman collar and soutan were seen more authoritative, strong and independent than liturgical vestments. Catholic group saw priest with ritual dress more pure and potent than the other religious groups. 3) The ritual dress and perceiver’s value had partially significant effect on the impression of the priest. The ritual dress had an effect on openness, potency and the value had an significant interaction effect on potency. The group with political value perceived the priest with soutan more potent than black suit with Roman collar and liturgical vestments. Therefore the ritual dress and perceivers’value/religion had significant erect on Korean priest impression of openness, religious nature, potency. Research had also shown the similarity-attraction hypothesis which the individuals who hold similar characterisics are more Likely to be attracted.
A Survey on the Actual Wearing Conditions of Fire Fighter's Uniform
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 75~83
To develope an efficient fire fighter’s uniform for the fire fighting work and body protection, this study examined the regulations of fire lighter’s uniform and surveyed the actual wearing conditions, satisfaction degree, preferred color and design others. The results are as follows; 1. As for the satisfaction degree, the degree was normal in ordinary, low in working uniform and heat-proof uniform and very low in water-proof uniform about its design, size, color and materials. 2. As for the color, red was preferred for the working uniform and water-proof uniform. Blue, yellow and green was preferred next for corking uniform and yellow and blue for water-proof uniform. 3. As for the design, fire fighters wanted partial revision of the present uniform. They preferred stretchy training wear style and overact style in order. For the water-proof uniform, they preferred hip-length suit and pants and next to it they liked flee-length suit, waist belt and overact in order. 4. As for the regulations of the uniform, they wanted some addition in casual uniform, water-proof pants and water-proof gloves, and some deletion in the thermal barrier of water-proof uniform and ordinary uniform. 5. As for the distribution of the uniforms, the use of coupons was highly preferred.
A Study on the Voluntary Simplicity Life style
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 85~95
The voluntary simplicity lifestyle can be the core concept of alternative lifestyle to solve so many problems which were produced by modern materialistic lifestyle. This study examined the meaning and the development in historical perspective of voluntary simplicity lifestyle and suggest the practical was how to live voluntary simplicity lifestyle actively. It’s implication on the modem consumer culture and the research or education of home economics was also discussed.
A study on the Perception of Feministic Fashion's Sexual Image
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 97~113
The purpose of this is to analyze the perception of sex image by feministic fashion based on the theory of feminism, which has been developed since the 1960’s. Feministic fashion is divided 8 style and analyzed. For this study, surveying photo of feministic fashion and making out questionnaires. The data was collected from 391 university student(184 male, 207 female) living in Taegu and Kyoungpok and is analyzed by factor analysis, t-test. The result are as follows: 1. The Tendency of perceiving Feministic Fashion’s Sexual Image Male had more positive view on the sexual image of see-through and Body-conscious styles than female. And male showed more negative view on the sexual image of lingerie, punk, madonna or disorganized style. There was no significant difference between male and female in their opinion on the sex appeal of fashion that exposed some physical part. Concerning the sexual image of unisex mode, both male and female had an idea that it had nothing to do with sex appeal. Regarding the preference for sex-expressive fashion, they favored see-through and Body-conscious styles most. 2. In relation to clothing behavior toward sex-expressive fashion, both male and female generally revealed a negative view on fashion that exposed physical part and provoked an impression of keen sex appeal. 3. Sexual perception degree about the body, in physical exposure, that physical part from which they felt sex appeal most was the breast. What they most wanted to emphasize was the breast, too. As a physical part that caused their rejection symptom and made them feel hatred both and female pointed out the hips.
The relations of Parental Differential Treatment Perceived by Children to Their-Self-Esteem
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 115~124
The relations of parental differential treatment perceived by children to their self-esteem were examined. The subjects were 299 fifth-and sixth-grade elementary school children (162 boys and 137 girls) in Seoul. The data were collected using two kinds of questionnaires on maternal and paternal differential treatment and a child’s self-esteem. The major findings are as follows: Firstborns received more differential maternal affection than secondborns, and both boys and firstborns received more differential maternal control than girls and secondborns. Differential paternal control varied as a function of a child’s sex and birth order, in which boys and firstborns received more differential paternal control than girls and secondborns, but differential paternal affection did not vary. Maternal differential treatments were related to self-esteem only in girls, indicating that the more differential maternal affection they perceived, the higher self-esteem they had, and the more differential maternal control they perceived, the lower self-esteem they had. Paternal differential treatments were not related to self-esteem both for boys and girls. The study emphasizes the crucial role of mothers on their daughters.
