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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Home Economics Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 12 - Dec 1999
Volume 37, Issue 11 - Nov 1999
Volume 37, Issue 10 - Oct 1999
Volume 37, Issue 9 - Sep 1999
Volume 37, Issue 8 - Aug 1999
Volume 37, Issue 7 - Jul 1999
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Jun 1999
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Apr 1999
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Mar 1999
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Feb 1999
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Jan 1999
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 1999
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Perceived Parental Behavior and Coping Behaviors on Parent-Related Stress in School Aged Children
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 1~12
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of perceived parental behavior and children’s coping behaviors with parent-related problems on parent-related stress. The subjects were 234 children composed of 115 3rd-graders and 119 6th-graders elected from three elementary schools in Seoul(121 males and 113 females). Statistical techniques were means, Percentages, Scheffe test, ANOVA and Multiple Regressions. The major findings of this study were as follows : 1) There was a significant difference in parent-related stress with respect to perceived parental behavior and coping behaviors of childrens such as passive, avoidant, and aggressive coping. Perceived parental behavior and aggressive coping behavior showed significant interaction effects. When children perceived parental behavior as being less suppotive and children more aggressively coped with parent-related problems, parent-rotated stress increased in level. 2) Among perceived parental behavior and pasive, avoid, aggressive coping behavior, perceived parental behavior and passive coping behavior were significant predictors of parent-related stress. Perceived parental behavior was much more predictor of parent-related stress than the passive coping behavior.
Familism of Undergraduates and Consciousness for Supporting Their Parents
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 13~24
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between familism and consciousness for supporting parents. To achieve this purpose, this study examined the effects of familism on consciousness for supporting parents of the undergraduates, analyzed the differences of it. For this, the subjects were 711 undergraduates living in Kwangju. Statistical analysis used were one-way ANOVA, Duncan-test, Pearson correlation analysis, and simple regression. Results were as follows. 1) The male undergraduates’familism level was higher than that of females. But there was no significant difference in their consciousness for supporting parents related to sex. 2) The familism showed signigicant differences by grade, major, and household income. Parent supporting consciousness of the subjects showed significant differences by age, grade, and major. 3) The differences between familism and parents supporting consciousness were significant. The higher the undergraduates’familism was, the higher the undergraduates’consciousness for supporting parent was. In particular, for male, familism was shown to be the most important factor predicting their consciousness for supporting parents.
Impacts of Social Class, Materialism, and Conspicuous Consumption on the Marriage Behavior of Married Women in the Middle Class
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 25~38
This study investigates impacts of social class, materialism, and conspicuous consumption orientation on the burden of the marriage expense and it’s affection to marriage life. The data were gathered in seoul and suburban area, from married women in the middle class. Through the analysis of data, we identified that according to the class vaiables(income and subjectively-perceived class) and the value orientation (materialism and conspicuous consumption orientation), the burden of marriage expense and it’s affection to marriage life were different. These results assured the korean marriage culure were strongly influnced by materialism, conspicuous need, and social class.
The Financial Management Behavior by the Types of Economic Instability in the Urban Households
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 39~56
Households have experienced economic instability since Korea economic crisis in 1997. This study attempts to explore the financial management behavior by the types of economic instability classified considering the two aspects of the employment and the income instability of the households. The specific objectives of this study are : 1) to classify households’economic instability in terms of employment and income instability. 2) to examine whether the financial management behavior is different between households experiencing the different types of the economic instability. The sample consisted of 792 married women living in Seoul. The statistical methods used for analysis included Reliability, Frequencies, Percent, Mean, Standard Deviation, Analysis of Covariance, one-way Anova, DMR-test. The major results can be summarized as following : 1) The economic instability experienced by houeholds can be classified into the 4 types employment-income instability, employment instability income stability, employment stability
income instability, and employment
income stability. 2) There are statistically significant differences in the levels of financial management behavior between households having the different types of economoc instability. The results of this study could be needed for development of the employment policies and the financial education programs.
An Analysis of Upper-half Body for Basic Patten of Middle-aged Women
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 57~71
This study was intended to find the body pattern of the middle-aged women and to make new experimental basic pattern for upper-half of the body for them. To analyze the body pattern of middle-aged women, the methodologies of measurement of the individual part of the body, group aged-analysis, Rohrer Index, Vervaeck Index, factor analysis, discriminant analysis, cluster analysis and girth index were used. The comparison of the twentieth to the thirtieth, the fortieth and the fiftieth showed bigger change in the thirtieth and the biggest change in the fortieth in girth. The fiftieth showed thick body pattern by increasing the depth but decreasing the girth. Body types were divided into three groups, thin, standard and fatty troupes by Rohrer index. With Rohrer Index, there was no difference for back length in three groups, but girth showed shorter in thin and standard groups but longer in fatty group.
