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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 1999
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 1999
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 1999
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Jan 1999
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Underground Spaces for Future Housing
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study is to investigate the possible usage of underground space as a future housing. This study looked into the ancient underground housing at first and also identified the features of underground housing in the positive and negative aspects. Four types of underground housing; chamber type, atrium type, elevation type, and penetration type; were investigated. The current situation of korean underground housing was also reviewed. And last, some possible implications were discussed. This article could be used as the basis for the development of future underground housing
Consumer Attitudes and Needs for Housing Information Sources and Contents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 13~26
The purpose of this research is to find out consumer attitudes toward and needs for housing information sources and contents so as to facilitate the development and utilizing the information. The stratified sampling method was used to select 1,300 households in six large cities plus Seoul area during September 10th to 30th, 1997. The resets showed that Newspaper was the main source of housing information and about an half of respondents experienced housing consultation were somewhat dissatisfied with their consultants, mostly realtors. The younger and the more highly educated with higher income residents of apartments in Seoul area had the higher needs for housing information. Experience itself used housing information source had position influence on housing needs. The various housing information may increase the chance to use the information of those had never used it as well as to meet the needs for housing information of those had used.
Parental Physical Violence Toward Adolescents in Family - Focused on individual and family characteristics -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 27~40
The purposes of this study are to measure the prevalence of parental violence toward adolescents and to explore the predictors based on a data gathered from a sample of adolescents. A total of 1,451 adolescents attending middle and high school in Seoul and rural area completed a structured questionnaire. The results show that about 32% of the respondents are physically assaulted by their father and/or mother for the past year. A logistic analysis shows that adolescents are more likely to experience parental violence when their parents have frequent marital conflicts and when parents use violence between themselves than the adolescent whose parents have no frequent spousal conflict and no domestic violence. The results also show that the age of adolescents and the changes in the level of academic achievement are significant predictors of adolescents'experience of parental violence. The probability of experiencing parental violence was lowered as age increased. When adolescent had a significant drop in school achievement, the probability of experiencing parental violence increased. Based on these findings, research and policy implications to reduce and prevent the family violence toward adolescents are discussed.
Coping Behavior and Perceived Economic Well-being of the Housing-subsidized Single-mother Family
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 41~54
This study focused on the coping behavior and perceived economic well-being of the housing-subsidized single-mother family. The major findings were as follows: 1. Single mothers who had higher level of income, education, and self-esteem tended to have better coping behaviors. 2. Internally oriented single mothers had better coping behaviors. 3. Single mothers who had high level of income, job satisfaction, and social support perceived their income more adequately. 4. Single mothers who were satisfied with job, social support and child relationship reported a high level of economic satisfaction. 5. Single mothers who had high score in coping behavior tended to have a high level of perceived economic well-being.
Recall and Development of Organizations Strategy for List Types and Category Typicality in Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 55~72
The purpose of this study was to investigate developmental trends in organization strategy for taxonomic and slot-fiber lists and category typicality, use of organization strategy in relation to developmental changes in category knowledge structure, emergent organization capacity and effects in category typicality on children's recall. Moreover, the influences of children's age, use of organization strategy, list types and category typicality on children's recap were figured out. The major results were as follows. 1. Children's recall use of organization strategy increased with age. That is, the older children performed better recap and used organization strategy on both list types than the younger children. 2. AU children performed recall and used organization strategy better for the slot-filler than taxonomic list. The 4-year-olds, however, demonstrated better recap and use of organization strategy for the slot-filler than taxonomic list. While the 6-year-olds and 8-year-olds showed no such differences. These findings were supported the view that script-based slot-filler categories have a strong influence on young children's memory performance. 3. At each age level, children showed higher level of recall and use of organization strategy for category typical than category atypical list. AU children received higher scores for the typical than atypical items on recap and use of organization strategy. 4. Children's age, use of organization strategy, list types, and category typicality of lists significantly predicted children's recap.58% of the variance of children's recap was explained by four variables.