A Study on the Family Business as an Alternative for Women's Employment
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 125~138
Women’s employment rate is decreasing and unemployment rate is increasing since we crime to financial crisis in Korea. So, many women are interested in the running their own business. But people have not recognized the business as a field of women and women have not been accustomed to nil the business. This study aims to introduce the family business as an alternative of women’s employment. This study examines the prospect about family business in Korea through the literature. For this purpose, definition and present state about family business in Korea, motive and background which women start or succeed the family business, advantages and disadvantages which women have when they run the family business, and methods for supporting woman entrepreneur are suggested. finally, some suggestions in educational field for enlarging the women’s roles and relative importance in family business are presented.
Relationship Between Dietary Culture of Housewives and Their Attitude of Traditional Fermented Foods Consumption - in Puchon City -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 139~156
Food choice is influenced by many factors including physical, social, psychological and food technological developments. This research is based on the survey on Puchon housewives dietary culture according to season and special occasions and the current consumption pattern of traditional fermented foods. The objective is to find out the current consumption and to use this data as the principal element needed to explore changes in consumption patterns and to uphold and develop the consumption of traditional fermented food. Questionnaires were collected 282 housewives in Puchon city. Data were analysed with SAS software package for t-test, F-test and Duncan’s multiple range test. Results of relationship between dietary culture of Puchon housewives and consumption patterns of traditional fermented food items; 1. If we look at seasonal foods, Puchon housewives responded that they normally prepare traditional foods for such special occasions as Chusok(89%), New Year(84%) and January full moon Day(77%). For family celebrations, they cook on their in-laws birthdays(91%), their husbands birthday(84%), childrens birthdays(73%) and their own birthday(32%). They also responded that they eat out on their own birthday(41%), on Christmas Day(19%), on childrens birthdays(17%) and on their husbands birthday(11%). 2. If we look at the age of housewives and their dietary culture, more young housewives tend to eat out on their own, their husbands and their childrens birthdays. As for their educational background, less educated housewives tend to prepare flood at home on New Years Day, while more educated housewives would eat out on their own birthdays. As for the type of family, mere housewives in nucleus families eat out on Christmas Days compared to those in extended families. Also, those in extended families tend to make food at home rather than eating out on their own birthdays. In case of the husbands birthday, there was some difference according to family income (p<0.03).
The effects of Clothing Materials and Multi-layered Textiles on Thermal Resistance Value
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 157~165
This study was carried out to examine the effect of clothing materials and multi-layered textiles on thermal resistance value. Cotton, polyester, wool, silk, rayon and acetate were selected for the specimens. Thermal resistance value was tested with 2 kinds of methods(thermo labo II and BK type tester). The results were as follows; 1. The effects of clothing materials for thermal resistance value were decreased by adding layers. 2. When the fabrics are measured with multiple layers, the fabric of the lowest thermal resistance value at single layer was showed the highest increasing tendency for all test methods.
Effects of Stress Coping Behaviors on Social Adjustments and Problem Behaviors in Childhood
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 11, 1999, Pages 167~179
This study was designed to investigate the relation between stress coping behavior and social adjustments in late childhood. Total 657 teenagers (238 ten-year-olds, 230 twelve-year-olds, and 189 fourteen-year-olds) and their parents living in Inchon area participated in the study. Each child was evaluated whether they cope either (a) defensively or (b) actively in several stressful domains by completing the Stress Coping Hating Scales (Korean). Their social adjustments were measured in areas like peer relationship, family relationship, and conformity with Social Adjustment Scales (Korean). The final examination scores were used to rate children’s Academic Achievements. Finally Korean version of Achenbach’s Child Behavior Check List were completed by parents. As results, girls were found to use more defensive strategies to cope stress, showed more conformity and withdrawn behaviors and achieved higher scores academically than boys. Generally younger children tended to adjust better socially than older children. As children grew older they used more and more defensive strategies to cope with everyday stress. Also older children showed more withdrawn behavior and aggressive behavior than younger children. As anticipated children who used more defensive coping strategies were reported to have more behavior problems, showed poorer social adjustments and academic achievements. Children who used more active coping strategies, on the other hands, were reported to haute less behavior problems, adjusted better socially and had better academia achievements. Finally children who adjusted better socially and had high academic achievements were reported to have less behavior problems.