Consumer Interaction Styles and Attitudes toward Salespersons in the Marketplace
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 73~84
This study investigated to understand the styles and attitudes toward salespersons and to compare the differences of the interaction in the marketplace among the generations. 920 samples were surveyed in Chunlabuk-do and 851 samples were used for the statistical analysis. As results of this study, 1) consumers’assertiveness level was less than one’s non-assertiveness level and aggressiveness level. 2) The aggressive type was the most popular type of the interaction and the assertive type was the most unpopular type. 3) The significant differences were found in the interaction altitudes and types of it among generation and between sexes for the whole sample.4) The religion was the significant variable in the differences of the interaction type for the adolescents and the elderly.
Familism, filial piety and consciousness for supporting their parents among adolescent, middle, and old generation
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 85~101
The purpose of this study is to investigate how much traditional family ethics exist in morden society. For this goal, I have analyzed norm consciousness of the family among adolescent, middle and old generation. In this research, three kinds of questionnaire were used and the data were obtained from 1,661 samples of three generation groups living in Gyengnam area. The major findings obtained from this study are as follows: First, the filial piety and consciousness for supporting their parents were not changed at all in traditional family ethics. The filial piety and consciousness for supporting their parents are the most important family concepts without showing any difference in generation-gap in modem society. Second, the decreasing traditional norm consciousness of family was familism value. Specialty the familism value becomes weaker from old to younger generation. Third, the filial piety and familism value were shown to be the important factors to support their parents. These concepts showed same trends without showing generation-gap.
Socialization and Envirommental Factors of Adolescents According to the Gender
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 103~127
The effects of environmental factors on adolescent’s socialization were examined according to the gender. Data were drawn from 1,412 adolescents. A hypothesized model was tested for male and female students separately by the links among housing, family conflicts, parent-adolescent relationship, family stress, peer relations, mass media, school atmosphere, consumption, consumer socialization, and adolescent’s socialization. There was no difference between male and female students in the predictability of the effects of environmental factors on internal and external socialization. For male students, the internal socialization was directly related to mass media, consumer socialization, peer relations, family stress, mother-adolescent relations, and school atmosphere. The external socialization was directly related to mass media, school atmosphere, consumer socialization, father-adolescent relations, housing, and mother-adolescent relations. For female students, the internal socialization was directly related to mass media, peer relations, father-adolescent relations, and consumer socialization. The external socialization was directly related to mass media, followed by consumer socialization, mother-adolescent relations, school atmosphere, housing, and peer relations. The findings are consistent with a growing body of literature showing that the environmental factors are related to male & female adolescent’s socialization.
Premarital Violence : Review of Literature in 90's
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 129~140
This article reviews the literature on premarital violence published in between 1991 and 1998. The long-term implications of courtship violence include the possibility of both aggressor and victim embarking on a lifelong pattern of abusive relationships. Courtship violence may be viewed as a precursor to marital/family violence. This article discusses channels of publication, subjects, measures, theoretical models tested, date rape, and violence in the family of origin. Implications for family life education and intervention are discussed.
The Relationships Between Parental Child-rearing Practices in Early Childhood and the Perceived Self-efficacy of College Students
Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association , volume 37, issue 9, 1999, Pages 141~151
This study investigated the relationships between parental child-rearing practices in early childhood and the perceived self-efficacy of college students. Subjects were 322 students attending 4-year universities. The sample was 66.1% female and had a mean age of 19.9 years. Research was conducted using questionnaires and descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, t-tests were used for data description and analysis. The major findings were as follows: 1) The difference between boys and girls in terms of parental child-rearing practices perceived by children was found. Girls perceived their parents’child-rearing practices as being more positive in early childhood than those of boys. 2) The difference between male and female students in terms of the level of the self efficacy was not found. 3) The difference between paternal and maternal child-rearing practices perceived by children was found. Children perceived maternal child-rearing practices as being more positive in early childhood than paternal child-rearing practices. 4) Parental child-rearing practices in early childhood was rebated to the self-efficacy of college students. Children who perceived their parents’child-rearing practices as being more positive in early childhood had a higher level of self-efficacy. The results support the importance of parental child-rearing practices in early childhood on the developmental pathways of children.