The Development and The Current Condition of Home Economics in China
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 73~84
There are a lot of thoughts and ideas for home, family and household in China. These thoughts and ideas hand down to posterity through classics. But, Home Economics in China doesn't have been condition of development. Home Economics in China regularly began to develop from the department of Home Science in a Women's College in SangHae. Talking this opportunity, there were departments of Home Science in many universities and colleges 1919 to 1930. But, the studies of Home Economics was discontinue by The Revolution of Culture. In that time, Home Economics was considered as a false science. In 1979, Home Economics in China began again after enforcement of the Innovation and The Open Door Policy. But up to the present it isn't systematically made up of the studies and the scientific papers of Home Economics. The department of Home Economics is only one in the College of Gillim-Agriculture. But, the objects of study in Home Economics include not only women but also men in China. Also, Home Economics in China is started first in Socialism Countries.
The Preferences of The Elderly for Their Care Types and Contributing Factors
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 85~98
The purpose of this study is to identify the preferences for care type among the elderly and to analyze contributing variables. The sample in this study are 485 elder people who are age 55 and over. The independent variables are divided into five factors according to their characteristics, and the dependent variables fall into two categories of private and public care types. The descriptive statistics and Logistic Regression method are employed for the analysis. The results can be summarized as follows. The elderly prefer individual care paid for by their own support to the other types like the care by children or institution. However, the elderly stiff like and expect family care by their children. The variables that haute affected the preferences of the care types among the elderly are whether they are employed or not, household's the amount of debt, whether they currently live with the oldest child, their level of self esteem and their degree of satisfaction in life. The results show that the elderly don't have various wants or alternatives to their care and regard public care as negative support for the financially incapable or the elderly who have no relatives.
The Effect of Family System Functiong, Parent & Child Factor and Parent-child Relation on Adolescent's Psychological Well-being: Focusing on the Causal Relations of Adolescedent's Depression and Related Variables
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 99~112
The purpose of this study were to investigate the effect of Family System Functioning, Parent & Child Factor and Parent-child Relation on Adolescent's Psychological Well-being (Family Life Satisfaction, Self-Esteem and Depression), and the causal relations of Adolescedent's Depression and Related Variables. The subjects were 532 triads of adolescents and their parents living in Seoul area, Korea. The survey methods were questionaires included FACES n, PAC Inventory, family life satisfactin scale, KMSS, Self-Esteem Inventory and CES-D, etc. Data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, mean, standard deviation, paired t - test, Pearson's correlation , multiple regression, and path analysis The major findings were as follows: Family system functionings had a indirect effect through adolescents'family life satisfaction, self-esteem on adolescents'depression. The degree of openness of parent-adolescent communication and father's marital satisfaction had a indirect effect through adolescents'family life satisfaction on adolescents'depression. Adolescents'satisfaction with physical self, peer-relations and school life had a indirect effect through adolescents'self-esteem on their depression. Also adolescents'satisfaction with peer-relations and their fathers'depression had a direct effect on their depression.
The Detergency Improvement and Fabric Damage in the Washing Treatment by Commercial Bleaching Agents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 113~126
In order to investigate the detergency effect of stained cotton and PET fabric, respectively, these fabrics stained with solid soils such as carbon black, liquid paraffin, and fat and examined the detergency effect in the optimum washing condition. The evaluation of washing efficiency of washed fabrics studied by using the surface reflectance measurement before and after washing treatment. The maximum detergency effect of stained cotton and PET fabric obtained in the mixed washing liquor-bleachig agen(ml)/concentrated washig agent(g/l). To obtain the excellent detergency effect, 2-step washing treatment, pre-washing by bleaching agent only and washing by concentrated detergent, is preferred. In comparing the detergency of polyester and cotton fabric, the detergency of stained polyester fabric superior than that of stained cotton fabric because of the difference of adhesive force between soil material and fabric in preparing soled stained fabric. In this study, we also studied the degree of fabric damage by the measurement of tensile strength change. From the results of the tensile strength measurement, the damage of washed fabric before and after washing treatment was nearly changed.
A study on the total housing cost of households living in rental house
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 127~144
The purposes of this study were to identify the housing maintenance cost, imputed rent fee and total housing cost of households living in rental house, to analyze the factors related to their housing maintenance cost, imputed rent fee and total housing cost and to investigate the factors contributing to total housing cost to total household income ratio. The data used for these purposes, was 97 KHPS of Daewoo Economic Research Institute. Sample size of households living in rental house, was 663. Statistics performed for the analysis were frequencies, percentiles, t-test, Lorenz cutie and Gini coefficient, Tobit analysis, OLS and Logistic analysis. The results of this study were as fellows: First, monthly cost of monthly rent & maintenance and repairs of households living in rental house with a deposit was lower than rental house, while the imputed rent fee of households living rental house with a deposit was higher than monthly rent households'And, total housing cost of households living in rental house with a deposit was higher than monthly rent households'. Second, Gini coefficient of the housing maintenance cost was 0.440, Gini coefficient of imputed rent fee was 0.362, and Gini coefficient of total housing cost was 0.291. Third, the variables related to their housing maintenance cost were family type, total household expenditure of socio-demographic characteristics and residence, type of rent, housing type of housing environmental factor. Also, the variables contributing to imputed rent fee were job type and educational attainment of household hearts, the number of family members, total household expenditure, residence, type of rent, housing type and tole number of rooms. In addition, the variables associated with total housing cost were job type and educational attainment of household head, total household income and residence, type of rent, housing type and the number of room. Finally, age, job type, educational attainment of household head, wife's employment status, the number of family members, family type, total household expenditure, residence, rent type of rent, housing type, the size of living space, and the number of room were significant variables contributing to total household cost to total household income ratio.
The Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Job-Life Satisfaction of Married Female Workers - Focused on Clerical and Production Workers -
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 145~158
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between work-family conflict and job-life satisfaction of married female workers. Two data sets were used in this study. Both data sets were gathered from structured questionnaires and time dairies. The first data set was collected from 370 married female production workers in 1995 and the second set was collected from 143 married female clerical workers in 1996. Job and life satisfaction were measured on 5-point Likert scale where 5= very unsatisfied and 5= very satisfied. The overact means for both groups were 2.97, 3.09 for job and life satisfaction respectively The findings of this study are; 1) Clerical workers have significantely higher job and life satisfaction than production workers. 2) Multivariate analysis reveal that work-family conflict is negatively related to job satisfaction while income is positively related to job satisfaction. 3) In the path analysis model, work-family conflict has a negative direct effect and indirect negative effect mediated through job satisfaction on life satisfaction. Job satisfaction and husband's division of housework have a positive direct effect on life satisfaction. However, total labor time has a negative indirect effect mediated through work-family conflict on life satisfaction and income huts a positive indirect effect mediated through job satisfaction on life satisfaction.
Development and evaluation of program for coping with spouse abuse
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 159~174
This study was to develop the counseling and education program for coping with physical, emotional, and verbal abuse between spouses. Results of empirical study of spouse abuse provided for the basis of designing this program. Consisting of 12 sessions (4 sessions of counseling and 8 sessions of education), the program was delivered to 10 marital couples in an area of Kyunggi-do province. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated through one-group pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test design. Semi-structured interview technique was also employed to evaluate the effectiveness. Resets of paired t-test showed that there were significant differences in several variables between pre-test and post-test period, and this effectiveness remained until follow-up. period. In particular, the degrees of verbal abuse of husbands, and of physical abuse of both husbands and wives were significantly decreased after participating in the program. Also, for both husbands and wives, the Levels of self-esteem and of quality of communication were increased, while the degree of depression was significantly decreased.
Adolescents and the Environment: Effects of Environmental Factors on the Socialization of Adolescents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 2, 1999, Pages 175~197
The effects of environmental factors on adolescent's socializaion were examined. Data were drawn from 1,412 adolescents. A hypothesized model was tested the links among housing, family conflicts, parent-adolescent relationship, family stress, prier relations, mass media, school atmosphere, consumption, consumer socialization, and adolescent's socialization. Adolescent's internal socialization was directly related to father-adolescent relationship, mother-adolescent relationship, family stress, housing, peer relations, school atmosphere, consumer socialization. The external socialization was directly rebated to father-adolescent relationship, mother-adolescent relationship, housing, peer relations, school atmosphere, and consumer socialization. Mass media wits the most important factor which could be predicated the adolescent's socialization . The findings are consistent with a growing body of literature showing that the environmental factors are related to the adolescent's socialization.